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이재영 & 김익상. 2014. An Approach to the Influence of EFL Learners' Beliefs on Attitudes, Motivation, Confidence, and Willingness to Communicate in English. Journal of Linguistic Studies 19(3), 53-76. The purpose of this study is to explore the question concerning the role of EFL learners' cultural beliefs in learning and using English. In order to do this, the study tested a hypothesized model integrating cultural beliefs, integrativeness, instrumentality, attitudes toward learning, motivation, self-confidence, and willingness to communicate using regression analysis. The participants in the study were primary and middle school students. A number of hypotheses about the relationship among the variables are established and none of them are rejected in this analysis. Most importantly, cultural beliefs are found to exert influence on integrative and instrumental orientation, attitudes toward learning situation, motivation, self-confidence, and willingness to communicate in English. As a result, cultural beliefs need to be further explored for the better understanding of the mechanism of Korean learners' learning and use of English. (Jeju National University)
Objective: This study was performed to evaluate the potential clinical value of concurrent chemotherapy and pulsed high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy (CCHT), as well as the safety of pulsed HIFU, for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Materials and Methods: Twelve patients were treated with HIFU from October 2008 to May 2010, and three of them underwent CCHT as the main treatment (the CCHT group). The overall survival (OS), the time to tumor progression (TTP), the complications and the current performance status in the CCHT and non-CCHT groups were analyzed. Nine patients in the non-CCHT group were evaluated to determine why CCHT could not be performed more than twice. Results: The OS of the three patients in the CCHT group was 26.0, 21.6 and 10.8 months, respectively, from the time of diagnosis. Two of them were alive at the time of preparing this manuscript with an excellent performance status, and one of them underwent a surgical resection one year after the initiation of CCHT. The TTP of the three patients in the CCHT group was 13.4, 11.5 and 9.9 months, respectively. The median OS and TTP of the non-CCHT group were 10.3 months and 4.4 months, respectively. The main reasons why the nine patients of the non-CCHT group failed to undergo CCHT more than twice were as follows: pancreatitis (n = 1), intolerance of the pain during treatment (n = 4), palliative use of HIFU for pain relief (n = 1) and a poor physical condition due to disease progression (n = 3). No major complications were encountered except one case of pancreatitis. Conclusion: This study shows that CCHT is a potentially effective and safe modality for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer.
A three-dimensional Gaussian heat source model is modified to include the effects of the gap and thickness-difference for the laser keyhole welding. The gap of the butt joint influences the welding efficiency such that the melting area decreases linearly with the gap. When the different plate thickness is used such as the tailored blank welding, melting areas of the thick and thin plates are predicted by introducing the thickness-difference factor. The calculated results using the modified heat source show reasonably good agreements with the experimental results.
Today's medical environment due to the development of national implementation of the sweeping health care and has focused attention on their health and medical reforms such as system cost him of the General Hospital,Hospital, lawmakers will greet the era of the fierce competition with each other. Aware of these patients due to environmental and health care consumers with the social environment and specialization in more detail by shifts of medical treatment of patients for social needsResponse, health care facilities, as also constantly by introducing new knowledge and ideas constantly changing day by day. Development of science and technology and high-tech medical equipment and diagnostic devices the development of advanced and specialized and fragmented, and a dental clinic, as well as a dental office of the existing implant,Braces and Pediatric Dentistry, only cosmetic treatment expert that can be treated with a dental clinic, members of Congress, which is planned to open the trend, and these trend is expected to accelerate. Therefore, this study is to be used as materials on the basis of the Architectural Planning of a dental clinic became independent with a view to providing the space program, where building that is run in systemAny university dental school clinics focusing on the requirement for each and Jae-sil architecture in space and analyzed.