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      • KCI등재

        기혼여성의 학습생활 분석―1960년대 출생 여성을 중심으로―

        학습생활위원회(이지혜 외),(Research Group for Learning & Life) 한국평생교육학회 2004 평생교육학연구 Vol.10 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        이 연구는 여성의 학습경험에 대한 분석을 통해 종래의 이성과 인지 중심의 성인학습연구의 지평을 확장하고 새로운 전망을 얻으려는 시도이마 여성학습자 중에서도 특히 1960년대에 태어나, 현재 마흔 살 전후를 맞이한 아홉 명의 기혼여성을 연구대상으로 선택하였으며, 연구방법으로는 전기 면담에 의한 사례연구를 택하였다' 분석 결과, 기혼여성들의 학습 영역은 분주한 일상 속에서 '시간 살리기' , '가족 지키지', '더 불어 살아가기'로 범주화 해볼 수 있으며 특히 이러한 학습은 다양한 '관계 맺기' 방식을 통하여 이루어졌다. 이들이 추구하는 학습의 의미는 지식의 추구에서부터 직업적 성취, 종교적 삶, 인간관계, 사회참여 등과 같은 다양한 모습을 드러내었다. 기혼여성의 학습생활은 성인학습에 대한 이해를 확장할 수 있는 가능성을 열어주었다. 첫째, '학습'이 생각과 정서 , 그리고 몸과 마음, 知와 靈이 모두 하나로 통합된 일체화의 과정이라는 것을 드러내준다. 둘째, '수다'를 통한 학습과 같은 일상생활 속에서의 제도화되지 않은 무형식학습의 중요성을 다시 한반 보여준다. 셋째 '나' 안으로 들어온 '우려'를 통해 지속적으로 확 장되어가는 '자아'의 새로운 의미를 밝혀준다 , 이와 같은 기혼여성의 학습생활에서 드러난 총체적인 변화의 과정은 몸에 배인 학습의 플로서 '습 ( 習 , habit)'의 변화과정으로 개념화할 수 있다. Purposeofthestudy: This study examines what is the significance of learning experience in everyday life of married women in Korea and how they can manage their learning life. Based on the experiential learning theory, this study illuminates the ways of learning, values, and meaning of Korean married women's learning experience. TheoreticalFrameworkandLiterature: The married women in Korea are usually called 'Ah zoom ma' compared with unmarried women. There is a little negative nuance in the word(Jang, 1994: 6 7), Generally it is used to describe a tough and somewhat selfish women focusing on money and her family. ' Ah zoom ma' has not been considered as a subjective agent of learning but as just a passive recipient of environmental change(Jung, 2003). Learning from experience happens in everyday contexts and is rarely recognized(Garrick, 1998), especially' Ah zoom ma's life experiences were rarely interpreted in terms of learning. But the ultimate goal of experiential learning involves the learner's own appropriation of something that is to them personally significant and meaningfu1(Andresen, Baud and Cohen, 1995), On this point, we began this research from an assumption that married women even those who do not participate in any formal or non formal education is searching for meaning and they may be active learners through their informal learning experience. MethodologyandResearchQuestions: We interviewed nine married Korean women born in 1960s. From 1960s, Korea has experienced rapid economic development. Therefore, women born in 1960s are the first generation who is the beneficiaries with popularization of higher education in Korea. They have had a conflict in role taking: They have been expected to be a good mother and housewife and to be a successful career woman at the same time. It has made them have very unique life experience. This study adopted a case study by the in depth biographic interview as a research method. The interviews lasting 2 3 hours were done three or four times for each interviewee(Jan Mar. 2003). And this study was co worked by the research group who are interested in adult learning and life. An researchers have their own social cultural experiences and structures(Becher 1989: 79; Fleck, 1980: 52 70). So doing research together was another dynamic process of group learning. We could share our own individual experience as married women or men lived with them. It gave us to have more productive interpretation for research data. The focus of this study was to explore aspects of informal learning within married women's life. This paper analyzed their informal learning in terms of the contents of learning, the modes of learning, and the meanings of learning. Our research questions are therefore: (1) What kind of subjects they are learning in everyday life? (2) How do they learn with others in the learning process? (3) Why do they learning from their lives, what's the meaning of their learning? FindingandConclusions: As the results, married women has managed their learning life in the various areas as 'managing time of herself', 'conserving her family', and 'living together'. Especially their learning is achieved through the several ways of making relationships with others. The significances of learning are varied from pursuing knowledge or vocational achievement to searching for spiritual life. ImplicationsforaduJteducationtheoryandpractice The analysis of women's learning experiences enables us to understand the phenomenon of adult learning in a broad sense. It can provide powerful conceptual resources for understanding the world of informal experiential learning, especially in the side of marginalized unvoiced learners. It includes the following implications. Firstly, learning is an integrated process between mind and body, rationality and emotion, knowledge and spirit. Secondly, women's learning life reinforces the substantial function of informal learning in everyday life. Thirdly, as a subj

