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      • 뇌졸중 증상 및 관리 교육 프로그램의 효과성 연구 : 신경계 병동 간병인을 중심으로

        송민지 동국대학교 2018 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        Stroke occurs suddenly, with a high mortality rate, rapid response and appropriate treatment to determine the prognosis of the patient. Currently, caregivers are active in all medical facilities in Korea and provide services in close contact with patients in almost all their everyday lives. Therefore, caregivers are more likely to be witnesses for the first time to detect stroke complications that occur in hospitalized patients. Nevertheless, nowadays there is little education for caregivers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stroke symptom and management education program on caregiver's stroke knowledge, self – efficacy and caring ability in a neurological ward of a E general hospital in Nowon-gu, Seoul. The data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program and the data of the study were analyzed through Paired- t test. Stroke symptoms and management education program consists of basic concepts of stroke, Risk factors, Symptoms, treatment and treatment methods, how to take care of stroke patients. Caregivers should prepare the pre-questionnaire before the stroke symptom and management education program and check whether the program is effective by conducting the post-survey with the same questionnaire twice with two 60-minute sessions of the program for two weeks. This is the summary of our research. The caregiver who trained the stroke symptoms and management education program increased stroke knowledge compared to before training. (t=-4.367 p=.000). The caregiver who trained the stroke symptoms and management education program increased self- efficacy compared to before training .(t=-4.475 , p=.000) The caregiver who trained the stroke symptoms and management education program increased their caring proficiency compared to before training . (t=-3.725 p=.002). The Study have a solutions as following: First, it is the first time in Korea to studt stroke knowledge, self- efficacy and caring proficiency for caregivers who care for the stroke patients. Secondly, The Caregivers who trained the stroke symptoms and management program wrote all the correct answers in the post-training section regardless of their age, academic background, and career experience. To conclude, This program enhances caregiver’s self efficacy and caring skills. Therefore, it is a great significance that it affects the patient’s Post-related rate after all and caregivers’ self efficacy and caring proficiency will also increase, which will help improve the quality of life.

      • 지역난방 시스템 보일러 부식 손상 원인 분석을 위한 실험 및 시뮬레이션

        송민지 忠南大學校 大學院 2020 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        District heating system produces large quantities of heat in a heat production facility and supplies the heat to a user facility through a heat transport system. The heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) is the representative type of the heat production facility. In these facilities, the materials are often exposed to corrosive environments such as water and gas, thus the corrosion failure becomes important matters. The material used is a low carbon SA-178 tube, which are connected to the upper header with three different types (upright, 27 and 54 degree curvature). The gas flows the outside of the tube by transferring the heat to the water and steam inside the tube. Our microstructural analysis revealed that flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) is the main corrosion mechanism. Fluent and mechanical simulation demonstrated the distributions of a gas flow outside and a water flow inside, and discussed their influence on the FAC. To support theses hypothesis, the temperature gradient along the tube and distribution of the water flow are simulated using ANSYS Fluent software. Based on the obtained results, possible methodologies to prevent the corrosion issues are suggested.

