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      • KCI등재

        가압가열 및 microwave에 의한 중력분 반죽 gliadin의 항원성 변화

        곽지희(Ji-Hee Kwak),김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim),이청조(Chung-Jo Lee),김민지(Min-Ji Kim),김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim),선우찬(Chan Sunwoo),정슬아(Seul-A Jung),김현지(Hyun-Jee Kim),최정수(Jung-Su Choi),김성원(Seong-Won Kim),안동현(Dong-Hyun 韓國食品科學會 2012 한국식품과학회지 Vol.44 No.1

        본 연구에서는 가압가열 및 microwave 처리에 의한 중력분 반죽 추출물 내의 gliadin 단백질의 항원성 변화에 대해 살펴보았다. 중력분 반죽에 가압가열과 microwave를 단독 또는 병행으로 처리하여 ci-ELISA, SDS-PAGE 및 immunoblotting을 실시하였으며, 가압가열 처리에 의해서 anti-gliadin IgG 항체와 gliadin과의 결합력이 다소 감소한 것을 확인하였다. 특히 30 min 이상 처리시 더욱 감소한 것으로 나타났으며, SDS-PAGE와 immunoblotting 결과에서도 gliadin band의 강도가 약해지고 항체와의 반응도 나타나지 않았다. Microwave 처리의 경우, 5 min 이상 처리시 일부 gliadin 단백질의 소실이 관찰되었으나, 항원성에는 큰 변화가 없었다. 또한 가압가열 및 microwave 병행 처리에 의해 항원-항체 결합력이 더욱 감소되었으며, 특히 가압가열 50 min, microwave 10 min 처리시 약 35.0%로 감소되었다. 이상의 결과를 통해 가압가열 처리에 의해 중력분 반죽 추출물 내 gliadin의 항원성이 감소되는 것을 확인하였으며, microwave와 병행 처리하는 경우, 더욱 감소하는 것을 확인하였다. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal physical treatment to reduce the antigenicity of gliadin in wheat dough. Medium wheat dough was treated with an autoclave (5, 10, 30, and 50 min at 121℃, 1 atm), a microwave (1, 5, and 10 min) or both (10, 30, and 50 min/5, 10 min). The proteins in the dough extracts were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and the binding ability of anti-gliadin IgG to gliadin was examined by ci-ELISA and immunoblotting. Results showed that the ability of anti-gliadin IgG to bind to gliadin in wheat dough treated with an autoclave alone or in combination with a microwave was decreased. Especially, it declined to ~77% after autoclaving for 30 min and 35% after both autoclaving for 50 min and microwaving for 5 min. In addition, the intensity of gliadin bands in SDS-PAGE were weakened and anti-gliadin IgG did not recognize gliadin in immunoblotting. However, microwaving alone did not affect the antigenicity of gliadin in wheat dough. These results indicate that autoclaving may affect the reduction of the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat dough. Moreover, autoclaving in combination with microwaving is more effective for reducing the antigenicity of wheat dough.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        대장내시경검사의 전처치로서 항콜린제 사용에 관한 연구 : 전향적, 이중맹검법으로

        박경남,한동수,이민호,최호순,박준용,손주현,이오영,함준수,전용철,송승찬,기춘석,윤병철,이종희 대한소화기내시경학회 1997 Clinical Endoscopy Vol.17 No.3

        Background: Use of antispasmodic medication prior to colonoscopy is controversial but someone believes antispasmodic may improve visualization of colonic mucosa and ease colonoscope insertion. So, we designed a study to assess the effect of premedication with the antispasmodic, hyoscine-N-butyl bromide(Buscopan') on the performance of colonoscopy. Methods: This study was prospective, double blinded, randomized, controlled study, One hundred three consecutive patients were randomized to receive intravenous buscopan lml(n=52) or placebo(n=51) combined with our standard initial medication(me- peridine 50 mg and midazolam 2 mg). Insertion of colonoscopy was timed, and 100 mm visual analogue scales (VAS) were used for asscssing difficulty of procedure, colonic motility, frequency of positional change, frequency of external compression, difficulty of assistance and degree of discomfort experienced by the patients. Results: There were no significant differences of intubation time between buscopan group(mean time, 7.23 min., range 2~15) and placebo group(7.07 min., range 3-25), (p=0.83) and withdrawal time between buscopan group (6.46 min., range 2-22) and placebo group(6.76 min., range 2 25), (p=0.69). Also, there was no significant differences in intubation time between males and females(buscopan; males 7.00 min., females 7.60 min., p=0.34, placebo; males 7.0~5 min., females 7.08 min., p 0.44). The VAS scores checked by endoscopist(p=0.29), assistant(p=0.32) and patient (p=0.15) were not significantly different in both groups. There were no significant differences in intubation time, VAS scores nf endoscopist, assistant, and patients. Conclusion: Premedication with intravenous bu.opan has no advantage on colonoscopy procedure. Use of antispasmodic medication prior to colonoscopy was not considered as recommendable agent.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        총경동맥 폐쇄시간에 따르는 국소 뇌혈류 변화 : 실험적 연구 An Experimental Cat Model

