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        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          산소부화된 자유롭게 전파하는 CH<sub>4</sub>/O<sub>2</sub>/N<sub>2</sub>예혼합화염의 화염구조

          이기용,남태형,유현석,최동수,Lee, Gi-Yong,Nam, Tae-Hyeong,Yu, Hyeon-Seok,Choe, Dong-Su 대한기계학회 2002 大韓機械學會論文集B Vol.26 No.4

          Numerical simulations of freely propagating flames burning stoichiometric CH$_4$/O$_2$/$N_2$mixtures are performed at atmospheric pressure in order to understand the effect of the $O_2$enrichment level on CH$_4$/Air flame. A chemical kinetic mechanism is employed, the adopted scheme involving 54 gas-phase species and 632 forward reactions. The calculated flame speeds are compared with the experiments for the flames established at several $O_2$enrichment level, the results of which is in excellent agreement. As a result of the increased $O_2$enrichment level from 0.21 to 1, the mole fraction of CO in the burred gas is increased. The flame speed and the temperature in the burned gas are also increased, but the thickness of the flame is severely shrunken in the preheat region. The maximum of the calculated EINO is obtained around 0.6 and 0.7 of the $O_2$enrichment level in cases of flames for fuel-lean mixtures.

        • KCI등재

          Paper Title : Speech Parameter Estimation and Enhancement Using the EM Algorithm

          이기용,강영태,이병국,Lee, Ki-Yong,Kang, Young-Tae,Lee, Byung-Gook The Acoustical Society of Korea 1994 韓國音響學會誌 Vol.13 No.e2

          신호처리의 많은 분야에서, 심하게 비가우시안 성질을 가지는 분포, 혹은 분포의 중간은 가우시안 특성을 가지지만 양 끝에서는 편차가 크게 나는 분포를 다루어야 하는 경우가 종종 있다. 이러한 편차에 효과적으로 대처하기 위하여 본 논문에서는 음성 신호의 여기 신호로서 혼합 분포(mixture distribution)을 고려한다. 이것은 음성 분석시 피치 주파수가 미치는 영향을 감소시키며, 배경 잡음을 제거하는 데에도 효과적이다. 음성 신호 파라미터의 추정 및 향상을 위하여 EM 알고리즘을 사용하묘, 향상 과정에서는 강인 칼만 필터링 기법을, 파라미터 추정 관정에서는 검출/추정 기법을 사용한다. 실험 결과, 본 논문에서 제안하는 알고리즘이 입력 신호대잡음비가 열악한 경우에 기존의 것보다 우수한 성능을 보인다. In many applications of signal processing, we have to deal with densities which are highly non-Gaussian or which may have Gaussian shape in the middle but have potent deviations in the tails. To fight against these deviations, we consider a finite mixture distribution for the speech excitation. We utilize the EM algorithm for the estimation of speech parameters and their enhancement. Robust Kalman filtering is used in the enhancement process, and a detection/estimation technique is used for parameter estimation. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm performs better in adverse SNR input conditions.

        • KCI등재

          $CH_4/C_2HCl_3/Air$ 대향류 비예혼합 화염에서 스트레인율의 영향

          이기용,Lee, Ki-Yong 한국연소학회 2000 한국연소학회지 Vol.5 No.1

          Numerical simulations of counterflow non-premixed $CH_4/C_2HCl_3/Air$ flames added 8%(by volume) C2HCl3 on the fuel side are conducted at atmospheric pressure using a detailed chemical reaction mechanism in order to understand the effect of strain rates. A detailed sensitivity analysis is also performed in order to assess the relative influence of each reaction on the flame established at a strain rate of 200s-1. The structure of flames (i.e., temperature, velocity, and concentration of species) established at both a strain rate of 150s-1 and 300s-1 are investigated. As the strain rate increases, the "flame zone" is restricted to a narrower range and the position of maximum temperature is shifted to the fuel side. The concentrations of major species, H2O, CO, H2, HCl, Cl2, and Cl are decreased with increased strain rate. The reaction involving chlorine, CH4 + Cl $\rightarrow$ CH3 + HCl, instead of the reaction, CH4 + H $\rightarrow$ CH3 + H2 influences the consumption of methane. C2HCl3 + OH $\rightarrow$ CHCl2 + CHOCl and HCl + OH $\rightarrow$ H2O + Cl, are major reactions, through which OH radicals are consumed.