      • 상해 구국모험단의 조직과 활동

        송민지 수원대학교 2020 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        Shanghai National Salvation Adventure Group is a bomb-making organization formed on Shanghai, China on June 1919. Shanghai National Salvation Group holds significance as an organization in charge of making weapons, especially bombs, in the process of preparing the independence war in the early stage of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. While existing researches recognized the importance in presence of ‘National Salvation Adventure Group’, they didn't analyze it in details. Thus, this study analyzed the organization and activities of National Salvation group in details. Shanghai National Salvation Adventure Group was organized on 24 ho, Aein-ri, Jangbin-ro, French Concession, Shanghai, China on June 12, 1919. With the central organization in Shanghai, National Salvation Adventure Group installed several branches on Shenyang China, Jilin, and New Korean town(新韓村) in Russia. In Shanghai branch, bombs were made in several places. Among the places, 24 ho, Aein-ri, Shanghai, which was the house of the group head, Sunggeun Kim, is regarded as the central head office. On November 20, 1919, National Salvation Adventure Group installed a branch on the representative local organization, New Korean Town in Russia to raise fund and make bombs. Installing the branch in New Korean Town can be seen as the provisional government’s preparation for practicing independence war. National Salvation Adventure Group can be divided in to Shanghai branch, Jilin and Shenyang branch, and Korean Town branch. The members of Shanghai branch were mostly in direct relationship with the provisional government. Later, they joined Young Korean Academy(興士團) or led various patriotic struggles and armed struggles. Members of Jilin branch later founded Euiyeoldan (義烈團, Armed Independence Movement Group) while members of Shenyang branch were related to Korean Independence Youth Group(大韓獨立靑年團). In addition, the members of New Korean Town in Russia were from Gwonuphwei (勸業會, Anti-Japanese Independence Group) or Shinhanchon Assembly and they played a significant role in laying the foundation for Korean society in Russia. The activities of National Salvation Adventure Group are as follows. First, National Salvation Adventure Group was involved in bomb making activities. National Salvation Group made bombs with the fund from the provisional government of fund raised from the branches. More than 100 bombs were made and the bombs resembled the Russian-type bomb. However, National Salvation Adventure Group couldn’t continue official activities after June 1920 due to frequent explosion of bombs. Nevertheless, the members cooperated with the provisional government and Euiyeoldan to continue bomb making activities continuously. In addition, National Salvation Adventure Group in charge of purchasing and carrying bombs. Bombs were mainly sent to the independence group in Western Kando(西間島). Furthermore, National Salvation Adventure Group was involved in carrying <Independence Newspaper> in addition to bombs. Furthermore, National Salvation Group focused on cultivating technicians for making bombs. National Salvation Adventure Group actively invited foreign teachers and accommodated foreign technologies by learning directly. This resulted in cultivating competent technicians specialized in making bombs. National Salvation Group holds following significances. First, it shows the historic fact that people were preparing for armed struggles other than diplomatic measures after founding the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in Shanghai. Second, National Salvation Adventure Group used all ways and means to cultivate the capacity to produce weapons independently. Lastly, National Salvation Group continued organized activities in overseas regions including Shanghai, China, and Russia. All activities of National Salvation Group played important role in the provisional government’s preparation for independence war in early 1920s.

      • 긍정심리학을 적용한 집단미술치료가 청소년의 학교생활적응과 자기효능감에 미치는 효과

        송민지 동국대학교 2017 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        본 연구는 긍정심리학을 적용한 집단미술치료가 청소년의 학교생활적응과 자기효능감에 미치는 효과를 알아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구대상은 W시에 소재한 K특성화고등학교 1, 2학년 학생 중 학교생활에 질서 및 규칙, 친구문제 등 학교생활적응이 어려운 고등학생으로 학교 담임교사의 권유를 받은 학생 10명을 선정하였다. 연구의 기간은 사전검사를 2016년 10월 18일부터 10월 25일에 걸쳐 2주간 실시했으며 본 프로그램의 실시기간은 2016년 11월 8일부터 12월 21일까지 주 2회, 매회기 60분씩 총 14회기에 걸쳐 실시하였다. 사후검사는 본 프로그램을 실시한 한주 뒤인 12월 27일~28일에 실시하였다. 측정도구는 전혜경(2007)이 개발한 학교생활적응 검사와 Sherer, Maddux, Mercandnate, Pretice-Dunn, Jacobs와 Rogera(1982)등의 자기효능감 척도(Self Efficacy Scale: SES)를 홍혜영(1995)이 번안, 이국화(2008)가 청소년에 맞게 수정, 보완한 척도를 사용하였다. 본 연구의 자료분석은 SPSS 20.0 프로그램을 사용하여 분석하였으며, 비모수 독립표본 Mann-Whitney U 검정을 실시하였다. 이 연구결과를 통해 얻은 결론은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 긍정심리학을 적용한 집단미술치료가 청소년의 학교생활적응에 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 청소년의 전체 학교생활적응은 통계적으로 p<.01 수준에서 유의미 하게 나타났다. 친구관계에서 사전과 사후에서 p<.05 수준으로 긍정적 변화를 보였으며, 학교규칙에서는 사전과 사후에 p<.01 수준으로 폭 넓은 효과를 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 긍정심리학을 적용한 집단미술치료가 청소년의 자기효능감에 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 청소년의 전체 자기효능감은 통계적으로 p<.01 수준에서 유의미 하게 나타났다. 일반적 자기효능감 사전과 사후에서 p<.01 수준으로 폭넓은 효과를 보였으며, 사회적 자기효능감에서는 사전과 사후에 p<.05 수준으로 긍정적 변화를 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 긍정심리학을 적용한 집단미술치료가 청소년들의 학교생활적응과 자기효능감에 긍정적인 도움을 줄 수 있음을 시사한다. This study aims to identify the effects of positive psychology applied group art therapy on school adjustment and self-efficacy of adolescents. Among the students in their first and second year In K Special High School in W city, ten students showing signs of maladjustment to school life, including absence without notice, skipping classes, school rule violations, and poor relationship with classmates, were selected according to their teachers’ evaluation. Following the preliminary examination, which was conducted for two weeks from Oct 18 to Oct 25, 2016, the positive psychology applied group art therapy program was applied between Nov 8 and Dec 21, 2016. During the study period, a total of 14 sessions were offered. Two sessions were given every week, and each session last 60 minutes. The post-tests were conducted one week after the last session on December 27 and 28. The tests were performed using School Life Adaptation Test developed by Jeon Hye-kyung (2007) and a Self-efficacy Scale (SES), which was originally developed by Sherer, Maddux, Mercandnate, Pretty-Dunn, Jacobs and Rogera (1982), translated and localized by Hong Hye-young (1995), and further modified by Lee Kuk-hwa (2008) to be suitable for adolescents. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software, and a nonparametric independent sample Mann-Whitney U test was performed. The conclusions of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the positive psychology applied group art therapy program showed positive effects on the adaptation of adolescents to school life. The overall school life adjustments of the experimental and control group were significantly different (p<.01). Compared with the control group, relationship with classmates (p<.05) and compliance with school rules (p<.01) in the experimental group were significantly improved, and the program had a more substantial influence on compliance with school rules. Second, the program was effective in improving the self-efficacy of adolescents. The overall self-efficacy of the adolescents was improved, and the difference between the control and experimental group was significant (p<.05). In the post-test results, both general self-efficacy was significantly different between the control and experimental group (p<.01), and the program induced a positive and significant change in social self-efficacy (p<.05). Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the positive psychology applied group art therapy program can be helpful to improve adaptation to school life and self-efficacy of adolescents.

