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      • KCI등재

        스키웨어 착의시의 온열생리학적 특성

        홍현실,성수광,Hong, Hyeon-Sil,Seong, Su-Gwang 대한인간공학회 1998 大韓人間工學會誌 Vol.17 No.1

        We study the ski wear which are compared at the materials and the designes and their human physiological and phychological response during exercise in a cold and air-conditioned enviroments. Five men exercises in the experiment room with four types of ski-wears : two of one-piece and two of two-piece : two of special material and two of a normal material, respectively. We keep the environment at $-5^{\circ}C$ and speed of 3.6 mile/hr during the measurement of 13 points, which is a mean model of the Muju ski-resort at January 1996. We conclude the followings : 1. The ski-wear with special materials have higher than the normal type at mean skin temperature and rectal temperature. 2. Changes of temperature withing the clothes during the exercise is small, but the humidity within the clothes abruptly increases because of the weight loss. 3. Type A ski-wear with the special material has $295.5g/m^2hr$ weight loss, which is higher, and type D ski-wear is smaller 4. The special material shows comfortable in the thermal sensation. 5. In the design aspect of the ski-wears, the two-piece type ski-wear shows higher skin temperature and temperature & humidity within the clothes than the one-piece type due to the effect of the multiplicity.

      • 전치 견인시 상순의 긴장도와 입술반응의 변화

        홍현실,김상철 원광대학교 치의학연구소 2003 圓光齒醫學 Vol.12 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to evaluate dental and integumental soft tissue changes by the orthodontic treatment and relationship of upper lip strain to lip response by anterior teeth retraction. Lateral cephalometric head films of 90 cases, before and after treatment, were traced and statistically analyzed. The results were as follows; 1. Upper lip strain was alleviate by anterior teeth retraction and high lip strain group was more alleviate than low lip strain group. 2. Upper incisor was posterior and inferior positioned by the orthodontic treatment and integumental soft tissue also was posterior and inferior positioned. 3. Basic lip thickness was decrease by anterior teeth retraction, whereas vermilion lip thickness was increase.

      • KCI등재

        치간 삭제 후 불소 또는 수산화인회석 도포 시 재광화 및 탈회억제에 관한 연구

        홍현실,김호영,성지영,조진형,김상철 대한치과교정학회 2010 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.40 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        치간 삭제 후 재광화 및 치아우식 예방법을 찾기 위한 노력의 일환으로 1.23% 인산화불소 젤 또는 5%, 10% 수산화인회석함유 페이스트를 치간 삭제된 법랑질 표면에 도포하였고, 그 후 젖산탈회용액으로 처리하였다. 법랑질 표면의 재광화 및 탈회 후 결정구조 변화를 주사전자현미경으로 관찰하고 칼숨, 인, 불소 함량 등의 변화를 energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy 로 분석해서 비교하였다. 치간 삭제 후 5%, 10% 수산화인회석함유 페이스트를 도포한 군에서 칼숨과 인 합량이 증가하였고, 1.23% 인산화불소 젤 도포 군에서는 불소 함량이 증가하였다. 또한 모든 재광화 제제에서 법랑질 표면이 매끄럽고 부드러워졌으며 결정구조가 작고 치밀해짐을 관찰할 수 있었다. 10% 수산화인회석합유 페이스트로 재광화한 군은 탈회 후에도 칼슐과 인 함량이 증가된 채로 유지되었고, 5% 수산화인회석합유 페이스트로 재광화한 군은 탈회 후 인 함량이 증가된 채로 유지되었다. 치간 삭제 후 탈회 처리 시 대조군의 법랑질은 파괴양상이 심해 거친 굴곡으로 이루어진 불규칙한 표면 상태를 나타내었으나 불소 및 수산화인회석으로 재광화한 군에서는 법랑질의 파괴양상이 적어 작은 결정입자들과 미세공극이 유지되었다. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of remineralization and inhibition to demineralization after fluoride gel (acidulated phosphate fluoride, APF) or hydroxyapatite (HAp) paste application on interdentally stripped teeth. Methods: After interdental stripping, 1.23% APF or 5%, 10% HAp paste were applied for 7 days for remineralization. Afterwards, teeth were exposed to lactate carbopol buffer solution for demineralization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to compare change in surface contents and crystal structures after remineralization, and then after demineralization. Results: EDS analysis indicated that calcium (p < 0.001) and phosphate (p < 0.01) contents were increased after 10% HAp paste application on stripped enamel, calcium (p < 0.05) and phosphate (p < 0.01) contents were increased after 5% HAp paste application, and fluoride (p < 0.01) contents were increased after 1.23% APF application. SEM image showed that enamel surfaces became smoother and crystal structures became small and compact after APF or HAp application. After demineralization, calcium (p < 0.05) and phosphate (p < 0.05) contents remained increased on the enamel remineralized with 10% HAp paste, and phosphate (p < 0.05) contents remained increased on the enamel remineralized with 5% HAp paste. After demineralization, surfaces looked less destroyed in the enamel remineralized beforehand than those of the control, and small pores between crystal structures, formed by remineralization were remained. Conclusions: Hydroxyapatite paste and fluoride gel were helpful to remineralize and inhibit deminerlization on stripped enamel.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        치간 삭제 후 불소 및 수산화인회석 도포 시 법랑질 표면의 함량 및 결정구조 변화에 관한 연구

