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      • Politically Engaged Muslims in Malaysia in the Era of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (2003–2009)

        Ahmad,Fauzi,Abdul,Hamid 서울대학교행정대학원 2010 Asian Journal of Political Science Vol.18 No.2

        Long regarded as an embodiment of tolerant Islam and peacefully co-existing withmodernisation within a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, Malaysia unexpectedlyaroused much attention as a potential breeding ground for Muslim radicals in theaftermath of catalytic events which pitted the West against the Muslim world. MalaysianMuslims are said to be susceptible to Middle Eastern-originated radicalism, asexemplified in interlocking transnational contacts and agendas sowed between increas-ingly globalised Muslim networks adept in exploiting latest trappings of modernity. This article urges readers to engage in deeper reflection on the local dynamics ofMalaysia's Islamisation process, in order to arrive at a more nuanced understanding ofchallenges posed by politically engaged Muslims in Malaysia. It is argued that, belyingthe regime's profession of a progressive Islam known as Islam Hadhari, Malaysia underAbdullah Ahmad Badawi's Premiership witnessed an abrupt escalation of inter-religioustension which not only threatened to disrupt communal harmony and nation-building,but also posed a security risk. The origins of such instability could arguably be located tothe peculiar manner in which politically-laden Islam is applied by the regime, inparticular by its home-nurtured Islamic bureaucracy.

      • KCI등재후보

        Therapeutic Effects of Botanicals Used in Management of Dhiq al-Nafas (Bronchial Asthma): An Evidence Based Review

        Ahmad,,Taufiq,Parray,,Shabir,Ahmad,Ahmad,,Naseem,Khan,,Javed,Ahmad,Zohaib,,Sharique Cellmed Orthocellular Medicine and Pharmaceutical 2019 TANG Vol.9 No.1

        Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and currently affects approximately 300 million people worldwide. As per scientific data, approximately 10-12% of adults; and 15% of children are affected by the disease. The increasing global prevalence of the disease imposes a high health care costs into its mechanisms and treatment. Unani system of medicine (USM) is a well known traditional therapy for number of diseases since ancient times. Time has proved that USM has a special role in treatment of chronic diseases, due its special Usooleillaj (Line of treatment). Dhiq al-Nafas (bronchial asthma) is also considered as a chronic disease. Since ancient times, the disease was cured by number of single as well as compound formulations by renowned Unani scholars. This review provides a comprehensive summary of medicinal plant throughout the world, with reference to renowned Unani scholars and physicians for treatment of Dhiq al-Nafas. A number of Unani single and compound drugs, highly efficacious and safe drugs are available for the asthma. The data were taken from classical literature of USM, Modern reference books & electronic journals. The recent information was collected from different authentic search engines. This review will provide the centuries therapeutic information's of classical literature and recent scientific studies of 12 herbal drugs mentioned in USM, which will help the academia, clinicians, research scholars and post graduate students from Unani Medicine, Traditional & Complementary Medicine and other related disciplines, having research interest or work in the Unani medicine.

      • KCI등재후보

        Therapeutic Effects of Botanicals Used in Management of Dhiq al-Nafas (Bronchial Asthma): An Evidence Based Review

        Taufiq,Ahmad,Shabir,ahmad,Parray,Naseem,Ahmad,Javed,ahmad,Khan,Sharique,Zohaib 셀메드 세포교정의약학회 2019 TANG Vol.9 No.1

        Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and currently affects approximately 300 million people worldwide. As per scientific data, approximately 10–12% of adults; and 15% of children are affected by the disease. The increasing global prevalence of the disease imposes a high health care costs into its mechanisms and treatment. Unani system of medicine (USM) is a well known traditional therapy for number of diseases since ancient times. Time has proved that USM has a special role in treatment of chronic diseases, due its special Usooleillaj (Line of treatment). Dhiq al-Nafas (bronchial asthma) is also considered as a chronic disease. Since ancient times, the disease was cured by number of single as well as compound formulations by renowned Unani scholars. This review provides a comprehensive summary of medicinal plant throughout the world, with reference to renowned Unani scholars and physicians for treatment of Dhiq al-Nafas. A number of Unani single and compound drugs, highly efficacious and safe drugs are available for the asthma. The data were taken from classical literature of USM, Modern reference books & electronic journals. The recent information was collected from different authentic search engines. This review will provide the centuries therapeutic information's of classical literature and recent scientific studies of 12 herbal drugs mentioned in USM, which will help the academia, clinicians, research scholars and post graduate students from Unani Medicine, Traditional & Complementary Medicine and other related disciplines, having research interest or work in the Unani medicine.

      • KCI등재

        Essentials of Physiotherapy after Thoracic Surgery

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 대한흉부외과학회 2018 The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Vol.51 No.5

        Physiotherapy has recently become an essential part of enhanced recovery protocols after thoracic surgery. The evidence-based practice of physiotherapy is essential for the effective management of postoperative patients. Unfortunately, only a small body of literature has discussed the rationale of the physiotherapy interventions that are routinely implemented following thoracic surgery. Nonetheless, we can integrate the available knowledge into our practice until new evidence emerges. Therefore, in this review, the principles of physiotherapy after thoracic surgery are presented, along with a detailed description of physiotherapy interventions, with the goals of enhancing the knowledge and practical skills of physiotherapists in postoperative care units and helping them to re-evaluate and justify their traditional practices.

