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        • KCI등재

          수도권지역 도시화가 국지기상에 미치는 영향 모델링

          강윤희 ( Yoon Hee Kang ), 김유근 ( Yoo Keun Kim ), 오인보 ( In Bo Oh ), 황미경 ( Mi Kyoung Hwang ), 송상근 ( Sang Keun Song ) 한국환경과학회 2010 한국환경과학회지 Vol.19 No.12

          The impact of urbanization on local meteorology (e.g., surface temperature, PBL height, wind speed, etc.) in the Greater Seoul Area (GSA) was quantitatively evaluated based on a numerical modeling approach during a 1-month period of 2001 (9 Sep. through 8 Oct. 2001). The analysis was carried out by two sets of simulation scenarios: (1) with the global land use and topographic data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in 1990s (i.e., LU-USGS case) and (2) with the land use data from the Environmental Geographic Information System (EGIS) along with the 3 sec elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) in 2000s (i.e., LU-EGIS case). The extension of urban areas in the GSA (especially, the southern parts of Seoul) accounted for 1.8% in the LU-USGS case and 6.2% in the LU-EGIS case. For the simulations, the surface temperature and PBL height due to urbanization in the LU-EGIS case was higher (the differences of up to 0.1 ℃ and 36 m, respectively) than those in the LU-USGS case, whereas the wind speed (up to 0.3 ms -1 ) in the former was lower than that in the latter at 1500 LST. The increase in surface temperature due to urbanization in the GSA (especially, the southern parts of Seoul) was led to the strong convergence of air masses, causing the early sea breeze and its rapid propagation to inland locations. In addition, the vertical mixing motion in the extended urban areas for the LU-EGIS case was predicted to be stronger than that for the LU-USGS case and vice versa for the original urban areas.