        김상철,홍현실,황영철 대한치과교정학회 2008 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.38 No.6

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구의 목적은 치간삭제 후 불소 및 수산화인회석 페이스트의 치면 도포에 대한 법랑질 표면의 결정구조 및 재광화를 평가하고자 하였다. 치간삭제 후 1.23% 인산화 불소 및 10% 수산화인회석 페이스트를 치면에 도포한 후 법랑질 표면의 결정구조 변화를 주사전자현미경으로 관찰하고, 법랑질 표면의 칼슘, 인, 불소 함량 등의 변화를 energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (ESD)로 분석하였다. 실험결과 10% 수산화인회석 페이스트 도포한 군에서 칼슘 함량이 증가하였고 (p < 0.01), 치간 삭제 후 거칠었던 법랑질 표면이 매끄럽고 부드러워졌으며 법랑질 결정구조가 작고 치밀해짐을 관찰할 수 있었다. 이상의 결과는 치간삭제 후 불소 및 수산화인회석 도포가 치면 결정구조 및 재광화에 유리하다는 것을 의미한다. The aim of this study was to evaluate the remineralization of interdentally stripped teeth after fluoride gel or hydroxyapatite paste application. Methods: After interdental stripping, 1.23% fluoride gel or 10% hydroxyapatite paste was applied three times a day, with a duration of four minutes, for a week. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to compare the change of surface contents and crystal structures before and after the application of fluoride gel or hydroxyapatite paste. Results: EDS analysis indicated that calcium contents were increased after 10% HAp paste application on stripped enamel (p < 0.01). SEM view showed that enamel surfaces in groups of 1.23% APF gel or 10% HAp paste application were smoother than those of control group, which was regarded as filling of the pore structure. And pores between crystal structures in groups treated with 1.23% APF gel or 10% HAp paste were smaller than those of control group. Conclusions: Application of APF or HAp on stripped enamel could positively influence on the surface contents or crystal structure.

      • KCI등재

        하악 이부확장 시 하악골 이동 양상과 응력 분포에 관한 삼차원 유한요소법적 연구

        이도훈,홍현실,채종문,조진형,김상철 대한치과교정학회 2008 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.38 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        하악 이부확장에서 골 절단선의 위치 및 종류와 견인 장치의 종류에 따른 차이를 알아보고자 삼차원 유한요소법으로 하악골의 이동 양상 및 응력 분포를 조사하였다. 골 견인장치의 종류로는 치아 의존형과 골 의존형, 혼합형, 30˚ 기울여 위치한 치아 의존형의 4가지를, 골절단 위치와 방법으로 하악 중절치 간 수직절단과 하악 정중이부를 관통하는 계단식 골절단 등의 2가지를 설정하였다. 연구 결과, 골절단의 위치 및 방법과 견인장치의 종류에 관계없이 과두를 포함한 하악골의 모든 부위에서 외측방 변위를 보였으며 상하적이나 전후방적 변위는 적은 양이었으나 방향에 있어 군간에 차이를 보였다. 치아 의존형 장치에 의한 골절단면 이개 양태는 V형이었으나 골 의존형 장치는 역V형이고 혼합형 장치는 평행하게 확장되었다. 골 의존형 장치에 의한 하악각의 외측 변위량이 다른 장치에 비해 컸다. 30˚ 기울여 위치한 치아 의존형에서의 변위는 측방적, 전후방적 면에서 좌우 차이가 인정되었다. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the displacement pattern and the stress distribution of the finite element model 3-D visualization during symphyseal widening according to the osteotomy position, osteotomy type, and distraction device. Methods: The kinds of distraction devices used were tooth-borne type, hybrid type, bone-borne type and tooth-borne type 30˚ angulated, and the kinds of osteotomy design were vertical osteotomy line between the central incisors and step osteotomy line through the symphysis. Results: All reference points of the mandible including the condyles were displaced laterally irrespective of the osteotomy position, osteotomy method and distraction device. The anteroposterior or vertical displacements showed small differences between the groups. The widening pattern of the osteotomy line in the tooth-borne type of device was v shaped, and that of bone-borne type was a reverse v shape. However, the pattern in the hybrid type was parallel. The lateral displacement of the mandibular angle by the bone-borne device was more remarkable than the other types of devices. The displacement by the 30˚ angulated tooth-borne type was different between the left and right sides in both the transverse and anteroposterior aspects. Conclusion: The design of the distraction devices and osteotomy line can influence the displacement pattern and the stress distribution during mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis procedures.

