http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Observing the development of Vietnamese literature after 1986 in general and the novel in particular, it is clear that literature now does not deny the central discourse of the times. However, in addition to that central discourse, a large number of writters seem to be especially interested in expressing non - central, peripheral discourses. And the appearance of traumatic discourse in the novels is a pretty good example of discursive order changing process. It can be said that the transition from the absolute sacrifice in the revolutionary war to the awakening of individual consciousness in the present is an important source for the emergence of traumatic discourse in contemporary Vietnamese novels. In these traumatic discourses, writers have exploited mental traumas that, according to Amos Goldberg's conception, often begin with “an over-collision event between individuals and their surroundings”.
Biến cố lịch sử vĩ đại – Cách mạng tháng Tám và hiện thực lịch sử của hai cuộc kháng chiến chống Pháp – Mỹ đã tạo nên “không khí sử thi” hào hùng, choáng ngợp để tiểu thuyết Việt Nam có bước chuyển quan trọng. Từ chỗ bộc lộ khát vọng tự do, đòi giải phóng cái tôi cá nhân thoát khỏi mọi ràng buộc của chế độ phong kiến trong tiểu thuyết lãng mạn và thể hiện số phận bi thảm của người dân nghèo dưới sự bóc lột của chế độ thực dân, phong kiến trong tiểu thuyết hiện thực phê phán, tiểu thuyết Việt Nam đã chuyển sang khai thác đề tài chiến tranh cách mạng với tư duy sử thi và cảm hứng lãng mạn anh hùng. Cùng với các thể loại văn học khác, tiểu thuyết đã trở thành phương tiện nghệ thuật phục vụ chính trị, cổ vũ tinh thần chiến đấu của nhân dân và có những đóng góp quan trọng cho tiến trình phát triển của văn học Việt Nam hiện đại. Qua tìm hiểu những nét cơ bản của tiểu thuyết viết về chiến tranh giai đoạn 1945-1975 như: tư duy nghệ thuật, cảm hứng chủ đạo, nghệ thuật xây dựng nhân vật..., bài viết muốn ghi nhận những đóng góp của mảng tiểu thuyết này trong việc làm nên diện mạo cho văn học Việt Nam một thời, qua đó cũng thấy được ý nghĩa lịch sử - xã hội của tiểu thuyết và sự chuyển mình của thể loại trong sự đổi mới của văn học Việt Nam từ sau năm 1975.
In 1986, Vietnam entered a period of renewal. Vietnamese Literature also has its transformation, innovation in many ways, making this a vibrant literary period called “Literature and the Renovation”. Particularly, the novel is the “Main engine” of literature, has made remarkable innovations in the demonstrating art, and it has expanded the scope of reflecting reality, and there are important contributions to the process of Vietnam literary renewal. However, even we're always excited and proud of the achievements of novels in renovation period, we also admit the fact that: the process of renewal of Vietnamese novel only really take place within 5 years from 1986 to 1990. Then, the novel had a “slowdown”. In the late XX century and the early years of the XXI century, there had been a flourish of Vietnamese novel but there weren't any appearances of “the peaks”. Therefore, the reality of novel is still a matter that attract the attention of writers and researchers, critics. This article focuses on the following issues: understand the reality of Vietnamese contemporary novel, analyzing the reasons why Vietnamese novels still don't have the development, sketch the prospects of Vietnamese novels in the future on the basis of the achievements that Vietnam novels have achieved in the past and practical composing in the present with positive signs. On that basis and through observation from the law of motion of the novel genre, we propose a few solutions for Vietnamese novel to be worthily developed of the core genres of literature, to be the effective informative “channel” to bring culture, Vietnamese literature to the world.
