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In order to study the current practice status of folklore therapy for diseases and injuries in a part of rural areas in Korea, surveys were conducted on 180 households consisting of 1,009 persons in seven townships in Kimpo-gun (county), Kyunggi Do (province) during the five-day period from 1 to 5 August 1973. The seven townships were Kimpo-myon, Yangchon-myon, Kochon-myon, Hasong-myon, Taegon-myon, Wolgon-myon, and Kumdan-myon. Through the surveys, the following conclusion has been reached: 1. General data of surveyed populace: (1) The male-female ratio of the populace was nearly 50 to 50. The number of persons per household was approximately 5.6. The age group of 40 to 49 years constituted the greatest proportion or 20.8 per cent of the population, the age group of 30 to 39 years, 19.7 per cent of the second greatest proportion, and the age group of 80 years and above 0.7 per cent, the smallest proportion. (2) The surveyed populace was broken down by occupation into 43.8 per cent for agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, 19.1 per cent for housekeeping, and 9.5 per cent for students. (3) They were broken down by education into 37.5 per cent or the greatest proportion for primary school graduates, 30.2 per cent for uneducated person and 14.5 per cent for middle school graduates. (4) By marital status, they were broken down into 69.2 per cent for married persons, 21.8 per cent for unmarried persons, 7.3 per cent for spouse-deceased persons, 1.2 per cent for separated persons, and 0.5 per cent for divorced persons. (5) The interviewees were broken down by religion into 68.2 per cent for unreligious persons, 11.4 per cent for Confucianists, 9.0 per cent for Protestants 5.1 per cent for Buddhists, and 4.9 per cent for Catholics. (6) Most or 94.7 per cent of the population was born in rural areas and 5.3 per per cent in urban areas.(7) Most or 94.7 per cent of them lived in their own houses, 1.9 per cent in chartered houses, and 1.6 per cent in rented houses. 2. Utilization of medical facilities: (For the one-year period from early August 1972 to late July 1973) (1) The greatest proportion or 32.4 per cent of them received initial medical care from pharmacies, 27.0 per cent underwent folklore therapy, 20.4 per cent visited hospitals or clinics, and 1.1 per cent or the smallest proportion were treated by doctors who visited patient's home. (2) The greatest proportion or 36.3 per cent received second medical care from pharmacies, 19.5 per cent from herb medicine, and 18.7 per cent from folklore therapeutists. (3) Those who received medical care from herb doctor and folklore therapy on the third occasion altogether constituted 27.1 per cent, a rather great proportion. (4) On the third and subsequent occasions, 81.8 per cent received folklore therapy, 9.1 per cent superstitious treatment and another 9.1 per cent medicine from pharmacies. (5) As a whole, the greatest proportion or 31.5 per cent utilized pharmacies, 26.4 per cent received folklore therapies, and 15.6 per cent visited hospitals or clinics. 3. Outline of folklore therapy: (For the one-year period from early August 1972 to late July 1973)(1) Out of the 1,009 persons surveyed through interviews, 744 persons (73.7%) had been sick. Ratio of folklore therapy cases practiced to sick cases was 100.0 per cent for congenital deformity, 88.8 per cent for complications caused by pregnancy, child delivery, and puerperium and 71.1 per cent for sicknesses resulting from accident, poisoning, and violence. No folklore therapy was practiced for neoplasms. (2) The average number of sick cases per population of 100 persons was 4.7 for diseases of nervous system and sense organs, 4.2 for digestive organs, and 4.2 for senility. (3) A total of 149 kinds of folklore therapy were practiced on 190 occasions, most of which were unscientific and empirical. Much creaturely products, herbs, and ordinary food items were eaten raw or cooked. (4) The average number of cases of folklore therapy practiced per population of 100 persons was 13.9 for male and 23.5 for female. Its practice for females was thus approximately 1.8 times as frequent as that for males. In case of male, the age group of 80 years and above practiced folklore therapy in 25.0 cases per population of 100 persons, the age group of 10 to 19 years 19.4 cases, and the age group of 50 to 59 years 18.2 cases. In cases of female, the age group of 20 to 29 years practiced it in 37.1 cases, the age group of 50 to 59 years 33.8 cases, and the age group of 4 years and below did not practice it. (5) Unemployed persons practiced it in 78.7 cases per population of 100, persons those engaged in unclassifiable occupations in 50.0 cases and senile and crippled persons in 37.0 cases. (6) Uneducated persons practiced it in 22.0 cases per population of 100 persons, those barely reading Korean alphabet in 20.0 cases, and primary school graduates in 19.6 cases. Thus, most of its users were low in educational standard. (7) By marital status, divorced persons utilized it in 40.0 cases per population of 100 persons, and separated persons in 38.3 cases. (8) By place of birth, those born in rural areas utilized it in 18.9 cases per population of 100 persons, and those born in rural areas in 17.0 cases, thereby showing no significant difference. (9) Buddhists utilized therapy in 21.6 cases per population of 100 persons, Confucianists in 19.1 cases, and unreligious persons in 18.9 cases. (10) As for expenses spent for folklore therapy, it costed nothing for 74.7 per cent of the cases, less than ￦ 1,000 was spent for 14.7 per cent, and the average cost was approximately ￦ 766. (11) In 62.1 per cent of the cases, the utilization of folklore therapy was suggested by folklore sayings; in 22.6 per cent, it was recommended by neighbors; and 10.0 per cent, habitually. (12) As for the perceived results of folklore therapy, 32.1 per cent of cases were completely cured, 25.3 per cent improving, 16.3 per cent unchanging, and 14.2 per cent still undergoing treatment.