      • KCI등재

        The International Academic Conference : On Women's Studies and Development in the 21st Century

        Research,Institute,of,Asian,Women 숙명여자대학교 아세아여성문제연구소 1998 Asian Women Vol.6 No.-

        Three papers were presented by Korean scholars at the conference. One of them was entitled "Study on the Housewives' Movement in Korea" by Hea-sook Ro, Jeong-sin Han, Kyung-ock Jun, Young-hee Kim, and Young-ran Kim, most of whom are professors at Sookmyoung Women's University. The other two papers are: "Towards a Common Understanding of Conceptual Frameworks" by Pil-wha Chang of Ewha Woman's University, Seoul and "General Situation of Korean Women's Participation in China" by Young-ae Ha of Kyung Hee University. Among the three, the paper presented by the Sookmyung research team deserves the most attention since it raised a more current issue with qualitative research and analysis. The aim of the study was to understand major characteristics of the Korean housewives' movement. Housewives' consciousness was analyzed in four dimensions: economic activities, social participation, political participation, and gender role. There was also a comparative analysis between the consciousness of housewives participating in groups or organizations and that of non-participants. The survey was made on a national scale and targeted nine regions: Seoul, Kyunggi Province, Chungcheong South and North Province, Junra South and North province, Kyungsang South and North province, and Kangwon Province. A total of 2151 housewives were selected as samples. The survey shows that the housewives who have experienced the political life within society by participating in social organizations seek political intervention more positively and actively. Likewise, housewives who have worked for organizations rate highly regarding women's organizational ability. Regarding the success of women at the workplace, housewives with experience show stronger responses and expectations in making an attempt to succeed in the society. The paper reaches a conclusion that housewives' organizational activities have a close relationship with their modern consciousness of society and gender roles. The survey also shows that housewives who voluntarily work for organizations find it difficult to balance their organizational activities and their duties to their children. It also points out that the percentage of professional housewives' share in housework is 84.7%, and their working hours are between 8 to 12 hours a day (1994). The value of this labor of housewives is 22.8% of GNP, and its reward, the presenters argued, should be reexamined. Above all, they assert a consciousness raising movement is urgent since 49.5% of married women are still considered to be professional housewives, and most housewives in Korea still hold the traditional consciousness of gender roles. The paper also argues that the ideology of the Housewives' Movement needs to be fully established and that cultivating housewives activists for the movement is urgent. Furthermore, centralized advertising and systematic and private planning in a superstructure are needed, and they should be expanded on a regional level. The paper adds that the structure of housewives is as complicated and various as the characteristics of housewives; therefore, various models which are suitable for each region and for each object should be created. In the end, it asserts, the unity and the solidarity of the Housewives' Movement organizations should be created on a national level.