      • KCI등재

        Moderate-intensity continuous training: is it as good as high-intensity interval training for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes?

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 한국운동재활학회 2019 JER Vol.15 No.2

        In Egypt, type 2 diabetes is higher in females than in males. Moderate- intensity continuous training (MICT) has been the most widely used exercise form in type 2 diabetes. This study aims to compare the classical MICT to the newly popular high intensity interval training (HIIT) with regard to changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and estimated average glucose (eAG) in female type 2 diabetics. Twenty-six female patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into three groups: a control group (n= 9), a MICT group (n= 9), and a HIIT group (n= 8). Patients in both groups exercised on treadmill three days/ week for 8 weeks. Patients in MICT exercised continuously for about 40 min at 65%–75% of peak heart rate (HRpeak). Patients in HIIT exercised for 4× 4 min at 85%– 90% of HRpeak with 3-min recovery in between at 65%–75% of HRpeak. Results showed that HbA1c was reduced significantly from 8.2% (7.45%– 8.65%) to 6.9% (6.6%–7.15%) in MICT and from 8.23% (7.94%–8.85%) to 6.25% (6.1%–6.89%) in HIIT after interventions. Likewise, eAG was significantly reduced from 188.64 mg/dL (167.11–201.55 mg/dL) to 151.33 mg/dL (142.72–158.50 mg/dL) in MICT and from 189.64 mg/dL (181.18– 207.29 mg/dL) to 136.69 mg/dL (128.37–151.04 mg/dL) in HIIT. No significant difference was found between HIIT and MICT in the measured variables. It is concluded that the less physically demanding MICT is as good as HIIT for normalizing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic females. Therefore, recent interests surrounding HIIT should not overemphasize it compared to the traditional MICT for improving glycemic outcomes.

      • KCI등재

        Moderate-intensity continuous training: is it as good as high-intensity interval training for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes?

        Ahmad,Mahdi,Ahmad 한국운동재활학회 2019 JER Vol.15 No.2

        In Egypt, type 2 diabetes is higher in females than in males. Moderate- intensity continuous training (MICT) has been the most widely used exercise form in type 2 diabetes. This study aims to compare the classical MICT to the newly popular high intensity interval training (HIIT) with regard to changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and estimated average glucose (eAG) in female type 2 diabetics. Twenty-six female patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into three groups: a control group (n= 9), a MICT group (n= 9), and a HIIT group (n= 8). Patients in both groups exercised on treadmill three days/ week for 8 weeks. Patients in MICT exercised continuously for about 40 min at 65%–75% of peak heart rate (HRpeak). Patients in HIIT exercised for 4× 4 min at 85%– 90% of HRpeak with 3-min recovery in between at 65%–75% of HRpeak. Results showed that HbA1c was reduced significantly from 8.2% (7.45%– 8.65%) to 6.9% (6.6%–7.15%) in MICT and from 8.23% (7.94%–8.85%) to 6.25% (6.1%–6.89%) in HIIT after interventions. Likewise, eAG was significantly reduced from 188.64 mg/dL (167.11–201.55 mg/dL) to 151.33 mg/dL (142.72–158.50 mg/dL) in MICT and from 189.64 mg/dL (181.18– 207.29 mg/dL) to 136.69 mg/dL (128.37–151.04 mg/dL) in HIIT. No significant difference was found between HIIT and MICT in the measured variables. It is concluded that the less physically demanding MICT is as good as HIIT for normalizing hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic females. Therefore, recent interests surrounding HIIT should not overemphasize it compared to the traditional MICT for improving glycemic outcomes.

      • KCI등재

        First record of Aspicera hartigi (Hymenoptera, Figitidae) from India, with observations on its foraging behavior on Ephedra plants

        Zubair,Ahmad,Rather,Aijaz,Ahmad,Wachkoo,Anzar,Ahmad,Khuroo,Abdul,Rashid,Dar,Tanvir-Ul-Hassan,Dar 국립중앙과학관 2019 Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Vol.12 No.3

        Aspicera hartigi Dalla Torre, 1889 is reported for the first time from India. A brief diagnosis and photographic illustrations of the species are provided to validate this new faunal record for India from the Kashmir valley in Western Himalaya. In addition, the present study for the first time reports the feeding of Aspicera hartigi on the pollination drop of the female cones in Ephedra plants, which provides novel insights about its foraging behavior and hint toward its role as pollination drop robber.