Samho˘n yukkak 三絃六角, consisting of haegu˘m 奚琴 1, taegu˘m 大? 1, p'iri 피리 2, changgo 杖鼓 1, and puk 북 1, has been one of traditional instrumentations for the ensembles both of court music and folk music from the early Choso˘n 朝鮮 dynasty onwards. the aim of this paper is to investigate various picture of Choso˘n 朝鮮 dynasty showing the samhyo˘n yukkak. This paper is based on pictures such as Annu˘ng sinyo˘ngdo 安陵新迎圖, P'yo˘ngyang kamsa hyangyo˘ndo 平壤監司饗宴圖, Modand Hong I-sang p'yo˘ngsaengdo 慕堂洪履祥平生圖, P'yo˘ngsaengdo 平生圖, Mudong 舞童 by Kim Hong-do 金弘道 (1745-1806), Ssand ko˘mdaemu 雙劍對舞 by Shin Yun-bok 申潤福 (1758-1813), and Tongnaebusa cho˘pwaesado 東萊府使接倭使圖, Tamwa Hong Kye-hu˘i p'yo˘ngsaengdo 淡窩洪啓禧平生圖, Iwo˘n kirohoedo 梨園耆老會圖 by anonymous. This paper consists of such topics as 1) Introduction, 2) Samhyo˘n yukkak Appeared in Picture of the Late Choso˘n Dynasty, 3) Instrumentation of Samhyo˘n yukkak, 4) Interrelationship with Pictures of the Early Choso˘n Dynasty, 5) Conclusion. In conclusion it is pointed out that samhyo˘n yukkak was used for the accompaniment of dances and for marching music, and that the basic instrumentation of samhyo˘n yukkak (haegu˘m 1, taegu˘m 1, p'iri 2, changgo 1, and puk 1) would be changed according to circumstances of performance.
With the rising cooperation and exchange relationships between Vietnam and Korea in many fields including politics, economy, culture, society, education… the number of Koreans studying Vietnamese has also been steadily increasing. However, compared to the rising, researches that could aid in the development of teaching materials or method are yet to catch up. In particular, the research on the use of audiovisual materials in foreign language teaching, while already having taken significant stride in the field of English, Japanese and Korean language education, has not been yet sufficiently explored in Vietnamese language education, as evidenced by the lack any outstanding research on this topic. This study aims to look into how certain materials could be selected and incorporated into a Vietnamese language lesson plan for foreigners, the Vietnamese drama ‘Family is the best' – that attracted a huge number of viewers on both on TV and in the internet – will be utilized in this research. The primary goal of this undertaking is to contribute in the creation of innovative teaching and learning interesting and effective at the same time.
The Revolution of August 1945 and historical reality of the two resistance wars against French and American are the great historical events have made the “epic atmosphere" of heroism to the Vietnamese novels are important transforming. From the expression of free will, the liberation of the individual ego in the romance novels and the tragic fate of the poor under colonial and feudalism in the criticize reality novels, Vietnamese novels has moved to exploit the theme of revolutionary war with Epic thinking and heroic romance inspiration. Novels and other literary genres have become an art medium to serving for politics, encouragement for fighting spirit of the people and it has made important contributions to development process of Modern Vietnamese literature. Through studying the basics of the novel of war in period 1945-1975 such as: artistic thinking, mainstream inspiration, the art of character depiction ..., the article would like to acknowledge the contributions of this novel section in the making of the face of Vietnamese literature in this period, through this, we also understand the historical meaning and social meaning of the novel and the transformation of the novel genre in the innovation of Vietnamese literature since 1975.
Firstly, this article gives an overview of the reality of Vietnamese country life in the last decade of the 20th and some early years of the 21st century. Being different from what many people expect, Vietnamese countryside is an area where is negatively effected by the market economy in its toddler stage. The article continues to give evidences and the prediction about the fluctuation of the country life in the next years of the 21st century after Vietnam became a member of The World Trade Organization. Moreover, this article also examines the main characters of the economic weakness, the disadvantages as well as the sensitiveness of Vietnamese countryside when it integrates into the market economy. Now it is the time for Vietnamese countryside to fumblingly find the ways to solve a series of issues, such as the considerable weakness in competitive ability, the very low incomes of almost all of people in countryside, the weakness of the purchasing power and accumulative ability, the redundance of labour source, the inequality in the incomes between rural and urban areas. These lead to the social issues like unemployment and semi-unemployment. As a result, a range of other issues occurs such as the wave of immigration to urban areas and the labour export to foreign countries. However, almost all of these labour forces are unskilled and low effective. Their integration into urban area is quite difficult and they have to face the risks of social evils. The article also warns that the lagging behind and the inadequate of the characteristics development is the risks of unconditioned characters and the lawlessness. In conclusion, the article summaries the main ideas and gives some solution to the anxious facts mentioned.
