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      • KCI등재

        기주식물이 꽃노랑총채벌레(Frankliniella occidentalis)의 발육과 생식에 미치는 영향

        이건휘,백채훈,황창연,최만영,김두호,나승용,김상수,최인후 한국응용곤충학회 2003 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.42 No.4

        기주식물에 따른 꽃노랑총채벌레의 생태적 특성을 조사한 결과, 가지, 오이, 고추, 토마토의 잎과 꽃잎에서 꽃노랑총채벌레의 발육기간은 고추 잎에서 6.4일로 가장 길었고, 생존율도 고추 잎에서 67%로 가장 낮았다. 오이의 잎에서 암컷의 수명이 16일로 가장 길었고, 꽃잎에서는 8.1일로 가장 짧았다. 꽃노랑총채벌레 암컷 성충은 가지, 오이, 고추, 토마토 중 토마토 꽃잎을 가장 선호하는 것으로 나타났고, 가지 성묘의 잎 위치별 부화 유충수는 중위 잎에 가장 많았다. 가지의 잎과 꽃잎에 대한 꽃노랑총채벌레 암컷 성충의 서식 선호성은 꽃잎을 더 선호하였고, 4개 작물(가지, 오이, 고추, 토마토)중 꽃잎에 대한 서식 선호성은 고추에서 가장 높았다. This study investigated the ecological characteristics of Frankliniella occidentalis on four horticultural crops. On red pepper leaves, larval developmental period and survival rate of F. occidentalis were 6.4 days and 67%, respectively. While adult female lived longer on cucumber leaves as long as 16 days, on Petal lived 8.1 days. F. occidentalis adult female preferred tomato to eggplant, cucumber and red pepper, and higher number of hatched larva were from leaves of middle part of egg-plant compared with those from other parts. F. occidentalis adult female fed preferably on petal compared with leaves and Petals of eggplant, and among petals of four tested plants, the most preference was those of red pepper.

      • 회전하는 정사각단면 $90^{\circ}$곡관내 난류유동에 관한 수치해석적 연구

        이건휘,최영돈 대한기계학회 1995 대한기계학회논문집 Vol.19 No.9

        In this study, the characteristics of the three-dimensional turbulence flow in a rotating square sectioned 90.deg. bend were investigated by numerical simulation. And a dimensionless number, Coriolis force ratio, primarily subjected to the feature of the flow in the rotating 90.deg. bend was obtained as a result of one-dimensional theory. In the simulation study, low Reynolds number ASM developed by Kim(1991) in the square sectioned 180.deg. bend flow was modified in order to consider the rotational effects in the testing flows. In the near wall region of low Reynolds number, four turbulence models were employed and compared in order to find the most appropriate model for the analysis of the rotating 90.deg. bend flow. By comparison of the results with the experimental data, it is shown that low Reynolds number Algebraic Stress Model with rotating terms reflects most correctly the rotational effects. As the results of this study, centrifugal forces associated with the curvature of the bend and Coriolis forces and centripetal forces associated with the rotation affect directly both the mean motion and the turbulent fluctuations. Their actions on the mean flow are to induce a secondary motion while their effects on turbulence are to modify the pressure strain.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        원형단면의 곡관에서의 난류유동 측정

        이건휘,Lee, Geon-Hwi 대한기계학회 1998 大韓機械學會論文集B Vol.22 No.7

        Hot-wire measurement of the longitudinal and radial velocity components and Reynolds stresses are reported for developing turbulent flow in a strongly curved 180 deg. pipe and its tangents. Slanted wire is rotated to 6 directions and the voltage outputs of them are combined to obtain the mean velocities and Reynolds stresses. Significant double maxima in the longitudinal velocity component appear in the bend. V-profiles reveal the development of a strong secondary flow. This secondary flow is induced by the transverse pressure gradient set up between the outer(r$\sub$o/) and inner(r$\sub$i/) wall region of the bend. Another second cross-stream flow develops after .theta.=135 deg. and its direction is opposed to that of main second flow.

