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Kim, Gyu-Dong is a very unusual poet who has transformed into a dynamic process about his poetry. He was a very well known modernist when he took an active part of the 1950's modernism coterie 'Hubangee . However, in the 1970's, he changed himself as a socialized poet. I took care that realistic attitude he had shown in the 1950's and studied about it. I found the special point where the modernist Kim, Gyu-Dong had met the realist himself is shown in the connection between the poetry and the film. As everyone knows, Kim, Gyu-Dong prefer the automatism of surrealism as a method writing poem. And Kim, Gyu-Dong also had an inclination for the film Avant-Garde. Because the automatism of surrealism and the film Avant-Garde have the common theoretical base with the Freud's psychoanalysis. A lot of poems written by Kim. Gyu-Dong in the Korean war period show us special feature taking surrealism technique and the sense of the film Avant-Garde. He tried out express about the desperation and pain of the Korean people lived in that same period with his poems. But unfortunately, some several poems lost the critical mind and fell to nihilism. Kim, Gyu-Dong wanted to resist to the Korean social contradictions and conflicts continuedly. So he of course chose the more realistic writing method and concerned with the film Neo-Realism. He described some kind of the Nee-Realism character and circumstance in his poems for example 〈acrobat〉, 〈small hand〉. He described them as like using camera of the Neo-Realism film for presentation the problem of Korean 1950's society and community. And That's why he was very interested on the film Neo-Realism. So we can realize the true that his 1950's poetry had obvious inclination of realism already. It explains us about the connection between Kim, Gyu-Dong s 1950's poetry and 1970's poetry.
To construct transfurmed Bm5 cells, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus(AcNPV) IE1 gene, an immediate early viral gene was firstly used in this study. AcNPV IE1 gene, which shares on 95.3% nucleotide sequence homology with Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) IE1 gene, was isolated and cloned into pBluescript. Neomycin gene from pKO-neo was inserted under the control of the IE1 promoter to yield pAcIE1-neo. The plasmid pAcIE1-neo was transfected into Bm5 or Sf9 cells, and neomycin-resistant cells were selected in TC100 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 1 mg/ml G4l8 for two weeks. Individual clones were picked and each was amplified for further characterization. The genomic DNA from neomycin-resistant cells was isolated and characterized by PCR using AcNPV IEI gene-specific primers and by Southern blot analysis using neomycin gene probe. We concluded that AcNPV IE1 gene was functional in B. mori-derived Bm5 cells as well as Spodoptera fugjprrda-derived Sf9 cells to produce stably-transformed insect cells
The purpose of this study is to examine the actual condition of the literature education of young children in Gyeong Sang Nam Do, The specific problems of this study are as follows : 1. What is the goal of young childrens's literature education? 2. What is the criteria for the selection of young children's literature books? 3. What is trends of use and interest for media of young children's literature? 1) What is trends of use and interest for fairy tales and creative tales? 2) What is trends of use and interest for picture-tales? 3) What is trends of use and interest for kinds of puppets? 4) Have you ever taken a chance of a puppet-show? 5) Have you ever taken a chance of children's drama? 6) Have you ever used the children's verse in a classroom? 4. How many books of young children's literature do they stock in kindergarten and what is the teacher s viewpoint for these? 5. How is YES or NO of the teacher s experience for a creative activity of young children's literature? 6. For fairy tales : 1) What is the title of fairy tale most used in kindergarten? 2) What is the title of fairy tale which kindergarten-boys are most interested in? 3) What is the title of fairy tale which kindergarten-girls are most interested in? 4) What is the title of fairy tale which kindergarten-teachers are most interested in? 7. What do you want in the class allocated for young children's literature in college? 8. What is the problem in young cildren's literature education? For this study 27 nursery schools, 20 kindergarten attached to elementary schools and 78 private kindergarten in Kyeong Sang Nam Do were randomly sampled. The total subject of the study were 125 teachers. The instrument used for this study was a questionnaire. It was distributed to the teachers and filled out by them. Chi-square was used to analyze by the data obtained from the questionnaire. The results of this study are as follows : 1. For the goal of young children's literature education : 'to be helped creative and expressive activities to literature in various ways' was regarded to be the most important in general. 2. For the criteria for selection of young children's literature books ; 'the contents related a unit was regarded to be the most important in general. 3. For the trends of use interest fot the media of young children s literature ; 'picture-tale' and 'picture-books' are the descending order responded. 4. For books of young children's literature and teacher s viewpoint for those ; '100 books and below them' and 101-200 books' are the descending order responded and answered 'proper' for these. 5. For the YES or No of the teacher's experience for a creative activity of youg children's literature ; 'NO' was regarded to be the most in general. 6. For fairy tales and the title of fairy tale most used in kindergartens ; 'Heungbu-Jean', 'Hokburi-younggam' and 'Hae wa Dali Deun O-nui' are the descending order responded by boys. 'Kongzui and patzui' and 'Baek-seol Princess' are the descending order responded by girls. And 'Hae wa dali Deun O-nui' and 'Hokburi-younggam' are by teachers. 7. For the request to the class allocated for young children's literature in college ; 'the manufacture technique for media of young children's literature and communiate method 'and' the guidance of the creative education to the genre of young children's literature' are the descending order responded by teachers. 8. For the problem in young children's literature education ; 'the problem of manufacture technique for media', 'The difficulty of selection for a literary work and the poor of a subject matter' and 'the poor of teaching materials' are the descending order responded by teachers.