        강준기,성태경,조병일,백민우,김문찬,허춘웅,하영수,송진언 대한신경외과학회 1983 Journal of Korean neurosurgical society Vol.12 No.3

        The microvasculature of the brain is also quite susceptible to ischemic insult, and substantial portions of the brain are not reperfused after restoration of the blood supply following overtime of critical ischemic periods. The purpose of this series of experiments was to determine the effects of ischemia on subsequential regional cerebral blood flow measurements and cortical electric activities following reperfusion after ischemia and also to define the proper time of vascular occlusion without irreversible neural damage. Cerebral ischemia was induced in cat by bilateral common carotid occlusions for periods of 10, 30, to 60 minutes, and the blood supply was reperfused for 3 hours after clamp-off. Regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) was measured by hydrogen clearance technique following ischemia, restoration of blood supply and electroencephalogram recovery could be predicted according to the rCBF. Forty adult cats weighing 2.7 to 4.0㎏ were used in this study. The animals were divided into 4 groups of 10 cats each : normal control, 10 min-clamped, 30 min-clamped, and 60 min-clamped groups. The results obtained were as follows : 1) The mean rCBF was 24.6±7.0㎖/100g/min in control group. 2) Bilateral carotid occlusions resulted in a reduction of the rCBF(12.4±4.1㎖/100g/min) to 50% of control flow on both hemispheres. 3) Sequential changes of the rCBF after reperfusion : (1) There was restored the rCBF(21.3±5.1㎖/100g/min) to control flow in the 10 minutes-clamped group. (2) There was a 85% recovery of control flow in the 30 minutes-clamped group. (3) There was a only 25% recovery of control flow in the 60 minutes-clamped group. 4) A close correlation was found between cortical electrical activity and rCBF suggesting a threshold relationship. (1) The changes of cortical electric activity began to notice at rCBF less than 17.4±4.7㎖/100g/min. (2) The recovery of cortical electric activity noted at rCBF more than 10.2±2.3㎖/100g/min. 5) There was no evidence of ischemic involvement at the cortex, white matter and basal ganglia in the 10 minutes clamped group, but demonstrated a dense wedge shaped infarct at the cortex and uncus herniation in the 60 minutes clamped group. The rCBF and cortical electric activity restored to normal values in reperfusion within 10 minutes after occlusion of both common carotid arteries.

      • KCI등재

        가압가열 및 Microwave 처리에 의한 중력분 Gliadin의 항원성 변화

        곽지희(Ji-Hee Kwak),김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim),이청조(Chung-Jo Lee),김민지(Min-Ji Kim),김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim),선우찬(Chan Sunwoo),정슬아(Seul-A Jung),강주연(Ju-Youn Kang),김현지(Hyun-Jee Kim),최정수(Jung-Su Choi),김성원(Seong-Won 한국식품영양과학회 2011 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.40 No.10