      • 조음장애아동을 대상으로 언어치료 기능성 게임 재가 치료의 음성언어 기능 향상

        송민지 전북대학교 일반대학원 2021 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        Intensive speech in essential for children with articulation disorders, but it is difficult due to economic or geographical constraints. Therefore, there is a need for a system that is not constrained by the place or time so that the training stress of children can be place or time so that the training stress of children can be minimized and training with a guardian can be performed. Purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of home therapy on logodedics and phoniatrics ability for children with articulation disorders using a serious game for speech therapy (Smart speech®, Humanopia Co., Korea). The subjects were children with articulation disorders whose Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology (U-TAP) was -2SD or less, and the Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test (REVT) was -1SD or more. After pre evaluation1 (A1), after living in the usual lifestyle for 4 weeks, the same evaluation was conducted with pre evaluation2 (A2). And using the Smart Speech program for 4 weeks, they trained at home at least 20 times for 4 weeks, 5 days a week, and 30 minutes a day. After 4 weeks of training, post evaluation (B1) was performed with the same evaluation. And 8 weeks later, post evaluation 2 (B2) was performed as follow up. The evaluated parameters are voice parameters, Maximum phonation time (MPT), F0, Jitter, RAP, Shimmer, Pitch (max, min, range), Intensity (max, min, range), VOT (/p/, /ph/, /p'/, /t/, /th/, /t'/. /k/. /kh/. /k'/) and articulation parameters, Percentage of correct consonant (PCC; U-TAP word unit PCC, U-TAP sentence unit PCC), Three position articulation test). And AMR (/pʌ/, /tʌ/, /kʌ/) and SMR (/pʌtʌkʌ/) of Diadochokinesis (DDK). The Smart speech program was developed for speech and articulation training that can assist with speech therapy. The Smart speech program is consists of oral exercise training, breathing training, and speech training. The difficulty level and target training were configured differently according to the subject's articulation error, exercise, and vocal ability. Depending on the category of continuous variables, MPT, F0, Jitter, RAP, Shimmer, DDK (SMR) were analyzed by Repeated Measures analysis of variance (RM ANOVA) and Pitch (max, min, range), PCC (U-TAP word unit PCC, U-TAP sentence unit PCC), DDK (AMR) were analyzed by Repeated Measures Multivariate analysis of variance (RM MANOVA). The experimental group was 10 children with articulation disorders aged 4 to 10 years 5 months. As a result, it was found that the change according to the evaluation time was significant in the MPT of the voice parameter and the PCC (U-TAP word unit, Three position articulation test PCC) of the articulation parameters, and SMR of DDK. As a result of examining whether the change was significant at any phase through the post hoc, all parameter did not change significantly during the un treatment period (A1-A2), but there was significant change during the treatment period (A2-B1). It was confirmed that there is an effect on MPT, PCC (U-TAP word unit PCC, Three position articulation test PCC), DDK (SMR) through the application of serious game home therapy. There was no significant chagne between the evaluation immediately after completion (B1) and the follow up evaluation (B2) after 8 weeks, indicating that the treatment effect was maintained. The results of this study suggest that home therapy using serious game had a positive effect on voice and articulation ability in children with articulation disorders. In particular, it is shown to be effective for articulation ability such as consonant accuracy and articulation motor ability.

