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      • KCI등재

        연구논문 : 안철수 현상이 서울시장 보궐선거에 미친 영향; 미디어 노출 횟수를 통한 후보들의 인지도를 중심으로

        송근원 ( Keun Won Song ) 한국조사연구학회 2012 조사연구 Vol.13 No.2

        이 논문은 2011년 10월 26일 서울시장 보궐선거에서 나타난 안철수 열풍이 여야 후보자들의 인지도에 어떠한 영향을 미쳤는지를 측정할 수 있는 계량적 방법을 제시하고 그 영향력을 측정한다. 곧 언론에 보도된 주요 인물들의 기사 건수를 자료로 삼아 아리마(ARIMA)분석기법을 사용하여 후보들을 나는 시계열로, 다른 주요 인물들을 드는 시계열로 삼아 여러 변수 아리마 모형을 만들어 그 영향력을 분석하였다. 그 결과 안철수의 영향력은 박근혜 영향력의 한 배 반 이상으로 나타났다. 박근혜는 나경원 후보의 인지도 증가에만 영향을 미치지만, 안철수는 박원순 후보에게는 인지도 증가뿐만아니라 나경원 후보의 인지도 감소에도 영향을 미치고 있다는 것을 추론할 수 있었다. 이 논문은 후보자 중심의 연구에서 벗어나 제 3의 인물이 선거 과정에 미친 영향력을 연구하는 시발점이 되었다는 점에서 정치 연구의 지평을 넓히고 있고, 제3의 인물이 선거판에 미친 영향을 단지 막연한 추측에서 벗어나 과학적으로 측정하고 분석할 수 있는 방법을 제시하였다는 점에 그 의의가 있다. This paper attempts to express, in the quantitative terms, the influence of Chul-Soo Ahn and Keun-Hye Park on the Mayoral Election of Seoul to fill a vacancy. We test some quantitative methods to measure the influence of the third influential person on the voter`s cognition of the candidates, and discuss the advantages of the Multivariate ARIMA(MARIMA) modeling techniques to excavate the influence. Based on the relations among the empirical data, MARIMA models were made, and compared Chul Soo Ahn`s influence with Keun-Hye Park`s influence. From the models, we infer that Ahn`s influence might be more than one-and-a-half times of Park`s in the election. This paper contributes to developing a quantitative method to find out the third person`s influence on the candidates, and stimulates the study of the third person`s influence in the electoral process.

      • KCI등재
      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Apparent CP Deletion and DP Relatedness

        ( Keun Won Sohn ) 경희대학교 언어연구소 2012 언어연구 Vol.29 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Sohn, Keun-Won, 2012, Apparent CP Deletion and LW Relatedness, Linguistic Research 29(1), 107-126. This paper deals with the apparent CP deletion phenomena in Korean discussed in Ahn & Cho (2009) first. Ahn & Cho claim that CP deletion is not allowed in Korean and the cases which seem to involve CP deletion are not really CP deletion constructions, but involve invisible pronoun pro. Although sharing the same view regarding the non-existence of real CP deletion, this paper deduces a different generalization from Ahn & Cho. According to Ahn & Cho, pro is allowed only when oven pronoun ku kes is allowed, regardless of whether there is a clausal DP counterpart of the apparently deleted CP or not. But this paper claims that there is a perfect parallelism between the occurrence of pro and the comparable clausal DP counterpart of the CP complement, This paper also provides an alternative analysis for the NP1 containing CP deletion cases, showing that deletion is possible in these cases only when the NPI and its licenser are both included in the deletion (or replacement) site.

