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        • KCI등재

          [재료]내마모용 SUS 소결재의 미세조직과 기계적 성질

          조권구(Kwon Koo Cho),김보수(Bo Su Kim),안인섭(In Shup Ahn),허보영(Bo Young Hur),양성철(Sung Chul Yang),김해섭(Hae Shup Kim) 한국분석과학회 1993 분석과학 Vol.6 No.2

          SUS(Stainless Steel) 분말을 이용하여 기존의 고가 내마모 소결부품을 대체할 수 있는 새로운 내마모재의 개발 가능성을 조사하였다. SUS 조성의 분말에 Cu, ZrC, C 및 Ti 등의 합금원소를 첨가하여 소결체의 밀도, 소결시의 수축률 및 경도의 변화를 조사하였다. 이러한 첨가원소의 영향 중에서 가장 뛰어난 기계적 성질을 나타낸 것은 Ti을 첨가한 SUS재였으며, 3% Ti 첨가시 기존의 내마모 소결 부품을 대체할 수 있는 수축률(6.5%), 밀도(7.35g/㎤) 및 경도(43HRC)를 보여 주었다. The purpose of this research is to improve the density and the hardness of the SUS alloys for wear resistant materials. The dependence of the density, shrinkage ratio and hardness of various alloys on the sintering temperature and composition were examined. Alloys added with 3% Ti shows the most proper sintering properties of shrinkage ratio and the hardness which is enough to substitute for existing high price materials.

        • KCI등재

          양극산화법에 의한 TiO<sub>2</sub> 나노튜브 어레이의 제조 및 광전기화학적 특성에 관한 연구

          김선민,조권구,최영진,김기원,류광선,Kim, Seon-Min,Cho, Kwon-Koo,Choe, Yeong-Jin,Kim, Ki-Won,Ryu, Kwang-Sun 한국분말야금학회 2010 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.17 No.3

          Self-standing $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays were fabricated by potentiostatic anodic oxidation method using pure Ti foil as a working electrode and ethylene glycol solution as electrolytes with small addition of $NH_4F$ and $H_2O$. The influences of anodization temperature and time on the morphology and formation of $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays were investigated. The fabricated $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays were applied as a photoelectrode to dye-sensitized solar cells. Regardless of anodizing temperature and time, the average diameter and wall thickness of $TiO_2$ nanotube show a similar value, whereas the thickness show a different trend with reaction temperature. The thickness of $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays anodized at $20^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$ was time-dependent, but on the other hand its at $10^{\circ}C$ are independent of anodization time. The conversion efficiency is low, which is due to a morphology breaking of the $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays in manufacturing process of photoelectrode.

        • KCI등재

          화학적 기상 응축(CVC)법을 이용한 철-몰리브덴합금 나노 입자와 와이어의 제조

          하종근,조권구,김기원,류광선,Ha, Jong-Keun,Cho, Kwon-Koo,Kim, Ki-Won,Ryu, Kwang-Sun 한국분말야금학회 2010 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.17 No.3

          Iron(Fe)-Molybdenum(Mo) alloyed nanoparticles and nanowires were produced by the chemical vapor condensation(CVC) process using the pyrolysis of iron pentacarbonyl($Fe(CO)_5$) and Molybdenum hexacarbonyl($Mo(CO)_6$). The influence of CVC parameter on the formation of nanoparticle, nanowire and size control was studied. The size of Fe-Mo alloyed nanoparticles can be controlled by quantity of gas flow. Also, Fe-Mo alloyed nanowires were produced by control of the work chamber pressure. Moreover, we investigated close correlation of size and morphology of Fe-Mo nanoparticles and nanowires with atomic quantity of inflow precursor into the electric furnace as the quantitative analysis. Obtained nanoparticles and nanowires were investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction.

