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          토양검정법에 의한 전남지역 논잡초 발생양상과 ALS 저해제 제초제 저항성 논잡초 분포

          정장용,윤영범,장세지,현규환,신동영,이정란,권오도,국용인,Jeong, Jang Yong,Yun, Young Beom,Jang, Se Ji,Hyun, Kyu Hwn,Shin, Dong Young,Lee, Jeongran,Kwon, Oh Do,Kuk, Yong In 한국잡초학회한국잔디학회 2018 Weed & Turfgrass Science Vol.7 No.3

          This study was to investigate the occurrence patterns of paddy weeds, their resistance levels to an ALS inhibiting herbicide, and to estimate the areas of resistance in these paddy fields. We used soil collected from 358 paddy fields of Jeonnam province in 2017. Based on their life cycles, weeds were 96% annuals and 4% perennial. Additionally, according to morphological classification, 59% were broad leaves, 28% were sedges and 13% were grasses. Different areas within Jeonnam province contained different numbers and occurrence rates of weed species. However, generally, we observed Lindernia dubia var. dubia, Monochoria vaginalis var. plantaginea, Ludwigia prostrata, L. procumbens, Cyperus difformis, Scirpus juncoides, Eleocharis Kuroguwai, Echinochloa oryzoides, and E. crus-galli var. echinata. We also observed seven weeds resistant to an ALS inhibiting herbicide. They were M. vaginalis, S. juncoides, C. difformis, L. dubia, Ludwigia prostrata, E. oryzoides, and E. crus-galli var. echinata. Although there were differences in the number and occurrence rate of resistant weed species to an ALS inhibiting herbicide among areas in Jeonnam province, the M. vaginalis, C. difformis, and S. juncoides occurred in 23 cities and counties in Jeonnam including Gwangju metropolitan city. Based on the rates (52%) of resistant occurrence to an ALS inhibiting herbicide in Jeonnam province, the area of weed resistant paddy fields was estimated to be 91,543 ha. 본 연구는 토양검정법을 이용하여 전라남도 지역 논에서 발생되고 있는 잡초발생 양상과 ALS 저해제 제초제 저항성 여부 검증 및 저항성 잡초 발생 논면적을 예측하고자 수행하였다. 2017년 전남지역 358 필지에서 채취한 토양에 발생한 잡초의 경우 생활사별로 분류한 경우 일년생 96.1%와 다년생 3.9% 발생하였고, 형태적으로 분류한 경우 광엽잡초 59.0%, 사초과 28.3%, 화본과 12.7% 순으로 발생하였다. 비록 전남에서도 시 군별 논잡초 발생 초종수와 초종별 발생율에 차이가 있으나 미국외풀, 물달개비, 여뀌바늘, 밭뚝외풀, 알방동사니, 올챙이고랭이, 올방개, 논피, 물피 등이 발생하였다. 또한 전남지역에서는 ALS 저해제 제초제 저항성 논잡초 물달개비, 올챙이고랭이, 알방동사니, 미국외풀, 여뀌바늘, 물피, 논피 7초종이 발생하였다. 비록 전남 시 군별 ALS 저해제 제초제 저항성 잡초 초종수와 발생율은 다르나 이중 물달개비, 알방동사니, 올챙이고랭이는 광주광역시를 비롯한 전남 23개 시 군에서 발생하였다. 전남지역의 ALS 저해제 저항성 발생율(51.5%)에 기초한 저항성 논잡초 발생 논면적는 91,543 ha로 평가되었다. 따라서 이러한 정보를 활용하여 제초제 저항성 논잡초 효율적 관리 방안을 수립할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

        • 교량신축과 분기기의 이격거리에 따른 교량상 분기기 축력특성 연구

          최진유(Choi Jin-Yu),이현정(Lee Hyun-Jeong),양신추(Yang Shin-Chu),정장용(Jeong Jang-Yong),유진영(Yu Jin-Young) 한국철도학회 2008 한국철도학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.- No.-

          The demand on a turnout layed on a bridge is rising owing to the increasing number of stations on the viaduct. And also the demand on a turnout with CWR is rising to upgrade running speed of the passing train. A CWR with turnout is subjected to additional axial force induced by the thermal expansion of bridge as well as lead rail of turnout. The additional axial force is closely related with the distance between bridge expansion joint and turnout when it is located near the movable bearing of bridge, and it is required to keep some distance to prevent excessive axial stress in CWR. But, there is no guideline in specification for the proper distance from E.J. to turnout, and it caused problem in planning turnout or bridge. So, it this study, the parametric study to investigate the effect on axial stress in CWR with turnout according to span length and distance between bridge expansion joint and turnout was performed. From the results of numerical analysis, it was found out that 5~30m distance is required to prevent excessive axial in CWR for span length less 90m.