      • KCI등재

        채소류 진딧물에 대한 칠성풀잠자리붙이의 포식량 및 밀도억제 효과

        이건휘,이승찬,최남영,김두호 한국응용곤충학회 2000 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.39 No.4

        진딧물류의 포식성 천적인 칠성풀잠자리붙이의 충태, 온도조건, 먹이밀도 조건 등에 따른 포식량 및 몇 가지 채소작물에서 진딧물 밀도억제 효과를 조사한 결과, 칠성풀잠자리붙이 3령유충은 17, 22, 및 $27^{\circ}C$에서 각각 29.8, 77.9, 133.6 및 155.7마리의 목화진딧물을 포식하였으며,$ 27^{\circ}C$에서 산란전 성충은 73.1마리, 산란중인 성충은 86.6마리, 수컷성충은 69.7마리의 복숭아혹진딧물을 포식하였다. 칠성풀잠자리붙이는 목화진딧물 밀도가 증가하면 포식량도 점차 증가하였으나 그 증가율은 차차 감소하는 Holling의 기능적 반응곡선 제II형(포화형)과 일치하는 경향이었으며, 칠성풀잠자리붙이 3령 유충은 탐색률이 가장 높고 탐색시간은 짧았다. 칠성풀잠자리붙이의 목화진딧물 제어능력은 고추, 가지, 토마토에서 칠성풀잠자리붙이 난:진딧물의 비율이 1:4, 오이는 1:3일 때 효과적이었다. 또한 칠성풀잠자리붙이 2령 유충:진딧물의 비율이 고추에서 1:30,오이와 토마토에서는 1:20일 때 효과적으로 진딧물 밀도를 억제할 수 있었다. 시설하우스에 고추를 정식한 후 6월~9월 사이에 약제방제 4회 실시한 것과 칠성풀잠자리붙이 난을 3회 접종한 것의 방제효과가 비슷하였다. These studies were conducted to investigate the prey consumption and suppression of cotton aphid and green peach aphid by Chrysopa pallens Ramber as a predator. The 3$^{rd}$ instar of C. pallets fed on 29.8, 77.9, 133.6, and 155.7 individuals of apterous Aphis goussypii Glover a day at 17,22, 27, and 32$^{\circ}C$, respectively. A preovipositing female fed on 73.1 individuals, ovipositing female on 86.6 individuals, and adult male on 69.7 individuals of apterous Myzus persicae (Sulzer) a day at the 27$^{\circ}C$. The functional response curve of the larvae and adults of C. pallens to the densities of A. gossypii indicated Helling’s Type II: the consumption of prey by the C. pallens increased with the prey density but the consumption rate decreased. The attack rate of 3rd instar of C. pallens was the highest among the 2nd instar, 3$^{rd}$ instar, adult male and adult female, and handling time was the shortest. The critical ratio of the predator vs. the prey to effectively suppress the population of A. gossypii by releasing C. pallets eggs was 1 : 4 on red pepper and egg plant, and 1 : 3 on cucumber. Release of second larval stave of C. pallens at the ratio of 1 : 30 of the predator vs. the prey controlled satisfactorily A. gossypii on red pepper, and 1 : 20 on cucumber and tomato. The three-times introduction of the eggs of C. pallens was as effective as four applications of insecticides from mid-June to late September.r.