      • 농업 회계기준 표준화와 회계처리지침

        이명근(Lee, Myung-Keun) 한국전산회계학회 2015 電算會計硏究 Vol.13 No.2

        본 연구에서는 농업부기 작성에서 농업회계기준에 관한 기준의 성격에 대해 정리해보고 일반기업회계기준 및 회계기준서 그리고 국제회계기준에 대해 알아보았다. 농업회계기준의 표준화는 회계의 명료성, 계속성, 통일성이 필요조건이라 할 수 있지만, 농업회계 분야에서 무엇보다 중요한 것은 회계기준의 표준화라고 할 수 있다. 그 이유는 농업 경영규모의 영세성에 따른 기계와 경영의 미분리, 농업회계의 경영목표와 현실적인 경영목표의 불일치, 농업부문 특유의 전통적인 회계관습 등을 반영해야 하기 때문이다. 지금까지의 논의를 토대로 농업회계기준과 관련한 회계기준의 개선방향을 제시하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 국제회계기준과 회계기준서는 회계처리에 대한 큰 틀만 제시하고 있을 뿐 구체적이고 세밀한 회계처리에 대한 언급이 없기에 이를 제시하자. 둘째, 농업 생산활동에 대한 활동들과 관련하여 계정과목의 개발이 있어야 한다. 셋째, 농업경영분석과 관련하여 영세한 농업경영체들이 쉽고 간편하게 적용할 수 있는 중소기업용 농업회계기준을 시급히 마련해야 하겠다. 넷째, 국제회계기준과 회계기준서에서 언급되지 않는 실무와 관련하여 농업경영체들이 즉시 적용할 수 있는 사례들을 개발하여야 하겠다. 마지막으로, 농업회계와 관련된 알차니 등 회계프로그램이 있으나 활성화 되지 못하고 기업회계기준서와 괴리를 보이는 현실을 감안하여 보다 쉽고 상세한 기준의 정립이 시급하다. This study summarized features of agricultural accounting standard in agricultural bookkeeping, and examined Generally Accepted Korean Accounting Principles, Korean Accounting Standard, and International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS). It is true that necessary conditions for agricultural accounting standards are clarity, consistency, and uniformity of accounting. However, what is regarded the most important in agricultural accounting is standardization of accounting standards. It is because the standardization process must reflect nonseparation of machines and management caused by meager management size, mismatch between managerial objectives and realistic management objectives, and traditional managerial conventions peculiar to agriculture. Based on this study, directions for improvement of accounting standards regarding agricultural accounting are proposed as follows:First, specific and detailed accounting processing needs to be introduced because International Financial Reporting Standard and Korean Accounting Standard provide only a general framework for accounting processing. Second, a title of account needs to be developed regarding agricultural production activities. Third, regarding agricultural analysis, agricultural accounting standards for small and medium sized businesses need to be developed which can be easily adopted and used by meager agricultural management bodies. Fourth, regarding accounting practices which are not covered by International Financial Reporting Standard and Korean Accounting Standard, a number of sample cases need to be developed which can be immediately applied to agricultural management bodies. Finally, considering limited application of agricultural accounting programs, and mismatch between agricultural programs and Korean Accounting Standard, it is urgently needed that easy and detailed standards are to be set for agricultural accounting.

      • KCI등재

        1930년대 후반 식민지 조선 농민 생활상의 재구성

        조명근(Cho, Myung?keun) 호서사학회 2015 역사와 담론 Vol.0 No.76

        1939년 여름 홋카이도제국대학 농학부 학생인 안병렬은 자신의 고향인 오곡리 주민을 대상으로 생활환경과 보건위생 등을 조사하였다. 조사대상은 61호로 가구당 6.8인이 거주하였고 소작농이 절대다수를 점하고 있었다. 각 가구당 평균 부채액이 140원에 달할 정도로 많았는데, 대부분 양식과 생필품을 구입하기 위해 빚을 진 것이었다. 아동(7~15세)의 경우 23%만이 학교를 다녔고 1인당 세 종류 이상의 노동에 동원되고 있었다. 의복의 경우 옷이라고 부를 수 있을 만한 외출복이 10% 밖에 안 되었고 식량은 주식인 쌀의 경우 1인당 소비량이 0.4석으로 당시 조선의 평균치보다 낮은 수치였다. 대부분의 주택이 천정․벽지 등의 미비와 채광 및 통풍의 불량 등으로 인해 비위생적인 환경에서 벗어날 수 없었다. 의료 기관의 절대적인 부족과 높은 진료비로 인해 의료 혜택은 거의 받지 못하고 있었다. 출산에 있어 높은 사망률과 유산, 조산율을 보이고 있는데, 이는 모체의 영양 불량상태와 임신 기간 중 과도한 노동의 결과였다. 특히 90%가 넘는 아동이 기생충을 보유하였는데, 상하수도 등의 위생 시설을 갖추지 못한 농촌지역의 현실을 반영한 것이다. 안병렬의 조사는 단순한 계량화로 환원될 수 없는 조선 농민의 다양한 삶의 양태를 보여주고 있다는 점에서 통치당국의 조사와는 질적으로 다른 의미와 내용을 가진 것이었다. In the summer of 1939, Byeong–ryeol Ahn, a student in the Department of Agriculture of Hokkaido Imperial University, examined the living environment, healthcare, and hygiene of residents in his hometown, Ogok–ri. He surveyed 61 households, and found the average number of residents in the average household was 6.8. Except for one landed farmer, all of the residents were tenant farmers. They were so heavily in debt that the average amount of debt per household was KRW 140. Among 7 to15 year–old–children, only 23% attended school, and each child was involved in more than three types of labor. Only 10% of clothes were wearable outside. Each person consumed only 0.4 seok of rice, below the average of Joseon. Houses were unsanitary due to a lack of ceilings and wallpaper, insufficient light, and poor ventilation. With the lack of medical facilities and the high medical expenses, resident were unable to enjoy the benefits of modern medicine. Maternal malnutrition and excessive physical labor during pregnancy led to high rates of death, miscarriages, and premature births. Parasites were found in more than 90% of children, which reflected the reality of rural areas without sanitary facilities such as water and proper sewage disposal. Ahn’s research differed qualitatively in its significance and content from that of the ruling government in that it showed various aspects of the lives of Joseon farmers that were not quantitatively measurable.

