RISS 학술연구정보서비스

검색
다국어 입력

http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.

변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.

예시)
  • 中文 을 입력하시려면 zhongwen을 입력하시고 space를누르시면됩니다.
  • 北京 을 입력하시려면 beijing을 입력하시고 space를 누르시면 됩니다.
닫기
    인기검색어 순위 펼치기

    RISS 인기검색어

      검색결과 좁혀 보기

      선택해제
      • 좁혀본 항목 보기순서

        • 원문유무
        • 원문제공처
          펼치기
        • 등재정보
        • 학술지명
          펼치기
        • 주제분류
          펼치기
        • 발행연도
          펼치기
        • 작성언어
        • 저자
          펼치기

      오늘 본 자료

      • 오늘 본 자료가 없습니다.
      더보기
      • 무료
      • 기관 내 무료
      • 유료
      • KCI등재

        Effects of Vertical Mixing Parameterization on the Mixed Layer Depth over the North Pacific in a Global OGCM

        장찬주,강현우 한국해양과학기술원 2009 Ocean science journal Vol.44 No.4

        We present MLD variability over the North Pacific Ocean in a global ocean general circulation model and impacts of three different vertical mixing schemes on it, based on statistical measures (annual mean difference, root-mean-square difference and correlation coefficient). The constant vertical mixing scheme tends to underestimate MLD over the whole basin. The Pacanowski-Philander scheme tends to overestimate MLD (> 20 m) in the mid- to high latitude during summer, implying that vertical mixing in the mid- to high latitude may not be represented properly by simple internal mixing mechanisms such as stratification or vertical shear of horizontal velocity. On the other hand, the new vertical mixing scheme (Noh et al. 2002) gives the most consistent MLD and its seasonal and spatial variability when compared with observation. These results suggest that parameterization of vertical mixing has significant effects on simulation of the seasonal and spatial variability of MLD over the North Pacific Ocean. We present MLD variability over the North Pacific Ocean in a global ocean general circulation model and impacts of three different vertical mixing schemes on it, based on statistical measures (annual mean difference, root-mean-square difference and correlation coefficient). The constant vertical mixing scheme tends to underestimate MLD over the whole basin. The Pacanowski-Philander scheme tends to overestimate MLD (> 20 m) in the mid- to high latitude during summer, implying that vertical mixing in the mid- to high latitude may not be represented properly by simple internal mixing mechanisms such as stratification or vertical shear of horizontal velocity. On the other hand, the new vertical mixing scheme (Noh et al. 2002) gives the most consistent MLD and its seasonal and spatial variability when compared with observation. These results suggest that parameterization of vertical mixing has significant effects on simulation of the seasonal and spatial variability of MLD over the North Pacific Ocean.

      • KCI등재

        연직혼합모수화가 동해 상층 모사에 미치는 영향

        장찬주,임세한,Jang, Chan-Joo,Lim, Se-Han 한국군사과학기술학회 2010 한국군사과학기술학회지 Vol.13 No.6

        This study investigates effects of three different parameterizations of vertical mixing scheme on upper ocean simulation of the East Sea, focusing on the seasonal variations of the sea surface temperature(SST) and the mixed layer depth(MLD) using an ocean general circulation model(GFDL MOM1.1). The considered vertical mixing schemes are the Laplacian scheme(L scheme) that use a constant eddy coefficient, the Mellor-Yamada scheme(MY scheme), and a new scheme(Noh scheme). The Noh scheme, a second-order turbulence closure, was developed considering recent observational evidences such as the enhancement of turbulent kinetic energy near the sea surface. During summer L scheme underestimates the SST, while MY scheme overestimates the SST, compared to climatological SST. Noh scheme produces the SST in better agreement with climatological one. During winter all schemes overestimate the SST up to $4^{\circ}C$ compared to climatological SST. Vertical profiles of the basin-mean temperature show that L scheme produces higher temperature below the thermocline than those of other schemes. The winter MLD simulated from L scheme is rather large compared to that from other schemes, but the differences in MLD during summer are not significant.

