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Community is the group of people who live in same area and share same life style. The purpose of this study is to suggest improvement of the Community Facilities for the Community activation in Multi-family Housing Complex. It focuses on the planning methods through observation and survey with residents of Multi-family Housing Complex<BR> The results of the study are summarized as follows: Frist, the community demand will increase significantly in the near future for development of Multi-family Housing Complex. Thus, it should be accomplished by preparing practical planning direction. Second, this study suggest that improvement direction for system, planning and application of the Community Facilities for the Community activation in Multi-family Housing Complex.
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재난은 모든 시설물의 내진설계시 최우선되는 것이 액상화에 대한 발생가능성 검토이다. 이러한 일련의 검토과정은 액상화 평가를 통해 수행되며 이 결과들을 종합하여 지도에 나타내는 것이 액상화 위험도이다. 액상화 위험도 작성은 수치지도의 크기와 관련하여 시설물 기초지반의 내진성능 확보를 위주로한 Micro 액상화 위험도와 구 또눈 군 이상을 대상으로 액상화에 취약한 지역을 파악하여 지진시 지반피해 대책을 마련하기 위한 Macro 액상화 위험도로 구분할 수 있다. 이 연구에서는 액상화 피해가 전무한점과 중진 지역이라는 점을 고려하여 우리 나라에서 적용가능한 Micro 액상화 위험도와 Macro 액상화 위험도 작성기법을 제시하였다. 이때, Micro 액상화 위험도에서는 지반증폭에 대한 예측 신뢰도를 높이기 위해 지반응답해석을 포함하였으며 Macro 액상화 위험도에서는 수많은 입력자료의 신속한 처리를 위해 지반응답해석의 수행을 지반증폭계수로 대치하도록 하고 각각의 액상화 위험도들을 작성하였다. In seismic designs of all facilities, a review for liquefaction potential is prior. This assessment process is carried out through the assessment for the liquefaction potential. Based on the results of assessment for liquefaction potential, the index for mapping on liquefaction hazard such as liquefaction potential index proposed by Iwasaki can be calculated. There are two kinds of liquefaction hazard maps according to the scale of target area. One is a micro liquefaction hazard map for seismic facilities' construction. The other is a macro liquefaction hazard map for preparing of seismic prevention methods in metropolitan area or the whole country. In this study, we proposed the applicable mapping methods for Micro and Macro liquefaction hazard in Korea. In the proposal of two mapping methods, we consider that there is no liquefaction hazard in Korea until now and it has been known that Korea is classed as midium seismicity region. In the Micro liquefaction mapping, the site response analysis is included in the assessment process of liquefaction potential. In the Macro mapping, the soil factor according to the soil classification can replace the site response analysis to apply the big-data of boring hole investigation results. Finally, we drew 4 Micro hazard maps of Seoul and Gyeonggi area applied 4 peak bedrock accelerations.
Recently in South Korea, family-friendly living environment in resident communities have emerged as an important issue in addressing problems created by personalized and fragmented family in urban areas. Since their foundation in 2005, Healthy Family Support Centers provided a variety of community activities for both parents and children through the Co-Child Care Sharing Programs. That being said, it is certain that the Healthy Family Support Centers play a central role in making a family-friendly environment. This study surveyed the physical environment of the co-child care sharing space and suggested further improvement. The content of this survey represents the characteristics of co-child care sharing space in Incheon such as operation status, physical space, prepared facilities, and preference for facilities. This study also explored the field of two co-child sharing spaces (Bupyung-gu and Seogu) as an example case. The subject of this study was 14 co-child sharing spaces of nine Healthy Family Support Centers in Incheon investigated from July 2014 to October 2014. This study indicated three results: first, the size of the co-child care spaces, their composition and facilities are very different from each center and require standards and guidelines for the co-child sharing space in regards to physical space, composition, and facilities. Second, cochild sharing space should be provided with individual special programs and diversified activities in addition to playing activities. Third, many healthy family support centers operate over two co-child sharing spaces along with an out-located co-child sharing space that require mutual organizing and operational networking between each cochild sharing space to effectively share programs.
The present problems of the city must be solved. The needs of dwellers in the city are as follows. Various social support for family care and prevention against family dissolution, secure and pleasant dwelling environment in which family can enjoy together and family-friendly community must be provided in order to fit for growth for the children as the future talents. We must support the installation of environment to effect upon the environmental attitude and the behavior of children, personality, social emotion development. Surrounding woods and mountains, rivers, farmlands, slope hills, streamlets, ponds, trails around lakes, various sports facilities, playgrounds, parks, etc. are the physical environment, family-friendly human and social environment. In these cases, children could make daily lives with the relation of parents, brothers, peer group, neighbors, local residents in the interaction with them for healthy and sound social relationship. Especially, in a metropolitan city, community environment and natural environment such as a residential environment and family-friendly culture, experiences in educational program could be a background in the daily life of parents and family, which then could effect to the growth development process of children. Now, wealthy family support center and multicultural family support center are acting with the integral services at the line of the various dimension and comprehensive sight. And child care, family-friendly community project are going on in operational programs. All the projects like care and share, education counseling, the formation of family friendly culture creation, various supporting for family, child care business, etc. are practiced widely in the various programs. In the multi cultural family support center, parents-child education, family education, Korean language training for the child caring mother, supporting services of the child's life through visiting teachers, evaluation language development, parents counseling, language development training, bilingual training. etc. are going in progress. General child care facilities such as a group child care sharing center, a language development classroom, a sandplay therapy room are acting on with the need of improvement for physical environment.