      • KCI등재
      • 나치 독일 정규군의 유대인 학살과 과거사 극복

        최호근(Choi Ho-Keun) 한국제노사이드연구회 2007 제노사이드연구 Vol.2 No.-

        Since the World War II many parts of the German society struggle to come to terms with its own past, but very slowly. The exhibition Vernichtungskrieg. Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941 bis 1944 was the very example which shows well the way in which the German society reacted against its own shameful past. Upon the end of the war in 1945, several prominent Wehrmacht generals made a statement that defended the actions against partisans, executions of hostages, and the use of slave laborers as necessary to war effort. The generals contended that the Holocaust was committed by the SS and its partner organizations, and that the Wehrmacht command had been unaware of these actions in the death camps. This statement said that the armed forces had fought honorably and left the impression that the Wehrmacht had not committed war crimes. Although a number of high Wehrmacht officers stood trial for war crimes, the ‘legend’ of the Wehrmacht did not easily perished. The road to come to terms with the past of Wehrmacht was really long and dark. Both German states needed to establish armed forces, and could not do so without trained soldiers and officers that had served in the Wehrmacht. Cold War priorities and taboos about revisiting the most unpleasant aspects of World War II meant that the Wehrmacht’s role in war crimes was not seriously re-examined until the late 1980s. The view of the ‘unblemished’ Wehrmacht was shaken by an exhibition produced by the Hamburg Institute for Social Research titled Wehrmachtausstellung. The popular and controversial traveling exhibition asserted that the Wehrmacht was involved in planning and implementing a war of annihilation against Jews, prisoners of war, and the civilian population. The exhibition of course provoked many criticisms. These led its committee to conclude that the exhibition be reopened in revised form. The exhibition and the debates related to it show well the twisted long-process to overcome the shameful past in German society. Nowadays the past of the Wehrmacht stands in the center of the Vergangenheitsbew ltigung in Germany.

      • KCI등재

        Identification of Genes Modulated by High Extracellular Calcium in Coculture of Mouse Osteoblasts and Bone Marrow Cells by Oligo Chip Assay

        Kim, Hyung-Keun,Song, Mina,Jun, ji-Hae,Woo, Kyung-Mi,Kim, Gwan-Shik,Baek, Jeong-Hwa The Korean Academy of Oral Biology 2006 International Journal of Oral Biology Vol.31 No.2

        Calcium concentration in the bone resorption lacunae is high and is in the mM concentration range. Both osteoblast and osteoclast have calcium sensing receptor in the cell surface, suggesting the regulatory role of high extracellular calcium in bone merabolism. In vitro, high extracellular calcium stimulated osteoclastogenesis in coculture of mouse osteoblasts and bone marrow cells. Therefore we examined the genes that were commonly regulated by both high extracellular calcium and 1,25(OH)_(2)vitaminD_(3)(VD3) by using mouse oligo 11 K gene chip. In the presence of 10 mM[Ca^(2+)]e or 10 nM VD3, mouse calvarial osteoblasts and bone marrow cells were co-cultured for 4 days when tartrate resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells start to appear. Of 11,000 genes examined, the genes commonly regulated both by high extracellular calcium and by VD3 were as follows; 1) the expressions of genes which were osteoclast differentiation markers or were associated with osteoclastogenesis were up-regulated both by high extracellular calcium and by VD3; trap, mmp9, car2, ctsk, ckb, atp6b2, tm7sf4, rab7, 2) several chemokine and chemokine receptor genes such as sdf1, scya2, scyb5, scya6, scya8, scya9, and ccr1 were up-regulated both by high ectracellular calcium and by VD3, 3) the genes such as mmp1b, mmp3 and c3 which possibly stimulate bone resorption by osteoclast, were commonly up-regulated, 4) the gene such as c1q and msr2 which were related with macrophage function, were commonly down-regulated, 5) the genes which possibly stimulate osteoblast differentiation and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix, were commonly down-regulated;slc8a1, admr, plod2, lox, fosb, 6) the genes which possibly suppress osteoblast differentiation and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix, were commonly up-regulated;s100a4, npr3, mme, 7) the genes such as calponin 1 and tgfbi which possibly suppress osteoblast differentiation and/or mineralization of extracellular matrix, were up-regulated by high extracelluar calcium but were down-regulated by VD3. These results suggest that in coculture condition, both high extracellular calcium and VD3 commonly induce osteoclastogenesis but suppress osteoblast differentiation/mineralization by regulating the expression of related genes.

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