      • 프로젝션 매핑 콘텐츠의 카메라 움직임을 통한 시점 변화에 관한 연구

        송민지 중앙대학교 첨단영상대학원 2014 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        프로젝션 매핑은 건물이나 오브젝트의 고착된 외관을 변모시켜 공간연출의 새로운 지평을 열어주고 있다. 이러한 프로젝션 매핑 기법은 현재 거의 모든 장르의 공연예술에서 다각적으로 활용되고 있으며, 이에 따라 다양한 분야의 예술가들이 이를 활용한 콘텐츠 제작에 참여하고 있는 상황이다. 프로젝션 매핑 콘텐츠의 다양화는 제작자들로 하여금 더욱 참신한 시각 효과에 대한 시도를 하는 계기가 되었고, 이는 곧 기존에는 프로젝션 매핑 콘텐츠 제작에서 사용되지 않았던 카메라 움직임을 활용한 시점의 변화로 이어졌다. 프로젝션 매핑 영상에 있어서 카메라 움직임의 활용은 시각적 촉각성을 극대화시켜 관객이 콘텐츠에 더욱 몰입할 수 있도록 도와주는 것으로 분석된다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 프로젝션 매핑의 새로운 시각적 표현법인 ‘카메라 움직임’에 대한 이론적 고찰과 이를 적용한 프로젝션 매핑 작품 사례 분석을 진행하였다. 이를 통해 영화적 영상 문법으로만 적용되었던 카메라 움직임을 프로젝션 매핑 환경에 적합하게 재구성하고 최적의 시각 효과를 창출하기 위한 가이드라인을 제시하고자 한다. The projection mapping opens a new horizon of space direction by changing fixed exteriors of buildings or objects. This projection mapping technique is used in various ways in almost every genre of performance arts at the moment. Thus, artist from various areas are participated in contents productions using it. The diversification of projection mapping contents gave producers a clue to try fresher visual effects and it was connected to the change of point of time using the camera working which was never used in old projection mapping contents productions. It is analyzed that the use of camera workings in the projection mapping image maximizes the visual Tactility and helps audiences concentrate on the contents. This study performed the theoretical research on the 'camera working' which is a new visual expression of the projection mapping and analyzed cases of projection mapping works applying them. It is to reconstruct the camera working which has been applied only by images of movies and suggest a guideline to create the optimized visual effect.

