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The purpose of this study is to identify how servant leadership in hotel organization on the influence on the customer orientation based on the psychological contract in the hotel industry. In response to changing hotel industry environment, this study aims to examine the relationship between each variable to suggest detailed and strategic implementation direction and measures for implications in the aspect of the human resource management. The study result showed that the psychological contract relationship can be formed when the leader becomes a servant leader who leads the divisions well, integrates with other workers, maintains teamwork. In accordance with the study result, such servant leader completes customer-oriented service in hotel organization.
Ionically modified β-cyclodextrins, which have excellent water-solubility, have been interested in purification technology as well as drug carrier system. The present study summarizes the synthesis and characterization of cationic and anionic β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) products using by polycondensation. The oligo (β-CyD)s are synthesized from β-CyD, epichlorohydrin (EP) and choline chloride (CC; for cationic polymer) or chloroacetic acid (CAA; for anionic polymer) through one step polycondenstaion process. Unlike the previous studies, we successfully purified the ionic β-CyD condensation products from the β-CyD reaction mixtures and accomplished a great level of structural analysis. The detailed structural analysis of these ionic β-CyD compounds is done by 1H NMR, MALDI-TOF as well as GPC analysis and confirms the formation of oligomers with a few units of β-CyD. We found that the sequence of reactant addition also could effect on the molecular weight of the resulting product as well as the molar ratio of the reactants. Finally, we used the cationic and anionic β-CyD oligomers for fabricating multilayer films by layer-layer process.
For many years, we have conducted research on modifying the surface with polymeric coatings that contains weak polyelectrolytes, which are pH- and ionic strength-responsive, water-soluble polymers. Some of the coatings include metal nanoparticles those created in polymer-hybrid systems. These organic-inorganic hybrid materials revealed multiplexed properties that may be applied as a novel material for biomedical and/or environmental engineering fields. For those applications, an excellent biocompatibility or no cytotoxicity may be the most important property of the coating. Therefore, we examined biocompatibility of the materials, and furthermore, studied the cellular responses including adhesion, proliferation, motility on the coatings. Throughout the study, we utilized layer-by-layer deposition method which allowed to create nano-scaled composite materials. The characteristics of the environmental-resposive polymers were extra attributes of this system which allows us to explore various results in their film surface properties.
This study examines how the “Gencho-kyoto and Dojo-sashu,” two of the Chinese trial episodes in Toin-hiji, was accepted by later writers, from the comic story to Ukiyo-zoshi. In particular, while pointing out several works of the later Ukiyo-zoshi, which were influenced by the second chapter “Akete-kuyashiki-yoshi-ga-kanebako” in the fifth volume of “Futokoro-suzuri”(one of the “ukiyo-zoshi” works by Ihara-Saikaku). I also examined in detail how the “Gencho-kyoto and Dojo-sashu” would change, and. how the writers are seeking new possibilities for expression in order to capture the contemporary world. The “Gencho-kyoto and Dojo-sashu”, transformed in Saikaku’s work, served as an opportunity to create a expression technique for court novels, or as an effective clue to the method of lengthening Ukiyo-zoshi for Ejima Kiseki, and also had an important influence on the technique of Akinari’s “Kataki” novel. 本稿は、中国の裁判説話『棠陰比事』「彦超虚盗 道譲詐因」の話柄が、笑話から後期浮世草子に至るまで、如何に受容されてきたかを考察したものである。当話柄の利用 の初期段階においては、笑話の素材源となっていたことを指摘した。特に「道譲詐因」 の〈偽金〉と〈偽人〉の詐術は、西鶴の『懐硯』(1687刊)巻5之2「明て悔しき養子が銀筥」に おいて経済困窮を隠して世渡りをする町人達の詐術譚に用いられていたが、この「明 て悔しき養子が銀筥」に影響を受けた後代の浮世草子の作品を指摘した。作者未詳の 『日本桃陰比事』(1709年刊)巻之6之4「小判も石となる思案箱からくり」、江島其磧の『風 流宇治頼政』(1720年刊)、そして、上田秋成の『世間妾形気』(1767年刊)巻1之1「人心汲てしられぬ朧夜の酒宴」が検討対象となる。 「道譲詐因」の話柄は、西鶴を経由することで、作者達が自らの物語構想の中に繰り込むべき詐欺・陰謀・機智に変容しつつ、当代 の世態風俗を盛り込んだ公事物の奇抜な趣向に用いられたり、其磧の時代物浮世草子における長編化を可能にする構想の重要な契機となったり、妾の気質を形象化 するための手管に持ち込まれたりする。本稿では、その具体的な創作のあり方を考察し、各々の作者達が新たな表現の可能性を如何に模索していたかをあぶり出した。
The current study aimed to clarify the generation and formation of “Ooka-Seidan: Biography of ‘pedlar Hikobei’, which is famous for original plays/films/storytelling (講談), distributed as manuscripts during the Edo period. We looked at the literary background of the ‘True story novels’(実録体小説) ‘pedlar Hikobei’. Futokoro-suzuri Volume 5 Part 3 “Iai-mo-damasuni-tenashi”(Saikaku’s work) and Soken-hiji Volume 6 Part 7 “Inga-no-meguriau-hitachiobi”(Getsujindo’s work) shared “Dojo-sashu” in Toin-hiji as the subject matter, and the creative method of Shokoku-ingamonogatari Volume 2 “After 22 years son took revenge on his mother's enemy” was identified. By comparing this story with a similar story in the Kyoho-sesetsu(folk tale), a common narrative structure was observed as a type, and the original form of the Biography of ‘pedlar Hikobei’, was pointed out. Using this type as an analysis framework, the biography of ‘pedlar Hikobei’ will be able to check the movements of text creation that has grown by consuming various motifs of various genres of the Edo era. .