( Seung Hun Lee ), ( Ju Han Kim ), ( Myung Ho Jeong ), ( Hyuk Jin Park ), ( Ji Eun Kim ), ( Young Keun Ahn ), ( Jong Hyun Kim ), ( Shung Chull Chae ), ( Young Jo Kim ), ( Seung Ho Hur ), ( In Whan Seong ), ( Tak) 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1
Background: This study aims to investigate clinical features, angiographic fi ndings, and outcomes of young AMI patients. Methods: We analyzed major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry from November 2005 to October 2010. Registered patients were divided into two groups, young age group (<45 years) and old age group (=65 years). Results: Young age group was composed of 1,248 patients (39.6±4.3 years) and old age group 9,759 patients (74.5±6.5 years). Male, smoking, family history and dyslipidemia were more frequent in young age group than those in old age group (96.6% vs. 57.5%, P<0.001; 86.9% vs. 45.7%, P<0.001; 15.5% vs. 4.8%, P<0.001; 13.4% vs. 9.5%, P<0.001). Young Korean adults with AMI had a shorter symptom-to-door (17.4±72.6 min vs. 24.2±77.7 min, P=0.002), but a longer door-to-balloon time (111.1±106.8 min vs. 101.8±92 min, P=0.043). The young age group had shown a favorable prognosis compared with old age group by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (long-rank, P<0.001). However, there was no signifi cant difference in the adjusted MACE rate at one-year (HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.79-1.53, P=0.585), even after propensity-matched analysis (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.52-1.23, P=0.307). Conclusions: Young Korean adults with AMI have similar clinical outcomes with old age patients, and therefore they should be treated aggressively like elderly patients.
한국은 도시에 집중된 인구로 인해 발생한 대량의 생활폐기물을 처리하기 위해 대규모 주거단지 내에 자동집하시설을 기반으로 한 자원회수시설을 적용 확대하고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 새로운 폐기물 시설이 지속가능한 환경 인프라로써 국내에 정착 가능성을 측정하고자 한다. 객관적으로 유효한 분석 결과를 위해 국내의 은평 뉴타운과 성공적인 사례로 알려져 있는 하마비 허스타드를 비교한다. 구체적인 비교의 틀로서 지속가능성을 평가하는 캠벨의 ‘계획가의 삼각형' 이론을 차용한다. 삼각형을 구성하는 세 가지 요소인 환경, 사회, 경제적 기준으로 개발실행 결과 보고서와 전문가 인터뷰를 참고하여 연구한다. 결론적으로 비교연구를 통해 첫째, 환경부문에서는 자원회수시설의 다양성 추구를 통해 폐기물 절감과 에너지 창출의 이중혜택을 극대화할 수 있다. 둘째, 경제부문에서 젒분한 재원조달을 위해 다양한 재정지원 프로그램의 중요성을 알 수 있다. 셋째, 사회부문은 예산집행과 혜택분배 등 경제부분과 상젒되어 갈등 발생의 가능성이 있다. 따라서 관련 이익관계들의 교류를 적극적으로 장려하고 투명한 예산집행이 원활하고 지속가능한 폐기물 시설 개발을 위한 개선방안이 될 수 있다는 것을 사례비교를 통해 유추할 수 있다. In Korea, application of resource recovery facilities utilizing automatic collection system is expanding to address the concentrated occurrences of household wastes in apartments. This study aims to assess the feasibility of a new waste system adopted into the cities of Korea as sustainable eco-infrastructure. In order to analyze the objective results, a domestic case of Eun-Pyoung New Town and a successful case of Hammarby Sjostad were compared. For analytical framework, we followed ‘Planner's Triangle' presented by Campbell to evaluate the sustainability of this system. The ‘triangle' consists of three components: environmental, societal and economic criteria. We reviewed development result reports and expert interviews based on the three criteria. The results were as follows. First, environmentally, the diverse resource recovery facilities maximize dual benefits of reducing wastes and producing energy. Second, economically, the importance of various financial assistance programs becomes apparent. Third, societally, conflicts may result from contradicting interests such as budget execution and profit distribution. These results implied that communication among interests and transparency of budget execution are key for improvement methods to be sustainable waste system.