        • KCI등재

          준거점 의존에 따른 묶음제품의 선호이행: 준거 제시와 할인가격제시방법을 통한 초점화 효과

          강윤희 ( Yoon Hee Kang ), 김재휘 ( Jae Hee Kim ) 한국소비자학회 2012 소비자학연구 Vol.23 No.2

          본 연구는 소비자가 묶음제품에 대한 의사결정에 있어, 준거점 의존에 따라 효과적인 할인가격제시방법이 달라짐을 확인하고, 다른 평가 준거가 제시됨에 따라 선호가 이행됨을 밝히고자 한다. 구체적으로 묶음제품에서 주제품 혹은 부제품 중 어떠한 대상이 초점화를 통한 평가준거(판단의 기준점)가 되었는지에 따라 묶음제품 할인제시의 효과 가 다르게 나타날 것이라고 가정하고, 이를 검증하였다. 실험 1에서는 묶음제품의 구성요소 중, 특정 대상에 대한 평가준거의 제시가 할인가격제시조건에 따라 묶음제품 선호에 미치는 영향을 확인해보고자 하였으며, 주제품 준거를 제시한 조건에서는 부제품 할인이, 부제품을 준거를 제시한 조건에서는 주제품 할인이 효과적일 것이라 가정하 였다. 이를 검증하기 위하여, 135명의 참여자를 모집하여 묶음제품의 준거제시(주제품/부제품)와 할인가격제시방법 (주제품 할인/부제품 할인)의 2x2 요인설계를 통해 실험을 실시하였다. 연구 결과, 묶음제품내의 구성품 준거제시 와 할인가격제시방법의 상호작용효과가 나타났다. 구체적으로, 주제품 준거제시 조건에서는 부제품 할인조건이, 부 제품 준거제시 조건에서는 주제품 할인조건에서 더 높은 묶음제품 선호를 보였다. 실험 2에서는 실험 1의 결과를 확장하여, 직접적인 준거제시 뿐만 아니라, 다른 비교대안을 통한 준거제시에 의해서도 동일한 결과가 나타나는지 확인해보았다. 즉, 묶음제품 외의 다른 비교우위 주제품 대안을 준거로 제시하여 준거점에 의한 묶음제품 할인가격 제시방법의 타당성을 확인하고자 하였다. 이를 검증하기 위하여, 123명의 참여자를 대상으로 다른 비교우위 주제품의 준거제시 유무에 따라 묶음제품의 주제품 가치지각과 묶음제품의 구매의도, 그리고 비교우위 주제품의 준거제시 유/무와 할인가격제시방법(주제품 할인/부제품 할인)이 묶음제품 구매의도에 미치는 효과를 확인하였다. 연구 결과, 다른 비교우위 주제품 대안이 있는 조건이 없는 조건에 비하여 주제품의 가치지각과 묶음제품 구매의도가 낮았으며, 비교우위 주제품의 준거제시 유/무와 할인가격제시방법이 묶음제품 구매의도에 미치는 상호작용효과를 확인할 수 있었다. 구체적으로 다른 비교우위 주제품이 제시되는 조건에서는 주제품 할인이 묶음제품의 선호를 높였으며, 단독 으로 평가하는 조건에서는 부제품 할인조건에 대한 선호가 높게 나타났다. This study aims to find out effective ways of presenting discounted price when it comes to bundle product. It assumes that preference of bundle product can be reversed depending on whether the reference point is on the focal product or tie-in product. In study1, the effect of reference point and discounted price presentation was examined. Specifically, it assumes when the focal product is presented as a reference, discounting tie-in product is more effect and when the tie-in product is presented as a reference, focal product discounting is more effective. In order to test this hypothesis, 135 participants were gathered and randomly distributed in the 2(focal product reference/tie-in product reference) X 2(focal product discounting/tie-in product discounting) experimental conditions. The result of study 1 shows significant interaction between the reference point and the presentation of discounted price. It reveals that tie-in product discount is more effective when the reference is on the focal product, while focal product discount is more effective when the reference is on the tie-in product. In study 2, reference point was nor on the focal product or tie-in product of same bundle product rather it was on other superior product which belongs to same category of focal product in presented bundle product. To examine this, 123 participants were gathered and randomly assigned in the 2(reference product given/not given) X 2(focal product/tie-in product discounting) experimental conditions. The results reveals lower perceived product value and purchase intention of the bundle product in the condition where the superior product was present. It also shows significant interaction effect of the reference point and the discounted price presentation. It indicates that focal product discount is preferred when other superior product is presented while tie-in product discount is preferred when there is no superior product given as a reference. In current study, it provides the evidence for preference reversal due to how the price of bundle product is presented and it examined this by allowing participants to actually engage in evaluation of bundle product. While past research has focused mainly on independent evaluation of a single bundle product evaluation, or its dynamics when the value of one of the tie-in/focal was fixed, this study further investigates how people evaluate, whether depending on the focal or tie-in product, can also be important aspect. This study provides implication in various related fields. First, it contributes to the field of bundle product studies that people facing the decision making get influenced by what is presented as a reference point and by this presented reference point, it reveals that they tend to avoid potential loss. It suggests that, the consideration of reference point and evaluation context in further studies regarding the effective way of presenting the price of bundle product. Indeed, this result is in line with many research that in the context of decision making, how people put their reference point is crucial factor. Lastly, this study also provides practical implication to marketers by suggesting effective way of presenting the bundling product in both condition where the reference is in the focal or tie-in product. Also, further study might also consider consumer`s own brand recognition and brand hierarchy with regards to price-presentation of bundle product as study 2 shows that people engage in different evaluation context depending on their own brand recognition and brand hierarchy.

