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        제1,2차 국공합작기(國共合作期)의 한,중 연대활동 -黃포軍官學校(황포군관학교) 인맥을 중심으로-

        김정현 ( Jeong Hyun Kim ) 호남사학회(구-전남사학회) 2012 역사학연구 Vol.46 No.-

        중국 제1차 國共合作의 상징으로 1924년 중국 廣州에 건립된 黃포軍官學校는, 국민당과 공산당 군대 양측의 군사 지도자와 무수한 혁명가를 배출하였고, 동방의 여러 식민지·반식민지 국가의 청년들을 흡인하여 많은 인재를 길러냈다. 본고는 식민지기 韓人들이 황포군관학교에서 교육받은 사상적 영향과 인맥, 그리고 항일전쟁기까지의 한중연대 활동에 미친 영향에 대해 알아보았다. 황포군관학교는 이전의 군사교육기관과 달리 정치교육이 강화되었으며, 특히 周恩來가 정치부 주임으로 활동하면서 공산주의 세력이 증대하였다. 국민혁명시기 황포군관학교에 입교한 많은 韓人 청년들은 三民主義와 공산주의 이론을 학습하였고, 여러 정치활동에 참가하였다. 楊林 등 황포군관학교의 韓人청년들은 周恩來의 영향 하에 國民革命의 北伐뿐 아니라 공산주의 활동에서도 중요한 역할을 담당하였다. 1927년 제1차 國共合作이 결렬되면서 황포군관학교 한인 청년들이 중국공산당을 따라 중국국민당의 노선과 상반된 길로 나아가기도 하였다. 하지만 대부분 한인 입교생들은 國共合作에 기초한 민족협동전선 구축을 위한 진보적 혁명관을 형성하였고, 계급혁명보다는 國民革命 이념의 범주 안에 머물렀다. 대표적으로 의열단 단장이던 金元鳳은 단원들을 이끌고 黃포군관학교 제4기로 입교하여, 제국주의로부터 해방과 사회변혁을 위한 교육을 받고 졸업 후 중국의 國民革命에 동참하였고, 항일운동을 국공합작 이념에 바탕을 둔 민족협동전선 운동으로 발전시켜 나갔다. 황포군관학교 출신 韓人들은 김원봉과 같이 중국국민당과 연계를 가지면서 민족협동전선을 추구하였거나, 중국공산당에 참여하여 무장투쟁 전개하였거나, 모두 黃포군관학교에서 배운 군사기술과 정치사상, 인맥이 그들 활동에 큰 무기가 되었다. 1937년 7·7사변으로 중일전쟁이 폭발함으로써 제2차 國共合作이 이루어지자, 한중간 공개 항일연합전선이 결성되고 韓人 독립운동가들도 좌·우파가 연합하였다. 김원봉과 의열단 단원들은 황포군관학교 인맥을 배경으로 蔣介石으로부터 지원을 받아 1938년 조선의용대를 창건할 수 있었다. 또한 황포군관학교시기 周恩來를 매개로한 韓人청년들과 중국공산당과의 관계는 이후 1930년대 만주지역 韓人의 공산주의운동 및 延安 항일근거지 활동까지 이어졌다. 하지만 두 번째 국공합작도 결렬되면서, 중국의 국민당·공산당과 연대한 한인 혁명가들은 중국에서 민족협동전선을 수립하기 어려웠을 뿐만 아니라, 국민당과 공산당 측으로 나누어졌다. 黃포군관학교 출신 韓人혁명가들은 한중 연대활동에서 국민당과 공산당의 합작과 결렬을 반복적으로 경험하였고, 이 과정에서 국공 양측으로 갈라진 韓人들의 황포군관학교 인맥은, 1945년 해방 후 분단을 겪으면서 남북한으로 갈라지게 되었다. The Huangpu Military Academy was founded in Guangzhou in 1924 as a symbol of the 1st alliance between the Nationalist Party(Kuomintang) and the Communist Party of China. The school not only produced military leaders and numerous revolutionaries for both parties, but also educated young men from colonized and semi-colonized countries. This paper investigates the ideological influences and network of connections that the Huangpu Military Academy provided for Korean trainees and their effects on the Sino-Korean cooperation in anti-Japanese activism. Unlike previous military schools, the Huangpu Academy offered an extensive political education. With Zhou Enlai(周恩來) being the director of the politics department, the communist influence was particularly strong. Many young Koreans enrolling in the academy during the period of the Chinese Civil Revolution learned the Three Principles of the People(三民主義) and communism and participated in various political activities. Yang Rim(楊林) and other Koreans in the academy, under the influence of Zhou Enlai, played important roles in the northward expansion of the Civil Revolution as well as in communist activism. In 1927, in particular, when the 1st alliance was ruptured, some Koreans in the Huangpu Academy joined the Chinese Communist Party, separating their ways from the Nationalist line. However, most Korean students held a progressive view of revolution supporting the pan-Korean nationalist line based on the spirit of the alliance, and their political thoughts remained within the scope of the Civil Revolution rather than extended to encompass proletarian revolution. The head of the Uiyeoldan(lit. a band of righteous fighters), Kim Won-bong(金元鳳), for instance, was a prime example of Huangpu-educated Koreans. Leading the members of his Uiyeoldan, Kim joined the fourth batch of the academy and received the education on liberation from imperialism and on social revolution. After graduation, he participated in the Chinese Civil Revolution and developed the anti- Japanese movement into the pan-Korean nationalist movement. Some Huangpu-educated Koreans, along with Kim Won-bong, pursued the pan-Korean nationalist line, in liaison with the Chinese Nationalist Party, while others joined the Chinese Communist Party and their military resistance. Whatever their choice of the political line was, the military skills, political ideas, and personal connections acquired at the Huangpu became an important arsenal to young Korean fighters. As the July 7th Incident in 1937 exploded into the Sino-Japanese War, the 2nd alliance between the Nationalist and Communist Parties was launched. During the 2nd alliance, Koreans and Chinese formed a united front against the Imperial Japan, and Korean independent activists of left and right joined their forces. Kim Won-bong and his Uiyeoldan fighters, with support of Chiang Kai-shek(蔣介石), could inaugurate the Joseon Uiyongdae(trans. a corps of Korean volunteer fighters) in 1938. Meanwhile, the association between young Koreans and the Chinese Communist Party, mediated by Zhou Enlai, continued in the 1930s during the Korean communist movement in Manchuria and during the anti-Japanese campaigns in Yanan(延安). However, as the 2nd alliance fell apart again, Korean revolutionaries allying either with the Chinese Nationalists or with the Chinese Communists found it difficult to keep the pan-Korean line in China; eventually, they also split into Nationalist and Communist camps. Repeatedly experiencing the alliance and split between the Chinese Nationalist and Communist Parties while collaborating with Chinese, Huangpu-trained Koreans came to form different networks of people during their anti-Japanese campaigns in China. The different connections of people continued after its liberation and their return to the homeland in 1945.