( Young Jae Kim ), ( Song Yee Kim ), ( Kyung Soo Chung ), ( Eun Young Kim ), ( Young Ae Kang ), ( Moo Suk Park ), ( Young Sam Kim ), ( Se Kyu Kim ), ( Joon Chang ), ( Ji Ye Jung ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2013 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 추계학술대회 초록집 Vol.116 No.-
The main pulmonary artery diameter (mPA) and ratio of mPA to the aorta diameter (mPA/Ao) are routinely imaged and described in every patient undergoing chest computed tomography (CT). They give us information on the possibility and disease status of diverse underlying illness. However, there has been no large population study to determine the normal reference range of these parameters in Korea. We determined the distribution of normal reference values for mPA and mPA/Ao by CT in Korean population. A noncontrast, ECG-gated, coronary calcium scoring CT imaging of 2550 subjects who visited health screening center in Severance hospital, Seoul, Korea were used for measurement. Two experienced reviewers measured by the mPA and Ao at the level of bifurcation of main pulmonary artery and calculated the mPA/Ao. There were 1526 (59.8%) men and 1024 (40.2%) women with mean age of 53.1±9.4 years. The mean mPA was 26.6±3.0 mm and mean PA/Ao was 0.85±0.13. mPA is higher in men (27.0±3.4 mm vs. 26.0±3.4 mm, P<0.0001), obesity (29.3±4.0 mm vs. 26.5±3.3 mm, P <0.0001), hypertension (27.6±3.6 mm vs. 26.3±3.3 mm, P<0.0001), and diabetes mellitus group (28.2±3.5 mm vs. 26.5±3.4 mm, P<0.0001). mPA/Ao is higher in women (0.86±0.13 vs. 0.84±0.13, P<0.0001), obesity (0.89±0.13 vs. 0.84±0.13, P <0.0001), not hypertensive group (0.86±0.13 vs. 0.80±0.12, P<0.0001), and not dyslipidemic group (0.85±0.13 vs. 0.79±0.13, P<0.0001) with statistical significance. The main pulmonary artery diameter (mPA) and ratio of mPA to the aorta diameter (mPA/Ao) are routinely imaged and described in every patient undergoing chest computed tomography (CT). They give us information on the possibility and disease status of diverse underlying illness. However, there has been no large population study to determine the normal reference range of these parameters in Korea. We determined the distribution of normal reference values for mPA and mPA/Ao by CT in Korean population. A noncontrast, ECG-gated, coronary calcium scoring CT imaging of 2550 subjects who visited health screening center in Severance hospital, Seoul, Korea were used for measurement. Two experienced reviewers measured by the mPA and Ao at the level of bifurcation of main pulmonary artery and calculated the mPA/Ao. There were 1526 (59.8%) men and 1024 (40.2%) women with mean age of 53.1±9.4 years. The mean mPA was 26.6±3.0 mm and mean PA/Ao was 0.85±0.13. mPA is higher in men (27.0±3.4 mm vs. 26.0±3.4 mm, P<0.0001), obesity (29.3±4.0 mm vs. 26.5±3.3 mm, P <0.0001), hypertension (27.6±3.6 mm vs. 26.3±3.3 mm, P<0.0001), and diabetes mellitus group (28.2±3.5 mm vs. 26.5±3.4 mm, P<0.0001). mPA/Ao is higher in women (0.86±0.13 vs. 0.84±0.13, P<0.0001), obesity (0.89±0.13 vs. 0.84±0.13, P <0.0001), not hypertensive group (0.86±0.13 vs. 0.80±0.12, P<0.0001), and not dyslipidemic group (0.85±0.13 vs. 0.79±0.13, P<0.0001) with statistical significance.
