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      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Comparison of Spectrophotometric, HPLC and Chemilumines­cence Methods for 3-Nitrotyrosine and Peroxynitrite Interaction

        Turan,Nilufer,Nermin,Ark,Mustafa,Demiryurek,Abdullah,Tuncay The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2005 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.28 No.3

        We have studied the interaction of 3-nitrotyrosine with peroxynitrite using three different methods; chemiluminescence, spectrophotometry and HPLC. Peroxynitrite-induced luminol or lucigenin chemiluminescence were significantly decreased by 3-nitrotyrosine, in concentration­dependent manners. The intensity of the peroxynitrite spectrum was also markedly reduced in the presence of 3-nitrotyrosine in the spectrophometric assay. However, there was no attenuation of the 3-nitrotyrosine signal in the HPLC assay after mixing with peroxynitrite. The interaction of 3-nitrotyrosine and hypochlorous acid (HOCI) was also studied via the chemilumines-cence assay, where the HOCI-induced responses were markedly inhibited by 3-nitrotyrosine. These results suggest that caution should be taken when studying the levels or interactions of 3-nitrotyrosine.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effect of cumin essential oil usage on fermentation quality, aerobic stability and in vitro digetibility of alfalfa silage

        Turan,,Asli,Onenc,,Sibel,Soycan Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2018 Animal Bioscience Vol.31 No.8

        Objective: This study was carried out to determine the effects of cumin essential oil on the silage fermentation, aerobic stability and in vitro digestibility of alfalfa silages. Methods: Alfalfa was harvested at early bloom (5th cutting) stage in October and wilted for about 3 hours. The research was carried out at three groups which were the control group where no additive control was done (CON), cumin essential oil (CMN3) with 300 mg/kg and CMN5 with 500 mg/kg cumin essential oil addition. Alfalfa was ensiled in plastic bags. The packages were stored at $8^{\circ}C{\pm}2^{\circ}C$ under laboratory conditions. All groups were sampled for physical, chemical and microbiological analysis 120th day after ensiling. At the end of the ensiling period, all silages were subjected to an aerobic stability test for 7 days. In addition, enzimatic solubility of organic matter (ESOM), metabolizable energy (ME), and relative feed value (RFV) of these silages were determined. Results: pH level decreased in the cumin groups compared to CON (p<0.05), thus inhibiting proteolytic enzymes from breaking down proteins into ammonia. In addition, it increased ESOM amount, and concordantly provided an increase of ME contents. Similarly, dry matter intake and RFV ratio increased. After opening the silage, it kept its aerobic stability for three days. Conclusion: Cumin essential oil improved fermentation, and affected chemical and microbiological characteristics of silages. Especially the addition of 300 mg/kg cumin provided cell wall fractionation through stimulating the activities of enzymes responsible. It also increased the number and activity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) through providing a development of LAB.

      • METHODOLOGICAL VARIATIONS IN TEXTBOOKS OF TURKISH GRAMMAR AND SYNTAX USED IN TURKISH UNIVERSITIES

        TURAN,,FIKRET Academia Via Serica 2018 Acta Via Serica Vol.3 No.1

        Textbooks of Turkish grammar and syntax that are commonly used in Turkish universities demonstrate certain differences of approach, interpretation and terminology of syntax. In this article, I analyze the syntactic approaches that are implemented in the grammar works of Muharrem Ergin, Tahsin $Banguo{\breve{g}}lu$ and Tahir Nejat Gencan, and in the syntax works of Leyla Karahan, Mustafa ${\ddot{O}}zkan$ & Veysi Sevinçli and H. ${\dot{I}}brahim$ Delice as the most commonly used textbooks, and determine resemblances and variations of syntactic approaches between them. It is concluded that, among others, the most prominent differences between these works concern the constructions of the non-finite subordination, the ki-subordination and compound sentences.

      • Accuracy of Frozen Sections for Intraoperative Diagnosis of Complex Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia

        Turan,,Taner,Karadag,,Burak,Karabuk,,Emine,Tulunay,,Gokhan,Ozgul,,Nejat,Gultekin,,Murat,Boran,,Nurettin,Isikdogan,,Zuhal,Kose,,Mehmet,Faruk Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2012 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.13 No.5

        Objective: The purpose of this study was to correlate the histological diagnosis made during intraoperative frozen section (FS) examination of hysterectomy samples with complex atypical endometrial hyperplasia (CAEH) diagnosed with definitive paraffin block histology. Methods: FS pathology results of 125 patients with a preoperative biopsy showing CAEH were compared retrospectively with paraffin block pathology findings. Results: Paraffin block results were consistent with FS in 78 of 125 patients (62.4%). The FS sensitivity and specificity of detecting cancer were 81.1% and 97.9%, with negative and positive predictive values of 76.7%, and 98.4%, respectively. Paraffin block results were reported as endometrial cancer in 77 of 125 (61.6%) patients. Final pathology was endometrial cancer in 45.3% patients diagnosed at our center and 76.9% for patients who had their diagnosis at other clinics (p=0.018). Paraffin block results were consistent with FS in 62.4% of all cases Consistence was 98.4% in patients who had endometrial cancer in FS. Conclusion: FS does not exclude the possibility of endometrial cancer in patients with the preoperative diagnosis of CAEH. In addition, sufficient endometrial sampling is important for an accurate diagnosis.

