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The Common Agricultural Policy(CAP) of European Community is facing a crisis from budgetary, political conflict and international trade. CAP was successful for the producer's protection and self-suffiency at the sacrifice of consumers and foreign producers. This paper discussed the background and the evolution of European agricultural policy and found out problems concerning CAP. And the followings are suggestions to settle those problems and to reform the CAP: First, reduction of commom price. Second, revitalization of market principle. Third, maximum guarantee threshold/coresponsibility levies. Fourth, direct subsidy(deficiency payment) is better than indirect subsidy(variable levies). Fifth, new structrul policy by reduction of cost. Sixth, in case of wheat, production quota and two-tier plan are better than price reduction and coresponsibility levies. Seventh, national aid/or communitary budgetary reduction for the exports of LDCs.
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It is a massive task to make this nation Economic center in East Asia, Roh"s government appearing. It is a task to strengthen industrial competition, construct the function of Hub in East Asia, successively advance economy for establishing economically strong country. It is the most important to make this country Hub of port logistics. It is the point to make this country the center of economy. Having more systematic and effective logistics is to connect domestic and international foreign trade with logistics to consider competitiveness of port. It had better strategically approach to promote economic cooperation in East Asia. Economic cooperation of Korea, China , and Japan such as FTA brings about development of trades of such areas. This influences improvement of trades in Korea. Because it is important to make port logistics Hub on the basis of economic cooperation of East Asia, it is imperative to have abundant information system and political support and strategy. First, having advanced facilities and management of port. Second, thinking of a method to win in such a competitiveness. Third, continuous enlargement of port facilities. Fourth, promoting prompt development and management around port. Fifth, having various transportation system around port.
In order to perform this cooperative study, in psychiatric perspective, authors got normal control samples of 951 for depressive neurosis group and 1081 for anxiety neurosis group with translated forms of the self-rating depression scale(SDS) and the selfrating anxiety scale(SDS) of W.W.K. Zung. Authors has tested psychiatric out-clinic patients by the SDS and SAS before initial interview, and the results were classified patients with diagnosis which conformed by psychiatrist at the out-clinic of department of psychiatry, Chungnam university hospital, and author got data from 336 depressive neurosis patients, 183 anxiety neurosis patients, and 85 eye clinic patients. In ophthalmologic perspective, author has tested horizontal and vertical deviation, and refractive errors by the prism cover test and maddox rod test for 88 normal control group, 141 eye patient group, and 96 psychiatric out patient group. The results were as follow: 1. Depression and anxiety was highest in sequence of normal control group, eye clinic patient group, and depressive or anxiety neurosis group. 2. In horizontal deviation, most eye clinic patient was in the normal range of 5^Δand most psychiatric clinic patient was in the range of 6∼10^Δ. 3. In vertical deviation, all of study groups was in the range of 1^Δ. 4. In refractive errors, all of study groups was in the range of ±0.50 D and there was no differences between each groups. 5. Result which many psychiatric patient group has a vertical deviation suggested some relations between neurotics and eye clinic patients.
Recently, a steam turbine blade is becoming larger and more flexible, therefore it is necessary to calculate natural frequencies of long, cylindrical twisted turbine blade for avoiding resonance of rotation. In this paper, the vibration characteristics of free-standing blade are experimently investigated and calculated. A method of analysis is transfer matrix mathod. Furthermore, their extension makes possible the evaluation of certain elastic constraints the lashing wire and shroud band. The calculated values do agree with the test values but with a small errors.
결론적으로 유럽통합은 일찍이 인류가 경험하지 못한 새로운 시도라는 점에서 보면, 이 새로운 형상은 현실적인 문제에서 뿐만 아니라 사회과학전반에 많은 영향을 미칠 수 있다고 사료된다. 결국 유럽은 더로우의 예측대로 세계의 새로운 질서를 만들어 갈 것이므로 유럽통합에 대한 각계(학계, 업계, 정치계, 관계)의 주의깊은 관심이 요망된다. 특히 유럽통합의 경험은 당면한 남북한통합과 동북아경제협력의 추진시 정치・경제・사회 분야에서 우리에게 많은 교훈을 줄 수 있는 것임을 확신한다. 끝으로 본서와 유사한 유럽통합연구가 한국유럽연구협회에 의해서 한국 최초로 시도되었고, 그 결과 "유럽통합전망"이라는 이름으로 92년 말 출판되었음을 참고로 알려드린다.
The EC's budget is modest compared with that of the member states; in 1988, for example, it amounted to 3.56 per cent of the national budgets. In that year, according to the Commission, each Community citizen paid an average of Ecu 142 to the Community, and more than 30 times that amount to his own country. Despite this disparity, the EC's budget has been, and continuous to be, a sourse of periodic dispute between the member states and between them, the Commission and the Pariament. The EC's budget is very small compared to the other federal countries such as USA and West Germany of which federal goverment's expenditure is 20-25 per cent of GDP. It is inevitable to increase the budget for the European Community to become the United States of Europe, final destination of the EC. And the considerable parts of the increased budget should be transferred to the poor member states from the rich countries. In other words, Community shall have to invest its budget in the underdeveloped regions and the regions in the process of redevolpment. Also Community needs to invest in the area of the industries which are vulnerable in the course of the rapid integration of 1992. In reality, however, it is difficult to increase Ec budget. Therefore, the most important thing is how member states come to share the budern. In addition, monetary, economic and political integration of the EC will be completed by the end of 1992 with the completion of the internal market. But in order to decrease the negative impact resulting from the rapid integration, the expansion of EC budget is essential.