        • KCI등재

          A Study on A Multi-Pulse Linear Predictive Filtering And Likelihood Ratio Test with Adaptive Threshold

          이기용,이주헌,송익호,안수길,Lee, Ki-Yong,Lee, Joo-Hun,Song, Iick-Ho,Ann, Sou-Guil The Acoustical Society of Korea 1991 韓國音響學會誌 Vol.10 No.1

          A fundamental assumption in conventional linear predictive coding (LPC) analysis procedure is that the input to an all-pole vocal tract filter is white process. In the case of periodic inputs, however, a pitch bias error is introduced into the conventional LP coefficient. Multi-pulse (MP) LP analysis can reduce this bias, provided that an estimate of the excitation is available. Since the prediction error of conventional LP analysis can be modeled as the sum of an MP excitation sequence and a random noise sequence, we can view extracting MP sequences from the prediction error as a classical detection and estimation problem. In this paper, we propose an algorithm in which the locations and amplitudes of the MP sequences are first obtained by applying a likelihood ratio test (LRT) to the prediction error, and LP coefficients free of pitch bias are then obtained from the MP sequences. To verify the performance enhancement, we iterate the above procedure with adaptive threshold at each step. 기존의 선형 예측법에 의한 음성 분석의 기본적인 가정은 전극점 성도 필터의 입력은 백색 신호라는 것이다. 그러나, 주기성 입력 신호의 경우 피치 바이오스 오차가 기존 선형 예측 계수에 개입된다. 만일 여기 신호의 추정값을 이용할 수 있다면 멀티 펄스에 의한 선형 예측 분석으로 이러한 바이어스를 제거할 수 있다. 기존의 선형 예측 분석에서의 예측 오차는 멀티 펄스 여기 신호열과 불규칙 잡음 신호열의합으로 나타내어질 수 있으므로 선형 예측 오차로부터 멀티 펄스 신호열을 찾아내는 것은 고전적인 검출 및 추정의 문제로 생각될 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 먼저 LRT 를 이용하여 예측오차로부터 멀티 펄스 신호의 위치와 크기를 찾아낸 다음 이 신호열로부터 피치 바이어스가 제거된 선형 예측 계수를 구하는 알고리즘을 제안한다. 매번 적응된 임계값을 적용하여 반복 수행을 함으로써 성능향상을 입증하였다.

