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      • KCI등재

        사회비교 동기와 강요된 사회비교가 주관안녕과 건강지각에 미치는 영향

        한덕웅(Doug-Woong Hahn),장은영(Eun-Young Jang) 한국심리학회 2003 한국심리학회지 건강 Vol.8 No.3

        사회비교의 자기조절 과정이론(한덕웅, 1999; 한덕웅, 장은영, 2003)에 기초하여 사회비교동기, 비교동기의 충족수준 및 강요된 사회비교 경험이 단독으로나 상호작용하여 주관안녕과 건강지각에 미치는 영향을 검증하였다. 서울 3개 대학에서 328명 대학생들로부터 자료를 수집하여, 사회비교동기, 충족수준, 강요된 사회비교 경험이 주관안녕, 건강지각 및 신체증상 지각에 각각 미치는 효과를 위계적 회귀분석을 통하여 알아보았다. 본 연구의 중요한 결과를 보면 향상동기의 충족수준이 높거나, 자기향상동기가 낮을수록 주관안녕인지와 전체 주관안녕이 높았다. 그리고 주관안녕정서는 자기고양동기가 높으면서, 과거에 강요된 사회비교 경험이 많으며, 고양동기의 충족수준은 낮을 때 가장 낮아서 삼원상호작용 효과가 유의하였다. 마지막으로 강요된 사회비교 경험과 자기고양동기가 모두 높을수록 소화증상과 수면증상을 지각하는 수준이 높아서 이완상호작용 효과가 유의하였다. 즉, 만성적 실패 경험 등으로 자기고양동기가 높으면서 과거에 강요된 사회비교 경험이 많을수록 소화증상과 수면증상 지각이 높아졌다. 본 연구에서 얻은 사회비교의 동기, 충족수준 및 강요된 사회비교 경험에 따라서 주관안녕과 건강지각이 달라진 결과는 사회비교의 자기조절 과정이론을 지지한다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 제한점과 장래 연구의 방향도 논의하였다. On the basis of the self-regulation theory of social comparisons processes(Hahn, D. W., 1999; Hahn. D. W. & Jang, E. Y., 2003), we investigated the effects of social comparison motives, fulfillment level of social comparison motives, and forced social comparison upon subjective well-being and health perception. Participants of this survey research were 328 students from three universities in Seoul, Korea. We analyzed the main and the interaction effects with hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The main results were as follows. First, the higher fulfillment level of self-development motive or the lower self-development motive, the higher subjective well-being. Second, three-way interaction effects of self-enhancement motive. fulfillment level of self-enhancement motive, and forced social comparison on emotional subjective well-being were significant. Third, two-way interaction effects of self-enhancement motive and forced social comparison on the somatic symptoms were significant. The results of this study were consistent with the hypothesis derived from the self-regulation theory of social comparison process. Finally, the limitations of this study and the implications for future studies were discussed.

