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      • KCI등재

        베일논쟁의 정치화와 이슬람 여성의 탈정치화 - 베일논쟁은 이슬람 여성의 주체를 어떻게 삭제하는가? -

        Betul,Zunbul,원재연 한국세계문화사학회 2019 세계 역사와 문화 연구 Vol.0 No.51

        The veil of Muslim women has been utilized as a field of discourse in which various modern projects are competing for hegemony. Through the analysis of these projects, this study aims to illuminate the discourse of the “Veil debate”, an exploitation of the veil. Furthermore, this study examines the mechanism of the elimination and depoliticization of Muslim women as ‘the Subject.' Specifically, we review three intellectual projects of modernity – (post)colonialism, secularism, and multiculturalism, and explore how the subject' of Muslim woman is eliminated from these proejcts. First (post)colonialism lumps the veil of women altogether as the conquest or resistance, eliminating subjectivities of women. Next, the separation between religion and politics, also known as secularism in Turkey exploits the veil of women as a tool to otherize Islam. In this process, Muslim women are marginalized and they cannot enter the public sphere. Lastly, multiculturalism employs an otherization strategy as well, although less explicitly than other projects. These discourses emphasize Islam as an inferior culture by interpreting the veil as ‘a symbol of oppression' or ‘a dangerous element', otherizing Islam. As a conclusion, this writing suggests an alternative perspective that escapes from dichotomy of veils which ahistorical and de-politicalized. So this research declares that need to analyzing Muslim women to historical, social, political, and economic context.(Yonsei University) 이슬람 여성의 베일은 다양한 근대적 프로젝트들의 정치적 서사의 일부로 대상화되어왔다. 본 논문에서는 (탈)식민주의, 세속주의, 그리고 다문화주의라는 세 가지 근대적 프로젝트에서 각각 어떻게 이슬람의 여성의 주체가 삭제되는지를 논의하고자 한다. 이 점이 바로 베일논쟁의 아이러니라고 할 수 있는데, 수 많은 논쟁과 주장 속에서 정작 베일을 쓰는 당사자인 ‘이슬람 여성'은 그저 상징이자 대상으로 존재할 뿐이라는 점이다. 이슬람 여성이 베일논쟁의 진정한 주체이자 당사자로써 자기 목소리를 내왔다기보다, 이러한 다양한 근대적 프로젝트들이 논쟁을 벌이는 중요한 장소로서의 ‘몸'을 제공하며, 때로는 특정 주장에 의해 ‘소수자'로 이야기되는 등, 오히려 목소리를 삭제당하는 위치에 놓이게 되었다. 본 논문에서는 우선, ‘담론의 장'으로서 ‘베일논쟁'을 살펴보고, 각각의 근대적 프로젝트들이 구체적으로 어떠한 방식으로 베일의 서사를 활용하고 있는지 논의하고자 한다. 첫 번째는 (탈)식민주의인데, 식민주의 남성에게 구원이라 정당화하였던 베일을 벗기는 작업은 정복과 제국주의를 재현하는 것이었다. 반대로 파농과 같은 식민지 남성 지식인에게는 베일을 벗지 않는 것이 저항으로 인식되는데, 서로 구분되는 이 두 가지 주장에서 모두 이슬람 여성의 주체는 삭제되고 만다. 두 번째는 터키의 세속주의 사례인데, 터키의 경우 세속적인 근대화 과정에서 행해진 정교분리와 공식영역에서의 베일금지는 사실상 대중종교이었던 이슬람에 대한 억압과 배제로 해석된다. 세속주의 근대화 과정에서 베일은 낙후와 보수의 상징이 되어버렸으며, 이슬람 여성은 근대적, 세속화된 법률의 적용대상이 되어버린다. 근대화 과정에서 베일이 문제시 될 수 록, 여성들은 더욱 더 배제되고 말았다. 마지막으로 다문화주의에서 베일은 차이와 다름의 대상이 되어버리고, 윤리적으로 관용과 인정의 대상이 된다. 관용과 인정의 대상이 된 이슬람 여성은 서구 다문화주의 ‘타자'로서 다시 한번 목소리가 삭제되고 만다. 스피박이 주장한 것처럼 말하기가 실패하고 모두가 공모자인 맥락에서, 본 논문은 대안적으로 이슬람 여성의 말하기 방식에 대한 성찰적인 ‘귀기울이기'를 제안한다.

      • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

        Electric Dipole Transitions for Neutral Ytterbium (Z = 70)

        Betul,Karacoban,Leyla,Ozdemir 한국물리학회 2011 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.58 No.3

        We have calculated the electric dipole transition parameters (wavelengths, weighted oscillator strengths, and transition probabilities) for some excited levels in neutral ytterbium (Yb I, Z = 70) by using two configuration interaction methods (the multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) method within the framework of Breit-Pauli relativistic corrections developed by Fischer and Cowan's relativistic Hartree-Fock (HFR) method). Results obtained have been compared with other calculations and experiments.

      • Poster Session : PS 0070 ; Cardiology : The Effect of Serum Hepcidin Level on Anemia in Heart Failure

        ( Betul Borku Uysal ), ( Feray Akbas ), ( Esma Altunoglu ), ( Gulhan Ipek Deniz ), ( Duygu Uysal ), ( Harun Uysal ), ( Hanife Usta Atmaca ), ( Yasin Yuksel ), ( Hale Aral ), ( Guven Cetin ), ( M Cem Ar ), ( Must) 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1

        Background: Anemia is an accelerating problem among patients with heart failure. In this study, we investigated whether anemia in heart failure was related to hepcidin level. Methods: Totally 70 patients; 50 patients with heart failure and 20 otherwise healthy subjects with no history of a chronic illness including heart failure as control group, were included in the study. Heart failure was verifi ed by echocardiography in each subject and patients were defi ned as ones with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) if EF = 40% and with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) if EF 40-50%. Exclusion criteria included presence of kidney failure (serum creatinine level>1.4), history of hemorrhage (gastrointestinal or severe menstrual bleeding), chronic liver disease (ALT>2 folds), hematologic disease, iron replacement therapy or blood transfusion in the past six months, hypothyroidism, autoimmune disease and manifest infection. Results: There was no correlation between hepcidin concentration and age, weight, creatinine, iron, vitamin B12, folate, white blood cell (WBC), platetelet, mean corpuscular volume, ESR, ejection fraction (EF) (p > 0,05). There was a positive correlation between hepcidin level and urea, ferritin, hemoglobin, hematocrite, C-reactive protein (p < 0,05). Hepcidin levels of anemic heart failure patients were signifi cantly lower than the non-anemic heart failure patients (p < 0,05). Conclusions: We found that serum hepcidin level in anemic patients with heart failure was lower than in heart failure patients without anemia. Previously, progression of heart failure was found to be associated with decline in circulating hepcidin and the development of iron defi ciency and low hepcidin level was related to unfavorable out come. We believe that iron defi ency occurs as a result of infl ammatory process in heart failure and therefore hepcidin concentrations decrease as a response. However, long-term follow up studies are needed.

      • KCI등재SCOPUS

        Adhesion of 10-MDP containing resin cements to dentin with and without the etch-and-rinse technique

        Betul,Tuncelli,Deniz,Sen,Mutlu,Ozcan,Volkan,Turp 대한치과보철학회 2013 The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics Vol.5 No.3

