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Crude enzymes of Trichoderma viride and Phanerochaete chrysosporium were evaluated for their effect to brightness and physical properties of recycled pulp from newspaper and corrugated container board. The brightness of recycled pulp from newspaper increased with crude enzymes from Trichoderma viride and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The brightness of recycled pulp of corrugated container board increased with crude enzyme from Phanerochaete chrysosporium, but decreased with crude enzyme from Trichoderma viride. The Δbrightness with chemical bleaching of crude enzyme treated pulp was lower than that of heat killed enzyme treated pulp, but the final brightness of pulp was increased. Modification of recycled paper with crude enzymes can result in a substantial increase in physical properties with little no loss in pulp freeness.
The various culture conditions of Trichoderma viride(ATCC 3454) and Phanerochaete chrysosporium(ATCC 26921) with glucose-pepton medium, Mandels medium, YMG medium for wood degradable enzyme were examined. Mycellium of the two species grew profusely on glucose-pepton medium. Maximum fungal growth was observed about 10days. But CMCase, Fpase, laccase activity in the culture medium with glucose-pepton was not detected. When grown in fermenter culture using Mandels medium, Trichoderma viride produced CMCase and Fpase. Its CMCase activity was 0.15 lU/ml and Fpase activity was 0.3 IU/ml within about 4-6days. Phanerochaete chrysosporium grown in a YMG medium gave the best enzyme activity when they were grown under stationary culture with an atmosphere of 100% oxygen. Levels of laccase activity of 3.0 mull were achieved in stationary culture under 100% oxygen. The enzyme condensation by ultrafiltration method caused a 2-fold(cellulase) and 6-fold(laccase) as compared to control activity.
Dissolving pulp is a low yield(30∼35%) bleached chemical pulp that has a high cellulose content (95% or higher) suitable for use in cellulose derivatives such as rayon, cellulose acetate. This research was studied for dissolving pulp preparation as the raw material of viscose rayon from commertial pulps. (TMP, CP, DIP) In the change of pulp(cellulose) characteristics after sodium hypochlorite and solvolysis treatment. the following results were obtained In the case of sodium hypochlorite pretreatment, we have obtained pulp that high purity cellulose, but degree of polymerization was inclined to decrease less than 170∼240. Comparing sodium hypochlorite pretreatment and solvolysis pretreatment, solvolysis pretreatment is superior to sodium hypochlorite process for making dissolving pulp. We think that the low degree of polymerization of cellulose because of increasing degradation of cellulose during delignification treatment.