      • KCI등재후보

        전립선암에서 능동적 감시에서의 새로운 Biomarker의 임상적 유용성

        김정현(Jeong Hyun Kim) 대한비뇨기종양학회 2015 대한비뇨기종양학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        Active surveillance (AS) is an alternative to initial radical treatment for men with low-risk localized prostate cancer (PCa). Current AS criteria for selection and follow-up incorrectly exclude some patients eligible for AS and misclassify some who actually harbour significant disease. It is crucial what will serve as the best parameter to correctly identify tumors that progress to a more aggressive phenotype so as not to miss the window of curability. There is an unmet need for a noninvasive biomarker test that can provide a higher degree of specificity for detecting aggressive disease than currently available clinical tools. Several biomarkers are now being actively investigated as novel tools to improve PCa risk assessments. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoform [-2]proPSA and its derivatives, percentage of [-2]proPSA to free PSA (%[-2]proPSA) and Prostate Health Index (PHI), have higher accuracy than the currently used PSA and other PSA derivatives for predicting PCa detection and aggressiveness. In the AS program, %[-2]proPSA and PHI showed improved predictive value for an unfavorable biopsy conversion at annual surveillance biopsy. Although prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) was limited in predicting aggressive cancer, PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG also had additional independent predictive value for predicting PCa. However, the roles of PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG in risk assessment during AS need to be tested in additional multi-institutional studies. Tissue biomarkers also showed promising ability to predict disease progression. Although the biopsy-based tissue biomarkers provide additional prognostic information over existing clinical tools, further validation studies are also needed to provide robust evidence.

      • KCI등재

        Sevoflurane을 이용한 흡입마취유도 시 remifentanil을 이용하였을 때 적절한 sevoflurane의 농도

        김정현 ( Jeong Hyun Kim ), 윤희석 ( Hee Suk Yoon ), 이선열 ( Sun Yeul Lee ), 신용섭 ( Yong Sup Shin ), 윤석화 ( Seok Hwa Yoon ), 최연희 ( Youn Hee Choi ) 대한마취과학회 2009 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology Vol.57 No.2