      • KCI등재

        상용 소형 쑥뜸의 열역학적 특성에 대한 실험적 연구

        이건휘,이건목,황유진 대한침구학회 2001 대한침구의학회지 Vol.18 No.6

        Objective : Moxibustion has been proved efficacious for many diseases, but isn't widespread in the clinics due to a danger of skin burning, the smoke produced while burning a moxa combustion and so on. Therefore, another type of moxa that can be resolved these troubles is required. To improve the effect of moxibustion and develop the new thermal stimulating treatment, the performance of commercial moxibustion widely used are studied systematically and found out quantitatively. Methods : We have selected two types (small-size moxa A(sMA), small-size moxa B (sMB)) among small-size moxaes used widely in the clinic. We examined combustion time, various temperatures, temperature gradient in each period during a combustion of moxa. Results : 1. The combustion time in the preheating period appeared somewhat longer in sMA than in sMB. 2, The combustion time in the heating period appeared longer in sMA by 26% than in sMB. 3. The average temperature in the heating period was 37.6∼37.8℃ in sMA and 36.2∼36.8℃ in sMB and the maximum temperature measured at a center of contact surface in sMA was 48.6℃, higher by over 2.8℃ than that of sMB moxibustion. 4. The average ascending temperature gradient in the heating period was 0.08∼0.1℃/sec in both moxaes, and the average ascending temperature gradient of heating period in sMB appeared larger. The maximum ascending temperature gradient appeared higher in sMB, and the time reaching maximum ascending temperature gradient appeared much earlier in sMA than in sMB. 5. The combustion time in the retaining period was around 100 sec in sMA and around 275 sec in sMB, 6. The average temperature in the retaining period was 42.2∼46.0℃ in sMA and 39.3∼41.4℃ in sMB. The minimum temperature in the retaining period was over 38.80 in sMA but just 34.7℃ in sMB. 7. The average descending temperature gradient in sMA was -0.050∼0.067℃/sec and in sMB was-0.030∼0.037℃/sec. 8. The combustion time in the cooling period appeared longer over two times in sMA than in sMB, and the time which the cooling period (minimum temperature) finished at appeared later in sMB by 55 sec. 9. We classified the combustion process that the measured temperature rose over body heat(37℃) into the effective combustion period. The effective combustion time was 233.3 sec in sMA and 300.4 sec in sMB respectively, and was longer by about 29% in sMB. The average temperature and maximum temperature in the effective combustion time appeared higher in sMA. The time taken until the maximum temperature was reached was 225.1 sec in sMA and 244.5 sec in sMB, faster by about 20 sec in sMA. The maximum ascending temperature gradient during the effective combustion period appeared larger about 1.4 times in sMB, but the time when the maximum ascending temperature gradient happened was faster in sMA. Conclusion : It appears that sMB, compared with sMA, is proper if necessary to apply the long time and weak stimulus, because of the gentle stimulus during the relatively longer time. In contrast, sMA that the symmetrical combustion happened is proper if necessary to apply the short time and strong stimulus.

      • KCI등재

        씨고자리파리의 발육에 미치는 온도의 영향

        이건휘,최만영,한상수,김상수 한국응용곤충학회 2000 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.39 No.1

        씨고자리파리의 발육에 미치는 온도의 영향을 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다. 알에서 우화까지의 발육기간은 11, 5, 19, 23, $27^{\circ}C$에서 각각 $67.8\pm$14.5, $43.7\pm$9.4, $31.2\pm$7.0, 22.4$\pm$4.9, $18.3\pm$4.1일로 온도가 증가할수록 발육기간은 단축되었고 발육영점은 $^0.6{\circ}C$, 유효적산온도는 579.8일도였다. 23$^{\circ}C$에서 한 세대기간은 30.8일이었고 산란수는 246.5개였다. 부화율 및 우화율은 23$^{\circ}C$에서 90.0 및 85.2%로 정점에 도달한 후 다시 감소하여 $23^{\circ}C$를 경계로 이보다 높은 온도에서 부화 및 우화가 저해되었다. 실험실에서 유충의 먹이로 양파와 마늘이 효율적인 것으로 조사되었다. 씨고자리파리는 $23^{\circ}C$에서 우화 후 7~9일경부터 산란하기 시작하여 우화 후 12~18일 사이에 산란수가 가장 많았으며, 이때에 최고 산란수는 2일 동안 17~23개였다. These studies were conducted to investigate the effect of temperature on the developmentof Delia platura (Meigen) under a laboratory condition at five different temperatures. The developmentalperiods of D. platurcr from egg to adult emcrgence at the temperatures of 11, 15, 19, 23, and 27$^{\circ}$C were67.8k 14.5, 43.7t-9.4, 31.2-t-7.0, 22.4k4.9, and 18.3k4.1 days, respectively. Based on these results,threshold temperature of development and effective cumulative degree-day (DD) for overall developmentwas 0.6"C and 579.8 DD, respectively. Generation of time D. pluturci averaged 30.8 days, and meannumber of eggs produced per female was 246.5 k 16.9 at 23$^{\circ}$C. Hatching rate and emergence rate curvesin relation to the temperature was dome shaped with the peak of 90.0 and 85.2% at 23"C, it wassuggesting that hatching and emergence were inhibited by high temperature above that temperature.Pupation rate of the insect reared on garlic and on onion were higher than those reared on other diets.Oviposition of D. platum usually began 7-9 days after emergence at 23$^{\circ}$C. Females laid about 3-4 eggsin a day. Oviposition of the females peaked at the age of 12- 18 days after emergence. of 12- 18 days after emergence.