      • Ovarian Transposition for Stage Ib Squamous Cell Cervical Cancer - Lack of Effects on Survival Rates?

        Turan,,A.,Taner,Keskin,,H.,Levent,Dundar,,Betul,Gundogdu,,Burcu,Ozgul,,Nejat,Boran,,Nurettin,Tulunay,,Gokhan,Kose,,M.,Faruk Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.1

        Background: To investigate the impact of ovarian transposition (OT) on survival rates of the patients with stage Ib squamous cell cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: Ninety-two subjects who underwent a radical hysterectomy including oophorectomy were evaluated. For nineteen (20.7%), OT was performed. Patients were divided into two groups, OT versus oophorectomy alone. The primary end-point of this study was to investigate the impact of OT on tumor recurrence rate and time, 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). These comparisons were performed for subgroups including patients who received radiotherapy versus who did not. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Chi-square test, T-test and Mann-Whitney test. OS was examined using the Kaplan-Meier method. $P{\leq}0.05$ was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The median follow-up period was 89 months for OT and 81 months for the oophorectomy group (p>0.05). Both groups experienced similar recurrence rates (31.6% vs. 26.4%, p=0.181). The median duration from surgery to recurrence, and surgery to death were also similar between the groups (p>0.05). The 5-year DFS and OS rates were both 68.4% for the OT group, and 73.6% and 77.8% for the oophorectomy group (p=0.457 and p=0.307, respectively). While the 5-year DFS rate was not statistically significant between the OT and oophorectomy groups who did not receive radiotherapy (p=0.148), the 5-year OS rate was significantly higher in the oophorectomy group (95.4% vs 66.7%, respectively) without radiotherapy (p=0.05). The 5-year DFS and OS rates were statistically similar between the groups who received adjuvant radiotherapy (p>0.05). Conclusions: Ovarian transposition has not significantly negative effect on the survival rates when adjuvant radiotherapy will be applied, while 5-year OS may be less in OT group if radiotherapy is not mandatory.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Radiation Exposure to Premature Infants in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Turkey

        Turan,Olgar,Esra,Onal,Dogan,Bor,Nurullah,Okumus,Yildiz,Atalay,Canan,Turkyilmaz,Ebru,Ergenekon,Esin,Koc 대한영상의학회 2008 Korean Journal of Radiology Vol.9 No.5

        Objective: The aim of this work was to determine the radiation dose received by infants from radiographic exposure and the contribution from scatter radiation due to radiographic exposure of other infants in the same room. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the entrance skin doses (ESDs) and effective doses of 23 infants with a gestational age as low as 28 weeks. ESDs were determined from tube output measurements (ESDTO) (n = 23) and from the use of thermoluminescent dosimetry (ESDTLD) (n = 16). Scattered radiation was evaluated using a 5 cm Perspex phantom. Effective doses were estimated from ESDTO by Monte Carlo computed software and radiation risks were estimated from the effective dose. ESDTO and ESDTLD were correlated using linear regression analysis. Results: The mean ESDTO for the chest and abdomen were 67 μGy and 65 μGy per procedure, respectively. The mean ESDTLD per radiograph was 70 μGy. The measured scattered radiation range at a 2 m distance from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was (11-17 μGy) per radiograph. Mean effective doses were 16 and 27 μSv per procedure for the chest and abdomen, respectively. ESDTLD was well correlated with ESDTO obtained from the total chest and abdomen radiographs for each infant (R2 = 0.86). The radiation risks for childhood cancer estimated from the effective dose were 0.4 × 10-6 to 2 × 10-6 and 0.6 × 10-6 to 2.9 × 10-6 for chest and abdomen radiographs, respectively. Conclusion: The results of our study show that neonates received acceptable doses from common radiological examinations. Although the contribution of scatter radiation to the neonatal dose is low, considering the sensitivity of the neonates to radiation, further protective action was performed by increasing the distance of the infants from each other. Objective: The aim of this work was to determine the radiation dose received by infants from radiographic exposure and the contribution from scatter radiation due to radiographic exposure of other infants in the same room. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the entrance skin doses (ESDs) and effective doses of 23 infants with a gestational age as low as 28 weeks. ESDs were determined from tube output measurements (ESDTO) (n = 23) and from the use of thermoluminescent dosimetry (ESDTLD) (n = 16). Scattered radiation was evaluated using a 5 cm Perspex phantom. Effective doses were estimated from ESDTO by Monte Carlo computed software and radiation risks were estimated from the effective dose. ESDTO and ESDTLD were correlated using linear regression analysis. Results: The mean ESDTO for the chest and abdomen were 67 μGy and 65 μGy per procedure, respectively. The mean ESDTLD per radiograph was 70 μGy. The measured scattered radiation range at a 2 m distance from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was (11-17 μGy) per radiograph. Mean effective doses were 16 and 27 μSv per procedure for the chest and abdomen, respectively. ESDTLD was well correlated with ESDTO obtained from the total chest and abdomen radiographs for each infant (R2 = 0.86). The radiation risks for childhood cancer estimated from the effective dose were 0.4 × 10-6 to 2 × 10-6 and 0.6 × 10-6 to 2.9 × 10-6 for chest and abdomen radiographs, respectively. Conclusion: The results of our study show that neonates received acceptable doses from common radiological examinations. Although the contribution of scatter radiation to the neonatal dose is low, considering the sensitivity of the neonates to radiation, further protective action was performed by increasing the distance of the infants from each other.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Influence of various metal oxides on mechanical and physical properties of heat-cured polymethyl methacrylate denture base resins

