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본 연구의 목적은 성경적 상담을 활용한 부모교육을 통해 첫 자녀를 양육하는 기독교인 어머니의 자녀양육 스트레스에 대한 경험을 살펴봄으로써 첫 자녀양육의 어려움을 겪는 기독교인 어머니를 돕기 위한 실제적 자료를 제공하는 것이다. 연구 참여자는 25개월과 17개월 된 여아를 키우는 기독교인 어머니 2명이며, 심층면담의 도구로 정희정이 개발한 성경적 상담을 활용한 기독교 부모교육 프로그램을 사용하여 24회 실시한 사례를 질적으로 분석하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 첫째, 성경적 상담 활용 부모교육 프로그램을 통해 기독교인 어머니들은 첫 자녀양육 스트레스를 인식하였다. 둘째, 기독교인 어머니들은 자녀양육 스트레스에 대한 객관적인 분석과 평가를 통해 감정과 욕구를 찾아 문제의 원인을 이해하였다. 셋째, 하나님의 은혜를 통해 자녀양육에의 새로운 목표를 세워 악순환에서 선순환의 방향으로 나아갔다. 넷째, 새로운 자녀양육행동을 교육하고, 실천을 통해 자녀양육에서의 변화를 가져오게 되었다. 결론적으로 성경적 상담을 활용한 부모교육 프로그램을 통해 기독교인 어머니들은 자녀양육 스트레스에 대한 그들의 반응으로 인한 악순환에 대한 인식을 통해 부모로서의 자신의 의미를 하나님 안에서 깨닫고, 계속적인 자녀양육과정에서 하나님을 의지하게 되었다. The purpose of this study is to provide practical resources through parenting education using biblical counseling to help Christian mothers experiencing the first child rearing stress. The participants are two christian mothers whose daughter is 25 months old and 17 months old respectively. The Christian parenting education program using the biblical counseling developed by Chung Heejung has been utilized as an instrument of twenty-four in-depth counseling interviews, conducted from April 13, 2015 to November 16, 2015. The findings are as follows. First, the mothers recognized the situation of the first child rearing stress Second, they understood the cause of the problem and found out their emotion and desire through the objective analysis and evaluation of child rearing stress. Third, they changed to the virtuous from vicious cycle establishing a new goal in child rearing through God`s grace. Fourth. they were educated to new rearing behaviors and made a change in child rearing through the continuous practice. In conclusion, through the parenting education program using the biblical counseling, the Christian mothers realized the meaning of themselves as a parent in God from an awareness of the vicious cycle of their response to the child rearing stress and relied on God in their continuous child rearing process.
정희정,김훈,김용진,구승엽,김석현,최영민,김정구,문신용,Jung, Hee-Jung,Kim, Hoon,Kim, Young-Jin,Ku, Seung-Yup,Kim, Seok-Hyun,Choi, Young-Min,Kim, Jung-Gu,Moon, Shin-Young 대한생식의학회 2009 Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine Vol.36 No.2
난소과자극증후군은 보조생식술에서 배란유도 및 과배란유도 시 발생할 수 있는 가장 심각한 합병증으로 알려져 있다. 흉수는 중증 난소과자극증후군에서 10%에서 보고되고 있고, 주로 심한 복수와 동반되어 나타난다. 하지만, 심한 복수를 동반하지 않는 중증 편측 흉수는 드물게 보고 있고, 아직 병태생리에 대해 명확히 밝혀진바 없다. 본 저자들은 과배란유도 및 인공수정과 관련된 오태아 임신에 의해 유발된 경미한 복수와 중증 편측 흉수를 동반한 난소과자극증후군을 경험하였고, 흉수천자와 같은 침습적 시술 없이 보존적 치료만으로 호전되었다. 이 증례를 경험하여 간단한 문헌고찰과 함께 보고하는 바이다. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is one of the most common iatrogenic complications induced by assisted reproductive technology. Hydrothorax develops in about 10 percent of patients with severe OHSS and it is usually associated with marked ascites. On the other hand, severe hydrothorax without marked ascites is uncommon, and its pathogenesis remains unclear. We recently experienced a case of severe unilateral hydrothorax with minimal ascites induced by quintuplet pregnancy following intrauterine insemination with controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. Severe hydrothorax was resolved after only conservative and symptomatic management without invasive procedure such as thoracentesis or paracentesis. We report this case with brief review of literature.
Objectives: This study is to establish the appropriate assessment of causalities from adverse events (AEs) which are related to acupuncture treatment. Methods: We assessed thirty AEs which were caused in the early phase trial on concomitant use of acupuncture and herbal medicines. We scored each AE on the questionnaire in Naranjo and SNU algorithm scale which are for drug causality assessment in pharmacoepidemiology. Results: In Naranjo scale, there were consistencies among the evaluators qualitatively with "Probable", "Possible" degree. In reliability test, parameters, such as, gamma and kendall`s tau-b revealed the degrees of 73%, and 32%, respectively. There were disaccordant tendency in SNU algorithm scale. Conclusion : A new algorithm which reflects acupuncture properties should be developed and elucidated.