      • KCI등재

        뒷날개흰밤나방(Aedia leucomelas)의 형태적 특징, 온도별 발육기간, 발생소장 및 고구마 섭식량

        이건휘,백채훈,김두호,최만영,나승용,김상수 한국응용곤충학회 2003 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.42 No.1

        고구마를 가해하는 됫날개흰밤나방(Aedia leucomelas)의 형태적 특징과 온도에 따른 발육특성 그리고 발생소장 및 고구마 가해양상을 1999부터 2000년까지 실내와 고구마포장에서 조사하였다. 성충은 흑갈색으로 체장은 암컷이 20.2mm,수컷이 18.9mm이었고, 날개 편 길이는 각각 33.7mm, 29.4mm이었다. 난은 납작한 원형이며, 유충은 엷은 황녹색-짙은 회색으로 체장은 3.3-53.5 mm이고, 번데기는 진한 갈색으로 체장은 15.1 mm이었다. 난부터 우화까지의 평균발육기 간은 15, 20, 25, 3 (605% RH, 16L : 8D)에서 각각 108.5, 70:7, 40.2, 29.1일로 온도가 증가할수록 발육기간이 짧아졌다. 각 태별 발육영점온도와 유효적산온도는 난은 10.7C와 67.5일도, 유충은 11.0C와 275.1일도, 번데기는 9.3C와 244.6일도 이었다. 암컷의 수명은 위 조사온도에서 각각 14.6, 12.8, 11.1, 10.3일이었고, 산란수는 각각 43, 189,244,265개로 성충수명은 고온일수록 짧아졌지만 산란수는 증가하였다. 됫날개흰밤나방 유충은 고구마 포장에서 6월 중순부터 10월까지 발생되었는데 9월 상-중순에 발생량이 가장 많았다. 유충의 섭식량은 20-에서 가장 많았고, 25C에서 1령, 2령, 3령, 4령, 5령 유충의 1일 섭식량은 각각 0.4, 3.6, 19.6, 40.7, 78.9 였다. Morphological characteristics, developmental period, and seasonal occurrence of Adeia leucomelas (L.) were investigated from 1999 to 2000. In addition, consumption of sweetpotato as food was also examined. Adults of A. leucomelas were dark-brown and body lengths of females and males were 20.2 mm and 18.9 mm, respectively, Wing expanse of female and male was 33.7 mm and 29.4mm, respectively. Egg was flat round-shape. Larva was light yellow-green to dark-brown with 3.3-53.5 mm. Pupa was deep-brown and 15.1 mm in length. Developmental periods of A. leucomelas from egg to adult emergence at different temperatures of 15, 20, 25, and 30C were 108.5, 70.7, 40.2, and 29.1 days, respectively, Developmental threshold (DT) and effective accumulative temperatures were estimated as 10.7C and 67.5 DD in egg stage, 11.0C and 275.1 DD in larval stage and 9.3C and 244.6 DD in pupal stage, respectively. The longevity of adult female was shortened with increment of temperature, whereas the total numbers of eggs laid by a female were increased. The larvae of A.leucomelas occurred from mid-June to early October, and population reached its peak during early to mid-September in Jeonbuk province. Food consumption of A. leucomelas was highest at 20-25C. Food consumption of 1 st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th larvae of A. leucomelas per day at 25C was 0.4, 3.6, 19.6, 40.7, and 78.9 , respectively.

