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Kim, Hyun-ju and In Young Yang. 2016. Accent-Epenthesis Interaction Revisited. Korean Journal of Linguistics, 41-2, 239-265. This study investigates the lexical statistical patterning in North Kyungsang Korean accent-epenthesis interaction. Previous phonetic studies of Korean epenthetic vowels showed that inserted vowels are not phonetically distinct from corresponding lexical vowels (Kim & Kochetov 2011; H-J. Kim 2015), suggesting that complete neutralization would not help NKK speakers access underlying representations of epenthetic vowels to avoid accenting epenthetic vowels. We performed a corpus study to examine whether other informative cues are available in the lexical probabilistic patterning, which might help NKK speakers with the covert interaction of accent and epenthesis. The results show that the lexical stochastic patterns would not provide a cue for the accent avoidance of epenthetic high vowels. Rather, it is assumed that there is a clear distinction of lexical strata in Korean phonology, helping NKK speakers learn the interaction. We propose a formal analysis adopting comparative phonotactics developed by Hayes (in press), based on two lexical strata: NATIVE and FOREIGN (e.g., Ito and Mester 1999). This analysis provides a better approach to accounting for the covert interaction that does not involve the learnability problem. (The State University of New York, Korea and Seoul National University)
The urban hazard factors have a close relationship with the development processes of each city. The urban structures of most of the small-and medium-sized cities in Korea have typically evolved from the rural settlements so that they comprise the urban hazard factors that are quite distinct from those of the large cities. This study, based on the case of Yang-Pyong Town, scrutinizes the man-made urban hazard factors that exist in the inner urban areas of the Korean small cities. Were the results of this study combined with the findings of the previous studies on the metropolitan cities by the author, one could effectively integrate the comprehensive checklists required for the preventive actions against the urban hazard factors. Furthermore, were the circumstances of the numerous cities surveyed then compared under the uniform checklists proposed herein, the priority of the specific locales that need rectification could effectively be identified by their urgency so that the local governments’ budgets for such counteractive plans could be managed more efficiently.
Vitamin D and carotid subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE Chang-Bum Bae, Ju-Yang Jung, Bo-ram Go, Hyun-Ah Kim, Chang-Hee Suh Department of Rheumatology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea Introduction Atherosclerosis develops earlier in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is the important cause of mortality. It has been suggested that vitamin D deficiency contributed cardiovascular disease and immune dysregulation in SLE. Methods One-hundred two female patients with SLE and 52 normal controls (NC) were recruited. The carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plague were assessed by B-mode ultrasound at the carotid artery level. Vitamin 25(OH)D3 levels were checked by immunoradiometric assay using the Bio-Line 25(OH)D3-Ria CT kit (Bio-Line S.A., Belgium). Disease activity markers were checked at the time of enrollment. Results The cIMT of SLE is 0.41±0.08mm, which is higher than NC (0.37±0.11 mm, p=0.012). Also, carotid artery plague index (PI) of SLE is higher than NC (0.68±1.39 vs 0.26±0.87, p=0.026). The cIMT was correlated with age (r=0.442, p<0.001), body mass index (r=0.246, p=0.013), waist-hip ratio (r=0.245, p=0.013), SLE disease activity index (r=0.239, p=0.016), taking aspirin (r=0.244, p=0.013), and the carotid artery PI was correlated with renal involvement (r=0.224, p=0.023) in patients with SLE. Vitamin 25(OH)D3 was not showed correlation with cIMT and carotid artery PI. Also, it was not correlated with disease activity markers. Conclusion In patients with SLE, the risk of cardiovascular disease measured by cIMT and carotid artery plaque was higher than NC, which may be derived from systemic inflammation. However, vitamin D levels were not showed significant correlations with carotid subclinical atherosclerosis. It may be not suitable to assess vitamin D as marker of disease activity or subclinical atherosclerosis.
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward the elderly, to examine the correlation between knowledge and attitudes, and to identify predictors of nursing students' attitudes toward the elderly. Method: Study participants were 195 nursing students who enrolled in a university located in Gwangju. Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Results: The average FAQ Ⅰ score for nursing students in this study was 50.2%. The level of nursing students' knowledge was relatively low compared to knowledge of Western nursing students in previous studies. Moreover, the average scores of psychological dimension and family/sociological dimension were lower than those of physical/physiological dimension. Negative biases were prevalent when the biased scores were computed. Nursing students also reported a little preference for working with older patients after graduation. Although the average attitude score was in a neutral range, the number of items in a negative attitude score range were more than those in a positive attitude score range. Contrary to expectation, the correlation between knowledge and attitude was not statistically significant. Nursing students who have clinical experiences with the elderly reported higher scores on FAQ Ⅰ than their counterparts. A current relationship with elderly living in their household was a significant predictor of nursing students' attitudes toward the elderly. Conclusion: Results from this study suggest that nursing education should be directed to increase the nursing students' knowledge and positive attitudes toward the elderly. Exposure to well elderly as clients before they are hospitalized or institutionalized may be helpful to increase nursing students' positive attitudes toward the elderly.