      • KCI등재

        유성견에서 periodontal distraction에 의한 급속 치아견인 시 치수 및 치주조직의 변화에 관한 연구

        이종진,홍현실,채종문,조진형,김상철 대한치과교정학회 2007 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.37 No.5

        유성견에서 periodontal distraction 과정을 통해 급속 견인 후에 치수와 치주조직의 변화를 평가하였다. 유성견의 상악 제2소구치를 발거하고 제3소구치 근심의 치간골을 부분 제거하였다. 견인장치는 6일 동안 하루에 2번씩 견인하고, 강화기 동안 0주, 1주, 3주, 5주, 7주, 9주에 치수와 치주조직의 변화를 임상적, 방사선학적, 조직학적, 면역조직화화학적으로 관찰하였다. 신장된 치주인대 내에서 견인 직후부터 4주까지 활발한 골밀도 증가를 보였으며, 특히 2-3주 사이에서 가장 활발하였다. 강화기 0주에 압박측 치조골의 흡수 및 파골세포 출현, 염증세포 침윤이 가장 많이 관찰되었고 1주의 신장측 치주인대에서 특징적인 골형성을 보이기 시작하였다. 신생골 형성은 1주와 3주에 가장 많이 관찰되었으며 9주에는 성숙골로의 대치 및 치주인대의 재생으로 대조군과 차이가 없었다. 실험군의 calcitonin gene-related peptide의 발현은 치수, 치주인대 내의 염증 부위에서 나타났으며 0주, 1주에 압박측 치주인대에서 증가하였다가 5주 이후에는 감소하여 대조군과 차이가 없었다. 이상과 같은 소견은 periodontal distraction에 의한 급속 치아 이동이 정상적인 골 재형성 과정을 도모하는 새로운 치아이동 방법이 될 수 있음을 시사한다. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulp and periodontal changes following rapid tooth retraction by periodontal distraction after bone undermining surgery in young adult dogs. Methods: After extraction of second premolars, the interseptal bone mesial to the upper 3rd premolar was undermined. After activating the distraction appliance at 0.5 mm/day for six days, the dogs were sacrificed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks during the consolidation period. Tissue changes of periodontium and pulp were evaluated radiologically, histologically, and immunohistochemically. Results: Digital subtraction radiography showed active bone formation in the stretched periodontal ligament from 0 - 4 weeks. Resorption of the alveolar bone, appearance of osteoclasts, and infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed just after the activation period at the pressure side, and distinctive bone formation was seen in the tension side of the periodontal ligament from 1 week. New bone formation was active at 1 - 3 weeks. The expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the experimental group was increased at the alveolar bone and pulp, and periodontal ligament at the pressure side from 0 - 1 week, and it decreased after 5 weeks to become similar to that of the control group. Conclusions: The results showed that rapid tooth movement using periodontal distraction can be new form of orthodontic tooth movement for accelerating normal bone formation.

