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Scabies and pediculosis are ubiquitous, contagious, and debilitating parasitic dermatoses. The tendency of high prevalence of pediculosis and scabies among school and preschool age children has prompted us to conduct a head louse and scabies prevalence survey among preschool nursery children in our district. A school-based, crosssectional study was performed, with 1,134 children chosen for evaluation. All cases were evaluated by physical examination and a detailed, structured questionnaire. The infestation was found in 14 $(1.2\%)$ of 1,134 children; 9 $(0.8\%)$ with pediculosis capitis and 5 $(0.4\%)$ with scabies. We found that infestations were more frequent in children with mothers whose education levels were low. This indicates the necessity of an improvement in the economic and sociocultural status of the community and the promotion of hygiene concepts and practices in order to improve health of preschool age children.
House dust mites play an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. Many factors may influence mite growth. The presence of mites is related to mean temperature and humidity as well as altitude. The aim of this study was to analyze the mite fauna in 5 regions of western Anatolia, Turkey, that have similar climatic properties with low mean temperature and humidity, but differ in altitude. During the period October-November 2004, house dust was collected from 290 homes in 5 different cities. House dust mites were isolated in 67 (23.1 %) of 290 samples. The family Pyroglyphidae (Astigmata) was present in all positive samples. This study suggests that the selected western Anatolian regions that share similar environmental conditions host similar dust mite populations.
The salt water intrusion phenomenon endangering the groundwater sources, particularly in coastal aquifers, is modeled by the coupled density-dependent flow and solute transport equations. This study focuses on the solution of these interdependent equations by means of the polynomial based Differential Quadrature Method (DQM). The Lagrange interpolation polynomials were selected as basis functions to obtain weighting coefficients for approximating the spatial derivatives and the 4-stage, 4th order Strong Stability Preserving linear Runge Kutta (SSP-RK) algorithm was employed as the time integrator. Two well-known benchmark cases; Henry and Elder problems were examined to test the accuracy and the reliability of the proposed numerical model. Apart from these theoretical benchmark problems, the numerical model was tested with real experimental data from a laboratoryscale study in the literature. The DQM model was observed to provide stable and highly precise results regarding the current semianalytical and numerical solution schemes.
Purpose: The mean platelet volume (MPV) is a marker of the platelet activity and is reported to increase in vascular diseases. We aimed to investigate the association between MPV and vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). Materials and Methods: MPV and platelet (PLT) levels were measured in 50 cases of ED and 40 healthy controls. The diagnosis of vasculogenic ED was based on a detailed sexual history, physical examination, laboratory assessment, and color Doppler ultrasonography. The results are given as mean±standard deviation of the mean. Results: The mean ages of the patient and the control groups were 53.70±12.39 years (range 24∼77 years) and 53.85±9.5 years (range 30∼73 years), respectively (p=0.947). The MPV and PLT values were significantly higher in the patients with ED than those of the controls (7.49±1.4), (6.85±1.2), (262.97±68), (252.89±82) respectively, p<0.001). However, the MPV values were not statistically significantly different in the patients with severe ED according to the International Index of Erectile Function than in those with mild ED, p>0.05), and there was no correlation between MPV and either age of patients (p=0.905) or duration of ED (p=0.583). Conclusions: The platelet count and MPV was detected to be increased in patients with vasculogenic ED. This finding suggests a role for platelets in the pathogenesis of vascular complications and that the MPV would be useful in monitoring disease progression.
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In this study, we measured the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I levels and evaluated the serum protein profiles of diabetic, insulin-treated, and healthy cats and dogs. The total IGF-I concentrations were 33.74 ± 3.4 ng/mL for normal, 25.8 ± 4.5 ng/mL for diabetic, and 180.4 ± 31.4 ng/mL for insulin-treated cats. IGF-I concentrations were 46.4 ± 6.6 ng/mL for normal, 25.1 ± 4.1 ng/mL for diabetic, and 303.0 ± 61.3 ng/mL for insulin-treated dogs. Total serum protein profiles were analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Fourteen bands ranging from 25 to 240 kDa in size were observed for cats, and 17 bands ranging from 25 to 289 kDa were observed for dogs. The densities of the bands differed among control, diabetic, and insulin-treated animals. In conclusion, we found that serum protein profiles and IGF-I concentrations were altered in both diabetic and insulin-treated animals. When judiciously interpreted in the light of other clinical and laboratory data, the techniques used in our study provide a valuable modality for measuring the severity of diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats.
The objective of solid-liquid separation in thickeners in coal preparation plants is to obtain both a clear supernatant liquid with a low turbidity for reuse and a dense slurry. It is important for the smooth operation of the plant to produce good-quality recirculation water. In this study, settling characteristics of coal tailings (d80=70 μm) taken from the thickener feed of Derekoy Coal Preparation Plant (Manisa, Turkey) were investigated with the use of anionic polymers. In the tests we determined the effects of the process parameters including polymer type, polymer dosage, temperature, suspension pH, and pulp density on the flocculation of the fine tailings of the coal preparation operation. Minefloc anionic polymer showed a better flocculation performance in comparison with other polymers. An optimum settling rate of 300mm/min was reached at a dosage of 30 g/t-solids, a pulp density of 5%, pH 7.9, and temperature 25 oC using Minefloc polymer.
Purpose: The aim of this study, to investigate whether there is any association between enuresis in childhood and nocturnal polyuria syndrome (NPS) in adult life. Methods: The study consisted of thirty five patients with nocturnal polyuria, and thirty five healthy people without nocturnal polyuria in adult life, were asked to assess their enuresis in childhood. Results: There was a history of enuresis in childhood in 18 (51.42%) of 35 of men with nocturnal polyuria and in 4 (11.42%) of 35 without nocturnal polyuria. Enuresis in childhood was significantly more common in men with nocturnal polyuria than without nocturnal polyuria. The difference was significant (P<0.0001). The prevalence of enuresis in the nocturnal polyuria (51.42%) was more than two-fold higher than reported prevalence in general populations. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the history of enuresis in childhood seems to increase the risk of having NPS in adult life. This relationship should be taken into account in the evaluation of men with complaints from NPS in adult life and the possible common pathophysiology should be considered in the treatment planning.
SiCp-reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs) containing 8 wt% and 16 wt% of SiCp-reinforced with 30 and 45 ㎛ in sizes were prepared by a melt stirring-squeeze casting technique. Microstructural observation showed that particle distributions were reasonably well. Turning experiments were carried out on the composites using uncoated and triple-layer coated carbide tools at various cutting speeds under a constant feed rate and depth of cut. Coated tools indicated better performance than uncoated tools for all the materials while the poor surface finish was obtained for coated tools.