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Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of a direct breastfeeding program for premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted during August 2016 to April 2017. Sixty mothers of premature infants were assigned to the experimental (n = 31) or control groups (n = 29). The program was comprised of breastfeeding education and direct breastfeeding support. The experimental and control groups were provided with education and counseling on breastfeeding at the time of admission and discharge. In the experimental group, the mothers initiated oral feeding with direct breastfeeding and engaged in breastfeeding at least seven times during the NICU stay. The collected data were analyzed by the χ²-test and repeated measures ANOVA using an SPSS program. Results: The experimental group showed a higher direct breastfeeding practice rate (χ² = 19.29, p < .001), breastfeeding continuation rate (χ² = 3.76, p < .001), and self-efficacy (F = 25.37, p < .001) than the control group except for maternal attachment. Conclusion: The direct breastfeeding program in the NICU has significant effects on the practice and continuation rate of breastfeeding and breastfeeding self-efficacy. Therefore, this program can be applied in the NICU settings where direct breastfeeding is limited.
文政頃刊行された『繪本戱忠臣藏신』の創作法を分析考察し、當該신本に際立つ特徵を抽出しようとした。その結果、創作法は次の三つに分けられた。第一、落ちの布石として原作と關係ない事件をスト-リ-の途中から引き起こして展開する方法、第二、落ちの布石という側面よりも最初から原作と關係ないスト-リ-そのものの描寫に主旨をおく方法、そして例外的な第三の方法として、登場人物及び事件の始めのみならず展開まで原作に據りながらも、結末のみ落ち導出を狙ってわずかに變更する方法である。第一方法の場合、冒頭の場面設定を原作に據りながらも原文を引用せず粗筋を簡潔に紹介してから繰り廣げるスト-リ-が、原作のパロディ-というより原作狀況逆轉にて相反する話を描出することに趣意がおかれる話である。原文を引用して洌るパロディ-のやり方ではなく、落ちをもたらす意外な事件を繰り廣げることに主旨があるといえよう。第二方法の場合、原作とは最初の設定からして相違する。人名のみ借りた創作譚に等しく、原文を引用したり茶化したりすることもない。落ちがくるまでスト-リ-が短く、或は冗漫に展開するのである。その他の當該신本の特徵としてあらわな猥褻な場面と後日譚、外傳が擧げられる。忠臣藏物の全國的な氾濫と飽和によってパロディ-の限界事態を惹起し、大坂出身の無名氏の作者及び畵工は、草雙紙をメインとする周邊ジャンルを橫目で見ながら內容的·形式的に獨特な合卷體裁の신本を作製しようとしたのである。 I consider the creative method of 1830 published the “EhonOdoke·chusinguraHanasi” from 1818, an attempt is made to investigate its features.As a result, the creative method can be divided into the following three. First, as a strategic move fall “Ochi”, it is a method to deploy, causing the original unrelated incident in the middle of the story. Second, it is a method to put the point from the beginning to the depiction of the story itself does not related to the original. And as exceptional third method, characters and from the beginning of the incident through to deploy, while due to original, it is also a method of changing aiming to fall“Ochi” only ending. The parody by nationwide flooding of Chusinguramono had come limit. Some author and painter in Osaka, while watching Kusazousi sideways, is tried to create the unique Gokan style Hanasibon.
Through bibliographic research, it was my research purpose to understand at a glance the history of the rich fun of “Tokaidochu-hizakurige”. As a result, the work of “HIZAKURIGE-Group” that was created until 1860, in other words, I track 32 kinds of books(“Soroimono”, “Esugoroku”, books with illustrations, theater) in chronological order, I was able to construct the history of Iconography inheritance in the first half of the year.While an original “HIZAKURIGE” was published, “HIZAKURIGE-Group”which began by progress (the 1800s) at the same time continued being created after author Jippenshya-Ikku died while being full as ever, and changing a genre.And there was the existence of “Hiroshige Utagawa” in the background.From around 1834 until1856, I was able to watch the course that “HIZAKURIGE-Group” came to settle in as motif picture subject with grace of Hiroshige who created 11 kinds of “HIZAKURIGE-Group” through a catalog of books chronological table.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of K-league title sponsorship on brand equity(recognized quality, brand image brand loyalty). Total 365 copies of questionnaires were distributed to the survey participants, and then 380 copies of them became the final sources for analysis after having excluded 15 copies that were poorly prepared. SPSS version 12.0 K was employed for frequency analysis on the demographic traits, exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach`s alpha on the subordinate factors and AMOS 5.0 for confirmatory factor analysis and the structural equation model. After test of goodness of model fit and verifying indivisual hypothesis, this research obtained the results as follows: First, the title sponsorship had a positive effect on the recognized quality. Second, the title sponsorship had a positive effect on the brand image. Third, recognized quality had no significant effect on the brand image. Fourth, the title sponsorship had no significant effect on the brand loyalty. Fifth, recognized quality. had a positive effect on the brand loyalty. Sixth, brand image had a positive effect on the brand loyalty.
The purpose of this studied for setting strategic priorities and for suggesting the rational base by evaluating the both selective attributes importance and satisfaction of ski- resort using IPA method. Data were collected at six ski resorts(Daemyung ski resort, High One ski resort, Phoenix ski resort, Muju ski resort, Yongpyong ski resort and Oak Valley ski resort) from December 4th to 19th in 2010. The 100 Questionnaires were distributed in six each resort and a total of 540 questionnaires out of 600 were used for this study, except 40 unfaithful responses. Collected data were conducted several tests followed: frequency analysis, factor analysis and t-test by using PASW Version 18.0 program. As a result of these data analysis, the conclusions of this study are as follows. First, the variables were about various slope, quality of snow, medical facilities parking facility, free shuttle bus and expenses. Second, the variables that belong to 2quadrant on this graph are extracted from diverse factors: lift use price, lift waiting time, convenient characteristic of mean of transportation, equipment rental price, skis resort location and charge for board and lodging. Third, the variables that belong to 3quadrant on this graph are extracted from diverse factors: gondola, skis resort safety, food and beverage facilities, ski lesson, educational program and skis resort advertisement. Fourth, the variables that belong to 4quadrant on this graph are extracted from diverse factors: rental facilities, time required and event.
Much of the conceptual work in the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) originated from studies that were conducted in general corporations; however, many issues were peculiar to the area of fashion brand social responsibility. The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure the social responsibility of fashion brands in order to establish a specific, scientifically based marketing strategy. Through a literature review that disclosed 59 items regarding CSR and results from focus group interviews and exploratory factor analyses, we developed 23 items pertaining to fashion brand social responsibility. The measurement items were organized into five dimensions: economic, legal, ethical, environmental, and philanthropic responsibility. We found the 23-item scale to have good reliability and validity. We also found that fashion brand social responsibility positively influenced brand loyalty, including repurchase intention, continuance intention, and word of mouth. Thus, strategic planning for social responsibility in regards to fashion brands is essential in order to secure loyal customers, for both domestic and foreign brands compete in the fashion market.
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of community attachment on attitude. The cycle race track that are located on Gwangmyeong area were set and 300 questionnaire were givens as the target of this research. The samples were collected through the convenience sampling method and a total of 243 copies were selected as final valid samples excepting 57 questionnaires which were judged to respond unfaithfully. As for data processing, this research made a frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), reliability test, correlation relative analysis and multiple regression were carried out using SPSS 17.0. As the result of analysis; first, community attachment had a positive influence on economic impact. second, community attachment had a positive influence on social-cultural impact. third, community attachment had a positive influence on environmental impact.