        • KCI등재

          타이타늄 합금 분말의 열적산화를 통한 TiO<sub>2</sub> 나노와이어의 합성

          김유영,조권구,Kim, Yoo-Young,Cho, Kwon-Koo 한국분말야금학회 2018 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.25 No.1

          One-dimensional rutile $TiO_2$ is an important inorganic compound with applicability in sensors, solar cells, and Li-based batteries. However, conventional synthesis methods for $TiO_2$ nanowires are complicated and entail risks of environmental contamination. In this work, we report the growth of $TiO_2$ nanowires on a Ti alloy powder (Ti-6wt%Al-4wt%V, Ti64) using simple thermal oxidation under a limited supply of $O_2$. The optimum condition for $TiO_2$ nanowire synthesis is studied for variables including temperature, time, and pressure. $TiO_2$ nanowires of ${\sim}5{\mu}m$ in length and 100 nm in thickness are richly synthesized under the optimum condition with single-crystalline rutile phases. The formation of $TiO_2$ nanowires is greatly influenced by synthesis temperature and pressure. The synthesized $TiO_2$ nanowires are characterized using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM).

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          염료감응 태양전지의 TiO<sub>2</sub> 전극의 다중층 및 TiCl<sub>4</sub> 처리에 따른 효과

          김경옥,김기원,조권구,류광선,Kim, Gyeong-Ok,Kim, Ki-Won,Cho, Kwon-Koo,Ryu, Kwang-Sun 한국공업화학회 2011 공업화학 Vol.22 No.2

          다중층을 형성하여 광자를 가두는 효과와 산란층의 효과를 보고, $TiCl_4$ 처리를 통해 전극에서의 전자의 재결합이 줄어드는 정도와 그에 따른 효과를 알아보기 위하여 여러 가지 방법으로 $TiO_2$ 전극을 형성하고, 가장 최적의 전극 조건을 알아보았다. 각 전극의 특성을 알기 위해서 I-V 곡선, UV-VIS 분광기, EIS, IPCE를 측정하였다. 그 결과, I-V 곡선을 통해 한 층 보다는 다중층이 효율이 더 높은 것을 확인할 수 있었고, 기판 표면과 전극표면에 $TiCl_4$ 처리를 함으로써 EIS분석을 통해 반응저항이 감소하여 효율이 증가함을 확인할 수 있었다. 여러 전극 조건 중 산란층을 지닌 전극이 기본 한 층을 사용한 전극의 효율보다 약 19% 정도 높아짐을 확인하였다. 이러한 효율의 증가는 장파장을 투과하는 빛이 산란층을 통과할 때 전자 이동 경로가 길어지게 되어 단락전류의 값을 증가시키기 때문이다. 이에 따라, $J_{SC}$는 약 10% 정도 증가하였으며, IPCE는 최대 피크에서 약 12%가 향상되는 특성을 보였다. To investigate the photon-trapping effect and scattering layer effect of $TiO_2$ multi-layer in dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) and the degree of recombination of electrons at the electrode treated $TiCl_4$, we formed electrodes of different conditions and obtained the most optimal electrode conditions. To estimate characteristics of the cell, IV curve, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) were measured. As a result, we confirmed that the multi-layer's efficiency was higher than that of monolayer in the IV curve and the performance of $TiCl_4$ treated electrode was increased according to decreasing the impedance of EIS. Among several conditions, the efficiency of the cell with scattering layer is higher than that of a layer with the base electrode about 19%. Because the light scattering layer enhances the efficiency of the transmission wavelength and has long electron transfer path. Therefore, the value of the short circuit current increases approximately 10% and IPCE in the maximum peak also increases about 12%.

