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      • KCI등재

        국가 영양조사에서 가구 방문 조사 체계의 개선 방안

        양나래(Narae yang), 이승민(Seungmin Lee), 임영숙(Youngsuk Lim), 박혜련(Haeryun Park), 김기랑(Kirang Kim) 대한지역사회영양학회 2018 대한지역사회영양학회지 Vol.23 No.5

        Objectives: The current survey environment is changing and participation rates in national nutrition surveys are decreasing. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop strategies for improving the nutrition survey system in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: To develop an alternative system for conducting the KNHANES nutritional survey, we conducted focus group interviews with stakeholders of the survey, SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis, and expert reviews. In addition, spatial analysis of potential sites for conducting surveys instead of relying on household visits was performed, and the perception of nutritional surveys in the population eligible for KNHANES was evaluated. Results: Based on the results of the focus group interviews, SWOT analysis, and expert reviews, we propose two options for survey sites: vehicles specifically prepared for nutritional surveys and public facilities such as community service centers or public health centers. Among public facilities, community service centers were found to be more appropriate sites than public health centers because they were considered more accessible. About 90% of respondents would participate in the survey in public facilities and about 74% would in vehicles. Conclusions: Conducting national nutrition surveys in specially designed vehicles and public facilities could be a viable alternative to home visits. Next, the validity of these newly proposed nutrition survey methods needs to be compared to the results of the current national nutrition survey.

      • KCI등재

        도시지역 일부 노인에서 지역사회 식품의 접근성 측면에서의 식품환경 인식에 대한 질적 연구

        양나래(Narae Yang), 김기랑(Kirang Kim) 대한지역사회영양학회 2020 대한지역사회영양학회지 Vol.25 No.2

        Objectives: This study explored the community food environmental factors affecting food purchasing using a qualitative research methodology for the elderly as well as the various food environments under their socioeconomic diversity. Methods: For the qualitative data collection, this study interviewed 20 elderly people aged 65 years or more, who participated in a public health program or lunch services operated by the senior welfare center in Seoul. Five dimensions, such as availability, physical accessibility, affordability, acceptability, and accommodation suggested in previous studies, were used to identify the community food environmental factors. Results: The elderly participants showed overall similarities to the concepts derived from existing studies on the five dimensions of food accessibility environment. In addition, other important food accessibility environmental factors that were not present in previous studies, such as acceptability for a product of domestic origin, delivery service to home, and small-packaged food sales, were derived. On the other hand, the concept of some subjects differed depending on the household income and specifically for the physical accessibility concept. This showed that the close distance factor from a grocery store at home might not apply to older adults in low-income households in Korea. Conclusions: This study found that five dimensions of the food environment suggested by previous studies could also be applied to vulnerable older adults in Korea. On the other hand, the socioeconomic characteristics of individuals and households would affect the perspectives of their local food environments differently. The findings of this study could help in the development of tools for evaluating the community food environment.

      • KCI등재

        서울시 일부 취약계층 노인에서 맞춤형 영양중재 프로그램에 따른 식품안정성 확보 및 건강·영양상태 개선 효과

        이예연(Yeyeon Lee), 양나래(Narae Yang), 신민정(Minjeong Shin), 이경은(Kyung-Eun Lee), 유창희(Chang Hee Yoo), 김기랑(Kirang Kim) 한국영양학회 2020 Journal of Nutrition and Health Vol.53 No.4

        본 연구에서는 서울시 일부 취약계층 노인을 대상으로 맞춤형 영양교육과 보충식품으로 구성된 영양꾸러미를 제공하여 식품안정성 확보와 건강·영양 상태 개선에 대한 효과를 평가하고자 하였다. 연구 대상자는 서울시 일부 자치구 내 방문건강관리사업 대상자 중 65세 이상 노인 372명이었다. 맞춤형 영양중재 프로그램은 맞춤 영양교육과 보충식품 제공인 2가지 요소로 구성되었고, 영양중재는 약 4개월간 이루어졌다. 프로그램 효과평가를 위해서 식품 및 영양소 섭취량, 식품안정성, 빈혈 여부, 간이영양평가도구 (MNA)를 활용한 영양불량 여부, 만성 질환관리 수준, 허약 여부가 조사되었다. 영양중재 프로그램 참여 이후, 대상자의 모든 영양소 섭취량이 프로그램 참여 이후 유의적으로 증가하였고 권장섭취기준 대비 50%에 미치지 못했던 대부분의 영양소 섭취는 프로그램 참여 이후 50%를 넘게 섭취하였다. 프로그램 참여 이전 모든 대상자가 식품불안정 상태였으나 프로그램 참여 이후 37.1%가 식품안정성을 확보하였다. 영양 상태에서는 불량과 위험은 감소하였고, 정상이 0%에서 29.8%로 증가하였으며, 빈혈에서는 정상이 18.7%에서 28.5%로 증가하였다. 또한, 질환관리 수준에서는 정기 및 집중관리 수준의 대상자 비율은 감소하였고, 자기역량 관리 수준이 0%에서 4.6% 증가하였으며, 허약 상태에서는 허약 및 허약 위험 비율은 감소한 반면, 정상 비율이 0%에서 9.7% 증가하였다. 연령별로 분석하였을 때, 80세 이상의 고령인 노인일수록 특히 만성질환수준의 관리와 허약 수준에 대한 개선이 미비한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 대상자는 질환을 갖고 있는 방문건강관리사업의 대상자로 경제적으로나 건강상태로나 매우 취약한 대상자로서 이들의 질환이 더 악화되지 않도록 유지하거나 개선시키는 부분은 매우 중요하며, 본 연구는 대상자들의 질환 관리 및 영양상태 개선을 위하여 질환별 보충식품의 제공 및 영양교육 등의 전문적인 관리를 통해서 영양 상태 향상뿐만 아니라 질환 개선까지의 가능성도 보여주었다. Purpose: This study was conducted to assess the effects of a personalized nutritional intervention program on food security and health and nutritional status of elderly people in the city of Seoul. Methods: A total of 372 elderly adults aged 65 years or above who resided in Seoul were enrolled in this study. Personalized supplementary food supply and nutritional education based on chronic disease status, disability and cooking ability were implemented for 4 months. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, nutrient intake, food security status, anemia status, chronic disease management, and frailty status, and prevalence of malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment) were examined. Results: After the program, all subjects displayed significantly increased nutrient intake. Before the intervention, all subjects were in a state of food insecurity; however, after the intervention, 37.1% of the subjects were food secure. Moreover, the rates of being at risk of malnutrition and malnutrition in subjects were decreased and instead rate of those who improved to normal increased to 29.8% from 0% of normal rate before the prevention. The rate of subjects without anemia increased from 18.7% to 28.5% after the intervention. In addition, the rate of subjects with intensive or periodic management of chronic diseases decreased, while those with occasional management of chronic diseases increased from 0% to 4.6%. Furthermore, the rates of being at risk of frailty and frailty were decreased and the normal rate increased from 0% to 9.7% instead. Age group-based analysis showed that elderly people over 80 years showed less improvement in the management of the chronic disease status and the frailty status. Conclusion: Personalized supplementary food supplies and nutritional education improved not only the nutritional status but also disease status in vulnerable older adults, and the effects were more significant in adults aged less than 80 years.

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