      • 기독상담사들의 이슬람 난민 및 난민 돌봄에 관한 체험 연구 : 연세대학교 상담코칭학과 난민연구 조원들을 대상으로

        다문화상담 난민연구팀(Refugee Research Group) 연세대학교 상담코칭지원센터 2020 연세상담코칭연구 Vol.14 No.-

        2018년 어느 날 갑자기 대한민국으로 노크 없이 들어온 이방인이 있다. 이들은 바로 예멘 난민들이다. 이들에 대해 대부분의 한국 사회는 무관심과 혐오로 나랑은 상관없는 먼 나라 이야기인 것처럼 대하고 있다. 이러한 난민은 전 세계적으로 앞으로도 정치, 경제는 물론, 환경 및 종교 등의 이유로도 점차 증가할 전망인데, 다른 선택의 여지가 없이 쫓기듯 우리를 찾아오는 난민들을 대상으로 문을 닫고 잠가 버리는 대응만으로는 역부족인 상황에 봉착하게 되었다. 본 연구는 낯선 이웃으로 우리에게 성큼 다가온 난민, 특히 이슬람 난민을 마주한 기독상담사들이 난민 및 난민 돌봄 제공자들과의 인터뷰, 문헌연구, 미디어 등의 다양한 경험을 통해, 난민에게 돌봄을 제공하는 다문화 상담사들이 주의해야 할 점과 핵심역량, 그리고 우리의 현실에 대해 경험한 것들을 분석한 내용이다. 기독상담사들은 이러한 경험이 어떠하였고 그러한 경험과 현상에서 얻은 의미는 무엇인지를 고민하고 연구한 뒤, 이러한 연구의 결과물을 난민 상담에 관심이 있는 기독상담사들과 나누고자 포커스그룹인터뷰를 통해 자료를 수집하고 현상학적 연구 방법으로 분석하였다. One day in 2018 Korean people encountered strangers who entered the country without knocking. They are Yemeni refugees whom Korean society has been facing with indifference and hatred as if their stories had nothing to do with Korea. Considering that the refugee population will continue to increase worldwide due to not only political and economic problems but also environmental and religious issues, it does not seem to be an adequate solution for us just to shut and lock the door before the refugees who had no choice but to flee their own countries. This study is about the core competencies required for Christian counselors who meet with refugees, Muslim refugees, in particular, who are closer to us now as our new and unfamiliar neighbors. The researchers, mainly Christian counselors, who participated in this study interviewed Yemeni refugees and those who have provided help for refugees in Korea, and also reviewed literature and media regarding refugees. What is discussed in this paper is what the researchers experienced and its meaning collected through a focus group interview and analyzed by the phenomenological method.

      • KCI등재

        Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Traumatic Shock Patients from the Korean Society of Traumatology

        Jung, Pil Young Yu, Byungchul Park, Chan-Yong Chang, Sung Wook Kim, O Hyun Kim, Maru Kwon, Junsik Lee, Gil Jae Korean Society of Traumatology (KST), Clinical Research Group) The Korean Society of Traumatology 2020 大韓外傷學會誌 Vol.33 No.1

        Purpose: Despite recent developments in the management of trauma patients in South Korea, a standardized system and guideline for trauma treatment are absent. Methods: Five guidelines were assessed using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II instrument. Results: Restrictive volume replacement must be used for patients experiencing shock from trauma until hemostasis is achieved (1B). The target systolic pressure for fluid resuscitation should be 80-90 mmHg in hypovolemic shock patients (1C). For patients with head trauma, the target pressure for fluid resuscitation should be 100-110 mmHg (2C). Isotonic crystalloid fluid is recommended for initially treating traumatic hypovolemic shock patients (1A). Hypothermia should be prevented in patients with severe trauma, and if hypothermia occurs, the body temperature should be increased without delay (1B). Acidemia must be corrected with an appropriate means of treatment for hypovolemic trauma patients (1B). When a large amount of transfusion is required for trauma patients in hypovolemic shock, a massive transfusion protocol (MTP) should be used (1B). The decision to implement MTP should be made based on hemodynamic status and initial responses to fluid resuscitation, not only the patient's initial condition (1B). The ratio of plasma to red blood cell concentration should be at least 1:2 for trauma patients requiring massive transfusion (1B). When a trauma patient is in life-threatening hypovolemic shock, vasopressors can be administered in addition to fluids and blood products (1B). Early administration of tranexamic acid is recommended in trauma patients who are actively bleeding or at high risk of hemorrhage (1B). For hypovolemic patients with coagulopathy non-responsive to primary therapy, the use of fibrinogen concentrate, cryoprecipitate, or recombinant factor VIIa can be considered (2C). Conclusions: This research presents Korea's first clinical practice guideline for patients with traumatic shock. This guideline will be revised with updated research every 5 years.