        • 교량상 장대레일의 축력 영향인자의 민감도 분석에 관한 연구

          전희광(Chun Hee-Kwang),최진유(Choi Jin-Yu),최일윤(Choi Il-Yun),양신추(Yang Shin-Chu),정장용(Jeong Jang-Yong) 한국철도학회 2008 한국철도학회 학술발표대회논문집 Vol.- No.-

          Trouble by excessive axial stress in CWR layed on a bridge is frequently happen, and this problem is induced from lack of considering on the track/structure interface on preliminary design stage. In this study, the sensitivity evaluation for the major influencing parameters, that is, expansion length of span, stiffness of super structure, arrangement of bearing, and strength of sub-structure, to the axial force in CWR on a bridge is conducted. From the sensitivity study, the guideline to reduce axial force efficiently in CWR for bridge engineer was suggested. The suggested guideline may not applicable for every case, but it is helpful for preliminary design of bridge.

        • 한우 체외수정란의 동결보존 및 핵이식에 관한 연구 : Ⅱ. 체외수저란의 동결방법이 동결.융해후 생존율에 미치는 영향 Ⅱ. Effects of Survival Rates of Frozen-Thawed Embryo Frozen Methods

          정장용,박희성,홍승표,김정혁,桑潤滋,離素娟 진주산업대학교 농업기술연구소 1999 農業技術硏究所報 Vol.12 No.-

          본 연구는 수정란의 동결기법을 확립하고자 배반포기에 있는 한우 체외수정란을 이용하여 유리화 및 직접이식 동결방법으로 동결을 실시하여 동결·융해후 생존성, 동해방지제의 종류, 평형 및 할구의 손상여부 등에 대한 영향을 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. 유리화 동결방법중 GESD-VS와 EFS 용액을 동해방지제로 사용하였을 때 동결·융해 수정란의 생존율은 각각 69.8 및 37.3%로써 이들간에 유의적(P<0.05)인 차이가 있었으며, 동결기를 이용한 직접이식 동결법은 생존율이 56.0%로써 유리화 동결방법과는 유의적(P<0.05)인 차이가 없었다. 동결·융해후 생존한 수정란의 발달율은 GESD-VS용액을 사용하였을때가 53.4%로써 EFS용액을 사용하였을때의 24.0%보다는 유의적(P<0.05)으로 높게 나타났다. 1 및 2단계 평형시 단계별 생존율은 각각 11.7 및 23%로써 이들간에 유의적(P<0.05)인 차이가 없었으며, 동결·융해 수정란의 발달율도 각각 10 및 16.8%로써 평형방법간에 유의적(P<0.05)인 차이가 없었다. 신선수정란, 유리화 동결수정란 및 동결비를 이용한 직접이식 동결법으로 동결하였을 때 동결·융해 수정란의 할구수는 각각 98.7±2.3개, 69.1±2.6 및 84.2±2.7개로써 동결방법들간에 유의적(P<0.05)으로 할구수의 차이가 많았다. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of cryoprotectants, equilibration step, number of blastomeres on survival and developmental rates of bovine in vitro fertilized blastocysts(Korean native cattle) frozen/thawed by vitrification and frozen for direct transfer(1.8M ethylene glycol). The bovine oocytes were collected from 2-5mm follicles, matured for 24hrs in 5% CO_2 incubator and then fertilized with cauda epididymis sperm. Blastocyst at day 7-9 ater IVF were frozen in vitrification and frozen for direct transfer(1.8M ethylene glycol). Survival and developmental rates of frozen-thawed IVF embryos were examined. The results were as follow ; The survival rate of IVF blastocyst after vitrification in GESD-VS, EFS and 1.8M ethylene glycol solution were 69.8, 37.3 and 56.0%, respectively(P<0.05). When equilibrated in 1 step(11.7%) was similar to the result from 2 step(23.0%), and no significantly(P<0.05) different between the equilibrated steps. The number of blastomere at blastomere at blastocyst of bovine embryos frozen/thawed in fresh, vitrification and freezing for direct transfer were 98.7±2.3, 69.1±2.6 and 84.2±2.7, respectively, and were significantly(P<0.05) different between the freezing methods.

        • 烏骨鷄의 特性調査 : 第Ⅲ報 烏骨鷄의 血液像에 關하여 Ⅲ, Effects of the Blood Picture in Korean Native Ogolgye

          李乙熙,鄭場龍,朴成振 진주산업대학교 1981 論文集 Vol.19 No.-

          This experiment was conducted to investigate normal blood picture;count of red blood cell and white blood cell and amount of hemoglobin and rate of lymphocyte, heterophil, eosinophil, basophile and monocyte of white blood cell count and size of red blood cell, with 10 male ckicks of the 182 days-Korean Native Ogolyes designated the number 265 natural monument. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The measured range and mean of red blood cell count were 2.81-3.72×10 exp (6) /㎣ and 3.45-0.35×10 exp (6)/㎣. 2. The measured range and mean of amount of hemoglobin were 10.01-15.28gm/100ml and 12.44±1.60gm/100ml. 3. The mean of white blood cell was 17.64±1.57×10 exp (3)/㎣. 4. The each rate measured of lymphocyte, heterophil, eosinophil, basophile and monocyte of white blood cell count was 59.4±4.14, 24.5±3.73, 3.0±1.35, 12.6±1.7 and 9.3±2.95%. 5. Mean of size of red blood cell was 13.28±. 52×8.27±14μ.

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