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이동수, 이복환, 김정규, 문희원, 윤순식. 12주간의 유산소운동과 웨이트 트레이닝의 병행이 비만 아동의 혈중 지질 성분의 변화에 미치는 영향. 운동과학, 제12권 제2호, 233-242, 2003. 본 연구의 목적은 중학생 비만 학생을 대상으로 12주 동안 유산소 운동과 웨이트 훈련의 병행이 혈중 지질 성분의 변화에 미치는 영향을 고찰하는데 그 목적이 있다. 본 연구의 대상자는 체지방율이 35% 이상인 중학교 남자 20명을 대상으로 두 가지의 서로 다른 훈련 프로그램(유산소 운동 그룹과 유산소와 웨이트 훈련 병행 그룹)에 12주 동안 참가하게 하였다. 혈중 TC 농도 변화에 있어서는 훈련 시작 후 4주와 8주에 유산소 운동과 웨이트 훈련을 병행한 그룹이 유산소 훈련 그룹 보다 낮은 혈중 TC 농도를 보여 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 발견되었다(p<.05). 혈중 TG와 LDL-C 농도에 있어서는 두 가지 서로 다른 훈련의 형태에 따라서 훈련이 진행됨에 따라 감소하는 양상을 보였으나 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 발견되지 않았다(p>.05). 혈중 HDL-C 농도 변화에 있어서는 두 가지 서로 다른 훈련의 형태 모두에서 증가하는 현상을 보였으나, 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 발견되 지 않았다(p>.05). 결론적으로, 본 연구에서 12주간 유산소 운동과 웨이트 훈련을 병행한 결과 유산소 훈련을 병행한 그룹과 상응하는 긍정적인 혈중 지질의 변화를 유도하였고, 웨이트 훈련 역시 유산소 운동과 같이 성장기에 있는 남자 중학생의 비만 운동 치료를 위한 훈련 방법의 하나로 현장에서 직접적으로 적용 가능한 프로그램 개발을 위한 다양한 기초 자료의 제공이 선행되어야 한다고 본다. Lee, D.S., Lee, B.H., Kim, J.K., Moon, H.W., Yoon, S.S. The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Weight Training on changes of Blood Lipid Profile in Obese Middle School Student. Exercise Science, 12(2): 233-242, 2003. The purpose of present study was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise and weight training on changes of blood lipid profile in obese middle school students. Twenty subjects participated in the present study. The subjects of this study was divided into two groups; aerobic exercise training for 12 weeks(n=10); aerobic exercise training with weight training for 12 weeks(n=10). All subjects were measured 1 RM, body composition and blood samples were drawn from antecubital vein before taking part in the two kinds of different exercise training programs and at 4, 8, 10, 12 weeks post. There was significant different in the blood TC concentration at 4 week and 8 weeks after exercise training between exercise training programs(p<.05). However, there was no significant different in the blood TG concentration at 12 weeks after exercise training between exercise training programs(p>.05). In this study, both aerobic exercise training and aerobic exercise training with weight training for 12 weeks could be caused the decrease of blood lipid and % body fat and the increase of fat free mass. Futhermore, it is suggested that a regular physical activity might be most important factor as the portion of daily energy expenditure and could increase the capacity of physiological adaptation in obese individuals.
In this study, we investigated the quality and antioxidant activity of blueberry-pyun (traditional Korean jelly using blueberry) according to different ratios of blueberry juice (100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, and 20%). Moisture and pH significantly decreased as the content of blueberry juice increased (p<0.05). As the amount of blueberry juice decreased, the lightness (L) decreased. At the same time, the redness (a) and yellowness (b) were significantly higher (p<0.05). DPPH radical scavenging activity and anthocyanin contents increased significantly when the amount of blueberry juice increased (p<0.05). In the texture profile analysis, hardness decreased as the content of blueberry juice increased. There were no significant differences in springiness. 20% blueberry juice showed the highest gumminess and chewiness. During sensory evaluation, 60% blueberry juice showed the highest in the appearance, color, sweetness and overall-acceptability. From these results, we conclude that blueberry-pyun made of 60% blueberry juice is the most desirable.
