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      • KCI등재

        폐쇄성황달에 대한 Real-time 초음파진단

        조경식 대한영상의학회 1982 대한영상의학회지 Vol.18 No.2

        Ultrasonography is a predominantly accurate, relatively simple unique method of obstructive jaundice. The ultrasonographic findings of obstructive jaundice are dilated intra-and extrahepatic duct with intraluminal hyperreflective echo or mass in and/or around the bile duct. The superiority of high resolution real time ultrasonography for the diagnosis of obstructive jaundice is based on the easy detectability of extra-and intrahepatic bile ducts by its multiple sectional images in a short time, the flexibility of probe and the small srystal size. Author evaluated real time sonographic finding 46 obstructive jaundice patients confirmed by surgery or radiographical examinations. The results were: 1. Diameter of extrahepatic duct in obstructive jaundice were varied from normal to 4.0 Cm, mostly 8 to 10 mm in diameter(26%). Degree of dilatation of biliary duct appeared more prominent in cancer patients than any other causes of obstruction. 2. The site of obstruction was detected in 85% (39/46) and its common site was common bile duct in 63% (29/46). 3. The diagnostic accuracy of choledocholithiasis and cancer was 82% (22/27) and 44% (4/9), respectively. Diagnostic accuracy of the real time ultrasonography in obstructive jaundice was over all 75% (34/46).

      • KCI등재

        특발성궤양대장염과 유사한 X선소견을 보인 아메바성대장염

        조경식 대한영상의학회 1979 대한영상의학회지 Vol.15 No.2

        Amebic colitis was common disease in Korea as well as in the world especially frequent in tropical area such as Africa, India and South America. Clinicopathological forms of this condition were ulcerative rectocolitis (95%), typhloappendicitis (3%), ameboma (1.5%), and fulminating colitis with toxic megacolon (0.5%). the fulminating amebic colitis with toxic megacolon was very rare and dangerous condition which was reported by Wruble on 1966. Toxic megacolon was seen in the cases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, typhoid fever, cholera, and acute bacillary dysentery. Radiological findings of fulminating amebic colitis with toxic megacolon were megacolon, multiple polypoid filling defects, thumbprinting, and cobble stone appearance, which were resemble with ulcerative colitis. The cause of toxic megacolon wa not well known, but it has been speculated that this results from transmural disease with destruction of muscle and the myenteric plexus with resultant loss of muscl tone. Authors experienced a case of fulminating amebic colitis with toxic megacolon which was resemble with ulcerative colitis by radiologically at Kyung Hee University Hospital and reported it with review of the literatures.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        스파크 플라즈마 소결에 의한 액상소결 SiC-30 wt% TiC 복합체

        조경식,이광순,송진호,김진영,송규호 한국세라믹학회 2003 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.40 No.8

