http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Jiyeon Shin. 2011 Thematic Analysis and Text Type. Korean Sematics, 36. At many times topic and main idea are extensively called 'juje주제' Topic, which is the subject questioned by the text producer, starts the text narration and it can be presented in a noun phrase. The main idea identifies what the producer thinks of the topic and wants to say. Since thoughts are not objectified and are expressed actively, they are not presented as a noun phrase but expressed as propositions. This main idea, which includes the narrator's intention is like that of van Dijk's macrostructure and is similar to demonstrative text's these. Topic is the subject of question but the main idea can be regarded more as a solution. We happen to encompass both as 'juje'. These two different 'juje' can be emphasized differently according to the type of the text. Informative texts like descriptive text have structure with several specific items listed and although these texts are the new information forming new contents, since it is hard to intensively express in one thesis, when the whole text is embraced, it seems like the attentions go to the topic itself, which is the starting point of the argument, Extensive rheme are not noticed well as the 'juje' because 'juje' have characteristics as 'best summary.' While the rheme of descriptive or explanatory texts usually expand, the rheme of demonstrative texts often converge into a single argument through other basis or supporting materials. Intensive rhemes itself can be identified as a 'juje'. Therefore, although the rheme is read the most important in a text, in case of descriptive text or informative text, themes have to be the subject because of the epitomical characteristic.
In general, the important contribution of Pirandello to literary and theater history is that “he is always described as “epoch-making”, “unconventional”, and “destroying the tradition” in terms of content and form, he destroyed the theatrical tradition of 19th-century European writers such as Ibsen, Chekhov, and Shaw through a new form of play, he made a turning point in world theater history in the 20th century, and his motto is “the rejection of 19th-century positivism that believes in absolute truth.”” However, some of his early works show the influence of French naturalism in the 19th century after the 1860s based on positivity, the conventional tradition he rejected, the description method of Italian verism influenced by naturalism to be more specific. “The other Son” (the novel written in 1902 and the play written in 1923 of the same name) also belongs to this category. I dealt with this work in the aspect of maternity that the author clearly revealed his relativistic thematic consciousness, which established a new tradition in the 20th century, underneath it although he used the veristic description method under the influence of 19th-century naturalism. Therefore, first of all, this study examined the veristic description regarding three aspects through the violent reality of Sicily, the reality of poor immigrants, and the maternity that is not capable of reconciling with reality, has no solution, and cannot expand the scope of acceptance and inclusion, through the protagonist destroyed by terrible violence in this miserable reality in turn. Second, it was found that although the aspect of destroyed maternity in the violent and poor reality was presented through the veristic description, his relativistic position was already revealed in the subject matter beyond it. Lastly, this study also examined that the “compassion and sympathy for humans” penetrating all Pirandello's works, was already revealed from his early works of the veristic tendency along with the “relativistic perspective” through an open ending contrasting with the doctor's compassion instead of helpless maternity.
Objectives This study is conducted to estimate the cost paid by the public suffering from disease possibly caused by chemical and to examine the effect on public health. Methods Cost-benefit analysis is an important factor in analysis and decision-making and is an important policy decision tool in many countries. Cost-of-illness (COI), a kind of scale-based analysis method, estimates the potential value lost as a result of illness as a monetary unit and calculates the cost in terms of direct, indirect and psychological costs. This study estimates direct medical costs, transportation fees for hospitalization and outpatient treatment, and nursing fees through a number of patients suffering from disease caused by chemicals in order to analyze COI, taking into account the cost of productivity loss as an indirect cost. Results The total yearly cost of the diseases studied in 2012 is calculated as 77 million Korean won (KRW) per person. The direct and indirect costs being 52 million KRW and 23 million KRW, respectively. Within the total cost of illness, mental and behavioral disability costs amounted to 16 million KRW, relevant blood immunological parameters costs were 7.4 million KRW, and disease of the nervous system costs were 6.7 million KRW. Conclusions This study reports on a survey conducted by experts regarding diseases possibly caused by chemicals and estimates the cost for the general public. The results can be used to formulate a basic report for a social-economic evaluation of the permitted use of chemicals and limits of usage.
