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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of functional status, ageism experience on successful ageing in an urban elders. Methods: The data were collected from 280 participants using welfare center in B city, from August 14 to September 1, 2017. Finally, 273 copies were used for analysis. Statistical analysis of t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis were performed through the IBM SPSS Statistics 24.0. Results: There was a positive correlation between ageism experience and depression, and successful ageing, instrumental activities of daily living, depression, ageism experience showed a negative correlation. The significant predictors of successful ageing were depression, monthly income and instrumental activities of daily living. This model explained 44.3%. Conclusion: Therefore, there is a need to develop and apply effective intervention programs to improve the health of community dwelling elderly.
This study investigated the effect of parents′ marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were m college students(l07 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students′ depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents′ marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (l) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents′ marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students′ perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students′ psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.
이영미(Lee Young-Mee), 배윤정(Bae Yun-Jung), 김은영(Kim Eun-Young), 연지영(Yeon Jee-Young), 김명희(Kim Myung-Hee), 김미현(Kim Mi-Hyun), 이지선(Lee Ji-sun), 조혜경(Cho Hye-Kyung) 한국영양학회 2012 Journal of Nutrition and Health Vol.45 No.1
This study investigated the relationship between total sugar intake and obesity indices in 362 female university students. This study was conducted using an anthropometric checkup and 3-day dietary records. Subjects were categorized according to the total sugar intake as < 33.3 g (group Ⅰ, n = 90), 33.3-56.1 g (group Ⅱ, n = 91), 56.1-83.8 g (group Ⅲ, n = 91), ≥ 83.8 g (group Ⅳ, n = 90). No significant differences in age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), or the percentage of body fat were observed among the four groups. Based on BMI, 20.2% were overweight, and the percentage of body fat was > 30% in 67.1% of all students sampled. Energy intake in each groups was 1,164.7 ㎉, 1,488.6 ㎉, 1,590.0 ㎉, and 1795.8 kcal, respectively (p < 0.001). Total sugar intake in the groups was 20.5 g, 44.6 g, 68.3 g, and 111.8 g, respectively (p < 0.001). Carbonated beverages were identified as the most significant food source for total sugar intake in female university students. The next major foods were ice cream, milk, coffee, fruit, sugar, cookies, bread, chocolate, corn syrup, rice, onion, maple syrup, pickle, and sweet potato. As intake of total sugar increased, intake of energy also increased significantly. Mean daily intakes of fat and calcium/1,000 ㎉ were significantly higher in group Ⅳ than those in the other groups. Mean daily intakes of vitamin C and vitamin E/1,000 ㎉ were significantly higher in group Ⅲ than those in the other groups. The percentage of subjects who consumed nutrients below the estimated average requirement was less in the higher total sugar intake group than that in the lower intake group. The obesity indices (weight, BMI, % body fat) were not associated with total sugar intake in the subjects. We conclude that total sugar intake does not seem to influence obesity indices in female university students.
This study investigated the impact of parents' marital conflict and adult attachment on ego-resiliency among college students. The participants were three hundred sixty six undergraduate students (118 men and 248 women) enrolled in a university in Gyeongbuk Province. Survey questionnaires were used to measure parents' marital conflict perceived by the students, adult attachment, and ego-resiliency. Data were analyzed by means, standard deviations, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, correlation, and multiple regressions. Results are summarized in the following: (1) Male students' ego-resiliency level was higher than female students'. (2) Students' ego-resiliency was higher in the group whose parents remained married than in the group whose parents did not. (3) The level of parents' marital conflict perceived by students was negatively correlated with their ego-resiliency. The level of adult attachment was positively correlated with students' ego-resiliency. (4) Regression analysis showed that adult attachment was more influential on college students' ego-resiliency than parents' marital conflict as perceived by the students.
박주연(Park, Ju Yeon), 정혜영(Chung, Hye Young), 김성희(Kim, Sung Hee), 이영미(Lee, Young Mi), 이유경(Lee, Yoo Kyung), 윤혜선(Yoon, Hye Sun), 표지은(Pyo, Jee Eun), 이재호(Lee, Jae Ho), 조수빈(Cho, Su Bin), 이원경(Lee, Won Kyung), 이정아(Lee, J) 이화여자대학교 교육과학연구소 2020 교육과학연구 Vol.51 No.1
미래사회에서는 소프트웨어를 활용한 융합적, 협력적 문제해결력을 갖춘 인재가 요구되고 있다. 이에 컴퓨팅 사고력을 통해 협력적으로 문제를 해결할 교육적 기회로서 해커톤이 하나의 대안이 될 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 초등학교 4, 5, 6학년을 대상으로 디자인 사고 과정에 기반한 해커톤을 개발하고 적용하여 문제해결과정과 그 과정에서 나타난 디자인 사고의 주요 속성을 분석하였다. 연구 결과 학생들은 실제적인 어려움과 불편, 바라는 학교의 모습을 공감하는 데서 출발하여 아이디어를 좁혀나갔으며 경제성, 공공의 이익, 제작 가능 여부등을 고려하여 최종 아이디어를 정하고 이를 간단한 프로그램으로 구현하였다. 디자인 사고 과정 각 단계의 주요 속성을 분석한 결과 모든 단계에서 공통적으로 팀의 조직이 주요 속성으로 나타났고, 공감하기에서는 의사소통, 분석적 사고력, 확산적 사고력, 관계형성이, 문제 정의하기에서는 확산적 사고력, 정보수집, 관계형성이, 아이디어 도출하기에서는 분석적 사고력, 확산적 사고력, 성취지향, 정보수집이, 프로토타입 스케치와 테스트에서는 주도성과 성취지향이 주요 속성으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 디자인 사고 과정에 기반한 초등 해커톤의 교육적 가치를 보여준 실증연구로 초등 해커톤 개발 시 유의점과 디자인 사고 과정에서 지원되어야 할 전략들에 대한 정보를 제공한다는 점에서 의의가 있다. The purpose of this study was to design and apply the Elementary Hackathon Program based on Design Thinking for 4th~6th grade students in Korea and analyzed the key factors presented in this process. As a result, the students narrowed down their ideas, starting with the actual difficulties, dissatisfaction, and wishes they encountered, and decided upon the final ideas in consideration of the availability of production, economic feasibility, and public interest, while implementing them as simple programs. In addition, the organization of the team and Divergent Thinking were common attributes in the Empathy, Defining the Problem, Developing Ideas, Prototype Sketching, and Testing steps. In Empathy, mutual attributes were communication, analytical thinking ability, and relationship formation. Common attributes of Defining the problem were information collection and relationship formation. In the Developing Ideas step, analytical thinking ability, information collection, and achievement orientation were found to be key attributes, while initiative and achievement orientation were core attributes in Prototype Sketching and Testing. These results show that students" collaborative computational thinking skills work in the process of collaborative problem solving. This study is meaningful in that it provides a guide to the educational value of the Elementary Hackathon Program based on the Design Thinking process.