      • 말기 암 환자에서 감염에 대한 항생제 사용 - 대한가정의학회 완화의학연구회 세미나에 기초한 -

        정휘수,김대영,송경포,대한가정의학회,완화의학연구회,서상연,Jeong,,Hwee-Soo,Kim,,Dae-Young,Song,,Kyoung-Po,Korean,Family,Medicine,Palliative,Medicine,Research,Group,,Korean,Family,Medicine,Palliative,Medicine,Research,Group,Suh, 한국호스피스완화의료학회 2007 한국호스피스.완화의료학회지 Vol.10 No.1

        말기 암 환자에서 감염에 대한 항생제 사용은 의학적 문제에 대해 해결해야 하는 의무와 임종을 앞둔 시점에 생명 연장으로 인한 환자의 고통증가에 대한 부담으로 명확하게 결정하기 어려운 문제이다. 대한가정의학회 완화의학연구회 세미나에서는 65세 남자환자로 직장암 말기에 악취를 동반한 광범위한 피부감염증으로 입원 후 국소 항생제 치료로 증상 호전 중 임종을 맞이한 증례를 토의하였고, 이를 통해 말기 암 환자에서 항생제 치료에 대한 문헌고찰과 토론 후 다음과 같이 의견을 제시하고자 한다. 항생제 치료 목적에 있어 증상조절을 고려해야 하며, 특히 요로계 감염이 있는 경우는 증상조절을 위해 항생제를 사용한다. 또한 감수성 검사를 통해 적절한 항생제를 처방해야 한다. 무엇보다도 우선적으로 고려되어야 할 점은 환자입장에서 무엇이 가장 득이 되는지를 생각하고, 항생제 사용에 대해 환자와 가족들의 의견을 존중하여 판단하며, 환자나 가족이 적극적으로 치료를 요구하는 경우에는 치료로 인한 득실에 대해 환자와 토의를 한 후 사용한다. Decision-making of antibiotics use in infected patients with terminal stage of cancer was difficult for physicians, because of responsibility of solving a medical problem and burden on patients distressed by worthless life expansion. Korean Family Medicine Palliative Medicine Research Group discussed this subject using a case of a 65 year-old male having terminal stage of sigmoid colon cancer with extended cutaneous infection who was treated local antibiotics, improved but expired at the 12th hospital day. We reviewed related literatures and proposed a guide for antibiotics use in inferred patients with terminal stage of cancer. Antibiotics should be used for symptom control as major indication, especially when patients suffered from urinary symptoms. Appropriate antibiotics should be chosen based or sensitivity test. the most important considering factor should be patient and family members' wish about antibiotics use.

      • A survey for research and application of quality science in CHINA

        Xu,,JiChao 한국품질경영학회 2000 The Asian Journal on Quality Vol.1 No.1

        Quality science may be defined as the subject promoting both quality and productivity, which may include quality management, quality engineering and technology innovation. The research and application of quality science have been in existence for many years in China. This report first reviews its recent history as well as the analysis of the status quo. Finally, a prospectus and comments section for the future of quality science points out the development trends and its significant effectiveness on China's modem economics.

      • 임신⋅수유 중 약물 표기 규정의 변화

        KBS한의원(Research Center of Korean Medicine), 동국대학교 한의학연구소(Dong Guk University), 조선영(Sun Young Cho), 정지운(Ji Woon Jeong) 대한모유수유한의학회 2015 대한모유수유한의학회지 Vol.1 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Objectives: To examine drug labelling policy changes in pregnancy and breastfeeding is helpful to promote Korean drug policy. Methods: Historical analysis and investigation was selected for show changes of drug labelling. And new changes of FDA in 2015 should be described in contents and meanings of proposition. Results & Discussions: Reproduction toxicity test became necessary to submit the data in drug development process. Drug information in Pregnancy and lactation based on various case and clinical research, reproductive toxicity test data, and safety information can be formed. Pharmaceutical Safety labelling during pregnancy and lactation is helpful when choosing their medicines and medical personnel. New guide from US FDA in 2015 can tell clinical meaning above 5 grades classification and explain scientific data more in detail. Conclusions: To manage confusion of drug labelling, international efforts to improve prenatal medicine should be continued to reflect in policies.

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