        본 연구에서는 가압가열 및 microwave 처리가 gliadin의 항원성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위해 중력분에 가압가열과 microwave를 단독 또는 병행으로 처리하여 Ci-ELISA, SDS-PAGE 및 immunoblotting을 실시하였다. 가압가열 처리의 경우, 처리 시간이 길어질수록 IgG와의 결합력이 감소하였으며, 특히 50분 처리구에서 약 69%로 가장 낮은 결합력을 보였다. 또한 SDS-PAGE와 immunoblotting 결과에서도 무처리구에서 강하게 보였던 gliadin band가 처리에 의해 거의 소실되고 항체와 반응하지 않았다. 가압가열 및 microwave를 병행 처리한 경우도 마찬가지로 gliadin의 결합력이 다소 감소하였으며, 처리구 중에서는 가압가열 50분, microwave 5분 처리구에서 약 73%로 가장 낮은 결합력을 보였다. 반면 microwave를 단독으로 처리하였을 때에는 일부 단백질의 변화는 관찰되었으나 항원성 감소에는 큰 영향을 미치지 않았다. 이상의 결과를 통해 가압가열을 단독 처리에 의해 gliadin의 항원성이 다소 감소되었으며, microwave 병행 처리에 의한 차이는 크게 나타나지 않은 것을 확인하였다. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of physical treatments on the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat flour. The wheat flour was treated with an autoclave (5, 10, 30, 50 min), a microwave (1, 5, 10 min), and both (10, 30, 50 min/ 5, 10 min), and investigated by SDS-PAGE, immunoblotting and Ci-ELISA using anti-gliadin IgG. The results showed that the binding ability of anti-gliadin IgG to gliadin in wheat flour was slightly decreased when autoclaved or when autoclaved and microwaved. Especially, it was reduced to about 69% after autoclaving for 50 min and 73% after autoclaving for 50 min and microwaving for 5 min. In addition, gliadin bands in the 50 min autoclaved group disappeared in both SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. On the other hand, the antigenicity of gliadin was unaffected by microwaving alone. Consequently, there were no considerable changes in using an autoclave alone or in combination with a microwave. These results suggest that autoclaving may affect the reduction of the antigenicity of gliadin in medium wheat flour.

      • KCI등재

        물리․화학적 처리에 의한 요구르트 오염균의 생육 억제효과

        선우찬(Chan Sunwoo),이소영(So-Young Lee),윤소영(So-Young Yoon),정지연(Ji-Yeon Jung),김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim),이청조(Chung-Jo Lee),곽지희(Ji-Hee Kwak),김민지(Min-Ji Kim),김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim),정슬아(Seul-A Jung),김현지(Hyun-Jee 한국식품영양과학회 2011 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.40 No.12

        물리?화학적 처리에 의한 요구르트 오염균의 생육억제 효과를 알아보기 위해, 요구르트의 주요 오염균을 분리?동정하고, 열, pH, 전해수, 오존가스, microwave 처리 및 감마선을 조사하여 오염균주에 대한 사멸효과를 알아보았다. 오염된 요구르트로부터 분리한 효모의 지방산 조성 분석과 API(Analytic Profile Index) kit 분석을 실시한 결과, Hanseniaspora uvarum으로 동정되었으며 잠정적으로 Hanseniaspora uvarum Y1으로 명명하였다. H. uvarum Y1의 열 및 pH 처리에 의한 생육억제 효과를 측정한 결과, 70℃ 및 80℃에서 15분 가열처리로 균이 사멸되었으며, pH 처리 시 pH 2, 3 및 9에서 생육이 다소 억제되었으며, pH 1 및 10에서 완전히 억제되었다. 전해수 처리의 경우, clear zone이 5 mm 이상으로 H. uvarum Y1이 전해수에 높은 감수성을 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 오존가스 처리에 의한 H. uvarum Y1의 사멸효과를 측정한 결과, 102 CFU의 균은 10분, 103 CFU의 균은 20분 처리 시 모두 사멸한 것으로 나타났으며, microwave 처리의 경우, 106 CFU 가량의 균이 1분 처리 시 모두 사멸되었다. 방사선 조사의 경우, 균수를 90% 이상 감소시키는데 필요한 조사선량이 20 kGy 이상으로 H. uvarum Y1은 감마선에 저항성이 있는 균임을 알 수 있었다. 이상의 결과를 종합해볼 때 열, pH, 전해수, 오존가스, microwave 처리를 통해 요구르트 오염균주인 H. uvarum Y1의 생육을 효과적으로 억제할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다. This study was conducted to investigate the cause of microbiological contamination in yogurt and evaluate the effect of physicochemical treatment on the growth inhibition of Hanseniaspora uvarum isolated from yogurt. The yeast strain Hanseniaspora uvarum Y1 was subjected to heat and pH treatments. H. uvarum Y1 was killed at 70oC and 80oC after 15 min and survived in a wide pH range from pH 2 to 9. However, it did not survive under pH 1 and over pH 10. In a disk diffusion susceptibility test on H. uvarum Y1, a clear zone (5 mm) of growth inhibition was observed upon treatment with electrolyzed water. The effect of ozone gas on the growth of H. uvarum Y1 was evaluated by viable cell count. Initial cell numbers of 102 and 103 CFU/mL of H. uvarum Y1 were completely killed by treatment for 10 and 30 min, respectively. H. uvarum Y1 was also sterilized by microwave treatment for 1 min. When treated with gamma-irradiation, the rate of killing of H. uvarum Y1 was proportional to the irradiation dose. and complete killing occurred at a dose of 50 kGy.