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남녀 유아의 자기조절행동을 어머니의 양육스트레스와 애정 및 거부적 양육행동 측면에서 접근한 이 연구는 대구경북지역에 거주하고 있는 취학전 유아를 둔 어머니 229명을 대상으로 질문지 조사를 통해 자료를 수집하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 11.0 프로그램의 t검증 및 피어슨의 적률상관분석, 단순 및 중회귀분석을 통해 분석하였고 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 어머니의 양육스트레스가 애정 및 거부적 양육행동에 미치는 영향은 남녀 유아에 따라 차이를 보였다. 남아 어머니의 양육스트레스는 애정적 양육행동에는 부적인 영향을, 거부적 양육행동에는 정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 한편 여아 어머니의 양육스트레스는 애정적 양육행동에는 부적인 영향을 미치나 거부적 양육행동에는 유의한 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 즉 남녀 유아 어머니 모두 양육스트레스가 높아질 때 애정적 양육행동은 낮아지는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 거부적 양육행동의 경우 남아의 어머니는 양육스트레스가 높아지면 거부적 양육행동도 증가하지만 여아 어머니의 경우 양육스트레스가 높아진다고 해서 거부적 양육행동이 높아지는 것은 아닌 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 유아의 자기조절에 대한 어머니의 양육스트레스와 애정 및 거부적 양육행동의 영향은 남아와 여아에 따라 차이를 보이고 있다. 남아의 자기조절은 어머니의 양육스트레스와 거부적 양육행동에 의해 유의하게 설명되나, 애정적 양육행동은 유의한 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 여아의 자기조절은 어머니의 양육스트레스와 애정적 양육행동에 의해 유의하게 설명되나, 거부적 양육행동은 유의한 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, 유아의 성별에 따라 유아의 자기조절에 대한 어머니의 양육스트레스와 애정 및 거부적 양육행동의 영향은 차이가 나타나지만, 남녀 유아 모두 자기조절이 어머니의 양육행동보다 양육스트레스에 의해 보다 많이 설명되는 것으로 나타났다. This study investigated the relationship of mothers' child-rearing stress, affective-rejective parenting and self-regulation in preschoolers. The subjects were 229 mothers who had preschooler in Daegu and Gyoungbuk Province. The data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, single and multiple regressions, using SPSS Win 11.0. The results were as follows. (1) Mothers' child-rearing stress was negatively related to their affective parenting for both sons and daughters. Child-rearing stress was positively associated with mothers' rejective parenting for only daughters. (2) Mothers' child-rearing stress and rejective parenting were significantly associated with sons' self-regulation. But child-rearing stress and affective parenting were significantly associated with daughters' self-regulation. Mothers' child-rearing stress was more influential predictor on preschoolers' self-regulation than mothers' affective or rejective parenting.
Leibniz, who has become so popular as to be referred to as 'Renaissance of Leibniz', got reilluminated as a philosopher who can provide the world with the possibility of new thinking which can overcome transcendentalism of ancient and medieval times as well as modern subjectivism. Contemporary world is giving attention to Leibniz thinking as one of the quest methods of new paradigm, and contemporary architecture too is under more or less influence of Leibniz thinking. But the 'folding', appearing in 'Fold Architecture' which features Deleuze's ‘Pli' concept as its architectural philosophy, is committing errors of clinging mainly to the configurational way of generation of folding of the property of the matter with elastic curves by their forms and transformations. Thus, in order for the concept ‘folding' and 'unfolding' to be established as an architectural philosophy, Leibniz thinking which could be regarded as the origin of the 'pli' concept needs to be studied and examined. According to this study, the thinking make-up of "folding-bending-unfolding" derived ontologically from the Leibniz's thinking of monad can be understood in the same context as the philosophical arguments of recent interest on generation which are discussed among architectural world, and it is worth considering as an architectural thinking model trying to orient the ontological essence of space toward becoming.