      • KCI등재

        생산직과 써비스직에서의 직무동기의 예언

        한덕웅(Doug Woong Hahn) 한국심리학회 1991 한국심리학회지 산업 및 조직 Vol.4 No.1

        직무동기를 예언하는 요인들에는 조직, 직무 및 개인 요소에서의 차이를 고려하더라도 대부분의 상황에 적합한 공통적 요인들이 있고, 각 상황에만 적합한 특수한 요인들이 있다고 가정하였다. 이 가정에 근거하여 여러 이론들로부터 동기에 영향을 미치리라고 주장된 22개 구성개념들을 사용하여 두개 직무에서 동기의 예언에 공통적으로나 특수하게 기여하는 요인들을 가려내었다. 써비스직 214명과 전자 생산직 462명을 대상으로 각각 동기수준의 예측에 유의한 요인들을 가려내기 위하여 중다회귀 분석과 단계별 중다회귀 분석을 했다. 그 결과 써비스직과 사무직에서 모두 애사심, 사기, 및 수행이 공통적인 직무동기의 예언요인들로 추출되었다. 서로 다른 요인으로서는 써비스직에서 유동성, 형평, 사원복지 및 역할 갈등의 다양한 요인이 추출되었으나, 생산식에서는 직무성질만이 특수한 요인으로 추가되었다. 이 결과에 근거해서 서비스직과 생산직에서 공통적으로나 특수하게 적용 가능한 동기증진 기법이 검토되었고, 일반화된 통합모형을 개발하는데 있어서 이 연구가 지니는 제한점과 과제가 논의되었다. The purpose of this study was to extract the important predictors of work motivation in Korean workers. It was hypothesized that the common and the industry-specific factors will contribute to the prediction of worker motivation. Based upon the assumptions which were proposed by Hahn. Hahn, Kim & Sung(1988), 22 constmet measures were used as the predictors of worker motivation. Data obtained from 462 workers in an electronics industry and from 214 workers in a hotel service industry were analyzed via the forward stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the extracted common predictors were loyalty to the organization, group work morale, and the prior performance. The extracted specific predictors were work competence, equity, welfare and role conflicts in the hotel service organization, but only job itself was significant predictor in the electronics company. The results were interpreted as a supportive evidence for the above hypothesis. Finally, implications for the theory, practice, and future research of work motivation in Korean organizational context were discussed.

      • Amazon’s Distribution Strategy: Doing the Right Things

        Hahn,Yoonah,Youn,Myoung-Kil,Kim,Dongho 한국유통과학회 2019 KODISA ICBE (International Conference on Business Vol.2019 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this paper is to analyze and illustrate Amazon’s distribution strategy and its success. This paper examines Amazon’s distribution strategy to demonstrate the importance of distribution strategy to the success and sustainability of its organization. The analysis indicates that the distribution strategy, including technology, shipping, and distribution infrastructure, is the most vital factor for the success of Amazon. Recognizing the importance of distribution systems, constantly innovating convenient and on-time delivery methods, and taking control of inventory and shipping activities have separated Amazon from its competitors and led Amazon to establish many different types of fulfillment facilities all over the world. Given Amazon’s continued growth that came with its constant strive for delivery and cost efficiency and customer satisfaction, it was inevitable that Amazon would eventually venture into the actual shipping business and emerge as the competitor of the traditionally well-known shipping companies such as DHL, FedEx, and UPS. The previous and current Amazon’s distribution strategies demonstrate that Amazon will continue to focus on developing and implementing new and creative distribution strategies to separate itself from the rest of the retail and e-businesses.

      • KCI등재

        홍익인간의 문헌자료 비교 고찰

        한용진 한국교육사학회 1993 한국교육사학 Vol.15 No.-

        This study is to make clear and identify the meaning of Honglk-Ingan. In this study, all the literatures an the history of Tankun which include the word of HongIk-Ingan were divided into three patterns: the literatures of Confucian or toadyism, that of Buddhism, and that of nationalism. In which I dealed with the six literatures and divided it as three types. Six literatures are Taepaek-Ilsa, Samsungki vol. Ⅱ, Samkuk-Yusa, Samsungki vol. Ⅰ, Jewang-Woonki, and a true record of the Yi dynasty's King Sejong. Especially, the first three literatures have a strong resemblance even though the two are the literatures of nationalism and the other one is that of Buddhism. As a conclusion, I insist that Honglk-Ingan means the ruling philosophy of Hahn-In and Hahn-Woong not of Tangun. And it is also the spirit of loving all human beings and the actural practice of education from generation to generation.

      • Quark Model의 群論的 背景에 關한 硏究

        洪翰植 慶北大學校 1977 論文集 Vol.23 No.-

        Elementary particle physics has made a long stride scince the introduction of the quark model, but it has many theoretical liabilities yet. This paper gives brief survey of the group theoretical back-ground of the theory, and looks forward for the improvement of the mathematical methods.