      • 콜센터 여성노동자들의 노동경험에 관한 연구

        송민지 중앙대학교 대학원 2014 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        한국의 콜센터는 여성노동력의 비중이 과도하게 높지만, 많은 여성노동자들은 저임금과 비정규직의 열악한 노동조건으로 고용된다. 또한 노동과정에서 고객을 최우선시하는 감정노동으로 인하여 많은 정신적인 스트레스와 고통을 받는 등 많은 문제점이 발생되지만 이에 대한 사회적 인식수준은 매우 낮다. 그 결과 해당 산업에 대한 공식노동통계가 마련되어 있지 않다. 최근까지도 전체 종사자 수가 30-40만 명 정도로 추정될 뿐, 어느 정도의 여성노동자가 고용불안을 겪고 있는지 정확한 수치를 파악하기 어렵다. 이상과 같은 맥락에서 본 연구는 신규 여성 유망 서비스직종 중 하나인 콜센터의 높은 이직률에 주목하고, 어떠한 노동 상황이 여성노동자들의 잦은 이직과 고용불안을 초래하고 있는지를 밝히고자 하였다. 분석결과, 콜센터 여성노동자들은 성차별적 노동시장의 전통과 관습 그리고 제도와 같은 구조적인 제약으로부터 자유롭지 못하지만, 콜센터는 고용의 차원에서 구직기회를 제공한다는 경제적 이유에서 뿐만 아니라, 또 다른 차원에서 과거 여성노동자들이 종사하였던 이전 노동경험에 준거하였을 때, 주관적인 상황인식과 가치를 충족시켜줄 수 있다는 점에서 높은 기대가 예상되는 일자리였다. 콜센터 여성노동자의 노동경험에서 나타나는 구조적인 문제는 고용의 특성과 고객서비스 업무의 성격, 이에 대한 조직 내 평가, 관리자와 동료와의 사회적 관계를 중심으로 나타났다. 이러한 상황에 대응하면서 점차 여성노동자들이 자신의 일에 대한 변화된 인식과 태도를 보이게 되었고 그러한 행위가 일자리이동으로 표출되었다. 한편, 불안정한 고용상황과 노동과정에서 비롯되는 내적 갈등과 모순에 대한 대응 전략에서는 여성들 사이의 일정한 불일치가 존재하였다. 물론 주변부 노동시장의 구조적 제약에 대해 일정 수준 이상으로 순응할 수밖에 없는 낮은 지위에 있을 뿐만 아니라, 노동조합이 결성되어 있지 않아 조직적인 문제해결이 어렵기 때문에 다분히 개인적인 차원의 해결을 선호한다. 또한 더 나은 일자리로 이동하지 못하기 때문에 콜센터 직종 노동시장의 잔류를 선택하는 경향을 보였다. 그러나 여성노동자들은 사회적인 연결망인 동료를 통하여 콜센터 직종노동시장 내에서 상대적인 임금격차를 누리고자 하였고, 경력 상승이 가능한 일자리를 찾아 자발적인 일자리이동을 하였으며, 일부 여성들은 다른 직종이동을 시도하였다. 반복적인 실업과 재취업이라는 불안한 고용현실을 극복할 수는 없었지만, 노동시장 내에서 여성과 비정규직이라는 이중적인 차별과 배제에 대하여 수동적인 태도를 견지하기 보다는 개인적인 상황과 여건을 고려하여 현실에 대응하고자 하는 노력으로 해석될 수 있을 것이다. In the call centres of Korea, the proportion of female workers is nearly a hundred percent, and most of them are non-regular workers. They also work in the poor working conditions and with a low wage. A large number of call centre workers experience a high level of stress and mental illness in relation to the characteristics of their labor process that workers are enforced to perform 'emotional labor' in customer oriented work organizations. However, there are even no official statistics about call centre industrial environment due to lack of social awareness on those problems. There is just an estimation that the size of total call centre employment. It is about 300 thousand to 400 thousand up to now. Therefore, the degree of subjective employment instability which female workers in call centre face is not certain. In this context, this study focused on the high turnover rate of call centre jobs that are popular within female job seekers and tried to find out what situation causes high level of employment instability from the standpoint of female workers. The result of analysis showed that female workers, at the stage of entry, were under the subordination of structural restrictions like sexist customs and institutions of labor market. On the contrary, workers anticipate that call centre jobs would meet their expectations not only in terms of economic benefits but also in those of human values. They could get a job relatively easily, and could get self respect. It appeared that female call centre workers are under structural restrictions closely related with work experiences including employment status, characteristics of customer service, job evaluation, and social relations in workplace. These experiences resulted in high turnover, passing through changes of attitude and recognition. In addition, the result of analysis on job history showed that diversity of strategic responses to internal conflicts are caused by characteristics of labor process and employment instability. A large part of female workers were somewhat forced to choose individual solutions, because of their low status in labor market, and because they were not affiliated in trade union. They tended to remain at the call centre job because the couldn't get a better job. On the other hand, some female workers actively utilized their own social networks of fellow workers for finding better jobs in call centre sector, and for relative high wage level within their job, while others left the call centre job and tried to find better jobs in different sector. Although they couldn't overcome the realities of cyclic job seeking and employment instability, they were not content with passive attitude to dual discrimination based on gender and employment status. Rather, depending on the situation or their condition, they tried to manage the realities that they're confronted with.