      • Application of Geospatial Technology for the Promotion of Tourist Industry in Srinagar City

        Shamim,Ahmad,Shah,Muzafar,Ahmad,Wani 보안공학연구지원센터(IJUNESST) 2015 International Journal of u- and e- Service, Scienc Vol.8 No.1

        Tourism is a relaxation place for people and people can plan their tourist places based on Information. GIS -based information is gaining greater importance among tourists as it allows to familiarize with places, have profound appeal for the trip planning. Srinagar city is famous tourist destination of India, visited by huge number of tourists from different parts of the world annually. The number of tourists visited the city in 1990 was 10623 which increased to 112012 in 2000 and in year 2013 more than 13 lakh, the number can be dramatically increased, given the nature of tourism potential of the city. But in the absence of Tourist Information System, tourists face various difficulties in locating various tourist related products. The Geospatial technology has transformed every sphere of life and tourism industry cannot be exception. The purpose of the present study is to develop an interactive and user-friendly Geographic Information System (GIS) enabled data base for various amenities viz. hotels, guest houses, house boats, road networks, airport, railway station, parks, shrines, play grounds, golf course, water bodies etc. in ESRI's ArcGIS 10.1 software which could be easily uploaded on web to disseminate proper information to world over. Toposheets, maps satellite images, GPS and field surveys were used to generate the above mentioned data layers and then multimedia data like video clips, audio narrations and photographs were integrated with each feature to make comprehensive tourist information system. A major strength of this paper is that TIS is one time investment and can be updated as and when needed. It provides tools to display raw data in the form of 3D maps, SQL, understand Patterns, relationships and trends and overlay those databases in highly interactive ways which is not possible with traditional spreadsheets. The present study actively demonstrated the potential of geospatial technology application to explore destination and its facilities like hospitals, ATM Centers, hotels, restaurants, resorts and filling stations etc. and developmental planning, project monitoring and publicity of tourist products. The present study can be indispensable for other allied departments' viz police, planning, public administration, disaster management, transportation, health etc.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        How Vegetation Spatially Alters the Response of Precipitation and Air Temperature? Evidence from Pakistan

        Waqar,Ahmad,,Afed,Ullah,Khan,Fayaz,Ahmad,Khan,,Muhammad,Far,Ammar,Ahmad,Baig,Liaqat,Ali,Shah,Jehanzeb,Khan KOSAE·JSAE·CSES-CSAE 2020 Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment (AJAE) Vol.14 No.2

        Precipitation, air temperature and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data of 32 sites for a period of 1983 to till date in Pakistan were collected with the objective of studying the effects of vegetation on precipitation and air temperature in Pakistan. Spatial trends were assessed for NDVI, precipitation and air temperature (maximum and minimum). Increasing trends were observed at 18, 20, 24 and 26 number of monitoring stations for NDVI, precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature respectively. The trends of NDVI were compared with the trends of precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature in hilly and urban areas. NDVI and precipitation showed parallel trends in hilly areas at 64% of the monitoring stations. Whereas, only 53% of the stations displayed parallel trends in urban areas. 71% of the stations showed opposite NDVI and maximum temperature trends and 79% of the stations showed opposite NDVI and minimum temperature trends in hilly areas. However, in urban areas only 47% and 41% of the stations showed opposite trends of NDVI and maximum temperature and NDVI and minimum temperature respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the effects of vegetation on precipitation and air temperature (maximum and minimum) in hilly and urban areas. The results showed that there exists positive relationship between NDVI and precipitation and negative relationship between NDVI and temperature (maximum and minimum) in most of the hilly areas. However, in urban areas, the positive relationship between NDVI and precipitation exists only in 47% of the stations and negative relationships between NDVI and maximum temperature and between NDVI and minimum temperature exist only in 47% and 41% of the stations respectively. Results of the current study suggest afforestation practices at country level to reduce climate change effects.

      • KCI등재후보

        Anticancer activities of Papaya (Carica papaya): A Review

        Shabir,ahmad,Parray,Zahoor,ahmad,Parray,Javed,ahmad,Khan,Sharique,Zohaib,Shagufta,Nikhat 셀메드 세포교정의약학회 2018 TANG Vol.8 No.4

        Cancer is considered one of the deadly diseases in the world. According to WHO cancer now causes more deaths than all coronary heart disease. The incidence and mortality of the worldwide major cancers are now available in the GLOBOCAN series of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The transition of global demographic and epidemiologic shows that burden of cancer will increase particularly in low and middle income countries, with over 20 million new cancer cases expected annually as early as 2025. Medicinal plants made known to be prospective and useful job for the treatment of several diseases and disorders from prehistoric days to nowadays. One of the commonly used plants, which have supporting evidences from the recent scientific data for the different types of cancers, is Carica papaya. Papaya (Carica papaya) is widely used as folk caloric herbal medicine, being a powerhouse of nutrients and accessible throughout the year. It is a rich source of three powerful antioxidants, the minerals, vitamins and contains high content of fibre. Carica papaya has provided many remedies for various diseases from ancient days to nowadays, and is regarded as a Nutraceutical. Because of this comprehensive medicinal value of Carica papaya, we are trying here to convey the reports studied especially for the anticancer activities of the age-old fruit, which will help researchers to pull in concert data and may be a “lead” for the one of the dangerous disease in the world.

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