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      • FIRES IN REAL SCENARIOS

        Ghosh,B-K 한국화재소방학회 1997 한국화재소방학회 학술대회 논문집 Vol.1997 No.-

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Studies have been carried out to determine the effect of sprinklers on fires typical of a number of occupancies including simulated of office furniture, supermarkets, carpet displays, libraries, video stores and liquor stores. After surveys of actual fire loads, the experiments were conducted in a specially designed sprinklered fire-calorimeter with a collecting hood 6 m x6 m leading to a vertical duct 1 m in diameter. Details of the rig are given elsewhere [1]. Only well ventilated fires were studied. Rate of heat release and production of various toxic chemicals were monitored during the tests. Both sprinklered and unsprinklered fires were used. The results were used to establish the unsprinklered burning behaviour and the fire-control effects of sprinklers. Before sprinkler operation, the rate of fire growth could be modelled as 12_fires as given in NFPA 92B (1991 Edition) [2]. It was found that operation of sprirnklers controlled but did not extinguish the fires. This was expected as parts of the fire load were shielded from the spray. Also there were significant increases in the concentration of carbon monoxide when the sprinklers operated. Sprinklers had little effect on the concentrations of other toxic products measured. The results from the tests were extrapolated to large single storey buildings for the same occupancy classes and the results used to compare the required and the available escape times for different occupancies, particularly whether the use of sprinklers would improve the chances of escape from those premises. It was found that in most of the cases studied, adequate escape times will be available without any special measures. For very rapid fire growths, however, special measures, such as availability of trained staff may be needed. Standard response sprinklers will have little impact.

      • Microglial Contribution to Glioma Progression: an Immunohistochemical Study in Eastern India

        Ghosh, Krishnendu,Ghosh, Samarendranath,Chatterjee, Uttara,Chaudhuri, Swapna,Ghosh, Anirban Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2016 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.17 No.6

        Human glioma, arising from glial cells of the central nervous system, accounts for almost 30%of all brain tumours, neoplasms with a poor prognosis and high mortality rates worldwide. In the present study we assessed tissue architectural modifications associated with macrophage lineage cells, controversial major immune effector cells within the brain, in human glioma tissue samples from eastern India. Ethically cleared post-operative human glioma samples from our collaborative neurosurgery unit with respective CT/MRI and patient history were collected from the Nodal Centre of Neurosciences in Kolkata, over 9 months. Along with conventional histopathology, samples were subjected to silver-gold staining and fluorescence tagged immunophenotyping for the detection of electron dense brain macrophage/microglia cells in glioma tissue, followed by immune-phenotyping of cells. With higher grades, CD11b+/Iba-1+ macrophage/microglia architecture with de-structured boundaries of glioma lesions indicated malfunction and invasive effector state. Present study documented a contribution of microglia to glioma progression in Eastern India.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Micellar Catalysis on 1,10-Phenanthroline Promoted Chromic Acid Oxidation of Ethane-1,2-diol in Aqueous Media at Room Temperature

        Ghosh, Sumanta K.,Saha, Rumpa,Ghosh, Aniruddha,Basu, Ankita,Mukherjee, Kakali,Saha, Indrajit,Saha, Bidyut Korean Chemical Society 2012 대한화학회지 Vol.56 No.6

        Under pseudo-first order conditions, the monomeric species of Cr(VI) was found to be kinetically active in the absence of phenanthroline (phen) whereas in the phen-promoted path, the Cr(VI)-phen complex undergoes a nucleophilic attack by etane-1,2-diol to form a ternary complex which subsequently experience a redox decomposition leading to hydroxy ethanal and Cr(III)-phen complex. The effect of the cationic surfactant (CPC), anionic surfactant (SDS) and neutral surfactant (TX-100) on the unpromoted and phen-promoted path have been studied. Micellar effects have been explained by considering the preferential partitioning of reactants between the micellar and aqueous phase. Combination of TX-100 and phenanthroline will be the ideal for chromic acid oxidation of ethane-1,2-diol in aqueous media.

      • Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus and Co-Existent Sexually Transmitted Infections among Female Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men and Injectable Drug abusers from Eastern India

        Ghosh, Ishita,Ghosh, Pramit,Bharti, Alok Chandra,Mandal, Ranajit,Biswas, Jaydip,Basu, Partha Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2012 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.13 No.3

        Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common sexually transmitted disease affecting both men and women and is responsible for different ano-genital cancers in either sex. Co-existing sexually transmitted infections (STI) including HIV have been considered as important co-factors for carcinogenesis induced by HPV. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of any HPV, HPV 16 and HPV 18 and also concomitant STIs among female sex workers (FSW), men having sex with men (MSM) and injectable drug users (IDU). Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 45 FSWs, 26 MSMs and 58 IDUs who attended the STI or de-addiction clinics. Genital scrape samples collected from glans penis and coronal sulcus in males and cervical squamo-columnar junction in females were tested for HPV DNA by PCR using HPV L1 consensus primer. Type specific PCR to detect HPV 16 and 18 was done on the samples positive on consensus PCR. All participants were tested for associated STIs including HIV and hepatitis B and cervical cytology was done on all females. Results: Among the FSWs, HPV was detected in 73.3% and HPV 16 and 18 was detected in 25.7%. Though the HPV prevalence was similarly high among MSMs (69.2%) and IDUs (72.4%), the prevalence of HPV 16 and 18 was much lower in these groups compared to the FSWs. Prevalence of cervico-vaginal infection with Trichomonas vaginalis and syphilis was significantly higher in the HPV positive women compared to the HPV negative women. There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of other STIs among HPV positive and negative women and men. Conclusion: HPV infection is highly prevalent among FSW, MSM and IDUs. Trichomonas vaginalis infection is more frequent in HPV positive women.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

        Soil interaction effects on the performance of compliant liquid column damper for seismic vibration control of short period structures

        Ghosh, Ratan Kumar,Ghosh, Aparna Dey Techno-Press 2008 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.28 No.1

        The paper presents a study on the effects of soil-structure-interaction (SSI) on the performance of the compliant liquid column damper (CLCD) for the seismic vibration control of short period structures. The frequency-domain formulation for the input-output relation of a flexible-base structure with CLCD has been derived. The superstructure has been modeled as a linear, single degreeof-freedom (SDOF) system. The foundation has been considered to be attached to the underlying soil medium through linear springs and viscous dashpots, the properties of which have been represented by complex valued impedance functions. By using a standard equivalent linearization technique, the nonlinear orifice damping of the CLCD has been replaced by equivalent linear viscous damping. A numerical stochastic study has been carried out to study the functioning of the CLCD for varying degrees of SSI. Comparison of the damper performance when it is tuned to the fixed-base structural frequency and when tuned to the flexible-base structural frequency has been made. The effects of SSI on the optimal value of the orifice damping coefficient of the damper has also been studied. A more convenient approach for designing the damper while considering SSI, by using an established model of a replacement oscillator for the structure-soil system has also been presented. Finally, a simulation study, using a recorded accelerogram, has been carried out on the CLCD performance for the flexible-base structure.

      • Optical dielectric function of impurity doped Quantum dots in presence of noise

        Ghosh, Anuja,Bera, Aindrila,Ghosh, Manas Techno-Press 2017 Advances in nano research Vol.5 No.1

        We examine the total optical dielectric function (TODF) of impurity doped GaAs quantum dot (QD) from the viewpoint of anisotropy, position-dependent effective mass (PDEM) and position dependent dielectric screening function (PDDSF), both in presence and absence of noise. The dopant impurity potential is Gaussian in nature and noise employed is Gaussian white noise that has been applied to the doped system via two different modes; additive and multiplicative. A change from fixed effective mass and fixed dielectric constant to those which depend on the dopant coordinate manifestly affects TODF. Presence of noise and also its mode of application bring about more rich subtlety in the observed TODF profiles. The findings indicate promising scope of harnessing the TODF of doped QD systems through expedient control of site of dopant incorporation and application of noise in desired mode.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Selection of Suitable Micellar Catalyst for 1,10-Phenanthroline Promoted Chromic Acid Oxidation of Formic Acid in Aqueous Media at Room Temperature