      • 가을철 대한해협 표면혼합층의 단기변화

        장찬주,김구,심태보,Jang, Chan-Joo,Kim, Kuh,Shim, Tae-Bo 한국해양학회 1995 韓國海洋學會誌 Vol.30 No.5

        표면혼합층의 단기(2시간~24시간)변화를 조사하기 위하여 대한해협의 한 정점에 서 1983년 10월 12일에서 10월 14일까지 48시간 동안 주로 1시간 간격으로 해양과 기 상에 대한 관측을 실시하였다. 표면혼합층의 깊이와 수온을 시간당 변동률이 평균적으 로 각각 5.2 m/hour, 0.2$^{\circ}C$/hour로 해표면에서의 바람 응력, 부력속과의 상관관계가 매우 적다. 표면 혼합층은 표면혼합층의 수온와 염분이 높을 때 깊고, 낮을 때 얕다. 한편, 표면혼합층 수온의 급격한 하강 또는 상승이 관측되었다. 인공위성 자료와 XBT 자료 분석에 의하면 표면혼합층 수온의 급격한 상승은 고온의 해수의 이류에 의한 일 어남을 알 수 있었다. 위의 결과들은 해류가 비교적 강하고 해수물성이 서로 다른 수 괴가 존재하는 가을철 대한해협에서는 해수의 이류가 표면혼합층의 단기변화에 크게 영향을 준다는 것을 나타낸다. To investigate a short-term (from 2 hours to 24 hours) variability of a mixed layer, oceanographical data (water temperature, salinity, current) and meteorological data (wind, air temperature, solar radiation) were collected at a site in the Korea Strait at the interval of one hour for 48 hours from October 12 to 14, 1993. The average rates of temporal variations of the mixed layer depth (MLD) and temperature of the mixed layer (MLT), which are very weakly correlated with the wind stress and buoyancy flux at the sea surface, are about 5.2 m/hour and 0.2$^{\circ}C$/hour, respectively. The mixed layer is relatively shallow when both MLT and MLS (salinity of the mixed layer) are low, while MLD is relatively deep when they are high. MLT shows a sudden decrease or increase. Analysis of satellite infrared images and XBT data shows that sudden increase of MLT is caused by advection of warm water. These results suggest that the short-term variation of the mixed layer in the Korea Strait in autumn, in which surface current is relatively strong and different water masses exist, is mainly determined by advection rather than air0sea interaction such as wind stress or buoyancy flux.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        중해상도 전지구 해양대순환 모형의 상층 수온과 혼합층 깊이 모사 성능 평가

        장찬주(Chan Joo Jang),민홍식(Hong Sik Min),김철호(Cheol-Ho Kim),강석구(Sok Kuh Kang),이흥재(Heung-Jae Lie) 한국해양과학기술원 2006 Ocean and Polar Research Vol.28 No.3

        We investigated seasonal variations of the upper ocean temperature and the mixed layer depth (MLD) in an eddy-permitting global ocean general circulation model (OGCM) to assess the OGCM performance. The OGCM is based on the GFDL MOM3 which has a horizontal resolution of 0.5 degree and 30 vertical levels. The OGCM was integrated for 68 years using a monthly-mean climatological wind stress forcing. The model sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface salinity were restored to the Levitus climatology with a time scale of 30 days. Annual-mean model SST shows a cold bias (<?2℃) in the summer hemisphere and a warm bias (>1℃) in the winter hemisphere mainly due to the restoring boundary condition of temperature. The model MLD captures well the observed features in most areas, with a slightly deep bias. However, in the Ross Sea and Weddell Sea, the model shows significantly deeper MLD than the climatology--mainly due to weak salinity stratifications in the model. For amplitude of seasonal variation, the model SST is smaller (1~3℃) than the observation largely due to the restoring surface boundary condition, while the model MLD has larger seasonal variation (~50 m). It is suggested that for more realistic simulation of the upper ocean structure in the present eddy-permitting ocean model, more refinements in the surface boundary condition for the thermohaline forcing and parameterization for vertical mixing are required, together with the incorporation of a sea-ice model.

      • KCI등재후보

        지역기후 접합모델링을 이용한 우리나라 해면수온 미래변화 시범전망

        장찬주(Chan Joo Jang),신호정(Ho Jeong Shin),정희석(Hee seok Jung),김철호(Cheol Ho Kim) 한국연안방재학회 2017 한국연안방재학회지 Vol.4 No.1

        In spite of an increasing demand on the detailed information on climate change, future climate projections for Korean waters have been conducted very limitedly. Even for the regional climate projections, most of the previous studies used a regional ocean-only model forced by a global model projection result for the atmosphere and thus could not properly simulate the air-sea interactions on a high resolution. The goal of this study is to develop a regional climate coupled model (RCCM) for the Northwest Pacific and present a future climate projection in Korean waters with including high-resolution air-sea interaction effects. In this paper, we present preliminary results focusing on sea surface temperature (SST) changes projected for Korean waters using the RCCM developed for the Northwest Pacific. The RCCM consists of an ocean model, Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and an atmospheric model, Weather Research Forecast (WRF). The projection results show some prominent features such as a considerable surface warming in the East Sea relative to the Yellow and East China Sea and a stronger warming in summer than in winter. Compared to the ocean-only model result, the RCCM result shows a significant difference in the projected SST, especially in the Yellow Sea, implying that the regional climate modeling allowing air-sea interaction can have a considerable influence on a future climate change projection.

      • KCI등재

        A Linear Projection for the Timing of Unprecedented Climate in Korea

        신호정,장찬주,정일웅 한국기상학회 2017 Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences Vol.53 No.4

        Recently we have had abnormal weather events worldwide that are attributed by climate scientists to the global warming induced by human activities. If the global warming continues in the future and such events occur more frequently and someday become normal, we will have an unprecedented climate. This study intends to answer when we will have an unprecedented warm climate, focusing more on the regional characteristics of the timing of unprecedented climate. Using an in-situ observational data from weather stations of annual-mean surface air temperature in Korea from 1973 to 2015, we estimate a timing of unprecedented climate with a linear regression method. Based on the in-situ data with statistically significant warming trends at 95% confidence level, an unprecedented climate in Korea is projected to occur first in Cheongju by 2043 and last in Haenam by 2168. This 125-year gap in the timing indicates that a regional difference in timing of unprecedented climate is considerably large in Korea. Despite the high sensitivity of linear estimation to the data period and resolution, our findings on the large regional difference in timing of unprecedented climate can give an insight into making policies for climate change mitigation and adaptation, not only for the central government but for provincial governments.

      연관 검색어 추천

      이 검색어로 많이 본 자료

      활용도 높은 자료

      해외이동버튼