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This study was conducted to provide guideline data for future instructional materials and practice guidelines on reforming the dietary life of military personnel in terms of lowering sodium intake. A total of 264 persons were surveyed to obtain basic data on sodium intake and understanding of sodium. The study also examined the practice that is carried forward in this endeavor. The subjects liked ‘kimchi' and ‘rice with topping', and these could be the reason for higher salt intake. Career soldiers scored higher in terms of nutrition knowledge than enlisted soldiers (p<0.01). Nutrition education concerning sodium intake was statistically insignificant between the two, whereas career soldiers showed a higher experience rate at these nutrition educational events. Career soldiers also had with higher sodium intake than enlisted soldiers, and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). In terms of practice, officers were more likely to experience difficulty in putting the theory of less sodium into practice than their enlisted soldiers counterparts (p<0.05), and the main reason behind this difficulty was that they did not feel the need to lower their sodium intake. Soldiers should be well educated about sodium and healthy diet during their service. Education should focus on lowering sodium intake and changing their attitudes and awareness of this issue in order to elicit behavioral changes.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the dental hygienists` supports and demands regarding the Long-term Senior Care Insurance System, which has been enforced since July 2008. This system was expected to go through trials and errors, so that it can provide reference materials with which to formulate a new LSCI System for oral health and contribute to improving the effectiveness of this system. Methods: This study was used a formulated self-administered questionnaire form to survey dental hygienists working in Seoul and the adjacent metropolitan areas from January to April 2009. As a result, this study collected a total of 259 completed questionnaire forms. All the collected survey data was processed using SPSS ver 12.0 for the data analyses such as frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA, in addition to using Pearson`s correlation coefficient to determine any potential correlations among the variables. Results: It was found that 50.6% of the respondents replied that they knew just the name of the LSCI System, but only 4.2% respondents knew about the detailed coverage of the LSCI System. This study used a 5-point scale to survey the dental hygienists` needs for the LSCI System. It was found that our respondents scored the highest mean points (3.96) in favor of enforcing the LSCI System, while scoring the lowest mean points (3.08) in favor of an extra premium payable under the LSCI system. According to the analysis for the potential correlations between the needs for the LSCI System and the related variables, it was found that the standard of the LSCI System for the disabled was positively correlated with favoring the enforcement of the LSCI system (r=.213) (p<0.001). Conclusions: It is concluded that dental hygienists have very low awarenss about the overall matters of the current LSCI system, but most of them showed positive utews about the LSCI system and the wider range of bhowfits from it. Thus, it is em,ortant that our government should eventually prepare a public relation program suitable for public of thepersonnel in the interest of the LSCI system`s stable establishment and aem sation. Furthermore, policyof torts needs to be made to extend the coverage into a gortter, ortion of the ppoulation, including the disabled, so that the LSCI System will be successfullyofstablished as substantial national system based on national trust and peace of mind.
Objectives: This study examined the oral health behavior and demographic characteristics of adolescents in order to provide information on how to disseminate the correct oral health behavior to youth and develop programs for that approach. Methods: The raw data of `The Third 2007 Youth Health Behavior Online Survey` carried out by the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention were analyzed. All survey data collected was processed using SPSS ver 12.0 for data analyses such as frequency analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and chi-square. Results: The demographic characteristics of the adolescents investigated revealed significant differences in their oral health behavior(p<0.001). In particular, there were significantly difference in toothbrushing according to gender and grade(p<0.001). In addition , there were significant differences in the frequency of visiting a dental clinic between genders, grades, residential areas(urban/rural) and types of school(p<0.001). There were significant differences between grades, residential areas and types of school in terms of whether they had received preventive dental treatment (p<0.001). Conclusions: Adolescents who were in the lower grades, female and dwelled in large urban communities visited dental clinics more and received more preventive dental treatment. On the other hand, those who resided in small urban and rural areas visited dental clinics less often and received less preventive dental treatment. These result highlight the need for the further development and spread of oral health programs.