      • KCI등재

        유성견에서 periodontal distraction에 의한 급속 치아견인 시 치수 및 치주조직의 변화에 관한 연구

        이종진(Jong-Jin Lee),홍현실(Hyun-Sil Hong),채종문(Jong-Moon Chae),조진형(Jin-Hyung Cho),김상철(Sang-Cheol Kim) 대한치과교정학회 2007 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.37 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        유성견에서 periodontal distraction 과정을 통해 급속 견인 후에 치수와 치주조직의 변화를 평가하였다. 유성견의 상악 제2소구치를 발거하고 제3소구치 근심의 치간골을 부분 제거하였다. 견인장치는 6일 동안 하루에 2번씩 견인하고, 강화기 동안 0주, 1주, 3주, 5주, 7주, 9주에 치수와 치주조직의 변화를 임상적, 방사선학적, 조직학적, 면역조직화화학적으로 관찰하였다. 신장된 치주인대 내에서 견인 직후부터 4주까지 활발한 골밀도 증가를 보였으며, 특히 2-3주 사이에서 가장 활발하였다. 강화기 0주에 압박측 치조골의 흡수 및 파골세포 출현, 염증세포 침윤이 가장 많이 관찰되었고 1주의 신장측 치주인대에서 특징적인 골형성을 보이기 시작하였다. 신생골 형성은 1주와 3주에 가장 많이 관찰되었으며 9주에는 성숙골로의 대치 및 치주인대의 재생으로 대조군과 차이가 없었다. 실험군의 calcitonin gene-related peptide의 발현은 치수, 치주인대 내의 염증 부위에서 나타났으며 0주, 1주에 압박측 치주인대에서 증가하였다가 5주 이후에는 감소하여 대조군과 차이가 없었다. 이상과 같은 소견은 periodontal distraction에 의한 급속 치아 이동이 정상적인 골 재형성 과정을 도모하는 새로운 치아이동 방법이 될 수 있음을 시사한다. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulp and periodontal changes following rapid tooth retraction by periodontal distraction after bone undermining surgery in young adult dogs.<br> Methods:Alter extraction of second premolars, the interseptal bone mesial to the upper 3rd premolar was undermined. After activating the distraction appliance at 0.5 mm/day for six days, the dogs were sacrificed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks during the consolidation period. Tissue changes of periodontium and pulp were evaluated radiologically, histologically, and immunohistochemically.<br> Results:Digital subtraction radiography showed active bone formation in the stretched periodontal ligament from 0 - 4 weeks. Resorption of the alveolar bone, appearance of osteoclasts, and infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed just after the activation period at the pressure side, and distinctive bone formation was seen in the tension side of the periodontal ligament from 1 week. New bone formation was active at 1 - 3 weeks. The expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the experimental group was increased at the alveolar bone and pulp, and periodontal ligament at the pressure side from 0 - 1 week, and it decreased after 5 weeks to become similar to that of the control group.<br> Conclusions:The results showed that rapid tooth movement using periodontal distraction can be new form of orthodontic tooth movement for accelerating normal bone formation.

      • KCI등재

        우수ㆍ비우수리듬체조 선수들의 정신력 비교(Ⅱ)

        이덕분(Lee Duk-Boon),홍현실(Hong Hyun-Sil),강유원(Kang Yoo-Won) 한국체육과학회 2001 한국체육과학회지 Vol.10 No.1

        This study was intended to analyze what difference there was in the component of mental toughness between rhythmic gymnasts in accordance with skills(excellent verse non-excellent) and research objects(middle, high school and college). For this purpose, the mental toughness questionnaire produced by Loehr was administered for 95 athletes registered with the Korea rhythmic gymnastic Association. Mean(M) and standard deviation(SD) were calculated for 4 mental toughness factors by analyzing data from the questionnaire research. Two-way ANOVA and the post-test was used by using the Tukey HSD Test when there was a significant difference between research objects. The level of significance was tested for statistics at the level of α=0.5. The following conclusion was drawn: 1) An attempt was made to test a difference on the moderating factor of visual and image control between rhythmic gymnasts in accordance with the level of skills and objects. As a consequence, it was found that there was no significant difference. The average scores on the moderating factor of visual and image control was shown to be 22 points, which indicates that the scores were high compared to those of the other imagery factors. 2) An attempt was made to test a difference on the moderating factor of the motivational level between rhythmic gymnasts in accordance with the level of skills and objects. As a consequence, it was found that there was no significant difference. The average scores on the moderating factor of the motivational level was shown to be 23 points, which indicates that they were the highest ones of any other mental toughness factor. 3) An attempt was made to test a difference on the factor of positive energy between rhythmic gymnasts in accordance with the level of skills. In consequence, it was found that there was a very significant difference. It was found that there was no significant difference in accordance with objects. The average scores on the moderating factor of positive energy was shown to be 20 points. 4) An attempt was made to test a difference on the factor of attitude control between rhythmic gymnasts in accordance with the level of skills. In consequence, it was found that there was no significant difference. But, it was found that there was a significant difference in accordance with objects. As a result of the post-test, it was found that there was a significant difference between high scholl students and middle school students. The average scores on the moderating factor of attitude control was shown to be 22 points, which indicates that they were comparatively high.

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