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The Purpose of this study is to provide data and references on the status of supply of health planning manpower from postgraduate schools and in-service training at government training institutes and also on the status of health planning manpower being employed by the central government agency in terms of their educational backgrounds, both college education or above and/or in-service training and their participation in health planning efforts of the government, required for the formulation of planning a future supply and utilization plan of health planning manpower. As the results of surveys conducted during the period of September 1 through 30, 1976 on a total number of 64 Ministry of Health and Social Affairs middle level public officials working in the field of public health service, the following conclusion has been reached: 1. No postgraduate school or undergraduate school offers a health planning course, only two universities have a health planning subject as part of a public health administration course. 2. A small number of the graduates from these schools have been employed by the government in the field of public health service. 3. Only the National Institute of Health has conducted two 4 week to 6 week health planning in-service training to Grade 3 public officials in 1975 and 1976. No similar training had been given elsewhere in Korea. 4. One-third of the public officials with non-health education backgrounds have been participating in public health service. 5. More responded public officials with non-health education backgrounds have taken health planning in-service training. 6. A large number of aged public officials without health education backgrounds stay in public health service. 7. Few government of officials with health planning education had participated in the formulation of the health sector plan in the 4th 5 year economic development plan. On the basis of the above results, the following recommendation is made: 1. Health planning education and training at postgraduate schools and at the National Institute of Health be strengthened, with inclusion of development theory and health economics in their curriculum. 2. There must be done something to attract postgraduate school graduates to government jobs, with increasing a number of students. 3. Public officials, both in health position and non-health position, be given more health planning training, particularly those in non-health position without health education backgrounds. Such training must be continued. 4. The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs health planning unit must be upgraded and streng thened in terms of manpower and their qualifications.
In order to increase extensibility and reusability of business components, the variable things need to be analyzed from the analysis phase and identified as components. In this paper, we propose a rule-based analysis pattern, which can effectively extract object-based main concepts from a variable business process in the analysis phase and identify a variable business component by applying the pattern to the UML Components development process. It can make analysis artifacts consistent and readable for analysts with different level of knowledge and experience to apply the pattern to analysis of rule-based variable business processes. And also, variable business components can be easily identified by applying the pattern to the UML Components development process. In order to prove the feasibility of the pattern, we have applied the pattern the deposit and import/export subsystem of the banking domain. According to our experience, we can make the same business conceptual models between the deposit and import/export subsystem due to the main concepts suggested by the pattern and effectively identify a variable business components in the UML Components development process. 컴포넌트 확장성 및 재사용성을 향상시키기 위해서는 분석단계에서부터 가변적인 것들을 규칙기반으로 분석해서 컴포넌트로 식별할 필요가 있다. 본 논문에서는 시스템 외부 이벤트에 대해 트랜잭션 처리를 규칙기반으로 처리해야 하는 도메인 상에서 객체 기반의 중요 개념을 규칙기반으로 효과적으로 추출해 UML Components 개발 프로세스 상에서 가변적인 컴포넌트를 개발할 수 있는 규칙 기반 분석 패턴을 제시한다. 업무 지식이나 경험이 다른 많은 분석가들이 서브 시스템 많은 규칙 기반의 가변적인 복잡한 비즈니스 업무 분석 시 제안한 분석 패턴을 사용할 경우 분석 산출물의 일관성이나 가독성을 좋게 하며 또한 UML Components 방법론상에서 효과적으로 가변적인 비즈니스 컴포넌트들을 식별할 수 있다. 이러한 분석 패턴의 타당성을 증명하기 위해 본 논문에서는 가변적인 규칙기반으로 업무를 처리하는 은행 수신과 수출입 업무 도메인에 적용한 결과 패턴에서 제시한 중요 개념을 기반으로 거의 유사한 비즈니스 개념 모델을 도출할 수 있었으며 또한 이들 중요 개념을 기반으로 UML Components 개발 프로세스 상에서 가변적인 비즈니스 컴포넌트를 효과적으로 식별할 수 있었다.