        Turan,Korkmaz,Hai,Albayrak,Ilser,Turkyilmaz,Neset,Volkan,Asar 대한치과보철학회 2013 The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics Vol.5 No.3

        PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of various metal oxides on impact strength (IS), fracture toughness (FT), water sorption (WSP) and solubility (WSL) of heat-cured acrylic resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty acrylic resin specimens were fabricated for each test and divided into five groups. Group 1 was the control group and Group 2, 3, 4 and 5 (test groups) included a mixture of 1% TiO2 and 1% ZrO2, 2% Al2O3, 2% TiO2, and 2% ZrO2 by volume, respectively. Rectangular unnotched specimens (50 mm × 6.0 mm × 4.0 mm) were fabricated and droptower impact testing machine was used to determine IS. For FT, compact test specimens were fabricated and tests were done with a universal testing machine with a cross-head speed of 5 mm/min. For WSP and WSL, discshaped specimens were fabricated and tests were performed in accordance to ISO 1567. ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS IS and FT values were significantly higher and WSP and WSL values were significantly lower in test groups than in control group (P<.05). Group 5 had significantly higher IS and FT values and significantly lower WSP values than other groups (P<.05) and provided 40% and 30% increase in IS and FT, respectively, compared to control group. Significantly lower WSL values were detected for Group 2 and 5 (P<.05). CONCLUSION Modification of heat-cured acrylic resin with metal oxides, especially with ZrO2, may be useful in preventing denture fractures and undesirable physical changes resulting from oral fluids clinically.

      • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

        Analysis of C-Reactive Protein and Biochemical Parameters in Pericardial Fluid

        Turan,Ege,Melih,Hulusi,US,Mustafa,Cikirikcioglu,Cavidan,Arar,Enver,Duran 연세대학교의과대학 2006 Yonsei medical journal Vol.47 No.3

        This study was designed to examine the relationship between pericardial fluid and plasma CRP levels, and to alterations in other biochemical parameters in patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). The study group consisted of 96 Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) patients who were referred to our clinic for a CABG procedure and from whom sufficient amount of pericardial fluid could be collected. The patients were classified into 3 groups: Stable Angina Pectoris (SAP) (n=27), Unstable Angina Pectoris (USAP) (n=36), and Post-Myocardial Infarction (PMI) (n=33). Levels of CRP, glucose, albumin, total protein, Creatine Kinase (CK), Creatine Kinase-MB (CK- MB), and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined in pericardial fluid samples and in simultaneously collected blood samples from radial artery. The pericardial CRP and LDH levels in the PMI group were higher than in the SAP (p=0.015 and p=0.000, respectively) and USAP (p=0.011, p=0.047) groups. Serum CRP levels in USAP (p=0.014) and PMI (p= 0.000) groups were higher than those in the SAP group. Pericardial albumin levels in the PMI group were higher than in the USAP group (p=0.038). In all groups, the pericardial fluid/serum protein ratio was > 0.5, the LDL ratio was >0.6, and pericardial fluid LDH concentrations were >300mg/dl. CRP level of pericardial fluid was significantly higher in the PMI group than in other groups. However, pericardial fluid LDH levels were higher than blood LDH levels in this group and were also higher than pericardial fluid LDH levels of other groups.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        New metal connectors developed to improve the shear strength of stone masonry walls

        Turan,Karabork,Yilmaz,Kocak 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.50 No.1

        Stone masonry structures are widely used around the world, but they deteriorate easily, due to low shear strength capacity. Many techniques have been developed to increase the shear strength of stone masonry constructions. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the performance of stone masonry walls strengthened by metal connectors as an alternative shear reinforcement technique. For this purpose, three new metal connector (clamp) types were developed. The shear strength of the walls was improved by applying these clamps to stone masonry walls. Ten stone masonry walls were structurally tested in diagonal compression. Various parameters regarding the in-plane behavior of strengthening stone masonry walls, including shear strength, failure modes, maximum drift, ductility, and shear modulus, were investigated. Experimentally obtained shear strengths were confirmed by empirical equations. The results of the study suggest that the new clamps developed for the study effectively increased the levels of shear strength and ductility of masonry constructions.

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