        • KCI등재

          포스트소비에트 시기의 러시아 여성인권 연구 - 여성폭력과 여성인신매매 문제를 중심으로

          강윤희(Yoon-Hee Kang) 서울대학교 국제학연구소 2007 국제지역연구 Vol.16 No.4

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            본 연구는 여성폭력과 여성인신매매 문제를 중심으로 포스트소비에트 시기의 러시아 여성인권 현황을 살펴보고 이를 체제전환과의 연관선상에서 분석하였다. 본 연구는 체제전환기에 사회적 약자로 등장한 러시아 여성들이 가정폭력, 성폭력, 전시폭력 등 다양한 폭력 행사에 노출되어 있으며, 성 관련 산업 종사를 목적으로 하는 인신매매의 희생자가 되고 있음을 보여 주었다. 각 사례별 분석은 체제전환과 여성인권 문제가 밀접히 연관되어 있으며, 체제전환이 러시아 여성인권 상황에 부정적 영향을 미쳤음을 입증하였다. 또한 러시아 사회 내의 편견과 젠더 고정관념이 여성인권 문제를 더욱 심각하게 만들고 있으며, 국가기관의 부적절한 대응이나 무관심이 여성인권 상황을 개선시키기 보다는 더욱 약화시키는 방향으로 작동하고 있음을 밝혔다. 따라서 러시아 여성인권 문제 해결을 위해서는 여성의 사회 경제적 지위 향상과 같은 객관적 조건이 마련되어야 함과 동시에 여성인권 문제에 대한 새로운 시각이 도입될 필요가 있다. 이런 관점에서 여성들이 겪는 각종 차별과 폭력의 문제를 인권에 반하는 범죄로 간주하는 국제적 인권표준의 수용이 러시아에 절실히 요청된다고 할 수 있다. 개인적 수준, 사적 수준에서 행해지는 여성에 대한 폭력 문제나 지역적, 지구적으로 행해지는 여성인신매매 문제를 국가가 책임져야 할 인권의 문제로 간주할 때만이 진정한 해결책이 마련될 수 있을 것이다.   This study examines the effects of the Russian transition on the human rights of women in the post-Soviet era. As this paper shows, the increased social vulnerability of women has exposed them to various forms of violence both at home and in the workplace. As a result, all forms of violence against women have escalated in the society, including violent crimes such as battering and murder, sexual crimes such as harassment and rape, and trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation both inside and outside Russia. Analysis reveals that the transition has had a negative effect on women"s social and economic status and created conditions that have exacerbated the problem of human rights violations against women. In addition, gender stereotypes prevailing in the society discriminate against women victims, and the indifference of the Russian state aggravates rather than ameliorates the problem. Consequently, this paper argues that the Russian government should take more responsibility for the improvement of human rights of women by adopting a perspective that regards any violence against women as an act of serious human rights violation.

        • KCI등재

          제1차 경제개발 5개년 계획 기간의 소련 공산당 세포조직의 발달

          강윤희(Kang Yoon Hee) 한국슬라브유라시아학회 2002 슬라브학보 Vol.17 No.2

          This paper discusses how the party at the regional level reacted organizationally to the new demands made upon it during the first Five Year Plan period. It aims to show the organizational changes that were reflected in Leningrad's enterprises. It also offers an explanation of the organizational reversal of 1932-1934. During the first FYP, the Soviet society and economy underwent fundamental changes. With the launch of the industrialization drive, the party became more enmeshed in the control and supervision of the rapidly expanding economy: it increased its level of complexity, and introduced organizational changes to meet social, political and economic circumstances. Especially after 1929, party organizations evolved into much more elaborate structures in response to the demands placed upon them. With the rapid expansion of party membership and the party's increasing involvement in the economy came the organizational development of primary party cells in industrial enterprises. As the party sought to reach every workshop and shift in every factory, the primary cells were broken up into smaller units from 1928 onwards. As a result, the primary cells in the enterprise, which were relatively few in the mid-1920s, proliferated during the first FYP and factory party organizations became far larger and more complex organizations. However, new and often experimental party structures in the industrial enterprise proliferated only until 1932, when there, was a major simplification of all aspects of the factory party organizations.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          러시아 지방정부와의 한국 KSP 사업: 성과와 한계, 그리고 발전을 위한 제언

          강윤희 ( Kang Yoon Hee ) 서울대학교 러시아연구소 2017 러시아연구 Vol.27 No.1

          본 연구는 2013년 박근혜 정부의 유라시아 이니셔티브 주창 이후 실시된 다양한 한-러 관계 사업 중 기획재정부가 러시아 지방정부를 대상으로 실시한 경제발전경험 공유사업(KSP)에 초점을 맞추어 그 성과와 한계를 조명하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 경제발전경험 공유사업은 국제개발협력사업의 일환으로 한국의 발전경험을 공유하고 협력대상국의 경제발전을 위한 정책제언을 하는 사업이다. 러시아와의 경제발전경험 공유사업은 2013년 연해주 사업부터 시작되었으며 2017년 현재까지 계속적으로 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 러시아 KSP 사업의 개요를 검토한 후 그 주된 특성과 발전과정을 사업에 관여하는 행위자들에 초점을 맞추어 살펴본다. 한국과 러시아 양 측의 다수의 행위자들의 속성 및 사업 참여 목적 등을 분석함으로써 이 사업이 가지는 성과와 한계를 세밀하게 검토한다. 마지막으로 KSP 사업의 성공적인 수행을 위해서는 한국 KSP 관련 기관들의 전문성이 조화롭게 어우러지는 구조가 마련되어야 하며, 러시아 지방정부 관료들의 주도적이고 자발적인 참여가 필요하다는 점을 강조한다. The Ministry of Strategy and Finance of the Republic of Korea has been implementing the Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) with selected partner countries since 2004 with the overarching goals to assist in enhancing national competitiveness and institutional restructuring efforts of partner countries by sharing Korea`s development experience. The KSP with Russia was initiated in 2013 in cooperation with Primorsky Territory`s government and has been carried out with a number of Russian regional governments and RUSSEZ. This paper examines the process of KSP with Russian regional governments and tries to highlight its characteristics by focusing on various actors that participate in the project. This reveals the achievements and limitations of the KSP with Russia, eventually leading us to conclude whether KSP would contribute to the development of Korean-Russian Relations.