Objective: Residents in a long-term care (LTC) facility are at risk of TB infection because of frequent disease transmission, and they also may have comorbidities that are associated with an increased risk of TB reactivation. In addition, people with a mental illness recognized as an important risk factor for TB. The objective of this study was to describe outcomes of TB contact investigations in a psychiatric hospital. Methods: A psychiatric hospital inpatients were reported as tuberculosis in August 2017, and a contact investigations in psychiatric hospital have been conducted according to the National Tuberculosis Control Programme. From August 2017 to May 2019, the contact investigation included 102 patients and 15 healthcare workers. Chest X-ray (CXR) and interferon- gamma releasing assay (IGRAs) were performed in contacts. Molecular typing was performed with 24- loci MIRU-VNTR and Spoligotyping. Results: There were 6 cases of pulmonary TB were diagnosed among contacts. All additional cases used the same layer as the index patient, one of whom used the same room with the index patient. Among the contacts, 74.4% (87/117) were tested for LTBI; 52.8% were identified as having LTBI. There were 43 inpatients (49.4%) and 3 healthcare workers (3.4%) with LTBI. According to the analysis of the genetic type of tuberculosis bacteria, all three confirmed cultured strains were identified with the same genetic type as the index patient. Conclusion: It is important to detect and treat tuberculosis patients and latent TB infections early through contact investigation. Also routine CXR screening at admission and maintaining a high alert for TB in daily practice are essential in psychiatric hospital.
Jae,,Young,Hwang,,Eu,Dong,Leem,,Ah,Young,Kang,,Beo,Deul,Chang,,Soo,Yun,Kim,,Ho,Keun,Park,,In,Kyu,Kim,,Song,Yee,Kim,,Eun,Young,Jung,,Ji,Ye,Kang,,Young,Ae,Park,,Moo,Suk,Kim,,Young,Sam,Kim,,Se,Kyu,Chang, The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory 2014 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.76 No.2
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a toxic chemical commonly used as a degreasing agent, and it is usually found in a colorless or blue liquid form. TCE has a sweet, chloroform-like odor, and this volatile chlorinated organic chemical can cause toxic hepatitis, neurophysiological disorders, skin disorders, and hypersensitivity syndromes. However, the hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) attributed to TCE has rarely been reported. We hereby describe a case of HP associated with TCE in a 29-year-old man who was employed as a lead welder at a computer repair center. He was installing the capacitors on computer chip boards and had been wiped down with TCE. He was admitted to our hospital with complaints of dry coughs, night sweats, and weight losses for the past two months. HP due to TCE exposure was being suspected due to his occupational history, and the results of a video-associated thoracoscopic biopsy confirmed the suspicions. Symptoms have resolved after the steroid pulse therapy and his occupational change. TCE should be taken into consideration as a potential trigger of HP. Early recognition and avoidance of the TCE exposure in the future is important for the treatment of TCE induced HP.
( Chi Young Kim ), ( Ah Young Leem ), ( Joo Han Song ), ( Song Yee Kim ), ( Kyung Soo Chung ), ( Eun Young Kim ), ( Ji Ye Jung ), ( Young Ae Kang ), ( Young Sam Kim ), ( Joon Chang ), ( Jin Gu Lee ), ( Hyo Chae ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2017 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 추계학술대회 초록집 Vol.124 No.-
Background: As increasing the number of lung transplantation (LTX) and the rate of the operation success, many studies about prognostic factors of LTX have been published. Malnutrition is one established factor related to prognosis in patients with LTX. Recently, PNI (prognostic nutritional index) has shown promising results in predicting patient prognosis in various diseases. The purpose of this study was to review recipients to determine if PNI at prior to LTX can serve as prognostic factors. Methods: A total of 101 patients who underwent single or double LTX at the Severance hospital, Yonsei University from October 2012 to October 2015 were included. The prognostic significance of PNI and other clinical factors was identified by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The mean age of the 61 male and 40 female patients was 52.1 years. Compared with high PNI group (n = 53), low PNI (n = 48) group was significantly associated with age and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level. Multivariate cox regression analysis showed that the patient`s pre-transplantation PNI score very strongly influenced the post transplantation survival after adjusted other confounding factors (HR: 4.443, 95% CI:1.998 to 9.927, p<0.001). Conclusions: The PNI is a simple and most useful marker not only to identify patients at increased risk for postoperative complications, but also to predict mortality after lung transplantation. Preoperative nutritional assessment should be included in the routine assessment of awaiting for lung transplantation patients.