        • KCI등재

          리튬이온전지용 양극활물질 LiNi<sub>0.83</sub> Co<sub>0.11</sub>Mn<sub>0.06</sub>O<sub>2</sub>의 전기화학적 특성에 미치는 Ce와 Nd 희토류 금속의 단독 혹은 이중 도핑효과

          김유영,하종근,조권구,Kim, Yoo-Young,Ha, Jong-Keun,Cho, Kwon-Koo 한국분말야금학회 2019 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.26 No.1

          Layered $LiNi_{0.83}Co_{0.11}Mn_{0.06}O_2$ cathode materials single- and dual-doped by the rare-earth elements Ce and Nd are successfully fabricated by using a coprecipitation-assisted solid-phase method. For comparison purposes, non-doping pristine $LiNi_{0.83}Co_{0.11}Mn_{0.06}O_2$ cathode material is also prepared using the same method. The crystal structure, morphology, and electrochemical performances are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) mapping, and electrochemical techniques. The XRD data demonstrates that all prepared samples maintain a typical ${\alpha}-NaFeO_2$-layered structure with the R-3m space group, and that the doped samples with Ce and/or Nd have lower cation mixing than that of pristine samples without doping. The results of SEM and EDS show that doped elements are uniformly distributed in all samples. The electrochemical performances of all doped samples are better than those of pristine samples without doping. In addition, the Ce/Nd dual-doped cathode material shows the best cycling performance and the least capacity loss. At a 10 C-rate, the electrodes of Ce/Nd dual-doped cathode material exhibit good capacity retention of 72.7, 58.5, and 45.2% after 100, 200, and 300 cycles, respectively, compared to those of pristine samples without doping (24.4, 11.1, and 8.0%).

        • KCI등재

          분말 사출 성형법으로 제조된 T42 고속도 공구강의 소결 조건에 따른 조직 특성 변화

          도경록,최성현,권영삼,조권구,안인섭,Do, Kyoung-Rok,Choi, Sung-Hyun,Kwon, Young-Sam,Cho, Kwon-Koo,Ahn, In-Shup 한국분말야금학회 2010 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.17 No.4

          High speed steels (HSS) were used as cutting tools and wear parts, because of high strength, wear resistance, and hardness together with an appreciable toughness and fatigue resistance. Conventional manufacturing process for production of components with HSS was used by casting. The powder metallurgy techniques were currently developed due to second phase segregation of conventional process. The powder injection molding method (PIM) was received attention owing to shape without additional processes. The experimental specimens were manufactured with T42 HSS powders (59 vol%) and polymer (41 vol%). The metal powders were prealloyed water-atomised T42 HSS. The green parts were solvent debinded in normal n-Hexane at $60^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours and thermal debinded at $N_2-H_2$ mixed gas atmosphere for 14 hours. Specimens were sintered in $N_2$, $H_2$ gas atmosphere and vacuum condition between 1200 and $1320^{\circ}C$. In result, polymer degradation temperatures about optimum conditions were found at $250^{\circ}C$ and $480^{\circ}C$. After sintering at $N_2$ gas atmosphere, maximum hardness of 310Hv was observed at $1280^{\circ}C$. Fine and well dispersed carbide were observed at this condition. But relative density was under 90%. When sintering at $H_2$ gas atmosphere, relative density was observed to 94.5% at $1200^{\circ}C$. However, the low hardness was obtained due to decarbonization by hydrogen. In case of sintering at the vacuum of $10^{-5}$ torr at temperature of $1240^{\circ}C$, full density and 550Hv hardness were obtained without precipitation of MC and $M_6C$ in grain boundary.

        • KCI등재

          리튬이온전지용 산화갈륨 (β-Ga<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) 나노로드 (Nanorods) 음극 활물질의 물리적.전기화학적 특성

          최영진,류호석,조규봉,조권구,류광선,김기원,Choi, Young-Jin,Ryu, Ho-Suk,Cho, Gyu-Bon,Cho, Kwon-Koo,Ryu, Kwang-Sun,Kim, Ki-Won 한국전기화학회 2009 한국전기화학회지 Vol.12 No.2