        • KCI등재

          선물 행위(gift giving)의 역할이 제품 구성에 대한 선호에 미치는 효과: 조절모드를 중심으로

          강윤희 ( Kang Yoon Hee ), 김재휘 ( Kim Jae Hwi ) 한국소비자학회 2018 소비자학연구 Vol.29 No.3

          본 연구는 선물을 주고받는 역할에 따라 대상을 평가하는 동기와 그에 따른 제품 구성에 대한 선호가 달라짐을 일련의 실험을 통해 검증하였다. 구체적으로, 실험 1에서는 동일한 비용의 제품에 대하여 선물을 주는 행위자와 받는 대상자의 역할에 따라 달라지는 조절모드의 차이를 확인하고, 선물 행위의 역할이 우세한 단일 효용과 여러 효용을 만족시키는 대안에 어떠한 차별적인 선호를 이끌어 낼 수 있는지 확인하고자 하였다. 연구 결과, 선물을 주는 행위자는 평가지향적 조절모드, 선물을 받는 대상자는 행동지향적 조절모드가 상대적으로 높게 나타났다. 또한 선물행위의 역할에 따라 달라지는 대안의 선호를 살펴본 결과, 행위자는 우세한 단일 효용보다 다양한 효용을 가진 제품에 대한 가치를 높게 판단하고 선호하는 반면, 선물을 받는 대상자는 다양한 효용을 가진 제품 보다는 우세한 단일 효용을 가진 제품의 가치 평가와 선호가 상대적으로 높음을 알 수 있었다. 실험 2는 이를 보다 확장하여, 여러 효용 중, 특정 속성이 강조되어 제시된 대안의 선호 차이를 확인하였다. 연구 결과, 선물을 주는 행위자는 결과적 가치를 강조한 대안을 선호하는 반면, 선물을 받는 대상자는 행동적 용이성이 강조된 대안을 보다 선호하는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로, 본 연구의 결과는 기본적으로 선물 행위의 역할에 따라 대상을 평가하는 동기가 달라지며, 이에 따라 선물의 제품 구성과 강조되는 속성 정보에 대한 평가가 달라지는 것을 밝혔다. Gift behavior plays an important role not only in maintaining interpersonal relationships but also in managing corporate customer, such as giving gifts or rewards in loyalty programs. This study verifies that the motivation for evaluating alternatives, and the preferences of the product may vary, depending on the role of gift giving. In study 1, we observed differences in regulatory mode and the preference for product type(single dominant utility/multiple utility product) depending on the roles of gift giving for the same cost product. As a result of the study 1, it was confirmed that the person who gives the gift has a higher level of the assessment regulatory mode, and the person who receives the gift has relatively higher the locomotion regulatory mode. In addition, a person who gives a gift has a higher preference for products with various multiple utilities than a predominant single utility. On the other hand, the recipient of the gift showed higher value perception for the dominant single utility. In study 2, among the various utilities, preference differences were identified for alternatives highlighted with specific attributes. As a result, the participants who assumed the role of giving chose the desirable alternatives. On the other hand, participants who assumed the role of receiving chose the alternatives that are easy to act on.