        PURPOSE This study evaluated the adhesion of 10-MDP containing self-etch and self-adhesive resin cements to dentin with and without the use of etch-and-rinse technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human third molars (N=180) were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=30 per group). Conventional (Panavia F2.0, Kuraray-PAN) and self-adhesive resin cements (Clearfil SA, Kuraray-CSA) were bonded to dentin surfaces either after application of 3-step etch-and-rinse (35% H3PO4 + ED Primer) or two-step self-etch adhesive resin (Clearfil SE Bond). Specimens were subjected to shear bond strength test using the universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min). The failure types were analyzed using a stereomicroscope and quality of hybrid layer was observed under a scanning electron microscope. The data (MPa) were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=.05). RESULTS Overall, PAN adhesive cement showed significantly higher mean bond strength (12.5 ± 2.3 - 14.1 ± 2.4 MPa) than CSA cement (9.3 ± 1.4 - 13.9 ± 1.9 MPa) (P<.001). Adhesive failures were more frequent in CSA cement groups when used in conjunction with two-step self-adhesive (68%) or no adhesive at all (66%). Hybrid layer quality was inferior in CSA compared to PAN cement in all conditions. CONCLUSION In clinical situations where bonding to dentin substrate is crucial, both conventional and self-adhesive resin cements based on 10-MDP can benefit from etch-and-rinse technique to achieve better quality of adhesion in the early clinical period.

      • KCI등재

        Explaining the link between materialism and life satisfaction: A life course study in Turkey

        Betul,Balikcioglu,Zerrin,Arslan 한국마케팅과학회 2020 마케팅과학연구 Vol.30 No.1

        The relationship between materialism and life satisfaction has been widely researched, but the direction of the presumed causality is a subject of debate. Most previous studies suggest that materialism makes people unhappy, other research suggests that unhappiness may promote materialism, while some researchers suggest that they emerged relationship may be the result of third variables. Such speculations remain largely unanswered in part because previous studies have ignored the mechanisms that explain the development of these orientations. The present study uses the life course approach to explain the mechanisms that may lead to the observed relationship between materialism and life satisfaction in Turkey. Despite its cross-sectional nature, the study findings suggest that the emerged relationships between the two variables reported in previous studies may develop relatively independent of each other; and they may explain the inconsistent findings about the nature of the relationship between the two variables. The findings raise the issue of whether the two variables are causally related or whether they are causally related as strongly as it was originally thought.

      • CONSUMER ARROGANCE: A CROSS-CULTURAL VALIDATION IN TURKEY AND ROMANIA

        Betul,Balikcioglu,Muzeyyen,Arslan 글로벌지식마케팅경영학회 2018 Global Marketing Conference Vol.2018 No.07

        Consumer arrogance is conceptualized and defined by Ruvio & Shoham (2016) as people's proclivity for demonstrating their social superiority through the acquisition, utilization, or display of consumer goods. This new notion rooted from the symbolic meaning of consumption that suggesting consumers use products as symbols to create self-identity, to maintain their self-concept, to express their self, to convey personal and social achievements and to reflect their social status to others (Holman, 1981; Belk, 1988; Hirschman & LaBarbera, 1990). This research examines the cross-cultural validity of the Ruvio & Shoham‘s (2016) consumer arrogance scale in Turkey and Romania. Data were collected from 192 Turkish and 176 Romanian students. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the four-factor solution. The scale demonstrates internal consistency and validity within the two countries and across countries. The cross-cultural validation tested via configural, metric and covariance methods. The results indicated that the consumer arrogance scale is consistent across countries and it can be established as a second order construct. The nomological validity with structural equation modelling results support that consumer arrogance is predicted by materialism in both countries. This cross-national study extended consumer arrogance scale in a collectivist cultural setting and contributes to enriching cross-cultural validation research as well as consumer behavior understanding.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Lipolytic Changes in Fermented Sausages Produced with Turkey Meat: Effects of Starter Culture and Heat Treatment

        Karslioglu,,Betul,Cicek,,Umran,Ensoy,Kolsaric,,Nuray,Candogan,,Kezban Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resource 2014 한국축산식품학회지 Vol.34 No.1