본 논문은 톨스토이가 자신의 현실적인 자기와 이상적인 자기를 투사시킨 안나와 레빈이라는 두 인물에 집중할 것이다. 즉, 자신의 욕망과 사랑의 화신으로 등장시킨 안나를 죽이고 이상적인 삶의 표상으로 등장하는 레빈에 주목하고자 한다. 이러한 접근은 안나를 중심으로 한 주변인물과 당시의 결혼생활과 가족의 역동과 사교세계의 역동성을 통해 안나라는 한 인물이 비춰주는 실존과 그녀의 그림자를 탐색하는 데 기여할 것이다. 이론적 토대로는 하이데거의 세계내 존재(being-in-the-world)에 대한 개념을 토대로 발전시킨 빈스방거의 현존재분석과 미국의 실존심리학을 형성한 메이(Rollo May)의 관점과 틸리히의 소외에 대한 실존신학적 관점을 바탕으로 안나의 자기와 세계의 관계를 중점으로 본 논문을 전개해 나갈 것이다. 특히 롤로 메이의 실존적 인간이해와 폴 틸리히의 실존 신학적 인간이해에 대한 변증법적 연구를 통해 제시된 배지연의 실존심리신학적인 자기 이해에 대한 세 가지 렌즈를 적용할 것이다. 그것은 첫째 소외된 자기, 둘째 새로운 자기, 셋째 영적인 자기이다. 따라서 본 논문은 이 세 가지 렌즈를 기초로 하여 안나에 대한 자기분석을 시도하고자 한다. 이를 중심으로 안나의 현존재적 실존에 대해 심층적으로 조명함으로써 하나의 실존치료적 분석을 시도하고자 한다. 유비와 변증법적 방법을 토대로한 이러한 연구는 한 인간에 대한 파편적인 이해가 아니라 심층적이고 총체적인 이해를 가능케 함으로써 하나님의 형상을 따라 심묘막측하게 창조된 인간 이해를 통한 온전한 치유와 회복의 길로 안내할 수 있는 하나의 좋은 사례로 사료된다. The purpose of this study is to explore deeply who and what Anna is, not through her superficial unhappy family life and the acting out of her desire, but rather through the relation between herself and her world, based on the concept of Heidegger's ‘being-in-the-world' with the lens of multi-perspectives. For this study, the theories utilized are Heidegger's concept of ‘being-in-the-world' and Binswanger's three models of relation, such as Umwelt (Environment around us), Mitwelt (People around us) and Eigenwelt (Self within us). The theory utilized for this study comes from the product of dialectic between Tillich and May, including the concept of shadow and complex in conventional psychoanalysis and analytical psychology. The three different levels of being such as being the estranged self, being the new self and being the spiritual self from Jiyeon's theory was used for the sake of exploring Anna's relation with herself and her world in her being-in-the-world. The insight gained from Anna's life and death makes us aware of the value of intentionality for the spiritual union with God, to expand human's limited life toward the ultimate spiritual life, which would lead us from estrangement to a new life while encountering the New Being Jesus Christ. This study implies that our life would be completed as an immortal work only by the spiritual union with God just as Tolstoy produced Anna Karenina as a masterpiece.
[Purpose] Weight loss can reduce obesity-induced arterial stiffening that is attributed to decreased inflammation. Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) is a pro-inflammatory adipokine that is upregulated in obesity and is important in the progression of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of dietary modification on circulating ANGPTL2 levels and arterial stiffness in overweight and obese men. [Methods] Twenty-two overweight and obese men (with mean age of 56 ± 2 years and body mass index of 28.6 ± 2.6 kg/m2) completed a 12-week dietary modification program. We measured the arterial compliance and β-stiffness index (as the indices of arterial stiffness) and serum ANGPTL2 levels before and after the program. [Results] After the 12-week dietary modification, body mass and daily energy intake were significantly reduced. Arterial compliance was significantly increased and β-stiffness index was significantly decreased after the 12-week dietary modification program. Serum ANGPTL2 levels were significantly decreased. Also, the changes in arterial compliance were negatively correlated with the changes in serum ANGPTL2 levels, whereas the changes in β-stiffness index were positively correlated with the changes in serum ANGPTL2 levels. [Conclusion] These results suggest that the decrease in circulating ANGPTL2 levels can be attributed to the dietary modification-induced reduction of arterial stiffness in overweight and obese men.
( Jiyeon Kang ), ( Kyungjong Lee ), ( Jun Hyeok Lim ), ( O Jung Kwon ), ( Hojoong Kim ), ( Byeong-ho Jeong ), ( Sang-won Um ), ( Man Pyo Chung ), ( Kyeongman Jeon ), ( Hye Yoon Park ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2019 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 추계학술대회 초록집 Vol.127 No.-
Abstract: After surgical resection for the diagnosis of indeterminate lung nodule, tuberculous (TB) granulomas are often suspected or diagnosed based on the pathologic reports. There is little information about treatment patterns among physicians in patients with confirmed or suspicious TB granuloma that are negative in culture and have only lung nodules on chest computed tomography (CT). Method : From January 2010 to March 2013, patients with pulmonary nodules that pathologically identified granuloma were retrieved ant reviewed retrospectively. Cases in which a cause was evident other than pulmonary tuberculosis at the time of initial evaluation were excluded. The analysis cohort comprised 263 patients of resected lung nodules with diagnosed or suspicious TB granuloma. Clinical and laboratory information was abstracted from medical records. Result : Caseous necrosis in histology accounted for 80 cases (30.4%). TB-PCR and AFB culture in the tissue samples was performed in 40 cases (15%) and 23 cases (8%), respectively. A total of 68 patients were diagnosed as TB granuloma by definition, 61 (89%) of whom received standard TB therapy and 60 (88%) completed the treatment. There were no patients treated with LTBI, and 7 (10%) were followed up without medication. A total of 166 patients were diagnosed with suspected TB granuloma, of which 32 (19.2%) received standard TB therapy and 30 (18.0%) completed treatment. Only one patient was treated with LTBI and 133 (80.1%) were observed without medication. Conclusion : Among the patients with pathologically confirmed granuloma after lung resection surgery, approximately 25.8% of patients were diagnosed with TB granuloma, and most of them received standard TB treatment. The management for 74.1% of patients suspected of tuberculosis granulomas but without clear evidence of tuberculosis differed depending on the physicians they manage.