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Objective: To evaluate the effect of obesity on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by age in relation to anthropometric measurements. Methods: The medical records of 1,110 participants diagnosed with OSAS were analyzed according to age. All participants underwent nocturnal polysomnography and had their body mass index, waist circumference, neck circumference (NC), and waist-to-hip ratio measured. Results: According to the multiple linear regression analysis model for the natural logarithm of the apnea-hypopnea index treating all four anthropometric measurements and gender as covariates, the final stepwise model accounted for an increasing percentage of the variability in the severity of OSAS as a function of age: 7.0, 9.1, 14.5, and 25.6% for those aged <30, 30–39, 40–49, and 50–59 yrs, respectively. It accounted for a decreased percentage among those 60–69 (20.3%) and 70 yrs or older (3.9%). The correlation between NC and the severity of OSAS linearly increased as a function of age for those aged 30–59 yrs, peaked among those in their 60s, and dramatically decreased thereafter. Conclusion: Middle-aged patients with OSAS were more likely to be obese, as measured by anthropometric measurements, than were younger or older OSAS patients. In particular, the predictive value of NC was significantly lower for younger and older OSAS patients.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the herbal medicine in children's growth. Methods: 67 of the children in the age from 3 to 16 were participated in this study(31 of boys and 36 of girls). Department of the pediatrics, $\bigcirc\bigcirc$ university oriental medical hospital, and the participants were measured their body composition and their bone age, the height percentile of the first and the last visit were measured, and those were compared by the Korean Association of Pediatrics' Growth Statistics Curve. Results: 1. Generally, total children's average height and weight were significantly increased after the herbal medical treatment. The comparison between the height and the average height, the weight and the average weight were significantly decreased after the herbal medical treatment. 2. Total children's average soft lean mass, body fat mass, BMI, basal metabolic rate, abdominal circumference and hip circumference were also significantly increased after the herbal medical treatment. 3. The mean height percentile of the children showed 0.88 percentile upwardly. The mean weight percentile of children showed 1.84 percentile upwardly. 4. The height percentile was increased in the group of boys younger than 13, and a group of girls older than 12 year old. Other than a group of boys older than 14, every group showed increasing weight percentile. Conclusions: The herbal medical treatment helped children with growth retardation.
In modern times, values are changing fast. Art serves to enlarge objective and rational thinking in diverse fields in a variety of forms, using a variety of media, and is getting more access to the public to meet the requirements of the times for art`s social participation. The popularization of art removes the boundary between art and technology, between artistic merits and ornamentation, between the minority and majority, and between high and low classes. This situation makes craft valued more than ever. However, it shall be noted that craft have paid more attention to external features including ornament and function, compared to the other fields of art. For modern grass roots, the external imbalance of craft growth goes against the Zeitgeist of art that pursues new expressions, extended thinking by making experiment, and reestablished human spirits. So there is a concern that it`s likely to be isolated. Yet in modern art, there are boundless possibilities for craft, because object could be adapted in diverse forms owing to its properties of matter. Object refers to recreating existing matters to be a work of art by eliminating their usual meaning and instilling new values in them. It was initially introduced during the transition period of modern art from representation to presentation, and has removed the boundary between art and daily living, as it is recognized as a thing that expresses the relationship with daily living. Furthermore, the development of material civilization places more stock in entity, rather than absoluteness, subjectivity or ideality. Craft based on the concept of object could work as an art agent by which we could get closer to the cultural unity with the underlying social elements of modern times. That could further the relationship of creator to the public, paving the way for communication between them. The purpose of this study was to discuss the limitation and potentialities of craft and the concept and characteristics of object in modern art. the features of object in craft were largely categorized into function and symbolism. Craft is socially responsible for true communication and true sympathy with the public, which could be achieved through the function and symbolism of the object, and then it will be able to restore our unique, unsophisticated emotion throughout our whole lives, and craft culture will get on the right track. And it`s ultimately intended to suggest some of the right directions for craft in daily living and have it firmly settled in our society.
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between bone age and body composition to make efficient clinical reviews on children's growth. Methods : 157 of children in age of 3 years to 16 years old were participated in this study(88 of boys and 69 of girls). They visited the department of pediatrics, OO university oriental hospital and were measured their body composition and bone age. Results : 1. An age and bone age, height, weight, and body mass index were positively correlated, and also a bone age and height, weight, and body mass index were positively correlated. 2. The level of soft lean mass, body fat mass, and MPH were increased in boys in higher height percentile. Children's predicted adult height was higher in children in higher height percentile. 3. The level of body fat mass was increased as weight percentile increased. Bone age, MPH was increased as weight percentile increased, especially in case of boys. In girl's case, the level of soft lean mass, their predicted adult height, the difference between children's bone age and their actual age was increased as weight percentile increased. Conclusions : Measuring bone age and body composition is the effective way to estimate children's growth and development in future.
Beta Zeolite possesses a three-dimensional system of intersecting channels with pore diameters of 6.6x6.7A) The typical SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of synthetic zeolite beta is in the range of 24 to 60. Normally, the synthesis of Beta zeolite takes for 2-5 days in the presence of organic templates and synthesis temperature range of 135 to 180°C. In this study, we synthesized beta zeolite by seeding in the absence of template.