        In this study, the effects of two different commercial starter culture mixes and processing methodologies (traditional and heat process) on the lipolytic changes of fermented sausages manufactured with turkey meat were evaluated during processing stages and storage. Free fatty acid (FFA) value increased with fermentation and during storage over 120 d in all fermented sausage groups produced with both processing methodologies (p<0.05). After drying stage, free fatty acid values of traditional style and heat processed fermented sausages were between 10.54-13.01% and 6.56-8.49%, respectively. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values of traditionally processed fermented sausages were between $0.220-0.450mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$, and TBA values of heat processed fermented sausages were in a range of $0.405-0.795mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$. Oleic and linoleic acids were predominant fatty acids in all fermented sausages. It was seen that fermented sausage groups produced with starter culture had lower TBA and FFA values in comparison with the control groups, and heat application inhibited the lipase enzyme activity and had an improving effect on lipid oxidation. As a result of these effects, heat processed fermented sausages had lower FFA and higher TBA values than the traditionally processed groups.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        The Quality Specialities in Turkiye's Honies for Apitherapy

        Inanc,,Betul,Battaloglu KOREAN PHARMACOPUNCTURE INSTITUTE 2020 Journal of pharmacopuncture Vol.23 No.4

        Objectives: In this study, the content of the honey produced by the flora of Turkey', physical, chemical and biological research aimed at active properties. Methods: Searched the database EMBASE/Pubmed and Turkish Medicine Index research article about Turkiye honeys' specialities. Results: Different botanical sources were caused, different kinds of chemical compositions of the honeys. The amount of HMF, pH, moisture, and acidity are the chemical qulity criteria of the honey. Carbohydrates are seem the most important components of honey. The glycemic index of the consumed honey is important. Turkiye's honey quality seems apropiate for using apitherapy. Conclusion: Honey is the most important product of beekeeping all over the world in terms of economy and health. Manufacturers of honey should be careful while producing honey. They should be avoided unhealty situations and they should be obey the rules. These rules are the basis for protecting our health by consuming bee products.

      • Determination of HER2 Gene Amplification in Breast Cancer using Dual-color Silver Enhanced in situ Hybridization (dc-SISH) and Comparison with Fluorescence ISH (FISH)

        Unal,,Betul,Karaveli,,Fatma,Seyda,Pestereli,,Hadice,Elif,Erdogan,,Gulgun Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2013 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.14 No.10

        Background: The two basic methods that are currently accepted to identify the HER2 status are immunohistochemistry and flyorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The aim of this study was to perform the dual-color silver in situ hybridization (dc-SISH) technique as an alternative to FISH. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 invasive breast carcinoma cases were assessed for HER2 gene amplification by FISH and dual-color SISH. Results: Significant correlation was found in the HER2 expression results obtained with the two approaches (p=0.001, p<0.05). The concordance rate was 92.3%. Conclusions: Foutine practical use of the dc-SISH method, which is much easier to apply, score, and evaluate, has many advantages. HER2 and CEN17 status can be evaluated simultaneously with the newly developed "Dual-Color Probe". All these specifications and the reliable results obtained support the widespread use of SISH technique in clinical practice.

      • Diagnostic Value of Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Malignant Thyroid Nodules: Utility for Micronodules

        Unal,,Betul,Sezer,,Cem Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2014 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.15 No.20

        Background: The diagnostic approach to thyroid nodules involves ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB). We especially aimed to evaluate the contribution and the place of US-FNAB in preoperative evaluation of the malignant cases and draw attention to discordant cases diagnosed with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Materials and Methods: A total of 276 cases were retrospectively reviewed who were subsequently diagnosed with a malignancy and who underwent US-FNAB. Results: Some 45 were found to have previously undergone the US-FNAB procedure. Of the patients in whom the surgical specimen was diagnosed with a malignancy, 21 (46.7%) were diagnosed as malignant or suspicious for malignancy, and 24 (53.3%) were concluded as benign or insufficient for diagnosis. Patients with the diagnosis of PTMC outnumbering the others was a striking finding (11 cases, 24%). Conclusions: We suggest performing repeat aspiration biopsy considering sampling errors in cases where inconsistency exists between clinical findings and cytological results in thyroid nodules smaller than 10 mm in diameter and with suspicious findings on ultrasonography.

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