Studied was a strategic plan for the Korean High-Speed Train system to penetrate the Chinese railway market in exchange of the technology of KHST. Firstly, taken was a glance at Chinese Government plans to extend total length of his railway lines and to construct the Beijing~Shanghai high-speed railway line. Then, disparity of railway technology in Korea and China was reviewed. From the review, SWOT Analysis were carried out to penetrate the foreign markets. Countermeasures to cope with SWOT were also considered. Strategical governmental supports and the establishment of the special organization to be in charge of penetration of KHST into foreign markets were proposed. Finally, also proposed was the transfer of KHST technology to Chinese counterparts in exchange of tangible benefits for Korean side. The benefits may include ① adoption of KHST as the type of rolling stock for the Beijing~Shanghai line, ② guarantee of participation in the project and royalty for the KHST technology used for the future high-speed railway line construction, ③ prior written approval and partnership when making its way to third country, and ④ participation of Korean construction companies in Chinese railway construction project, etc. Adoption of KHST in China indeed gives chance to integrate the high-speed railway network after reunification of Korean peninsular, and enhance the economic ties between two countries.
著者가 경험한 2例에서는 放射線治療後 약 3~4개월부터 심한 喉頭浮腫 및 呼吸障碍와 壞死로 인한 疼痛 등을 호소하여 喉頭機能損失로 판정하고 手術的으로 喉頭를 除去해야 했던 患者에서 재건된 咽頭粘膜의 破裂로 皮瘤로 통하는 瘻孔을 가져오게 되어 보건적 치료 및 재건술에 의해 치료에 효험을 보았기에 문헌을 고찰하여 보고하는 바이다. Postradiation laryngeal edema may occur when either high doses have to be given or infection supervenes on an irradiated larynx. In our dept., I had experienced patients with the glottic and transglottic type of laryngeal cancer, who had selected radiotherapy with Cobalt 60, as a first choice. The partients had showed severe edema around the arytenoid and suffered from dyspnea and neck pain 3 to 4 months after radiotherapy. In spite of repeated trials with antibiotics and steroid, there were no improvement. So, total laryngectomy were performed. After operation I had experienced the complications of pharyngocutaneous fistula and disruption of the reconstru-cted pharyngeal mucosa. Hereby I present 2 cases with a brief review of the literature.
Studied was a strategic plan for the Korean High-Speed Train system to penetrate the Chinese railway market in exchange of the technology of KHST. Firstly, taken was a glance at Chinese Government plans to extend total length of his railway lines and to construct the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway line, Then, disparity of railway technology in Korea and China was reviewed. From the review, SWOT Analysis were carried out to penetrate the foreign markets. Countermeasures to cope with SWOT were also considered, Strategical governmental supports and the establishment of the special organization to be charge of penetration of KHST into foreign markets were proposed. Finally, also proposed was the transfer of KHST technology to Chinese counterparts in exchange of tangible benefits for Korean side, The benefits may include ① adoption of KHST as the type of rolling stock for the Beijing~Shanghai line, ② guarantee of participation in the project and royalty for the KHST technology used for the future high-speed railway line construction, ③ prior written approval and partnership when making its way to third country, and ④ participation of Korean construction companies in Chinese rail way construction project, etc, Adoption of KHST in China indeed gives chance to integrate the high-speed railway network after reunification of Korean peninsular, and enhance the economic ties between two countries.
교통 시스템의 문제를 해결하기 위하여 새로 도입되는 신교통 시스템은 지금까지의 지하철과 버스와는 다른 형태이면서 다양한 조건이 요구된다. 본 논문에서는 신교통수단으로 개발을 본격화하려는 PRT 시스템에 대한 요구조건 몇 가지를 검토하였다. 검토된 요구조건 항목은 차량 당 승차인원, 차량구조, 추진시스템, 제동장치 및 분기장치이다. 각 항목에 대해서 채택할 수 있는 방식들을 분류하고, 이들의 장단점을 분석하였다. 차량 당 승차인원은 3~4인이 적절하지만, 이는 가이드웨이의 경량화에 의한 건설비 절감 및 요금정책 등에 지배를 받으므로 좀 더 면밀한 검토가 필요함을 알았다. 차량의 구조는 I형이 장기적인 관점에서 유리하다. 추진장치로는 선형전동기가 적절하며, 선형전동기는 가이드웨이에 설치하지 말고 차량에 탑재되어야 한다. 제동장치는 전기제동을 주 제동장치로 하고 다중시스템으로 Fail-Safe 기능을 갖도록 설계되어야 한다. 분기장치는 차량에 탑재된 기계식이 적절함을 알 수 있었다. 앞으로 개발할 PRT의 사양을 결정함에 있어서 이러한 방식들에 대한 검토결과를 바탕으로 사양이 선정되어야 한다.