신체활동은 골다공증의 예방과 치료를 위해서 권장되고 있다. 이 연구의 목적은 골 소실을 유발시킨 쥐를 대상으로 규칙적인 전신진동운동(45Hz, 0.3g, 5일/주, 12주)을 적용시킨 후, 대퇴골의 골 기질 세포의 단백질 수준에서의 OPG와 RANKL의 발현수준과 대퇴골의 골 밀도 측정을 통하며 진동운동이 골 재형성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고자 하였다. 실험동물은 총 3집단(sham-c, ovx-c, ovx-e)으로 나누었다. 실험을 통해 얻어진 결과는 SPSS 11.0을 이용하여 평균과 표준오차를 산출하고, 집단에 따른 변인의 차이는 one-way ANOVA를 이용하였으며, 유의수준은 p<.05로 설정하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 첫째, 전신진동운동은 난소절제 집단의 OPG 발현을 유의하게 증가시켰다(p<.01 ). 둘째, 전신진동운동은 난소절제 집단의 RANKL 발현에 유의한 차이가 없었다. 셋째, 전신진동운동은 난소절제 집단의 BMD를 유의하게 증가시켰다(p<.001 ). 넷째, 전신진동운동은 난소절제 집단의 대퇴골의 골 면적에 유의한 차이가 없었다. 이상과 같은 결과는 진동형태의 물리적 자극이 골다공증 환자의 골 소실을 억제하고, 골 형성 자극을 기대할 수 있는 운동이 될 수 있다고 사료된다. Physical exercise is recommended for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The present study evaluated the influence of WBV(whole body vibration) exercise on the bone remodeling in ovariectomized rats. The aim of this study was to investigate possibility for activation of bone formation and decrease of bone loss while WBV exercise(frequency: 45Hz, vertical acceleration: 0.3g, 5days/wk, for 12wks) was performed. The experimental animals have been divided into 3 groups (sham-c, ovx-c; ovx-e). OPG and RANKL concentration were evaluated from bone marrow stromal cell. DXA measurement of BMD and bone area were from femur bone. All values were mean±SE. To compare the 3 groups statistically, one-way ANOVA was used. Post hoc was Scheffe and statistical significant value was p<.05. Vibration exercise group showed significantly higher OPG concentration(p<.01), BMD(p<.00l) than non vibration exercise group in ovariectomized rats. But there were not difference of RANKL concentration and bone area values compared to control group. These present results indicate that WBV exercise is effective method for activating bone formation and preventing early post-ovariectomy bone loss.
The purpose of this study was to compare daily behavior and health-related fitness in middle-aged women according to BMI, and then we intended to provide a guideline for health and controlling obesity of middle-aged women. The subjects(n=1131) of this study were classified into 4 groups(underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese) by their BMI. We examined the difference of daily behaviors(eating vegetables and meat, drinking, smoking, sleeping, life satisfaction), health-related fitness(cardiorespiratory fitness, flexibility, muscle strength, and muscle endurance), and subjective health perception. Data was collected from the structured questionnaire of daily behavior and the measurement of health-related fitness. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS program including descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, one-way ANOVA. A statistical significance was accepted at the level of p<.05. The results of this study were as follows; First, Subjective health perception was not different significantly among groups. Second, Taking vegetable, smoking and life satisfaction of daily behavior were statistically significant different according to BMI. By contrast taking meat, alcohol, and sleeping were not different significantly among groups. Third, Muscle strength and muscle endurance of health-related fitness were significantly different according to BMI. By contrast cardiorespiratory fitness and flexibility were not different significantly among groups. In conclusion, moderate control of body fat, desirable daily behavior and fitness are important to middle-aged women`s physical and mental health. However it is necessary to develop detailed supportive program for health promotion of middle-aged women.