        Background: Currently, sevoflurane and remifentanil are utilized frequently for the inhalation induction of anesthesia. However, there is currently an insufficient amount of clinical data regarding the inhalation induction of sevoflurane after the administration of remifentanil. Methods: 80 patients undergoing elective surgery were allocated randomly to four groups. Group A inhaled only sevoflurane at 8 vol%. Other groups were administered 3 ng/ml of remifentanil and inhaled sevoflurane at 8 vol% (group B) or 6 vol% (group C) or 4 vol% (group D). All groups also received 0.6 mg/kg of rocuronium. The blood pressure and heart rate were measured at pre-induction, and before and after tracheal intubation. After operation, the patients` levels of satisfaction with the inhalation induction were evaluated. Results: The time to loss of consciousness was substantially longer in group D than in the other groups, but no significant differences were noted among the groups in terms of satisfaction scores. The HR in groups B, C and D increased significantly after pre-intubation as compared to baseline in group A. The HR decreased significantly during induction as compared to group A. The MAP in groups B, C and D decreased significantly at 1 and 2 minutes after tracheal intubation as compared to group A. In group D only, we noted no significant differences in the MAP as compared to baseline at 1, 2 minutes after tracheal intubation. Conclusions: 4 vol% sevoflurane was a more appropriate concentration for the inhalation induction of anesthesia when coupled with 3 ng/ml of remifentanil. (Korean J Anesthesiol 2009;57:170∼5)

      • KCI등재후보

        삼국시대(三國時代) 여인(女人)의 수발(垂髮) 형태연구(形態硏究)와 재현(再現)

        김정현 ( Jeong-hyun Kim ) 한국미용예술경영학회 2008 미용예술경영연구 Vol.2 No.2

        The hair style can be known to have solidified its position as one of means that shows the social phenomenon, and further to have been addressed as a part of reflecting the racial emotion and taste. Goguryeo regarded hair(頭髮) importantly as long hair(長髮). The unmarried woman wore the hair in braids with this long hair in one strand. The married women in Goguryeo can be known to have the general hair form that has hair braid in two strands and hang down long given getting married, that rolls this braided hair up the head, or that wears Gweongwik(Korean-styled scarf) on head. Regarding Baekje, according to『Jungbomunheonbigo(增補文献偏考)』, a person who stays in the room decorates by braiding hair, coiling hair, and letting one strand down on the back. The married person decorates by cutting and letting one strand down on the back. And, the married person makes two strands by dividing hair. As Silla called women's hair style as Bukgye, there had been a round chignon and False Hair, which was made by braiding hair and putting hair on head as if covering. The difference from Baekje can be raised a point of decorating with beads and several silks. There is peculiarity that needs to transfoim depending on texture and length in a revival, thereby being likely to be varied according to a person who aims to reproduce. However, this study strived to revive through diverse considerations such as period background, literary consideration, relevant books, and academic-degree theses. Researching and reviving the transformation history in beard and hair of the Three States are desired to allow our beautiful and polished manufacturing method in beard and hair to be delivered rightly, and become important data in researching into Korea's ancient hair based on the professional research and systematic theory.

      • KCI등재
      • 불균등 조명에서 비접촉 계측을 위한 반자동 카메라 교정 방법

        김정현 ( Jeong-hyun Kim ), 이주영 ( Ju-yong Lee ), 김대광 ( Dae-gyung Kim ), 김민성 ( Min-seong Kim ), 이세호 ( Se-ho Lee ), 강동중 ( Dong-joong Kang ) 한국정보처리학회 2006 한국정보처리학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.13 No.1

        본 논문은 산업현장의 불균등한 조명 조건에서 정확한 카메라 교정을 수행할 수 있는 방법을 제안한다. 비접촉 계측을 위한 카메라 교정법은 패턴에서 교정점들을 정확하게 추출할 수 있어야 하며, 평면 패턴을 사용하는 교정 방법은 최소 7개의 교정점을 알아야 한다. 그러나 비접촉 치수 계측기가 설치된 산업현장에서 카메라 교정에 알맞은 조명을 기대하기 힘들다. 본 논문에서는 최적조명제어가 어려운 산업현장에서 치수계측을 위한 카메라 교정을 효과적으로 수행할 수 있는 반자동 카메라 교정방법을 제안한다. 교정패턴상의 최소 4점을 사용자가 지정함에 의해, 조명제어의 어려움으로 인해 교정점 추출이 실패한 교정패턴의 불완전 교정점을 사용하여 이상적인 조명상태에서의 교정점 정보를 예측하고, 이 정보로부터 다시 정확한 교정인자들을 반복적으로 추출하는 방법을 적용한다. 제시된 방법은 렌즈의 투사왜곡에 의한 교정패턴에서도 성공적으로 적용될 수 있음을 실험을 통해 확인하였다.