      • 악성 갑상선 우연종의 임상상 및 초음파 소견의 진단적 가치

        강한욱,김광원,이병완,강보현,김형훈,김범진,정재훈,민용기,이명식,이문규 대한내분비학회 2002 Endocrinology and metabolism Vol.17 No.5

        연구배경: 최근 갑상선 초음파 검사의 빈번한 시행으로 갑상선 우연종의 발견이 증가하고 있다. 이러한 갑상선 우연종은 임상적으로 어떻게 접근하고 치료를 해야 하는지 적지 않은 문제가 되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 직경 1.5㎝ 이하의 갑상선 우연종의 유병률, 입상적 특징 및 초음파 특성, 그리고 가장 효율적인 진단적 접근에 대해 알아 봤다. 방법: 1999년 1월부터 2000년 12월까지 삼성서울병원 내과 및 일반외과로 갑상선 결절을 주소로 내원한 1457명을 대상으로 후향적 연구를 시행하였다. 우연히 발견된 직경 1.5㎝ 이하의 갑상선 결절을 가지는 환자들에서 갑상선 결절의 촉지 유무, 갑상선 기능검사, 항갑상선 항체, 갑상선 초음파 및 미세침 흡인세포검사, 99m^Tc 갑상선 스켄, 수술 조직검사 및 병기를 검토하였다. 결과: 분석한 갑상선 결절 1475예 중 갑상선 우연종의 유병률은 13.4%(198예)였다. 갑상선 우연종에서 악성률은 28.8%(57예)으로 나왔다. 양성 및 악성 갑상선 우연종에서 나이, 성별, 갑상선 기능검사, 결절 크기에는 의미 있는 차이는 없었다. 갑상선 스켄은 갑상선 우연종의 감별에 적합하지 않았다. 갑상선 결절의 초음파 지표 점수만이 양성 및 악석 갑상선 우연종의 감별에서 초음파 지표 점수의 민감도는 88.9%, 특이도는 74.4%, 양성 예측률은 92.4%로 나왔고 진단적 정환도는 85.5%였다. 갑상선암으로 수술을 받은 50명중 stage 1은 34명, stage 2는 6명, stage 3은 10명으로 대부분의 악성 갑상선 우연종은 낮은 TNM 병기로 나타났으나, 상당수에서는 국소 침범의 소견을 보였다. TNM 병기의 3기 환자 전부는 45세 이상이였고, 주로 갑상선암의 피막 침범에 의한 것이었다. 임파절 전이는 6명의 환자에서 나왔다. 결론: 악성 갑상선 우연종은 비교적 흔히 접할 수 있는 질환이며 양성 우연종과는 임상적으로 구별이 안 된다. 악성 갑상선 우연종은 발견 당시 대부분 낮은 병기이나, 갑상선의 피막 침범 및 임파절 전이가 상당수에서 발견되었다. 갑상선 우연종의 초음파 소견은 향후의 진단 방향을 제시하는 중요한 길잡이가 될 수 있다. 초음파 지표 점수 2점 이상의 갑상선 우연종에서만 초음파 유도 미세침 흡입검사를 권장한다. Background: High-resolution ultrasonography has made the detection of asymptomatic small thyroid possible. Recent increases in the detection of incidentalomas have created a clinical dilemma on how to properly manage such incidental nodules. We investigated the prevalence, clinical and ultrasonographic characteristics, and optimal diagnostic approach toward incidentally detected benign and malignant thyroid nodules of less than 1.5㎝ in size. Methods: A retrospective review was undertaken on the 1,475 patients who had visited Samsung Medical Center, Seoul Korea between January 1999 and December 2000. The review consisted of a physical examination of the thyroid gland, thyroid function test, antithyroid antibodies, thyroid ultrasonography, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, pathology and TNA staging of the incidentally detected thyroid nodules of less than 1.5㎝ in size. Results: The prevalence of thyroid incidentalomas was 13.4% and the malignancy rate within them was 28.8%. There were no significant differences in age, sex, thyroid function test and size between the benign and malignant incidentalomas. Ultrasonographic characteristics showed meaningful diagnostic value for the detection of malignancy in incidentalomas. Most malignant incidentalomas were of a low stage. Conclusion: Occult thyroid cancers are fairly common finding. There are no clinical difference between benign and malignant thyroid nodules less than 1.5㎝; however, ultrasonographic findings can be used to decision of optimal management strategies (J Kor Soc Endocrinol 17:649∼656, 2002).

