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      • 안전하고 효율적인 인증키 교환 프로토콜

        김태희 동신대학교 2006 論文集 Vol.16 No.-

        패스워드가 계산상 불가능한 공간에서 무작위로 선택된 두 개의 값에 의해 표현되는 것을 특징으로 하는 Authenticated key exchange protocols을 위한 스키마인 Augmented Password AKE (APAKE)을 제안한다. 오프라인 추측 공격과 서버 컴프로마이즈 공격으로부터 안전하고, 패스 수가 2이며 작은 계산량을 필요로 하는 APAKE 프로토콜을 제시한다. 또한 제안하는 APAKE 프로토콜의 안전성과 효율성을 상속하는 EKE 프로토콜을 제시한다. This paper introduces a new scheme, called Augmented Password AKE (APAKE), for authenticated key exchange protocols. In APAKE, a password is represented by a pair of values that is randomly selected in a huge space. We present an APAKE protocol. The protocol is secure against the attacks including off-line dictionary attack and server compromise allowing for subsequent off-line dictionary attack. The protocol has a pass number of two, and it requires minor computational amounts. We also present a EKE protocol designed by simple modification of the APAKE protocol while preserving the security of the APAKE protocol.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        A skin-inspired organic digital mechanoreceptor

        Tee, Benjamin C.-K.,Chortos, Alex,Berndt, Andre,Nguyen, Amanda Kim,Tom, Ariane,McGuire, Allister,Lin, Ziliang Carter,Tien, Kevin,Bae, Won-Gyu,Wang, Huiliang,Mei, Ping,Chou, Ho-Hsiu,Cui, Bianxiao,Deiss American Association for the Advancement of Scienc 2015 Science Vol.350 No.6258

        <P><B>Sensing the force digitally</B></P><P>Our skin provides us with a flexible waterproof barrier, but it also contains a sensor array that feels the world around us. This array provides feedback and helps us to avoid a hot object or increase the strength of our grip on an object that may be slipping away. Tee <I>et al.</I> describe an approach to simulate the mechanoreceptors of human skin, using pressure-sensitive foils and printed ring oscillators (see the Perspective by Anikeeva and Koppes). The sensor successfully converted pressure into a digital response in a pressure range comparable to that found in a human grip.</P><P><I>Science</I>, this issue p. 313; see also p. 274</P><P>Human skin relies on cutaneous receptors that output digital signals for tactile sensing in which the intensity of stimulation is converted to a series of voltage pulses. We present a power-efficient skin-inspired mechanoreceptor with a flexible organic transistor circuit that transduces pressure into digital frequency signals directly. The output frequency ranges between 0 and 200 hertz, with a sublinear response to increasing force stimuli that mimics slow-adapting skin mechanoreceptors. The output of the sensors was further used to stimulate optogenetically engineered mouse somatosensory neurons of mouse cortex in vitro, achieving stimulated pulses in accordance with pressure levels. This work represents a step toward the design and use of large-area organic electronic skins with neural-integrated touch feedback for replacement limbs.</P>

      • KCI등재후보

        Determination of normative reference for the definition of sarcopenia among Filipinos

        Michael L. Tee,Cherica A. Tee,Elizabeth B. Montemayor 대한골다공증학회 2016 Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Vol.2 No.3

        Background: At present, there is no normative value that can be used in the definition of sarcopenia in the Philippines. Objective: We identified the reference cut-off values for: 1) muscle mass using bioimpedance analysis; 2) grip strength; 3) usual gait speed; 4) timed get-up-and-go; and 5) short physical performance battery in the Philippines in order to adapt the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria for the definition of sarcopenia. Methods: Two hundred seventy six (135 males and 141 females) healthy Filipino adults, between 20 and 40 years, were included in this cross sectional study. A Fresenius Body Composition Monitor was used to measure lean tissue mass (LTM) and lean tissue index (LTI). A dynamometer was used to measure grip strength. Usual gait speed, timed get-up-and-go, and short physical performance battery were also determined. Result: The normative references for males and females, respectively, for LTI were 17.10 þ 2.337 kg/m2 and 12.63 þ 2.119 kg/m2; for usual gait speed were 1.06 þ 0.251 m/sec and 0.930 þ 0.144 m/sec; and for grip strength were 39.76 þ 7.567 kg and 26.68 þ 5.243 kg. The sarcopenia cut-points for the males and females, respectively, for LTI were <12.50 kg/m2 and <8.33 kg/m2; for usual gait speed were <0.55 m/sec and <0.65 m/sec; and for grip strength were <24.54 kg and <16.10 kg. Conclusion: This study presents cut-points for the determination of sarcopenia at-risk population among Filipinos.