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          연구논문 : 한반도 주변해역의 기상부이와 등표에서 관측된 계절별 해상풍과 유의파고 특성

          강윤희 ( Yoon Hee Kang ), 석현배 ( Hyun Bae Seuk ), 방진희 ( Jin Hee Bang ), 김유근 ( Yoo Keun Kim ) 한국환경과학회 2015 한국환경과학회지 Vol.24 No.3

          The seasonal variations of sea surface winds and significant wave heights were investigated using the data observed from the marine meteorological buoys (nine stations) and Automatic Weather Stations (AWSs) in lighthouse (nine stations) around the Korean Peninsula during 2010~2012. In summer, the prevailing sea surface winds over the East/West Sea and the South Sea were northerly/southerly and easterly/westerly winds due to both of southeast monsoon and the shape of Korean Peninsula. On the other hand, the strong northerly winds has been observed at most stations near Korean marginal seas under northwest monsoon in winter. However, the sea surface winds at some stations (e.g. Galmaeyeo, Haesuseo in the West Sea) have different characteristics due to topographic effects such as island or coastal line. The significant wave heights are the highest in winter and the lowest in summer at most stations. In case of some lighthouse AWSs surrounded by islands (e.g. Haesuseo, Seosudo) or close to coast (e.g. Gangan, Jigwido), very low significant wave heights (below 0.5 m) with low correlations between sea surface wind speeds and significant wave heights were observed.

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          포스트소비에트 러시아의 반핵운동: 원자력산업 관련 이슈를 중심으로

          강윤희 ( Yoon Hee Kang ) 서울대학교 러시아연구소 2011 러시아연구 Vol.21 No.2

          In the wake of the disastrous Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986, strong anti-nuclear sentiment spread in the Soviet Union, leading to the emergence of an anti-nuclear movement. As a result, the Russian government was unable to pursue further development of the nuclear industry in the 1990s. However, from the beginning of the 2000s, the Russian government, particularly the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy, has been vigorously seeking the commercialization and modernization of the nuclear industry, including the construction of new nuclear power plants, the importation of spent nuclear fuel from abroad, and the construction of MOX fuel plants. This raised strong opposition from the Russian anti-nuclear NGOs, as well as from ordinary citizens. Against this background, this paper evaluates the achievement and limitations of the anti-nuclear movement in post-Soviet Russia. After examining the Soviet legacy of the nuclear industry, it explores the range and issues of the anti-nuclear activities of Russian environmental NGOs. Consequently, this paper argues that the Russian anti-nuclear movement has been successful in mobilizing ordinary citizens in regard to some specific issues, but it has to find out appropriate measures in order to effectively affect government policies in the future as it is doomed to face an ever-increasingly authoritarian regime.

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          환영받지 못하는 천국의 시민

          강윤희(Yoon Hee Kang) 서울대학교 비교문화연구소 2012 비교문화연구 Vol.18 No.2

          This paper explores how Indonesian undocumented migrants in an East Coast city of the United States experience and express their ``illegality`` due to their unauthorized or not-yet-authorized movement. More specifically, it explores ``illegality`` as a phenomenological mode of ``being-in-the world,`` by focusing on Indonesian migrants` embodied and subjective daily experiences. My analysis of the Indonesian migrants` daily experiences of ``illegality`` reveals how their macro-level legal and social conditions intersect with their individual and micro-level daily lives through their embodied and subjective experiences. Against the backdrop of the dominant discourses in the United States that racially ``other`` and ``criminalize`` undocumented migrant workers, the Indonesian migrants experience their unwelcomed presence in the host country through 1) their racial differences and health concerns, 2) subjective experiences of divided space between ``dangerous`` and ``safe`` places, 3) experiences of timely borders and limits set by the host country. Of particular interest are the roles of religion and religious discourses in mediating between the lived-experience of ``illegality`` and their new identities in the host country. By examining two testimonies narrated by Indonesian Catholics during their charismatic prayer sessions, this paper argues that their lived-experiences of ``illegality`` are discursively constructed through unexpected encounters between "I" and authoritative "others" who embody the authoritative institution of the host country. Yet at the same time their language of religion and faith describes the migrants` fear and anxiety as being overcome by their belief in God and His protection. Therefore, their unwelcomed presence in the new land as unauthorized guest workers is translated into a journey that God plans according to His unknown intentions. In this way, the experience of ``illegality`` reveals the migrants` being "citizens of heaven," a member of an imagined spiritual community. In this process, the very experience of ``illegality`` in turn provides a symbolic resource by which the Indonesian migrants actively construct and make sense of their new life in the host country.

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