        Ghosh, Aniruddha,Saha, Rumpa,Ghosh, Sumanta K.,Mukherjee, Kakali,Saha, Bidyut Korean Chemical Society 2013 대한화학회지 Vol.57 No.6

        In the present investigation, kinetic studies of oxidation of formic acid with and without catalyst and promoter in aqueous acid media were studied under the pseudo-first order conditions [formic acid]T ${\gg}[Cr(VI)]_T$ at room temperature. In the 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) promoted path, the cationic Cr(VI) phen complex is the main active oxidant species undergoes a nucleophilic attack by the substrate to form a ternary complex which subsequently experiences a redox decomposition through several steps leading to the products $CO_2$ and $H_2$ along with the Cr(III) phen complex. The anionic surfactant (i.e., sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) and neutral surfactant (i.e., Triton X-100, TX-100) act as catalyst and the reaction undergo simultaneously in both aqueous and micellar phase with an enhanced rate of oxidation in the micellar phase. Whereas the cationic surfactant (i.e., N-cetyl pyridinium chloride, CPC) acts as an inhibitor restricts the reaction to aqueous phase. The observed net enhancement of rate effects has been explained by considering the hydrophobic and electrostatic interaction between the surfactants and reactants. The neutral surfactant TX-100 has been observed as the suitable micellar catalyst for the phen promoted chromic acid oxidation of formic acid.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Differential responses of two rice varieties to salt stress

        Ghosh, N.,Adak, M.K.,Ghosh, P.D.,Gupta, S.,Sen Gupta, D.N.,Mandal, C. The Korean Society of Plant Biotechnology 2011 Plant biotechnology reports Vol.5 No.1

        Two rice varieties, viz. Nonabokra and Pokkali, have been evaluated for their responses to salinity in terms of some physiological and biochemical attributes. During the exposure to salinity (200 mM concentration of sodium chloride for 24, 48, and 72 h), a significant increase in sodium was recorded which was also concomitant with the changes of other metabolic profiles like proline, phenol, polyamine, etc. The protein oxidation was significantly increased and also varied between the two cultivars. The changes in activities of anti-oxidative enzymes under stress were significantly different to the control. The detrimental effects of salinity were also evident in terms of lipid peroxidation, chlorophyll content, protein profiles, and generation of free radicals; and these were more pronounced in Pokkali than in Nonabokra. The assessment and analysis of these physiological characters under salinity could unravel the mechanism of salt responses revealed in this present study and thus might be useful for selection of tolerant plant types under the above conditions of salinity.

      • KCI등재

        Bioremediation of Binary System of Reactive Red 120 Dye and Cr(III) Using Aspergillus tamari and Statistical Validation of Response

        Arpita Ghosh,Manisha Ghosh Dastidar,T. R. Sreekrishnan,Pradipta Patra 한국대기환경학회 2019 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment (AJAE) Vol.13 No.4

        The efficiency of Aspergillus tamarii (isolated from sludge of a textile industry) was investigated to remediate the synthetic solutions of reactive red 120 (RR120) dye and chromium(III) separately. Also, parallel studies were conducted on the bioremediation of binary system of chromium(III) and RR120 dye in different ratios. The study was conducted to find the potential of the A. tamarii for removing chromium(III) and color from solutions containing only chromium or only RR120 dye or both and the effect of RR120 and chromium on the growth of the strain were observed. Maximum dye removal 81 mg/L was observed from 100 mg/L RR120 dye solution at pH 5 up to 50 hours. Maximum chromium removal 88.3 mg/L was observed from 100 mg/L chromium (III) solution at pH 5 up to 50 hours. In previous studies, A. tamarii was used as a bioremediator for removing different chromium complex dyes. The removal of chromium(III) and color were compared from solutions of synthetic mixtures and chromium complex dyes. The response of bioremediation study was validated using multiple regression analysis.

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