한성희(Sung-Hee Han),박성규(Sung-Kyu Park),김욱희(Ouk-Hee Kim),최영희(Young-Hee Choi),승현정(Hyun-Jung Seoung),이영주(Young-Ju Lee),정희정(Jung-Hee Jung),김윤희(Yun-Hee Kim),유인실(In-Sil Yu),김유경(Yoo-Kyung Kim),한기영(Ki-Young Han 한국농약과학회 2012 농약과학회지 Vol.16 No.2
본 연구는 2011년 서울 북부지역에서 유통되고 있는 농산물 2,914건을 대상으로 GC, HPLC, GC-MSD 및 LC-MSD을 이용한 다종농약다성분분석법에 따라 284종 대한 잔류농약 실태를 조사하였다. 농산물 중 431건에서 농약이 검출되어 14.8%의 검출률을 나타냈으며, 농약 검출빈도가 높은 농산물은 들깻잎 40.0%(28/70), 참나물 35.5%(11/31), 비름나물 30.0%(3/10), 시금치 27.7%(38/137) 순이었다. 이 중 농약잔류허용기준을 초과한 농산물은 31건으로 부적합률은 1.0% 였으며 인삼 6건(19.4%), 들깻잎, 부추 각각 4건(12.9%), 파, 돌나물 각각 3건(9.7%), 시금치, 상추 각각 1건(3.2%)등이었다. 분석대상 농약 284종 중에서 검출된 농약 성분은 59종으로 이 중 잔류허용기준을 초과한 농약은 21종이었다. 농약의 용도별 분포를 보면 살균제(56.4%)가 살충제(42.1%)에 비해 검출빈도가 높았다. Procymidone의 검출빈도가 가장 높았고 이 중 잔류허용기준을 초과한 농약은 tolclofos-methyl, endosulfan, dimethomorph, diniconazole, fludioxonil이였다. 판매점별 분포를 살펴보면 유통되는 농산물의 잔류농약 검출률은 직거래 장터가, 잔류농약기준 초과률은 전통시장이 가장 높았다. 배추에서 검출된 각 농약의 안전성 평가를 위한 PADI 대비 식이섭취율은 diazinon에서 2.9901 %로 가장 높게 나타났고 다른 모든 농약도 3.0% 미만으로 나타나 모두 PADI 대비 위해도가 낮은 것으로 확인되어 안전한 것으로 나타났다. This study was conducted to monitor 284 pesticides residue level in 2,914 commercial agricultural products in the northern area of Seoul in 2011 by the multi class pesticide multiresidue analysis methods in Korea Food Code using GC, HPLC, GC-MSD and, LC-MSD. The detection rate of pesticide residues were 14.8% (431/2,914). The order of agricultural products in which the pesticide residues were detected was perilla leaves 40.0% (28/70), chamnamul 35.5% (11/31), amaranth 30.0% (3/10) and spinach 27.7% (38/137) etc. The percentage of products that exceeded the MRLs (maximum residue limits) were 1.0% (31/431). Those products that exceeded MRLs were ginseng (6), perilla leaves (4), leek (4), welsh onion (3) and sedeum (3) etc. The 59 kinds of the pesticides were detected on this study, 21 pesticides of them were detected over MRLs. Detection rate of fungicides (56.4%) was higher than that of insecticides (42.1%). And procymidone was detected with considerable high frequency. Additionally, residual residual violates pesticides were in the order of tolclofos-methyl, endosulfan, dimethomorph, diniconazole and fludioxonil. According to the agricultural marketing channels, detection and excess rate of them were monitored. Detection and excess rate of samples circulated in agricultural traditional market were highest. The estimated daily intakes (EDI) of the pesticides were compared to personal acceptable daily intakes (PADI) in order to risk assessment by food consumption. Diazinon in Korean cabbage showed the highest %ADI, 2.9901 and others showed below 3.0 %ADI. Overall, these results indicate that residue levels of pesticides detected were evaluated as safe.
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The purpose of this study is to empirically examine English learners’ behavior of adopting e-Learning. Based on the well-known technology acceptance theory, Technology Acceptance Model(TAM), this study developed a model to investigate the relationship between theoretical constructs spanning e-Learning environment characteristics (Self-Directed Learning, Interactivity, and Content Quality) and English learners’ characteristics (Self-efficacy and Innovation), and their impact on perceived usefulness of e-Learning in the context of English learning. A total of 387 data were used to analyze the proposed model using the structural equation modeling. The results are twofold: First, results suggest that constructs in the proposed model have a significant role in regard to the perceived usefulness of e-Learning, accounted for 67.4% of the variance explained in English learners’ perceived usefulness. Second, results also support the significant effect among TAM constructs, implying that TAM is applicable in the context of e-Learning for English learners.
This inquiry is to analyze and identify the types and characteristics of university students' experience in barracks after discharge from the military. Using Q methodology, we sampled 40 statements on the experience of barracks life, conducted Q sortings on 29 returning students, and analyzed the results of the survey through the QUANL-PC program. The study resulted in four types of perceptions of university students' experience in barracks. Type 1 was found to be satisfactory in barracks life; Type 2 was unsatisfactory in barracks life environment conditions; Type 3 was passive adaptive in barracks life; and Type 4 was focused on interpersonal relationships in barracks life. Based on this study, it is hoped that the military and external support system will be established to make barracks life a meaningful time and experience. It is also expected that continuous follow-up research will be conducted, such as the development of military programs for prospective military enlisters and military soldiers. Through Q methodology, which analyzes self-referential values, it is essential to come up with policy alternatives that enhance the sense of national security as well as the self-respect of soldiers who fulfill their military duties.