        • KCI등재

          개방 종단된 계단형 슬롯을 사용한 UWB용 안테나의 소형화

          이기용,이영순,Lee, Ki-yong,Lee, Young-soon 한국항행학회 2017 韓國航行學會論文誌 Vol.21 No.4

          In order to reduce the size of the previous stepped slot antenna for UWB applications(3.1 ~ 10.6 GHz) to half, an open ended stepped slot antenna is proposed. The proposed antenna consists of a stepped slot etched on the ground plane as radiation part and a microstrip feed-line with rectangular patch on the top plane for wideband impedance matching. The proposed antenna is designed and fabricated on the FR4 substrate with dielectric constant of 4.3, thickness of 1.6 mm and size of $28.5{\times}32mm^2$. The measured impedance bandwidth (${\mid}S_{11}{\mid}{\leq}-10dB$) of the fabricated antenna is 7.99 GHz(3.01~11 GHz) which is sufficient to cover UWB band (3.1 ~ 10.6 GHz). In particular, it has been observed that antenna has a good omnidirectional radiation patterns and high gain over the entire frequency band of interest even though the size of the proposed antenna is reduced to half when compared with the previous antenna. 기존의 UWB용 계단형 슬롯 안테나의 크기를 절반으로 줄이기 위해 개방 종단된 계단형 슬롯 안테나를 제안하였다. 제안된 안테나는 방사부로써 접지면에 에칭된 계단형 슬롯과 윗면의 광대역 임피던스 정합을 위한 사각형 패치를 가진 마이크로스트립 급전선으로 구성된다. 제안된 안테나는 유전상수(${\epsilon}_r$)가 4.3, 두께가 1.6 mm, 크기가 $28.5{\times}32mm^2$ 인 FR4 기판에 설계 및 제작 되었다. 제안된 안테나의 제작 및 측정 결과, 임피던스 대역폭(${\mid}S_{11}{\mid}{\leq}-10dB$)이 7.99 GHz (3.01~11 GHz)로 UWB 대역(3.1 ~ 10.6 GHz)을 충분히 만족하였다. 특히 제안된 안테나의 크기가 기존의 안테나에 비해 절반으로 줄어들었음에도 불구하고, 사용하고자 하는 전 대역에서 안정되고 우수한 무지향성 방사패턴을 얻을 수 있었으며 2.18 ~ 4.93 dBi의 높은 이득 또한 얻을 수 있었다.

        • KCI등재

          IS cycle에서의 [DMIm]$MeSO_4$를 이용한 $SO_2/O_2$ 분리

          이기용,송광호,유계상,김홍곤,정광덕,김창수,Lee, Ki-Yong,Song, Kwang-Ho,Yoo, Kye-Sang,Kim, Hong-Gon,Jeong, Kwang-Deog,Kim, Chang-Soo 한국수소및신에너지학회 2008 한국수소 및 신에너지학회논문집 Vol.19 No.1

          The feasibility of ionic liquid as a novel absorbent of $SO_2$ for the separation of $SO_2$ from $SO_2/O_2$ mixture in the thermochemical IS(Iodine-Sulfur) cycle was investigated. 1,3-dimethylimidazolium methylsulfate ([DMIm]$MeSO_4$) had shown twenty five times higher solubility of $SO_2$ than that of $O_2$. The dependence of $SO_2$ solubility by [DMIm]$MeSO_4$ on temperature and $SO_2$ partial pressure was examined, which confirmed the possibility of temperature and pressure swing for the separation process. Through cyclic absorption and desorption with temperature swing the stability of [DMIm]$MeSO_4$ in the separation process was also demonstrated. As a result of the experiments carried out, $SO_2$ separation from $SO_2/O_2$ mixture with ionic liquid([DMIm]$MeSO_4$) can be applied to the thermochemical IS cycle.

        • KCI등재

          SPJ 실체화 뷰의 효율적인 점진적 관리 기법

          이기용,손진현,김명호,Lee, Ki-Yong,Son, Jin-Hyun,Kim, Myoung-Ho 한국정보처리학회 2006 정보처리학회논문지D Vol.13 No.6

          데이터 웨어하우스에서는 질의를 빠르게 처리하기 위해 실체화 뷰(materialized view)가 흔히 사용된다. 실체화 뷰는 그의 정의에 포함된 데이터 소스들이 변경되면 이를 반영하기 위해 갱신되어야 한다. 실체화 년의 갱신은 많은 부하를 야기하므로, 실체화 뷰를 효율적으로 갱신하는 것은 매우 중요한 문제이다. 실체화 뷰의 효율적인 갱신 방법에 대해서는 이미 많은 연구가 있어왔지만, SPJ(Select-Project-Join) 형태로 정의된 실체화 뷰를 효율적으로 갱신하는 방법은 충분히 연구되지 않았다. 본 논문에서는 데이터 소스들에 대한 접근 비용을 최소화함으로써 SPJ 실체화 뷰를 효율적으로 점진적으로 갱신하는 방법을 제안한다. 제안하는 방법은 동적 계획법 알고리즘을 사용하여 최적의 갱신 방법을 찾는다. 마지막으로, 다양한 성능 평가 실험을 통해 제안하는 방법이 우수한 성능을 가지고 있음을 보인다. In the data warehouse environment, materialized views are typically used to support efficient query processing. Materialized views need to be updated when source data change. Since the update of the views need impose a significant overhead, it is essential to update the views efficiently. Though various view maintenance strategies have been discussed in the past, the efficient maintenance of SPJ materialized views has not been sufficiently investigated. In this paper, we propose an efficient incremental view maintenance method for SPJ materialized views that minimizes the total accesses to data sources. The proposed method finds an optimal view maintenance strategy using a dynamic programming algorithm. We also present various experimental results that shows the efficiency of our proposed method.