Intramyocardial hematoma is known to be associated with myocardial infarction, chest trauma, coronary artery bypass operation, and complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We describe here a rare case of 50-year-old man with a huge right ventricular (RV) wall hematoma which was newly developed two hours after PCI. The patient was treated conservatively with a successful outcome. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the development of RV wall hematoma and treatment options for the case. Intramyocardial hematoma is known to be associated with myocardial infarction, chest trauma, coronary artery bypass operation, and complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We describe here a rare case of 50-year-old man with a huge right ventricular (RV) wall hematoma which was newly developed two hours after PCI. The patient was treated conservatively with a successful outcome. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the development of RV wall hematoma and treatment options for the case.
Architectural design for school can be completed well when the environment-friendly elements are satisfied. In other words, the environment-freindly element could be most important idea for school planning, and one should have this direction for each element as a design goal. In this study, I defined the "environment-friendly" as the environment for nature and human. I examined what could satisfy those and would be its principles. I set up the criteria to satisfy each priciple. Most important factor to keep the relation between nature and human would be reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and a green belt would absorb it. Therefore, I think that there would be effective possibility when suitable conditions are applied in phases. Every school can have comfort as environment-friendly facility, at the same time, contribute to nature. Also, students can learn and study nature, and perform a duty as human.
Sporotrichosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Sporothrix(S.) schenckii. Regional lymphatic sporotrichosis is common type, accounting for 75% of the cases. But fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis is seen in 20% of cases. We report two cases of fixed cutaneous sporotrichosis in a 48-year-old man and 8-year-old boy. The lesions were manifested by erythematous plaques on right arm and left cheek, respectively. The fungal culture from biopsy specimen on Sabouraud's dextrose agar showed dark brown to black, moist and wrinkled colonies of S. schenckii. Histopathologically, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia and chronic granulomatous inflammation were observed on H & E stain. The patients were treated with surgical excision of lesion & oral administration of 30 drops of saturated solution of potassium iodide three times a day and 100 mg of itraconazole daily for 3 months, respectively. Skin lesions were completely cured and recurrence is not observed to date.
The phytopathogenic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is a major limiting factor in rice production. To understand the genetic basis of M. oryzae pathogenic development,we previously analyzed a library of T-DNA insertional mutants of M. oryzae, and identified ATMT0879A1 as one of the pathogenicity-defective mutants. Molecular analyses and database searches revealed that a single TDNA insertion in ATMT0879A1 resulted in functional interference with an annotated gene, MGG00056, which encodes a short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR). The mutant and annotated gene were designated as MoSDR1T-DNA and MoSDR1, respectively. Like other SDR family members, MoSDR1 possesses both a cofactor-binding motif and a catalytic site. The expression pattern of MoSDR1 suggests that the gene is associated with pathogenicity and plays an important role in M. oryzae development. To understand the roles of MoSDR1,the deletion mutant ΔMosdr1 for the gene was obtained via homology-dependent gene replacement. As expected,ΔMosdr1 was nonpathogenic; moreover, the mutant displayed pleiotropic defects in conidiation, conidial germination, appressorium formation, penetration, and growth inside host tissues. These results suggest that MoSDR1 functions as a key metabolic enzyme in the regulation of development and pathogenicity in M. oryzae.
The term ‘Postmodernism’ has been one of the most shared senses since the 1960s. Simply put philosophically, postmodernism represents a radical break with modernism. In terms of continuity, however, postmodernism can be understood as a cardinal logic of late capitalism. In the view of capitalism, postmodernism may be, allegedly, a radical modernism, deepening the ideology of capitalism deeply linked with commercialism. In this paper, I tried to explore some contradictions inherent in postmodernism as a principal logic of late capitalism. In Jameson’s terms, postmodernism overrides our world of daily life, bears witness to commercialism, and dominates even the unconscious. In this respect, postmodernism can possibly be no way out of modernity or, more precisely, totality because it provokes a prodigious expansion of a commercial “culture industry”. This is, as Habermas pointed out, why “modern project” should continue even in the era of postmodernism. To put it another way, postmodernism was too easily assimilated into the logic of capitalism to the extent that it arouses the commercial desire, resulting in the weakening of historicity and depthlessness, Postmodernism, in this light, can no longer be a deep suspicion of ‘metanarratives’. With the advent of late capitalism remained only “pastiche” and “schizophrenia”. So it is time to “wage a war” on the ideology of capitalism.