      • KCI등재후보

        Effect of frozen storage and various concentrations of sucrose media on survivability of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) for oral challenge of weaner pigs

        Hyun Min Cho,Joo Won Kang,Yeong Kuk Kim,Joo Bin Lee,Chan Yi Oh,Jung Min Heo,Young-Joo Yi 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2016 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.43 No.5

        Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD), mostly caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), remains to be a major source of economic loss in swine industry. The use of the ETEC-oral challenge model is often applied to mimic unsanitary commercial swine farm conditions where pathogens and unknown complex microbes exist and can cause severe infections in pigs. The purpose of this study was (1) to estimate ETEC density using spectrophotometric computation, (2) to determine survivability of ETEC after storing at -20°C for 7 days, and (3) to evaluate survivability of ETEC after blending with diluted sweeteners (0, 5, 10, 20, and 40% sucrose in phosphate buffered saline [PBS]). Cell density was quantified using UV-VIS spectrophotometer and counting ETEC colony forming units (cfu) at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, and 240 min. The established linear equation (y = 0.0031x² - 0.0079x + 0.0043 and y = 0.0046x² - 0.0151x + 0.0113) was used for robust quantification of each ETEC cell density. ETEC stored at -20°C showed 108 cfu/mL after thawing and incubation. When ETEC was blended with sweeteners (20 and 40%), survival of ETEC was decreased by 58 and 54% in 5 min post blending. However, addition of 20% of sweetener resulted in a higher survivability than those with other media concentrations. Therefore, the use of ETEC-oral challenge model would be possible as a stable method if we could confirm the appropriate medium that increases survivability of ETEC in weaner pigs.

      • KCI등재

        연구논문 : 추출방법에 따른 감귤 과피 유래 Flavonoid의 추출효율 및 항산화 효과에 대한 비교

        최찬익 ( Chan Ick Cheigh ),정원근 ( Won Guen Jung ),정은영 ( Eun Young Chung ),고민정 ( Min Jung Ko ),조상우 ( Sang Woo Cho ),이재환 ( Jae Hwan Lee ),장판식 ( Pahn Shick Chang ),박영서 ( Young Seo Park ),백현동 ( Hyun Dong Paik 한국산업식품공학회 2010 산업 식품공학 Vol.14 No.2

        본 연구에서는 감귤 과피 가공부산물로부터 기능성 polyphenol 및 flavonoid가 새로운 추출방법인 아임계 추출법을 통해 추출되었고, 열수(80oC), 에탄올, 설탕용액을 이용한 기존 추출법과의 추출효율이 비교 분석되었다. 건조된 감귤 과피로부터 총 polyphenol(27.25±1.33mg QE/g DCP) 및 flavonoid(7.31±0.41mg QE/g DCP)에 대한 최대수율이 아임계 추출법(190°C, 1300 psi, 10 min)을 통해 획득되었으며, 이것은 기존 추출법 가운데 가장 높은 수율을 보인 에탄올 추출법을 통한 총 polyphenol(3.79±0.73mg QE/g DCP) 및 flavonoid(0.86±0.27mg QE/g DCP) 수율 대비 7.2배와 8.5배 이상 더 높은 것이었다. 추출방법에 따른 감귤 과피 추출물의 항산화 활성은 큰 차이를 나타내지 않았으나, 이러한 결과는 건조 감귤 과피 1g 당 아임계 추출법(190oC, 1300 psi, 10 min)에 의한 항산화 성분의 상대 수율(relative yield, %)이 다른 추출방법을 통해 획득된 것보다 대략 9.5배 이상 더 높다는 것을 설명하는 결과로, 아임계 추출법이 기존의 전통적 추출법에 비하여 감귤 과피의 기능성 polyphenol 및 flavonoid를 추출하는데 매우 적합한 방법임을 제시하고 있다. The extraction of polyphenol and flavonoid from citrus peel was performed by the ethanol, sugar, hot water (80oC), and subcritical water extraction methods. The maximum yields of total polyphenolic compounds (27.25±1.33mg QE/g DCP, QE and DCP indicate quercetin equivalent and dried citrus peel, respectively) and flavonoids (7.31±0.41mg QE/g DCP) were obtained by subcritical water extraction (SWE) with operating conditions of 190oC, 1300 psi, and 10 min. The yields by SWE were over 7.2-, and 8.5-fold higher than those of total polyphenols (3.79±0.73mg QE/g DCP) and flavonoids (0.86±0.27mg QE/g DCP) obtained using the ethanol extraction, which showed the highest extraction efficiency among tested conventional methods, respectively. Antioxidant activities of extracts obtained by different methods showed no significant differences. However, the relative antioxidant yield per 1 g dried citrus peel by SWE (190oC, 10 min) was over 9.5-fold higher than that by the ethanol extraction.