Purpose A number of factors related to overall survival (OS) have been addressed in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was conducted to determine the impact of whole-body metastatic regions on survival outcome in advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. Materials and Methods Between March 2005 and February 2011, 112 eligible patients with newly confirmed stage IV non-squamous NSCLC, available for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)mutation status 18-21 analysis, and accessible for the determination of pretreatment whole-body metastatic regions were enrolled in this retrospective study. The total number of synchronous metastatic regions was scored according to the following disease sites: abdomen/pelvis, lung to lung/pulmonary lymphangitic spread, bone,pleura/pleural effusion/pericardial effusion, neck/axillary lymph nodes, other soft tissue, brain. Results The median age of the cohort was 65 years (range, 31 to 88 years) . The median whole-body metastatic score was 2 (range, 1 to 6), and bone and lung to lung were the most common metastatic sites. EGFR mutations were observed in 40 (35.7%)patients with a deletion in exon 19 and Leu858Arg mutation in exon 21 being detected in 16 (40.0%) and 19 (47.5%) patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis for OS revealed that treatment factors (p=0.005), performance status (p=0.006),whole-body metastatic score (p<0.001), and EGFR mutation status (p=0.095) were significantly or marginally associated with OS. Conclusion The results of the present study demonstrated that whole-body metastatic extent strongly affects survival outcome, even after adjustment for other significant variables in advanced non-squamous NSCLC. The clinical validity of more curative multimodal approaches in cohorts with limited metastases remains to be explored.
In this paper, we will introduce the concept of fuzzy mulitplication module. We will define a new operation called a product on the family of all fuzzy submodules of a fuzzy mulitplication module. We will define a fuzzy subset of the idealization ring R+M and find some relations with the product of fuzzy submodules and product of fuzzy ideals of the idealization ring R+M, Some properties of weakly fuzzy prime submoduels and fuzzy prime submodules which are defined by T.K.Mukherjee, M.K.Sen and D.Roy will be introduced. We will investigate some properties of fuzzy prime submodules of a fuzzy multiplication module.
All 573 freshmen sophomore, junior keimyung university in Taegu city ere examined through written questionnaire and many literature search I other foreign countries for the purpose of analyzing and studying the method of improvement for actual condition in management of university cultural physical education. We try to concretize our circumstances by comparing these to the conditions of several advance and preceding foreign countries. The results of this study were set up as follows: 1. It can be recognized the reason that we maintain firmly the introduction of a required subject system, further more an elective contents system as a required subjects. 2. The reasonable program and events are requires by the motion of the life long physical education in these days. 3. In order to improve the effectiveness of school physical education, first of all, the upgrading of program as part of physical education system ought to reorganized. 4. There were numberous student per class, lack of educational facilities, and uneductional factors. They were the most important factor determining the quality of school physical education. When these are improved, we expect that the practical teaching on the cultural physical education is managed more effectively.
Purpose To evaluate treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation. Materials and Methods From January 2005 to June 2009, 51 patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiation for 3 different aims: locally advanced stage III, locally recurrent disease, and postoperative gross residual NSCLC. Median age was 63 years. Distribution of stages by the 6th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) was as follows: IIIA (37.3%), IIIB (56.9%). Chemotherapy was administered every week concurrently with radiation using one of the following regimens: paclitaxel (60 mg/m2), docetaxel+cisplatin (20 mg/m2+20 mg/m2), cisplatin (30 mg/m2). Total radiation dose was 16-66.4 Gy (median, 59.4 Gy). Results Median follow-up duration was 40.8 months. The overall response rate was 84.3% with 23complete responses. The median survival duration for the overall patient group was 17.6months. The 3-year survival rate was 17.8%. A total of 21 patients had recurrent disease at the following sites: loco-regional sites (23.6%), distant organs (27.5%). In the multivariate analysis of the overall patient group, a clinical tumor response (p=0.002) was the only significant prognostic factor for overall survival (OS). In the multivariate analysis of the definitive chemoradiation arm, the use of consolidation chemotherapy (p=0.022), biologically equivalent dose (BED)10 (p=0.007),and a clinical tumor response (p=0.030) were the significant prognostic factors for OS.The median survival duration of the locally recurrent group and the postoperative gross residual group were 26.4 and 23.9 months, respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrated that clinical tumor response was significantly associated with OS in the overall patient group. Further investigations regarding the optimal radiation dose in the definitive chemoradiation and the optimal treatment scheme in locally recurrent NSCLC would be required.