        Rapid densification of a SiC-30 wt% TiC powder with additive 10 wt% A1$_2$O$_3$-Y$_2$O$_3$-CaO was conducted by Spark Plasma Sintering(SPS). The fully-densified materials can be obtain through the SPS process with very fast heating rate and short holding time. In the present work, the heating rate and applied pressure were kept to be $100^{\circ}C$/min and 40 MPa, while sintering temperature varied from $1600^{\circ}C$ to $1800^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. The full densification of SiC-30 wt% TiC composites with the addition of $Al_2$O$_3$, $Y_2$O$_3$ and CaO was achieved at the temperature above $1700^{\circ}C$ by spark plasma sintering. The XRD found that 3C-SiC and TiC were maintained the entire SPS process temperature, without phase transformation of SiC and formation of YAG phase to $1800^{\circ}C$. The microstructures of the rapidly densified SiC-30 wt% TiC composites consisted of smaller equiaxed SiC grains and larger TiC grains. The biaxial strength of 635.2 MPa and fracture toughness of 6.12 MPaㆍ$m^{1/2}$ were found for the specimen prepared at $1750^{\circ}C$. 10 wt% A1$_2$O$_3$-Y$_2$O$_3$-CaO를 첨가한 SiC-30 wt% TiC 분말을 스파크 플라즈마 소결(SPS) 방법을 사용하여 급속 치밀화 하였다. SPS 공정은 매우 빠른 승온 속도와 짧은 시간에 완전 치밀한 시편을 얻을 수 있다. 본 실험에서, 승온 속도와 압력은 $100^{\circ}C$/min과 40MPa이고, 소결 온도 범위는$1600^{\circ}C$~$1800^{\circ}C$이었으며, 10min 동한 유지하였다. $Al_2$O$_3$, $Y_2$O$_3$ 및 CaO를 첨가한 SiC-30 wt% TiC 복합체는 $1700^{\circ}C$ 이상 온도에서 스파크 플라즈마 소결 방법으로 완전 치밀화가 이루어졌다. 모든 SPS 공정 온도에서 탄화큐소으 상전이나 YAG 결정상의 형성 없이 3C-SiC와 TiC 만이 XRD에서 나타났다. 급속 소결한 SiC-30 wt% TiC 복합체의 미세구조는 비교적 작은 등축상 SiC 결정립과 비교적 큰 TiC 결정립으로 구성되었다. $1750^{\circ}C$에서 제조한 시편의 이축강도능 635.2MPa이고, 파괴인성은 6.12 MPaㆍ$m^{1/2}$이었다.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        제조 공정별 대형 알루미나 세라믹스의 전기적 특성

        조경식,이현권,박용일,김미영,Cho, Kyeong-Sik,Lee, Hyun-Kwuon,Park, Young-Il,Kim, Mi-Young 한국세라믹학회 2012 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.49 No.2

        The size of various alumina ceramics used in semiconductor and display industry is required to increase with increase in wafer and panel size. In this research, large alumina ceramics were fabricated by uniaxial pressing, cold isostatic pressing and filter pressing with commercial powder and thereafter sintering at $1600^{\circ}C$ in gas furnace. The large alumina ceramics exhibited dense microstructure corresponding to 98.5% of theoretical density and 99.8% of high purity. The impurities and microstructural defects of the alumina were found to influence the resistance and dielectric properties. The volume resistances in these four aluminas were almost the same while the pure alumina was higher value. The dielectric constant, dielectric loss and dielectric strength of aluminas were placed within the range of 10.3~11.5, 0.018~0.036, and 10.1~12.4 kV/mm, respectively.

      • KCI등재

        가압-진공 하이브리드 주입성형에 의한 알루미나의 균질 성형

        조경식,송인범,김재 한국세라믹학회 2012 한국세라믹학회지 Vol.49 No.6

        Conventional methods for preparing ceramic bodies, such as cold isostatic pressing, gypsum-mold slip casting, and filter pressing are not completely suitable for fabricating large and thick ceramic plates owing to disadvantages of these processes, such as the high cost of the equipment, the formation of density gradients, and differential shrinkage during drying. These problems can be avoided by employing a pressure-vacuum hybrid slip casting approach that considers not only by the compression of the aqueous slip in the casting room (pressure slip casting) but also the vacuum sucking of the dispersion medium (water) around the mold (vacuum slip casting). We prepared the alumina formed bodies by means of pressure-vacuum hybrid slip casting with stepwise pressure loading up to 0.5 MPa using a slip consisting of 40 vol% solid, 0.6 wt% APC, 1 wt% PEG, and 1 wt% PVA. After drying the green body at 30oC and 80% RH, the green density of the alumina bodies was about 56% RD. The sintered density of an alumina plate created by means of sintering at 1650oC for 4 h exceeded 99.8%.This method enabled us to fabricate a 110 × 110 × 20 mm alumina plate without cracks and with a homogeneous density, thus demonstrating the possibility of extending the method to the fabrication of other ceramic products.

      • KCI등재

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