문제: 조직병리검사의 처방이 복잡하고 전문화됨에 따라 오류처방이 빈번하게 발생되고 이를 해결하기위한 프로세스가 복잡하여 부서간의 갈등과 업무의 가중, 또한 병원 수입 감소가 초래되었다. 목적: 발생된 오류처방의 유형과 발생율, 오류처방을 해결하기 위한 프로세스를 파악하여 이에 대한 문제점을 개선하여 업무의 효율성과 관련부서간의 부가업무 감소와 갈등해소, 더불어 병원수익을 향상시키는 것에 목표를 두고 활동하였다. 의료기관: 서울시에 소재한 종합병원 질 향상 활동: 조직병리검사 처방의 오류처방 발생 원인과 유형, 발생율을 조사하여 원인을 파악하고 개선을 위한 프로세스를 구축하여 질 향상을 도모하였다. 개선효과: 수술실에서 의뢰한 외과 입원환자의 일반조직병리검사 오류율은 개선 전 7.8%에서 개선 후 3.5%, 동결절편조직검사 오류율은 개선 전 28.6%에서 개선 후 0%로 이전보다 모두 개선되었다. 또한 수술실 간호사의 업무 만족도는 일반조직병리검사의 처방시 95%, 동결절편조직검사 처방시 90%로 높은 만족도를 보였다. 단 병리과의 경우 업무가 증가됨에 따라 초과근무시간이 증가하였다.
This study analyzes obstacles to supervision which is un being carried out in social welfare agencies in Korea. The study discusses solutions to resolve the issues identified. The present practices of supervision in the agencies is not systematic or practical. Rather, it seems that it is just a nominal supervision named for convenience of the administrative instruction of service. Many researchers suggest various reasons for this process; however, this research notes that a significant difference exists between the supervision of the agencies and that carried out by social workers. In many research papers, it is stated that social workers as a supervisee prefer educational supervision, whereas the administrative supervision is favored by the agencies and the supervisors. Almost all the supervisors are committed to follow the agencies policy on supervision. For this reason, it may be essential to remove the structural obstacles and give the supervisor more flexibility and choice. Agencies view social work supervision from two main perspectives. Firstly supervision is viewed as a purchase rather than an expenses This perspective considers supervision as a production cost rather than a revenue producer. As a production cost the agency needs to manage supervision so that it does not: a. increase the cost of producing outcomes. b. reduce the volume of outcomes produced, therin reducing the amount of revenue available to the agency. The second perspective that agencies' view social work supervision as a risk management system which protects the agency from being blamed for unethical and unprofessional practice by its social workers and social work supervisors. I, therefore, suggest four solutions to help resolve the issues. a. ensure professionalism of social workers. b. ensure that the agencies are fair and democratic. - Social worker and client group should be independent from management. c. improve the assessment methods of social welfare agencies. d. introduce a certificate for the supervisor and an independent professional outside supervisor.
Episodic angioedema with eosinophilia is characterized by recurrent angioedema, urticaria, fever, weight gain and hypereosinophilia. Although this syndrome shows similarities to idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, it differs in that it has good prognosis and has no organ involvement. The pathogenesis is unclear, but IL-5 is thought to be major cytokine of pathogenesis. It has benign course with spontaneous remission or low-dose prednisolone treatment. Here, we describe a patient whose clinical and laboratory features are similar to those observed in episodic angioedema with esosinophilia. (J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol 22 : 751-4, 2002)
This study was undertaken to compare the storage characteristics between veal sausage and commercial pork and beef sausages in Korean domestic market. We manufactured 3_types of sausages and purchased 2_types of sausages in the market: T1(B-company product), T2(O-company product) and we made T3(smoked veal sausage), T4(smoked veal sausage with pepper) and T5(cooked veal sausage) products. During 20 days of storage at 4oC, T5 showed significantly higher in TBA value and VBN value (p<0.05). But TBA and VBN values showed normal range in all products. T3, T4, and T5 showed higher total microbial count than T1 and T2 (p<0.05). According to the result, beef and pork sausages in the market showed different total microbial count and VBN values from those made in laboratory. This result could be come from the different additives used and manufacturing processes. However, all products can be stored up to 20 days in the cooler.
The purpose of supervision is to provide clients with the best service. In essence, supervision is a systematic exercise which is realized on the basis of communication and decision-making between a supervisor and a supervisee. The process of supervision is accomplished through good communication. Thus, in order for the supervision to function well in a social welfare agency, not only the contents of the supervision but the way of forming the supervision is seriously taken into account. Even though the supervision content is of good quality and the speciality of the supervisor ensured, the primary purpose and object of the supervision can hardly be achieved unless the communication between the supervisor and the supervisee is effective. For this reason, this study looks into the issue of the process of supervision deliverance and communication, and suggests an application of Shared Decision making, an educational theory, to the supervision for a better outcome. In the 1980s, a startling vision of education's future began appearing in reform proposals: school run by committees of teacher, without an administrator in sight. Since then, SDM has become a significant part of school-reform. SDM is the process of making educational decisions in a collaborative manner at the school level. The purpose of SDM is to improve school effectiveness and student learning by increasing staff commitment and ensuring that schools are more responsive to the needs of their students and community. SDM as a social work supervision model involves six main safeguards and benefits, which are as follows. ① Peer review of professional decisions ② It ensures that no client's liberty is affected(eg coming into care) without scrutiny of that decision. ③ It ensures clients are not left in unacceptable risk situations on the basis of a single individual's assessment or action. ④ It ensures that professionals are not put into a position where situations may exceed their knowledge, skills or experience or where they are having to manage very stressful and emotional situations. ⑤ Protection of the Agency: SDM has the responsibility to safeguard and ensures the importance of both supervisor and agencies role. ⑥ It encourages openness and collective responsibility.