DC saddle-field-plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition(PECVD) 장치를 이용하여 상온에서 p-type Si (100) 기판위에 hydrogenated amorphous carbon nitride [a-C:H(N)]박막을 증착하였다. 원료가스인 CH₄과 N₂의 전체압력은 90 mTorr로 고정하고 N₂/CH₄비를 0에서 4까지 변화하면서 제작한 a-C:H(N) 박막의 미세 구조의 변화를 연구하였다. 진공조의 도달 진공도는 1×10^(-6) Torr이고, 본 실험시 CH₄+N₂가스의 유량은 5 sc㎝으로 고정하고 배기량을 조절하여 진공조의 가스 압력을 90 mTorr로 고정하였으며 기판에 200 V의 직류 bias 전압을 인가하였다. α-step과 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)를 이용한 분석결과 N₂/CH₄비가 0에서 0.5로 증가함에 따라 박막 두께는 4840 Å에서 2600 Å으로 급격히 감소하였으며, 박막내의 탄소에 대한 질소함유량(N/C비)는 N₂/CH₄비가 4일때 최대 0.25로 증가하는 것을 확인하였다. 또한 XPS 스펙트럼의 fitting 결과 N₂/CH₄비가 증가할수록 CN결합이 증가하였다. Fourier Transformation Infrared (FT-IR) 분석결과 N₂/CH₄비가 증가함에 따라 박막내의 C-H 결합은 감소하고, N-H, C≡N 결합은 증가하였다. Optical bandgap 측정 결 과 N₂/CH₄비가 0에서 4로 증가함에 따라 a-C:H(N)박막의 bandgap 에너지는 2.53 eV에서 2.3 eV로 감소하는 것을 확인하였다. Hydrogenated amorphous carbon nitride[a-C:H(N)] films were deposited on p-type Si(100) at room temperature with substrate bias voltage of 200 V by DC saddle-field plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Effects of the ratio of N₂to CH₄(N₂/CH₄), in the range of 0 and 4 on such properties as optical properties, microstucture, relative fraction of nitrogen and carbon, etc. of the films have been investigated. The thickness of the a-C:H(N) film was abruptly decreased with the addition of nitrogen, but at N₂/CH₄> 0.5, the thickness of the film gradually decreased with the increase of the N₂/CH₄. The ratio of N to C(N/C) of the films was saturated at 0.25 with the increase of N₂/CH₄. N-H, C≡N bonds of the films increased but C-H bond decreased with the increase of N₂/CH₄. Optical band gap energy of the film decreased from 2.53 eV deposited with pure methane to 2.3 eV at the ratio of N₂/CH₄=4.
Phạm Viên (范員) is an immortal which appears in many documents, especially in Vietnamese medieval works of prose from the early 18th century to the early 20th century. According to those documents, Phạm Viên was a real historical figure, living in Nghe An (now a province in Central Vietnam) between the late 17th century and the early 18th century, during the Restored Lê Dynasty period (1533 - 1788). After following and achieving immortality, he wandered to many places including Nghệ An, Thanh Hóa, Hà Nội and Sơn Tây to practice philanthropy, containing a variety of good deeds. Many documents illustrated Phạm Viên's religious practice process as well as the Confucian scholars' admiration for him. By investigating typical Vietnamese medieval documents which are extant and related to Phạm Viên, the paper aims to generally introduce the figure in terms of background, the process of achieving immortality and religious practices. Hence, the paper also discusses the importance of the Phạm Viên figure in Vietnamese Taoist studies as well as in studying the cultural-spiritual life of Vietnamese intellectuals during the late medieval period.