      • KCI등재

        중학생들의 인터넷 중독 위험수준에 따른 신체활동량과 비만도의 관련성

        정민기(Jeong, Min-Ki),김권민(Kim, Gwon-Min),권유찬(Kwon, Yoo-Chan) 한국체육과학회 2015 한국체육과학회지 Vol.24 No.4

        The purpose of this study was to examine the association perceived physical activity pattern and body mass index according to habitual internet usage among middle school student. Data were analyzed for 969 students who responded to self-reported base cross-sectional survey relating to socio-demographic variables, internet usage status, and a short version of the international physical activity questionnaire. Prevalence rate of physical activity status showed that 53.5% at 150 min/week under, 46.5% at 150min/week over. Prevalence rate of internet usage showed that 95.6% at normal group, 2.6% at potential group, 1,9% at addiction group. Prevalence rate of body mass index status of over weight according to internet usage status shoed that 83.1% at normal, 5.1% at potential, 11.9% at addiction. Prevalence rate of physical activity levels of 150 min/week under according to internet usage status showed that 93.8% at normal, 3.5% at potential, 2.7% at addiction. In comparison with the physical activity levels was significantly more likely potential internet usage (OR, 2.62; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.09-6.47; p〈.05) and addiction usage (OR, 3.82; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.24-11.75; p〈.05). The results revealed that physical activity levels and body mass index correlates of internet usage status. This finding suggest the necessity of developing specific strategies for physical activity intervention by internet addiction among middle school students.

      • KCI등재

        스마트폰 사용정도가 수면의 질과 좌식행동에 미치는 영향

        김권민(Kim, Gwon-Min),정민기(Jeong, Min-Ki),권유찬(Kwon, Yoo-Chan) 한국체육과학회 2016 한국체육과학회지 Vol.25 No.1

        The purpose of this study was to examine the association perceived physical activity pattern and body mass index according to habitual internet usage among middle school student. Data were analyzed for 969 students who responded to self-reported base cross-sectional survey relating to socio-demographic variables, internet usage status, and a short version of the international physical activity questionnaire. Prevalence rate of physical activity status showed that 53.5% at 150 min/week under, 46.5% at 150min/week over. Prevalence rate of internet usage showed that 95.6% at normal group, 2.6% at potential group, 1.9% at addiction group. Prevalence rate of body mass index status of over weight according to internet usage status showed that 83.1% at normal, 5.1% at potential, 11.9% at addiction. Prevalence rate of physical activity levels of 150 min/week under according to internet usage status showed that 93.8% at normal, 3.5% at potential, 2.7% at addiction. In comparison with the physical activity levels was significantly more likely potential internet usage (OR, 2.62; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.09-6.47; p<.05) and addiction usage (OR, 3.82; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.24-11.75; p<.05). The results revealed that physical activity levels and body mass index correlates of internet usage status. This finding suggest the necessity of developing specific strategies for physical activity intervention by internet addiction among middle school students.

      • KCI등재

        대학생들의 인터넷 사용정도에 따른 신체활동량과 신체구성의 관련성

        김권민(Kim, Gwon-Min),박상갑(Park, Sang-Kab),권유찬(Kwon, Yoo-Chan) 한국체육과학회 2015 한국체육과학회지 Vol.24 No.3

        The purpose of this study was to examine the association perceived physical activity patten and body composition according to habitual internet usage among university students. Data were analyzed for 500 students who responded to an self-reported based cross-sectional survey relating to socio-demographic variables, internet usage status, and a long version of the international physical activity questionnaire. Prevalence rate of physical activity status showed that 40.2% at 150 min/week over, 59.8% at 150 min/week under. Prevalence rate of internet usage showed that 94.6% at normal group, 3.0% at potential, 2.4% at addiction. Prevalence rate of physical activity levels of 150 min/week under according to internet usage status showed that 92.0% at normal, 4.3% at potential, 3.7% at addiction. In comparison with the physical activity levels was significantly more likely potential internet usage (OR, 4.82; 95% confidence Interval [95%CI], 1.07, 21.86; p〈.05) and addiction usage (OR, 8.00; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 1.02, 62.56; p〈.05) The results revealed that physical activity levels correlates of internet usage status. This findings suggests the necessity of developing specific strategies for physical activity intervention by internet addiction among university students.

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