      • 미국미술의 다양성에 관한 연구 : 1994-95년도 New York 지역을 중심으로

        朴漢鎭 서울市立大學校 1996 論文集 Vol.30 No.-

        American art has a diversity. I can confirm it on viewing 17 exhibitions held in the New York area in 1994-95. And I make an analysis of it focusing on affinity, experimentation and conservatism of the art world. American art is vigorous throughout the country on account of the affinity between artist, populace, critic and museum(gallery). There are various supporting system to the art, for example, the national endowment for the arts, art foundation and patron etc. Non-profit and profit galleries are centers of art activities. There is experimentation of art on a diversity. First of all American art constantly persue the meaning of the human body. The body seems to be expressed an actual proof without spiritual significances. Another experimentation is also possible to develop incessantly a new plastic form. It is exemplified in the case of Ma가 Tansey's <representation> and <pseudorealistic imitation> of Peter Fischli and David Weiss. The exclusive mindedness comes into question in the republic of American art critics. It is undesirable to make an issue of the <third world> tradition at the works of Byron Kim owing to his native Korean parents. This is a case of prejudice anainst the minority in order to make a discrimination between two art world. American art is different from ours. The <others> is mixed in <ours>. We must understand clearly the truth and false of the diversity in American art. The presence of the <others> serves as a momentum to discover and develop the <ours>.

      • 尹聖浩의 形式에 관한 硏究

        朴漢鎭 서울市立大學校 1990 論文集 Vol.24 No.-

        Western painting was indirectly introduced to Korea from Japan in the turbulent days of Japanese colonial rule of Korea. The Western painting was distorted on account of Japanese peculiar taste and the then Korean painters accepted it passively. This distortion was detrimental to the forming of Korean painting and the developing Korean modern art. Yoon Sungho(1904-1981) knew difficulty in adopting Western painting. And he experienced the tension between two sensibilities through his experiment of plastic form. After all Yoon resolved the crisis by a new state of sensibility. In doing so he recovered the original basic quality of Korean painting.

      • KCI등재

        흰쥐에서 출혈량에 따른 비장세포 증식력과 말초임파구 아형의 변화

        이한식,정성필,김욱진,조영순,장석준 대한응급의학회 2000 大韓應急醫學會誌 Vol.11 No.3

        Background: Hemorrhage itself has been shown to produce abnormalities in immunity, particularly depression of the lymphocyte function. In order to better examine the amount of hemorrhage required to suppress the lymphocyte function, we determined the effect of graded fixed-volume hemorrhage on splenocyte proliferation and the lymphocyte subpopulation. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats(weight,350∼400 g) were anesthetized, subjected to hemorrhages of 7.5 ㎖/㎏, 15 ㎖/㎏, and 22.5 ㎖/㎏ by percutaneous cardiac puncture with ㎖/㎏ needles, After 1, 2, 4, and 7 days, animals were killed to obtain the blood and spleen. The splenocyte proliferative capacity was measured by using the tritiated thymidine incorporation technique, and the peripheral lymphocyte subpopulation was determined using flow cytometry with the following monoclonal antibodies: T cell(CD3+), T helper cell(CD4+),7 cytotoxic cell(CD8+), and B cell(CD45RA+). Results: Hemorrhage of 7.5 ㎖/㎏ did not induce depression of splenocyte proliferation. However, for hemorrhage greater than 15 ㎖/㎏, the splenocyte proliferative capacity was significantly depressed at 2 days after hemorrhage and recovered at 4 days. Hemorrhage induced no changes in the relative percentage of lymphocyte subpopulations and in the number of each cell in peripheral blood. Conclusion: This study suggests that cellular immunity is depressed at 48 hrs after a hemorrhage greater than 15 ㎖/㎏ without any change in the peripheral lymphocyte subpopulation.

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