      • KCI등재

        호남지역 콩 포장에서 톱다리개미허리노린재(Riptortus clavatus)의 발생소장, 콩 피해 및 약제방제 효과

        이건휘,백채훈,최만영,오영진,김두호,나승용 한국응용곤충학회 2004 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.43 No.3

        호남지역 콩 포장에서 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생소장, 콩 피해 및 약제방제 효과를 검토하였다. 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생은 콩 파종시기 및 연차간에 차이가 있었다. 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생최성기는 5월 하순경 파종은 8월 하순에, 6월 중순경 파종은 9월 중순 이었고, 파종기가 동일하더라도 연차간 기상조건에 따른 중 생육상의 차이로 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생최성기 차이가 있었다. 톱다리개미허리노린재에 의한 콩 흡즙 피해 면적을이 증가하면 발아율이 현저하게 낮아졌으며, 특히, 콩 피해면적율이 이상 되면 발아율이 로 매우 낮았다. 톱다리개미허리노린재에 대한 약제방제효과는 콩 생육단계중 (착협성기)+ (립비대기)+ (립비대성기)에 3회 처리시 의 방제효과로 가장 높았다. This study was conducted to determine Seasonal Occurrence, soybean damage and control efficacy of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg at soybean field in Honam province. Occurrence of R. clavatus varied at seeding times with annual difference. The peak occurrence of R. clavatus was appeared at late of August for late May seeding and middle of September for middle June seeding. There was difference in the peak occurrence of R. clavatus due to different growing stages affected by different weather conditions though soybean was seeded at same time. If the rate of soybean seed damage area by R. clavatus sucking increases, the germinating rate was greatly decreased. If the rate of soybean seed damage area is above 50 percent, in particular, the germinating rate was very low with 2 percent. Control efficacy against R. clavatus was the highest with at 3 times treatment of insecticide at (full pod stage) + (Beginning seed stage) + (full seed stage) of soybean growing stages in field.

      • KCI등재

        隔餠灸(附子灸)의 燃燒特性에 關한 實驗的 硏究

        이건휘,이건목,국우석 대한침구의학회 2004 대한침구의학회지 Vol.21 No.6

        Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanism and effect of moxibustion with monkshood cake, slice & black pepper cake. objectively, to be used as the quantitative data through the measurement of temperature, and to grasp the thermodynamic characteristics of moxibustion with monkshood cake, slice & black pepper cake. Methods We have selected of the moxibustion with monkshood cake, slice & black pepper cake. indirect moxibustion. We make a comparative study of the thermodynamic characteristics of moxibustion with monkshood cake, slice & black pepper cake. We examined combustion times, temperatures, temperature gradients in each period during a combustion of moxa. Results & Conclusions 1. We can design the moxibustion with monkshood cake that it has thermodynamic characteristics of 173sec effective combustion time, 44℃ maximum temperature, 0.22℃/sec ascending maximum temperature, if we use 3㎜ thickness or 3㎜ and below of monkshood cake and the moxa cone is formed the conical shape that the base diameter was 8㎜, the height was 10㎜, the density was 600㎎/㎤. 2. We can design the moxibustion with monkshood cake that it has thermodynamic characteristics of 205~271sec effective combustion period time, 44.6~46.1℃ maximum temperature, 0.18~0.24℃/sec ascending maximum temperature, if we use 3㎜ thickness of monkshood cake and the moxa cone is formed the conical shape that the base diameter was 8㎜, the height was 10㎜, the density was 480~720㎎/㎤. period during a combustion of moxa.

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