        • KCI등재

          물분해 수소제조를 위한 SI cycle에서의 EMIm[$EtSO_4$]를 이용한 $SO_2/O_2$ 분리공정

          이기용,김홍곤,정광덕,김창수,Lee, Ki-Yong,Kim, Hong-Gon,Jung, Kwang-Deog,Kim, Chang-Soo 한국수소및신에너지학회 2011 한국수소 및 신에너지학회논문집 Vol.22 No.1

          $SO_2$ has been absorbed and separated selectively by an ionic liquid from $SO_2/O_2$ mixture decomposed from sulfuric acid during the thermochemical SI cycle for the water splitting. In order to design and operate high pressure $SO_2/O_2$ separation system, the solubility of $SO_2$ in [EMIm]$EtSO_4$ (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate) has been measured by Magnetic Suspension Balance at high pressure and temperature. Based on the measured solubility, a pressurized separation system was set up and operated. 194 L/h of $SO_2$($SO_2:O_2$=0.65:1) has been separated with 99.85% of $O_2$ at the vent of absorption tower, which is 22.7% of the theoretically ideal capacity of the system. This discrepancy results from the reduced contact between the gaseous $SO_2$ and the ionic liquid. Increased $SO_2$ supply, scale-up of the absorption column, and a faster ionic liquid circulation speed were suggested to improve the separation capacity.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          고속 엔드밀 가공시 가속도 신호를 고려한 가공표면의 시뮬레이션

          이기용,강명창,이득우,김정석,Lee, Gi-Yong,Gang, Myeong-Chang,Lee, Deuk-U,Kim, Jeong-Seok 대한기계학회 2001 大韓機械學會論文集A Vol.25 No.2

          To obtain precise machined surface and high productivity in machining, high speed end milling has beed studied recently. Though high speed end milling is explicitly effective for precision surface generation geometrically, tool deflection, chatter vibration and frequency characteristics of end milling system deteriorate the theoretical surface. In this study, simulation algorithm and programming method are suggested to simulate machined surface using acceleration signal in high speed end milling. This simulation is conducted by considering vibrational effect of spindle system which was not considered by other investigators. Good agreements were obtained between simulated results and experimental results.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          고속 엔드밀 가공시 동적 모델에 의한 표면형상 예측

          이기용,하건호,강명창,이득우,김정석,Lee, Gi-Yong,Ha, Geon-Ho,Gang, Myeong-Chang,Lee, Deuk-U,Kim, Jeong-Seok 대한기계학회 2000 大韓機械學會論文集A Vol.24 No.7

          A dynamic model for the prediction of surface topography in high speed end milling process is developed. In this model the effect of tool runout, tool deflection and spindle vibration were taken in to account. An equivalent diameter of end mill is obtained by finite element method and tool deflection experiment. A modal parameter of machine tool is extracted by using frequency response function. The tool deflection, spindle vibration chip thickness and cutting force were calculated in dynamic cutting condition. The tooth pass is calculated at the current angular position for each point of contact between the tool and the workpiece. The new dynamic model for surface predition are compared with several investigated model. It is shown that new dynamic model is more effective to predict surface topography than other suggested models. In high speed end milling, the tool vibration has more effect on surface topography than the tool deflection.

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