Recently the elderly welfare service has been recognized as an important sector of the social welfare, therefore, a lot of papers have been issued concerning the measurement of the service policy of that. But the most of papers concerning the customer satisfaction of elderly welfare services have been only focused on the system and policy since the elderly welfare service was adopted in social welfare service. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to confirm key factors that effects on the client behavior in elderly welfare service. In this thesis, the author is postulating the model and hypothesis in order to achieve the research by using the PZB’s model. Based on the past literatures, the perceived service quality can be viewed as dependent on two sets of factors came from the study of Service Quality Model(PZB, 1988):process quality and outcome quality. As the same way, the factors of client behavior consists of restay intention and switching intention in the nursing facilities. In the result of the empirical study, the process quality of the elderly welfare service are affecting directly on the customer satisfaction and client behavior, but the outcome quality are not affecting directly on them. And also the customer satisfaction is an important factor which affects the client behavior. Therefore, it is proved that the process quality and customer satisfaction have been exercised a crucial role in the course of supplying the elderly welfare service. 가설 검증을 통한 분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다.첫째, 요양시설의 Client가 지각하는 서비스의 품질(과정적 품질, 결과적 품질)이 지각된 가치(고객만족)에 미치는 영향관계를 분석한 결과, 요양시설에서 제공되는 서비스 중 과정적 품질만이 고객만족에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 요양시설의 노인복지서비스가 과정적 품질을 전제로 결과적 품질 향상에 노력해야 함을 시사하고 있다. 따라서 노인복지서비스를 제공하는 요양시설의 입장에서는 서비스의 무형적인 특성을 최대한 유형화시키려는 시도가 필요하며 여기에 부가적으로 제공할 수 있는 적절한 서비스를 구사하는 전략이 요구됨을 알 수 있다.둘째, 지각된 가치와 Client의 행동(지속적 이용의도, 시설 전환 의도)간의 영향관계를 분석한 결과, 고객만족도가 높을수록 현재 이용하고 있는 요양시설을 지속적으로 이용하려는 의도가 높게 나타났고, 타 시설로의 전환 의도는 낮아지는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이는 기존의 타 학문분야에서의 연구결과와 일치되는 견해라 할 수 있다. 셋째, 요양시설의 서비스 품질과 Client 행동 간의 관계에서 지각된 가치(고객만족)의 매개역할을 분석한 결과, 요양시설의 노인복지서비스 품질은 매개변수인 고객만족을 통해 Client 행동에 영향을 미치는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 즉, 매개변수인 고객만족의 도움이 있을 때 지각된 노인복지 서비스품질이 Client행동에 영향을 미치게 된다는 것이다.본 연구는 그동안 여러 학문분야에 걸쳐 논의되어 왔던 서비스품질이라는 개념을 노인복지 분야에 적용하여 노인복지서비스 품질이라는 새로운 연구패러다임을 정착시키는 기초자료를 제공하였다. 또한 그동안 타 학문 서비스품질 연구에서 이용되어오던 연구모형 및 연구가설을 노인복지 분야에 적용하여 실증분석을 통해 이론적 프레임을 검증함으로써 동 분야에 과학적인 연구의 필요성을 제기하였다. 지금까지 고객만족 모델의 연구 틀에서 한 단계 더 나아가 고객 행동과의 관계를 규명함으로써 향후 이에 대한 심층적인 연구의 계기를 마련하였다는 점에서 연구의 의의가 있다. 이러한 연구 기여도에도 불구하고 본 연구는 다음과 같은 몇 가지 한계점 내지 향후 연구과제를 내포하고 있다.첫째, 변수측정에 있어서 본 연구에서는 노인복지 서비스 품질 변수를 과정적 품질과 결과적 품질만을 고려하였으나 이외에도 노인복지서비스 품질에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 다양한 요인들을 추가적으로 발굴해야 할 것으로 보인다.둘째, 본 연구는 충남지역의 요양시설만을 연구대상으로 삼았기 때문에 전체 노인복지 서비스 품질로 연구결과를 적용시키기는 어려운 부분이 있다. 따라서 향후 연구에서는 세분화된 노인복지분야별로 서비스품질의 상대적 영향력을 파악해 보거나 상호간 비교연구를 해 봄으로써 전체적인 노인복지 서비스 품질의 수급관계를 파악하는 것도 의미가 있을 것으로 보인다.