The purpose of this study was to examine the size, form of dental arch and occlusion type in college students in our country and the relationship of the factors. The subjects in this study were 210 selected dental hygiene students. The collected data were analyzed by a statistical package PASW 18.0. When their size, form and occlusion of dental arch were analyzed, the inter-canine width of the maxillary was 34.38 mm, and theinter-first molar width was 52.05 mm. The canine depth was 8.60 mm, and the first molar depth was 28.69 mm. As for the mandibular, theinter-canine width was 26.42 mm, and the inter-first molar width was 44.83 mm. The canine depth was 5.54 mm, and the first molar depth was24.38 mm. Concerning the form of dental arch, the percentage of normal dental arch in the maxillary stood at 29.0, and that of crowding stood at 60.5. The percentage of spacing stood at 10.5. In the case of the mandibular, the percentage of normal dental arch stood at 29.0; crowding, 55.7; and spacing, 15.2. In relation to occlusion, the percentage of normal occlusion stood at 16.7. As to malocclusion, class I that accounted for55.7 was most common, and class II and class III respectively accounted for 20.5 and 7.1. When the size of dental arch was compared according to the form and occlusion of it, dental arch was largest (45.95 mm) in size when the form of dental arch in the inter-first molar width of the mandibularwas spacing. The size of dental arch was 44.73 mm when its form in the same region was normal, and that was 44.58 mm when its form in the same region was crowding (p=0.032). Regarding the relationship between the form and occlusion of dental arch, crowding was most common when there were class I, II and III of malocclusion both in the maxillary and mandibular.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of smoking to stress and related factors, which shouldn`t be overlooked in today`s society where quitting smoking was emphasized to improve the quality of life and health. Methods. The subjects in this study were clinical patients at six selected dental hospitals in and around Seoul. which involved one each from the southern and northern areas of Gyeonggi Province, one from Incheon and three from Seoul. There were more than 20 new patients in the selected dental hospitals on a daily basis, and the patients developed oral diseases due to smoking. This study was conducted for three months from January to March, 2010. The collected data were analyzed with a SPSS 14.0 program, and a frequency analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient and factor analysis were utilized to serve the purpose. Results. They got a mean of 80.03 out of possible 100 points in stress provoked by smoking. When the correlation among the smoking-related stress, stressors and stress-coping cost was investigated, there was a significant correlation on the whole. Out of eight smoking-related stressors, the closely related variables were categorized and simplified into three. Conclusions. The smoker dental patients were under heavy stress because of smoking, as they got 80.03. It seems to indicate that smoking is followed by distress such as anxiety or stress rather than eustress.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to examine the types of oral diseases possibly caused by smoking and to estimate the socioeconomic costs of individual patients on the smoking-caused oral diseases. Methods. For this study we selected 6 places of dental hospital level in Seoul and Metropolitan Area, and targeted total 236 clinical patients whom dentist recognizes among patients of complaining of oral-disease incidence caused by smoking from January 2010 to July. Results. Among the oral diseases caused by the factor of smoking, periodontal diseases accounted for 40.7 percent, which was the highest percentage. And periodontal diseases required the greatest outpatient medical fee and direct/ indirect cost, and smoking cost linked to the diseases were highest as well. Conclusions. The direct and indirect cost of the smoking-caused periodontal diseases were highest, which came to 16,684,269 won. So the government should try to push ahead with more aggressive and efficient antismoking policies to promote national oral health, to relieve the burden of medical fee and ultimately to ensure national economic growth and wellbeing.
The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective awareness of smoker patients about the preparation of smoking cessation plans in an effort to lay the foundation for smoking cessation policy setting. The subjects were the selected patients at a dental clinic. A self-administered survey was conducted to grasp their personal characteristics, and the selected answer sheets from 236 respondents were analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for the extension of existing smoking cessation plans, the largest group (32.6%) preferred smoking cessation education, followed by smoking cessation counseling (28.8%), prescription of an smoking cessation aid (18.6%). 2. Concerning the necessity of a smoking cessation law, the men and the women respectively gave 2.37 and 3.00 to that, and the gender gap was significant. The patients had a significantly different opinion on the necessity of a rise in tobacco price according to their occupation and monthly mean household income, and their took a significantly different view of the necessity of smoking cessation counseling according to their residential area. 3. As a result of analyzing the correlation between their on effective smoking cessation policies and the related variables, all the variables had a statistically significant correlation to each other. 4. As a result of analyzing their opinions on what institution should be in charge of smoking cessation plans, the biggest group answered that dental clinics should be responsible for smoking cessation-aid prescription (50.0%), and the largest group replied that smoking cessation education and smoking cessation counseling should respectively be provided by public dental clinics (37.3%) and dental clinics (44.1%).The above-mentioned findings suggest that the preparation of new smoking cessation measures and the extension of existing smoking cessation plans are urgently required, and that dentists and dental hygienists should make a concerted effort to offer counseling and education to stimulate dental patients to abstain from smoking.