      • 자동화된 블랙박스 테스트 환경 구축을 위한 입/출력 인터페이스 모듈의 설계 및 구현

        김정현 ( Jeong-hyun Kim ), 최경희 ( Kyung-hee Choi ), 정기현 ( Gi-hyun Jung ), 김상중 ( Sang-joong Kim ) 한국정보처리학회 2006 한국정보처리학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.13 No.2

        Black-box 테스트 환경에서 자동화된 테스트 프로그램을 이용하여 테스트를 진행하기 위해서는 다양한 I/O 특성을 갖는 System Under Test(SUT)에 테스트 케이스를 주입하고 이에 대한 SUT 의 출력을 획득하여 SUT 의 상태를 판단하는 역할을 수행하는 ‘SUT 인터페이스 시스템'의 존재는 필수적이다. 이때 여러 종류의 SUT 에 대해서 ‘SUT 인터페이스 시스템'을 각각 구현해야 한다면 불필요한 시간/비용의 요소가 발생 한다. 따라서 ‘SUT 인터페이스 시스템'를 일반화시키고 재구성 가능한 형태로 구현하는 메커니즘을 제시하며 이를 ‘차량 온도 자동 제어 시스템'에 적용하여 구현 가능성을 살펴본다.

      • 해양영토분쟁 대응 시 합동전력 발전방안

        김정현 ( Jeong Hyun Kim ) 미래군사학회 2013 한국군사학논총 Vol.2 No.1

        Reseacher treats how to manage this problem in this paper, when ROK breaks into conflict with neighboring countries in her maritime t erritory. First of all, this paper contains the reasons of maritime conf licts in the north-east asian countries, the current maritime conflicts, including Dok-do and Yio-do problems. The former researches discu ssing the maritime territorial conflicts were related Dok-do and Yiodo have been mostly enumerated and focused on the sealane commu nication and natural resource problems. Furthermore most of reseach ers have more focused on the only displayed facts than analysis of t he maritime territorial conflicts. Researcher have discussed the prefe rred method to settle the maritime territorial conflict among South K orea, China, and Japan. The discussion course is general the reasons of the maritime territorial conflicts, historial specialty, maritime borde r line, and Dok-do and Yio-do problems. On the on hand, the reseacher objetively revaluated South Korea``s capability through the quantative comparison with South Korea, China, and Japan``s naval current status. As a result of that, the reseacher c ame to a conclusion that complement the deficient Korea Navy``s capa bility by using joint forces, in the maritime conflicts quarrelling with neighboring country. Which level would be constructed ROK navy``s c apability? For arriving this conclusion, this study examines the develo pment of weapon system, joint operation, and joint forces through pri ncipal 7 naval wars at each period from ancient times to the present day. Also this paper examines the victorious countries had the patter n of battle, and how to prepare and execute war for the coming the naval warfare. The victorious country chose the weapon system of th e highest level and the battle method of the new concept at that tim e. As a result, Joint operations would be the general winning pattern from ancient times to the present day. Such this naval warfare trend, it would be happened again in the future warfare. On the other hand, this paper consults the meaning of the jointness, the decision making problem of inner parts of the commanding department in the process is related to the making up a budget, the development method of the jointness mind, and the necessity of harmonious system between civil ian science technology and military science technology to conclude th e development method of joint forces to win naval warfare. Lastly, th is paper focused on the method of joint forces construction to prepar e the Dok-do and Yio-do conflicts for the coming future.

      • 이종의 멀티미디어 시스템의 상호작용

        김정현 ( Jeong-hyun Kim ), 김춘성 ( Chun-seong Kim ), 강성일 ( Sung-il Kang ) 한국정보처리학회 2005 한국정보처리학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.12 No.2

        통신 인프라의 광대역화(고속화)와 더불어 유무선 네트워크, 지상파, 위성 등 다양한 네트워크 환경하에서의 멀티미디어 서비스는 급속한 인터넷 보급과 병행하여, 이전과는 전혀 다른 새로운 멀티미디어 시스템, 네트워킹 인프라를 요구하고 있다. 네트워크와 멀티미디어 시스템 유형에 관계 없이 사용자에게 멀티미디어 서비스를 제공하자는 기술적 요구는 국내외에서 활발한 연구가 진행되고 있으나, 아직 뚜렷한 형상이 완성되지 않은 실정이다. 이종의 멀티미디어 그리고 다양한 이종의 프로토콜이 포함되는 응용 서비스가 상호 투명하게 연결되어야 하는 복잡한 기술적 측면이 있으며, 멀티미디어의 네트워킹은 가장 핵심적인 연구항목이 되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 이종의 멀티미디어 시스템의 상호작용에 대해 논의한다.

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