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장대레일 좌굴과 파단에 대한 안정성을 확보하고 효율적인 유지관리를 위해서는 레일온도의 특징을 파악하는 것이 매우 중요하다. 최근 들어, 기후변화에 의해 여름철 최고 대기온도는 상승하고 겨울철 최저 대기온도는 점점 하강하고 있다. 이러한 현상은 연간 레일온도의 변화량에 영향을 미치게 되고 설정온도와 관리온도의 변화를 일으킬 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 기후 및 온도 측정시스템을 구축하여 기후요소를 포함한 레일온도를 실측하였다. 실측자료의 심층적인 분석을 통하여, 기존 레일온도 추정식은 특정한 조건(기후요소들의 특정 조합)에서만 적용이 가능함을 알 수 있었다. 현장의 실제 기후요소를 고려한 레일온도를 확률론적 접근으로 예측하는 것이 더욱 합리적일 것이다. In order to secure safety for the buckling and fracture of continuous welded rail and improve the efficiency of maintenance work, it is very important that grasp the characteristics of rail temperature. Recently, the maximum air temperature in summer season rises gradually and the minimum air temperature in winter season is decreasing gradually due to the climate change. Therefore, these phenomenon influences in the change amount of yearly rail temperature and can cause change of laying and maintenance temperature. In this study, actual measurement of rail temperature including climatic factors is carried out by constructing the temperature and climate measurement system as realistic as possible. Through the intensive investigation of actual data, it is founded that the existing prediction formulas for rail temperature may be used only in certain climatic conditions (certain combination of climatic factors). It may be more reasonable that the rail temperature considering actual climatic factors in site is predicted on probabilistic approach.
Ballasted track is under the circumstance of repetition of deterioration and recovery. Track deterioration is presented as track irregularity or settlement, and dynamic force subjected to track is one of major cause of the deterioration. The dynamic force is determined from the dynamic interaction between track and vehicle. Rail-pad stiffness is one of the factor affects track dynamic property. In this study, the relationship between rail-pad stiffness and track settlement was investigated. Dynamic forces according to various rail-pad stiffness was obtained from the dynamic vehicle-track interaction analysis using DARTS-NL. Track settlement was calculated by substitution the dynamic forces into various formulas for track settlement. From the result of analysis, it was known that the track settlement is increased about 6% when the rail-pad stiffness rise about twice. And this result leads that there is only a little relationship between rail-pad stiffness and track settlement.
The demand on a turnout layed on a bridge is rising owing to the increasing number of stations on the viaduct. And also the demand on a turnout with CWR is rising to upgrade running speed of the passing train. A CWR with turnout is subjected to additional axial force induced by the thermal expansion of bridge as well as lead rail of turnout. The additional axial force is closely related with the distance between bridge expansion joint and turnout when it is located near the movable bearing of bridge, and it is required to keep some distance to prevent excessive axial stress in CWR. But, there is no guideline in specification for the proper distance from E.J. to turnout, and it caused problem in planning turnout or bridge. So, it this study, the parametric study to investigate the effect on axial stress in CWR with turnout according to span length and distance between bridge expansion joint and turnout was performed. From the results of numerical analysis, it was found out that 5~30m distance is required to prevent excessive axial in CWR for span length less 90m.
교량과 토공의 접속부은 궤도의 대표적인 취약구간으로서 교대배면의 부등침하로 인한 궤도틀림발생이 빈번하여 유지관리에 많은 어려움을 겪고 있는 구간 중의 하나이다. 콘크리트궤도부설구간의 경우에는 교대배면의 부등침하를 방지하기 위하여 접속슬래브 부설이 일반화되고 있는 추세이다. 이 경우, 접속슬래브를 지지하고 있는 노반의 침하로 인하여 접속슬래브에 경사처짐이 발생하게 되면 궤도도 경사처짐이 발생하게 된다. 이로 인해 이 구간을 통과하는 차량의 주행안정성과 승차감의 저하, 그리고 과도한 충격에 의한 궤도의 손상을 유발하게 되므로 접속슬래브의 단부에서의 침하를 제한할 필요가 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 콘크리트 궤도 부설 교량과 토공의 접속부에 부설되는 접속슬래브의 단부에서의 처짐한도를 알아보기 위하여 접속슬래브의 길이와 단부처짐량을 매개변수로 한 차량-궤도 상호작용 해석을 실시하여 차체가속도, 윤중변동률, 레일저부응력, 그리고 체결구에 발생하는 상향압력을 조사하였으며, 수치해석결과와 각 검토항목별 허용한도와의 비교검토를 통하여 접속슬래브의 길이에 따른 단부처짐의 허용한도를 제시하였다. The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.
In recently, rail deteriorations -rolling contact fatigue, wear, etc- arise as hot issue of track maintenance by speed increasing of railway. And the relative importance of the rail maintenance in concrete track, which is adopted as a track system for 2nd phase of Kyung-Bu and Ho-Nam high speed line, will be increased much more. Furthermore the rail maintenance trouble was already serious in Metro by excessive wear of rail profile, and excessive noise in sharp curve line. But effective scheme for the rail maintenance is established yet in our country. To work out such a problem by laboratory test or simulation, the wheel-rail contact simulator was developed. The simulator was developed to test various phenomena on wheel and rail surface by contact of wheel and rail at speed of maximum 400㎞/h using real scale wheel and rail which are also variable. And, using the simulator, it can be investigate deterioration phenomena of wheel and rail under various contact angle, attack angle, running speed, environmental condition, wheel and thrust load condition. The test results using the machine can be used for improvement of profile of wheel and rail, estimation of life period of rail and wheel etc, and, after all, it leads effective maintenance of wheel and rail.
The demand on a turnout layed on a bridge is rising owing to the increasing number of stations on the viaduct. And also the demand on a turnout with CWR is rising to upgrade running speed of the passing train. A CWR connected with turnout is subjected to additional axial force induced by the actions due to change in temperature, braking and starting force, and bending of the deck. But magnitude and distribution of the axial force in rails of turnout is not clear yet. So, in this study, a field measurement was conducted to know them. The strain gage method was adopted for field test. The FBG sensor for the strain measurement was used to ensure stability of test value and durability of gage for long term. It is expected that we can get data on the axial force in rail connected with turnout with respect to seasonal temperature change by the established field test system.
The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab is installed to prevent the phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and the deteriorations of track by excessive impact subjected to the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to know what is the allowable displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such a bad effect. The length and amount of unequal settlement of the approach slab was adopted as parameter for numerical analysis. And car body accelerations, variations of wheel force and rail stress and uplift force induced on a fastener clip are investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limits of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.
A numerical analysis was performed to verify how much additional force is induced by short or long pitch rail corrugations in track. The rail corrugations assumed as sine wave having various pitches and depths. The variation of wheel force, displacement and acceleration of rail and sleeper was investigated. In the results, it was shown that each item of the investigation was increased as the pitches and depths become large. It is expected that the results of the parametric study can be used as a preliminary data for the determination of economical maintenance criteria for rail corrugation in the future.