      • 4〜6세 기능적 조음음운장애 아동과 일반 아동의 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력과 어휘능력 및 음운인식능력 비교

        송민지 부산가톨릭대학교 2019 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        Language development of children can be carried out through prints that are frequently encountered in everyday life. A child is consciously or unconsciously encountered with prints such as trademarks of confectionery, drinks, etc labels, signboards, and traffic signs, logos, which are called environmental print. Environmental print is a literacy environment that can affect emergent literacy and reading skills such as vocabulary and phonological awareness of preschool children. Functional articulation disorders children have prominent features of articulation errors, and it can be attributed to the emergence of literacy capabilities and the difficulty of early print decoding. Therefore, on the subjects of functional articulation disorders children, this study attempted to compare their characteristics of word reading ability, vocabulary ability on environmental print and phonological awareness with those of general children. The subjects of this study were a total of 72 children with functional articulation disorders and general children aged 4 to 6 years, and there were 12 children by each age group. Functional articulation disorders children(FAC) and general children(GC) were selected through REVT, OSMSE-R, and U-TAP, and word reading ability task, vocabulary ability task on environmental print and phonological awareness task were performed for each group. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, this study examined environmental print word reading ability according to group and task type. Environmental print word reading ability was found to be lower in FAC than GC, and according to task type, context task was found to be higher than only printed word task in both articulation phonological disorders children and general children. Second, environmental print word reading ability according to age and task type was examined. The environmental print word reading ability was found to be higher in FAC aged 6 than that of 4 and 5 years old, in GC, 5 and 6 years old were found to be higher than 4 years old, and 6 years old were higher than 5 years old. According to task type, environmental print word reading ability was found to be higher in context task than in only printed word task in both FAC and GC. Third, this study examined the environmental print vocabulary ability according to age and group. The environmental print vocabulary ability was found to be lower in FAC than in GC. FAC were found to be higher in 6 years old than in 4 years and 5 years old, and in GC, children aged 5 and 6 were higher than children aged 4, and children aged 6 were found to be higher than children aged 5. Fourth, this study examined phonological awareness according to group and task type. Phonological awareness was found to be lower in FAC than in GC, and FAC represented the highest categorization in both FAC and GC, appearing in the order of deletion and blending. Fifth, this study examined phonological awareness according to age and task type. Phonological awareness was found to be higher in both articulation phonological disorders children and general children aged 5 and 6 than those aged 4, and FAC represented the highest categorization in both FAC and GC, appearing in the order of deletion and blending. Sixth, this study examined the correlation between environmental print word reading ability(context, only printed word), vocabulary ability and phonological awareness(deletion, blending, categorization) according to each group. Both FAC and GC showed a high positive correlation between abilities. These results suggest that environmental print can be a linked medium to promote complementary action by affecting children’s word reading, vocabulary, and phonological awareness development. This suggests that the process of reading the word of environmental print has a positive effect on vocabulary development by bringing up semantic features. In addition, the high frequency of use of the environmental print word improves the experience of the grapheme‐phoneme correspondence, thus positively affecting phonological awareness. In the results of comparing the word reading ability, vocabulary ability on environmental print and phonological awareness of functional articulation disorders children four to six years of age with those of general children, articulation phonological disorders children were found to be lower than general children. It was also found that there was a high positive correlation between word reading ability, vocabulary ability on environmental print and phonological awareness. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the word reading ability, vocabulary ability, and phonological awareness altogether in language intervention of articulation phonological disorders children, and this study may have a clinical significance in suggesting the use of environmental print from the intervention activities to the literacy environment. 아동의 언어발달은 일상생활에서 자주 접하는 인쇄물을 통해 이루어질 수 있다. 아동은 과자, 음료수 등의 상표, 간판, 교통 표지판 등의 인쇄물을 의식적‧무의식적으로 접하게 되는데, 이를 환경인쇄물(environmental print)이라고 한다. 환경인쇄물은 문해 환경으로서 취학 전 아동의 어휘능력, 음운인식능력 등 출현적 문해 능력(emergent literacy)과 읽기 능력 발달에 영향을 미칠 수 있다. 기능적 조음음운장애 아동은 조음 오류를 두드러진 특징으로 가지며, 이는 출현적 문해 능력과 초기 인쇄물 해독(early print decoding)의 어려움으로 연결될 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기능적 조음음운장애 아동을 대상으로 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력, 어휘능력 및 음운인식능력의 특성을 일반 아동과 비교하여 살펴보고자 하였다. 연구 대상은 4∼6세 기능적 조음음운장애 아동과 일반 아동 연령별 각 12명, 총 72명이었다. REVT, OSMSE-R, U-TAP을 통하여 기능적 조음음운장애 아동과 일반 아동을 선별하고 각 집단에 대하여 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력 과제, 어휘능력 과제 및 음운인식능력 과제를 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 집단과 과제 유형에 따른 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력을 살펴보았다. 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력은 조음음운장애 아동이 일반 아동보다 낮게 나타났으며, 과제 유형에 따라 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 맥락이 탈맥락보다 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 연령과 과제 유형에 따른 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력을 살펴보았다. 조음음운장애 아동의 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력은 6세가 4, 5세보다 높게 나타났으며, 일반 아동은 5, 6세가 4세 보다, 6세가 5세보다 높게 나타났다. 과제 유형에 따른 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력은 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 맥락이 탈맥락보다 높게 나타났다. 셋째, 집단과 연령에 따른 환경인쇄물 어휘능력을 살펴보았다. 환경인쇄물 어휘능력은 조음음운장애 아동이 일반 아동에 비해 낮게 나타났다. 조음음운장애 아동은 6세가 4, 5세보다 높게 나타났으며, 일반 아동은 5, 6세가 4세 아동보다, 6세 아동이 5세 아동보다 높게 나타났다. 넷째, 집단과 과제 유형에 따른 음운인식능력을 살펴보았다. 음운인식능력은 조음음운장애 아동이 일반 아동에 비해 낮게 나타났으며, 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 변별이 가장 높게 나타났고 탈락, 합성 순으로 나타났다. 다섯째, 연령과 과제 유형에 따른 음운인식능력을 살펴보았다. 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 5, 6세가 4세보다 높은 음운인식능력이 나타났으며, 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 변별이 가장 높게 나타났고 탈락, 합성 순으로 나타났다. 여섯 째, 집단별 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력(맥락, 탈맥락), 어휘능력 및 음운인식능력(탈락, 합성, 변별) 간 상관관계를 살펴보았다. 조음음운장애 아동, 일반 아동 모두 능력 간 높은 정적 상관이 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 환경인쇄물이 아동의 낱말읽기, 어휘 및 음운인식능력 발달에 영향을 주어 상호보완적 작용을 촉진하는 연결 매개체가 될 수 있음을 시사한다. 이는 환경인쇄물의 낱말읽기 과정이 의미 기반 특징을 가져와서 어휘 발달에도 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 볼 수 있다. 또한 환경인쇄물 낱말의 높은 사용 빈도가 자소-음소 대응 경험을 증진시켜 음운인식능력에도 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 볼 수 있다. 4∼6세 기능적 조음음운장애 아동의 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력, 어휘능력 및 음운인식능력을 일반 아동과 비교하여 살펴본 결과, 조음음운장애 아동이 일반 아동에 비해 낮게 나타났다. 또한 환경인쇄물 낱말읽기능력, 어휘능력 및 음운인식능력 간 높은 정적 상관이 나타났다. 그러므로 조음음운장애 아동의 언어 중재에 낱말읽기능력, 어휘능력, 음운인식능력을 함께 고려할 필요가 있으며, 중재 활동에서 문해 환경으로 환경인쇄물 활용을 제안하는 데 임상적 의의가 있다.

      • 대학입시전형과 교육과정별 자연계열 신입생 수학성취도 연구 : 경희대학교 국제캠퍼스 미분적분학 과목 중심으로

        송민지 경희대학교 교육대학원 2014 국내석사

        RANK : 247631

        The mathematical capability is critical especially for the science and engineering major students to be successful in their academic life in a university. However, there has been recently marked decline in the mathematical ability of the students majoring in the science and engineering in a university. In order to propose the methods to improve their ability in a college level of mathematics, we have investigated and analyzed the mathematical ability of the freshmen in calculus classes whose major are the science and engineering in Kyung Hee University, corresponding to the university entrance examination and curriculums of the middle and high school. Calculus is one of required classes for the freshmen in the science and engineering major and also one of the most important classes in mathematics. Therefore, we hope that these assessment in their mathematical ability focused on calculus can suggest a helpful insight for the improvement of general mathematical ability in the science and engineering majors.

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