          고순도의 $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ 나노로드(nanorods)가 니켈산화물 나노입자를 촉매로 사용하고 갈륨금속분말을 원료물질로 이용하여 화학기상증착법으로 합성되었다. 전계방출형 주사전자현미경을 이용하여 $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ 나노로드를 관찰한 결과, 평균직경은 약 160 nm 그리고 평균길이는 $4{\mu}m$였으며 vaporsolid(VS) 성장기구를 통하여 성장되었음을 알 수 있었다. X-선 회절시험과 고분해능 투과전자 현미경을 이용한 결정구조 분석 결과, 합성된 나노로드의 내부는 단사정계 결정구조를 가지는 단결정의 $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$로 이루어져 있고 외벽은 비정질 갈륨옥사이드로 이루어진 코어-셀 구조로 구성되어 있는 것을 확인하였다. 합성된 $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ 나노로드를 음극 활물질로 사용하여 전극을 제조하고 전기화학적 특성을 분석한 결과, 리튬/$\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ 나노로드 전지는 첫 방전 시 867 mAh/g-$\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$의 높은 용량을 나타내었으나 초기 비가역 용량으로 인해 62%의 낮은 충 방전 효율을 나타내었다. 그러나 5 사이클 이후 높은 충 방전 효율을 보이며 30 사이클까지 안정된 사이클 특성을 나타내었다. $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ nanorods were synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method using nickel-oxide nanoparticle as a catalyst and gallium metal powder as a source material. The average diameter of nanorods was around 160 nm and the average length was $4{\mu}m$. Also, we confirmed that the synthesis of nanorods follows the vapor-solid growth mechanism. From the results of X-ray diffraction and HR-TEM observation, it can be found that the synthesized nanorods consisted of a typical core-shell structure with single-crystalline $\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ core with a monoclinic crystal structure and an outer amorphous gallium oxide layer. Li/$\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ nanorods cell delivered capacity of 867 mAh/g-$\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ at first discharge. Although the Li/$\beta-Ga_{2}O_{3}$ nanorods cell showed low coulombic efficiency at first cycle, the cell exhibited stable cycle life property after fifth cycle.

        • KCI등재

          양극산화법에 의한 TiO<sub>2</sub> 나노튜브 어레이의 제조와 성장거동

          김선민,김기원,류광선,김유영,조권구,Kim, Seon-Min,Kim, Ki-Won,Ryu, Kwang-Sun,Kim, Yoo-Young,Cho, Kwon-Koo 한국분말야금학회 2011 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.18 No.1

          Recently, $TiO_2$ nanotubes have considerably researched because of their novel application about photocatalysis, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), lithium ion battery, etc. In this work, self-standing $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays were fabricated by anodic oxidation method using pure Ti foil as a working electrode in ethylene glycole with 0.3M $NH_4F$ + $2%H_2O$. Growth behavior of $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays was compared according to temperature, voltage and time. The morphology, structure and crystalline of anodized $TiO_2$ nanotube arrays were observed by FE-SEM (field emission scanning electron microscope) and XRD (X-ray diffraction).

        • KCI등재

          액중 전기선 폭발법을 이용한 Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>/Fe/그래핀 나노복합체 분말의 제조 및 전기화학적 특성

          김유영,최지습,이회진,조권구,Kim, Yoo-Young,Choi, Ji-Seub,Lee, Hoi-Jin,Cho, Kwon-Koo 한국분말야금학회 2017 한국분말야금학회지 Vol.24 No.4

          $Fe_3O_4$/Fe/graphene nanocomposite powder is synthesized by electrical wire explosion of Fe wire and dispersed graphene in deionized water at room temperature. The structural and electrochemical characteristics of the powder are characterized by the field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, field-emission transmission electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and galvanometric discharge-charge method. For comparison, $Fe_3O_4$/Fe nanocomposites are fabricated under the same conditions. The $Fe_3O_4$/Fe nanocomposite particles, around 15-30 nm in size, are highly encapsulated in a graphene matrix. The $Fe_3O_4$/Fe/graphene nanocomposite powder exhibits a high initial charge specific capacity of 878 mA/g and a high capacity retention of 91% (798 mA/g) after 50 cycles. The good electrochemical performance of the $Fe_3O_4$/Fe/graphene nanocomposite powder is clearly established by comparison of the results with those obtained for $Fe_3O_4$/Fe nanocomposite powder and is attributed to alleviation of volume change, good distribution of electrode active materials, and improved electrical conductivity upon the addition of graphene.

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