      • KCI등재
      • System Identification and Damage Estimation via Substructural Approach

        Tee, K.-F.,Koh, C.-G.,Quek, S.-T. Computational Structural Engineering Institute of 2003 Computational structural engineering Vol.3 No.1

        For system identification of large structures, it is not practical to identify the entire structure due to the prohibitive computational time and difficulty in numerical convergence. This paper explores the possibility of performing system identification at substructure level, taking advantage of reduction in both the number of unknowns and the number of degrees of freedom involved. Another advantage is that different portions (substructures) of a structural system can be identified independently and even concurrently with parallel computing. Two substructural identification methods are formulated on the basis whether substructural approach is used to obtain first-order or second-order model. For substructural first-order model, identification at the substructure level will be performed by means of the Observer/Kalman filter Identification (OKID) and the Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA) whereas identification at the global level will be performed to obtain second-order model in order to evaluate the system's stiffness and mass parameters. In the case of substructural second-order model, identification will be performed at the substructure level throughout the identification process. The efficiency of the proposed technique is shown by numerical examples for multi-storey shear buildings subjected to random forces, taking into consideration the effects of noisy measurement data. The results indicate that both the proposed methods are effective and efficient for damage identification of large structures.

      • KCI등재

        Holomorphic Distribution on Pseudo-Einstein Real Hypersurfaces of a Complex Space Form

        Tee-How Loo 경북대학교 자연과학대학 수학과 2003 Kyungpook mathematical journal Vol.43 No.3

        In this paper we characterize pseudo-Einstein real hypersurfaces of a non-flat complex space form under certain conditions on the holomorphic distribution.

      • KCI등재

        Southeast Asian Confucianism from an Islamic Studies’ Viewpoint

        ( Tee Boon-chuan ) 성균관대학교 유교문화연구소 2008 儒敎文化硏究(中文版) Vol.0 No.10

        本文旨在对东南亚儒教、儒学与伊斯兰教、伊斯兰学的发展水平与差距进行比对, 发现与后者教、学合一之关系相较, 东南亚儒教与儒学乃是一种脱钩的存在, 即“儒教”族群既不自觉其为儒教社会的一环, 而当地儒学又多属学术史意义之中国儒学史的研究, 故东南亚儒教与其儒学之涵意或构成为何, 均有待吾人发掘而后能明之。按本文过去的研究与了解, 儒学内容不外“心、礼、天”三项, 而此在东南亚均有其儒教之实践形式, 即“心”首先被新加坡理解为“把社群利益放在个人利益之上的思想”之意, 而印度尼西亚与马来西亚则以为是“共存共荣的平等思想”;在实践上, 前者把“礼”视为“社群利益”即“创立足够的共同价值观以及一个单一的国家观念”之大一统体制如何建立之事, 而后者则要求国家平等对待与保障华文教育(华教)与孔教的生存空间与权利, 可见彼此关注的是“礼制”而非“礼仪”之“礼”;由此一来, “天”因为大一统的意识而有“新加坡实在太小”、“才孜孜不倦地向其他的世界领导人宣扬他的理念”和另一由于保卫一己权益而有“服务华社, 解救华人的困境”之狭化之虞的两种理境之差别。唯上述儒教意义之儒学与当地学界纯属中国儒学史之儒学二种, 从伊斯兰学的角度来看, 均有对“心”或心性之学作为儒学之根基(点)之体认不深、对“心”外化而为“礼”、“礼”尽显而为“天”之联系(线)之认知不全及徒知“礼”有“礼制”而不知其另有“礼仪”之一面(面)而为知解不周之缺失。故儒教、儒学在东南亚之发展, 其首要之务在使教与学能如伊斯兰教、伊斯兰学那样合之一, 再逐一改进其“点不深、线不全、面不周”之缺失, 或未可否。 The paper aim to explore the current trend of both Confucianism practise in society and Confucian Studies in academia compared with Islam and Islamic Studies in Southeast Asia. From the local Islam and Islamic Studies’ point of view, the Confucianism practicing in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia are irrelevant to the Confucian Studies because the latter’s subject matter is composed mainly of Confucianism in China from the ancient to modern times. Besides the disconnected Confucianism and Confucian Studies, both share the same concern about contextualizing Confucian ritual institution (‘lizhi’) into Southeast Asian condition while ignoring the importance of its foundational doctrine of Heart-Mind (‘xin’) and ultimate spirit of Heaven (‘tian’). In other words, the Confucianism and Confucian Studies were not on a par with Islam and Islam Studies today in Southeast Asian countries. [Article in Chinese]

      • Systematic Review on International Practices in Controlling Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking

        Tee, Guat Hiong,Hairi, Noran N,Nordin, Fauziah,Choo, Wan Yuen,Chan, Ying Ying,Kaur, Gurpreet,Veerasingam, Pathma Devi,Bulgiba, Awang Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2015 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.16 No.9

        Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has becoming popular especially among young people worldwide. Smokers are attracted by its sweeter, smoother smoke, social ambience and the misconception of reduced harm. The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of waterpipe tobacco policies and practices in reducing its prevalence. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was conducted electronically using the PubMed, OVID, Science Direct, Proquest and Embase databases. All possible studies from 1980 to 2013 were initially screened based on titles and abstracts. The selected articles were subjected to data extraction and quality rating. Results: Three studies met the inclusion criteria and were eligible for this review. Almost all of the waterpipe tobacco products and its accessories did not comply with the regulations on health warning labelling practices as stipulated under Article 11 of WHO FCTC. In addition, the grisly new warning labels for cigarettes introduced by Food and Drug Administration did not affect hookah tobacco smoking generally. Indoor air quality in smoking lounges was found to be poor and some hookah lounges were operated without smoke shop certification. Conclusions: Our findings revealed the availability of minimal information on the practices in controlling waterpipe smoking in reducing its prevalence. The lack of comprehensive legislations or practices in controlling waterpipe smoking warrants further research and policy initiatives to curb this burgeoning global epidemic, especially among the vulnerable younger population.

      • KCI등재

        The Problem of Disseminating Contemporary Neo- Confucianism in Southeast Asia

        ( Tee Boon-chuan ) 성균관대학교 유교문화연구소 2011 儒敎文化硏究(中文版) Vol.0 No.15

        當代新儒家在東南亞(指島屿東南亞)有多少發展的潛能和空間? 這是本文想從“動力因”和“形式因”兩方面提出來探討的一個論題。從動力因的角度來看, 時下東南亞非華語文學界之涉外課題與硏究甚少且鮮會觸及儒家, 而華語文學界之儒家硏究則未如當代新儒家之重宋明理學、重心性之學(此當代新儒家之所以爲“新儒家”)以爲現代新外王之所本、所据, 故整體上仍无成爲當代新儒家意義之“聖學的學者”之可能。個中原委, 從形式因的角度來看, 不盡是劉述先以爲當代新儒家是“精神的儒家”而不爲其它“政治化的儒家”或“民間的儒家”所善解, 而是前者對外王(其政統、學統乃傳統禮學所說之“禮制”)的關注是“理論”的, 此旣與非華語文社會涉外關系時之偏重“禮儀”不同, 也與華語文社會對禮制之關心是“實踐”的相異, 致使雙方未易有共同之話語與心智。言下之意, 在當代新儒家未改其重“理論”、重“禮制”的取向之下, 或時下東南亞未改其重“實踐”、重“禮儀”的社會氛圍之下, 前者在后者被接收進而傳播、發展的潛能或未可容樂觀看待。 This essay explores the potential of disseminating Contemporary Neo-Confucianism in Southeast Asian academia from Aristotle’s perspective of efficient cause and formal cause respectively. From the first efficient cause perspective, the disagreement on the significance of Confucianism in comparative religio-philosophical studies in general (non-Mandarin academia) and Song-Ming Confucianism in Confucian Studies in particular (Mandarin academia) is taken as the cause of low potential of Contemporary Neo-Confucianism in the region. While from the formal cause perspective, the potential is also low because of the theoretical approach of Contemporary Neo-Confucianism toward ritual system in scientific and political areas compared with Southeast Asian academia which is more practical (Mandarin academia) and ceremonial (non-Mandarin academia) in several related areas. In a nutshell, the potential of disseminating Contemporary Neo-Confucianism is no more optimistic than the current conditions of insufficient efficient and formal cause in Southeast Asia. [Article in Chinese]

      • KCI등재

        A Study of Tjhie Tjay Ing’s Views of Confucian Religion in Indonesia

        ( Tee Boon Chuan ) 성균관대학교 유교문화연구소 2015 儒敎文化硏究(中文版) Vol.0 No.23

        本文是對印尼孔敎界譽之爲印尼孔敎百科全書及“學師的學師”的孔敎精神領袖徐再英(Tjhie Tjay Ing)的孔敎觀硏究, 而集中評析他在2006年《儒敎基礎敎育嚮導課本》一書所表達的孔敎敎義觀。按本文的釋析, 徐再英是在前人歸納出來的“八誠箴規”(Delapan Pengakuan Iman)之敎義基礎上, 進一步予以經文闡釋與證說, 但這些努力成果都還未臻學理精純之境。這當中的學術原因, 旣有來自對伊斯蘭敎“六誠箴規”信條的借鑒、調整的不成功之客觀因素, 也有徐再英個人及印尼孔敎總體對傳統儒家的禮學體系不熟悉的主觀條件所導致。 This paper attempts to analyze how Tjhie Tjay Ing, an encyclopedic spiritual master of the Confucian religion in Indonesia, understood the Confucian tradition. This paper argues that Tjhie’s view of Confucian religion is not as sophisticated and systematic as he endeavors to show through his presentation of the doctrinal eight creeds of confucian rligion in his Fundamental Textbooks of Confucian Religion (2006). This is because his creeds are an unsuccessful imitation of the six creeds of Islamic religion. Furthermore, his book reveals an essential misunderstanding of the Confucian ritual systems. [Article in Chinese]

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