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Splenic pseudoaneurysm following upper abdominal surgery is uncommon but highly lethal complication. Surgical and angiographic interventions are used in treatment; however, optimal therapy remains unclear. We report herein the case of a 37-year-old woman in whom proximal splenic artery pseudoaneurysm ruptured into the small intestine via a fistula, following total gastrectomy. It causes massive bleeding, which was successfully managed by trans-catheter arterial embolization.
ABS(Access and Benefit-sharing) has emerged with the signing of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol within the international community. along with access to genetic resources and benefit sharing, ABS is also related to the issue of benefit-sharing of traditional knowledge. In order to protect Korea’s traditional knowledge, as it is related to genetic resources, it is necessary to create proactive defensive measures to prevent other countries from acquiring the intellectual property rights of Korean traditional knowledge. Therefore, traditional knowledge should be systematically placed in a database to secure evidence of Korea’s prior medical knowledge. This study examines the traditional knowledge of medicinal crops, which was placed in a systematic database, and the literature and field survey data on this traditional knowledge as related to plant resources were reviewed. As a result, 339 samples of traditional knowledge concerning 58 plant resources were collected and organized. The data was analyzed by frequency analysis using the SPSS statistic 21 program. Using the statistical program, traditional knowledge on the use of medicinal crops was classified into the types of crops, agricultural items, parts of the plants, and disease systems, and their characteristics were all analyzed. In addition, we analyzed the current status and the traditional knowledge by conducting field research on native crops.
This study examines the process and the procedure through which data information is selected; proposed; and how editorial design is affected based on the agreed upon keyword and content by illustrating the process of designing ‘2007 Samsung Heavy Industries Annual Report.’ This research seeks to suggest the following. Providing a method on how to edit and reproduce information with the given RFP(Request for Proposal;) illustrating the application of the method on whether rational steps were taken; and verifying and sharing the experience of the effects and control drawn by clearing separating editing and editorial design. There can be various methods to obtain complete works of editorial design that everyone can relate to. The effort to illustrate the relational approach of reprocessing information and editorial design was made to suggest one way to secure a complete end product. At times, intuition or a designer’s experience and inclination can create results. However, the probability that such an approach will be effective in successfully producing a publication is low. Therefore, one way to increase the probability of successfully creating a product is to analyze and present procedural processes as this research intends. The degree to which content and design coincide is the issue of the day in editorial design. Design is ultimately a matter of language and visual communication. Precise process can be a rational approach to design. Presenting efficient design through reprocessing information and attractive keyword can play a decisive role in providing clues to visual language. The added contribution of the designer’s intuition and creativity will heighten the probability of communicating rationally and visually with the readers and the clients.
A high Reynolds number transonic wind tunnel has been built in 2018 at Agency for Defense Development(ADD). The tunnel has a closed circuit with a 1.5m×1.5m test section and is injection driven from a 140bar air supply system. The Mach number range is 0.3–1.2 with a conventional contracting nozzle and 1.4 with a convergent-divergent contraction. The stagnation pressure range is 100-550kPa at the lowest Mach number. An AGARD-B standard model is tested in the transonic wind tunnel to obtain 6-DOF aerodynamic coefficients. The results are compared with those obtained from ADD trisonic wind tunnel and others. We verify that the transonic wind tunnel become available to develop an aircraft from the testing results. 본 논문에서는 국방과학연구소에서 신규 건설한 천음속풍동을 소개하고 성능에 대하여 기술하였다. 천음속풍동은 인젝터구동(Injection Driven), 폐회로(Closed Circuit) 방식의 풍동으로 시험부 크기가 가로, 세로 각각 1.5m이다. 마하수는 0.3에서 1.2까지 연속적으로 변화가능하며, 노즐을 교체하여 마하수 1.4 실험이 가능하다. 풍동의 전압력(Total Pressure)을 100kPa에서 550kPa까지 변화시킬 수 있으며, 그에 따라 레이놀즈수(Reynolds Number)를 크게 변화시켜 실험을 수행할 수 있다. 풍동의 성능을 검증하기 위하여 AGARD-B 표준모형을 이용하여 6분력 공력계수 측정 실험을 수행하였으며, 그 결과를 국과연 삼중음속풍동 및 세계 여러 풍동의 실험결과와 비교 분석하였다.
해상 기업의 인적 수단으로서 선원들은 해운사업을 영위함에 있어 필수적인 요소이다. 최근에는 이런 선원들의 자리 대부분을 값싼 노동 력을 중심으로 한 동남아 선원들이 차지하게 되었다. 한국복지고용센 터의 2020년 『한국 선원통계 연보』에 따르면, 우리나라 외항 상선 에 종사하는 외국인 선원의 비중은 이미 한국 선원 수를 앞질렀다. 해 운업계가 극한 원가경쟁 구도로 돌입한 이상 선원의 인건비 절감을 위 해 외국인 선원의 고용 증가세는 당분간 꺾이지 않으리라 본다. 반면, 외국인 선원의 고용비율이 증가함에 따라 선박소유주는 외국인 선원과의 고용 관계에서 각 선원국의 법령을 알아야 할 필요성이 대두되었다. 특히 필리핀 선원의 비중은 전체 외국인 선원의 44%를 차지하고 있는 만큼 가장 중요하게 되었다. 해사노동협약의 제정으로 외항상선에서 해사노동협약을 하회하는 외국인 선원의 근로계약 사례는 찾아보기 힘 들어졌다. 반면 선원의 재해보상 분야는 계약 당사자들 간의 문제로 남겨 놓았기 때문에 경우에 따라 재해보상금액이 달리 해석되는 문제가 발생하였다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 대표적 외국인 선원국인 필리핀의 선원 보호 제도를 소개하고 외국인 선원과의 고용계약에서 별도의 준 거법 합의가 있을 경우 선원법이 배제되는가 하는 문제에 대해 살펴보 았다. 우리 선원법은 강행 법규성으로 그 규정의 적용에 있어 준거법의 배제는 이루어지지 않는다고 본다. 그럼에도 실무에서는 선원국법에 의해 재해보상이 청구되는 편으로 선원법의 강행 법규성 성격이 현실과 배치되고 있는 상황을 전달하고 이를 통해 선원법을 무조건적인 강행 규정으로 적용하는 것은 옳지 않다는 견해를 피력한다. The continuous development of the Korean economy and changes in the external and domestic situation of the seafarer market has drastically reduced the number of Korean seafarers employed by foreign companies, on the other hand, developing countries’ foreign seafarers have increased. And now that the shipping industry has started to compete in cost, the trend will likely continue for the time being. As the employment ratio of foreign seafarers increased, the need for shipowners to know the laws of nationality where the seafarer belongs was raised. In particular, the proportion of Filipino seafarers has become the most important. With the enactment of the Maritime Labor Convention in 2006, it has become difficult to find cases of labor contracts for foreign sailors who fall short of maritime labor standards. However, the area of compensation was still left as a matter between the parties, which was interpreted differently in some cases. Therefore, this paper introduced the seafarer protection system in the Philippines and addressed the question of whether the seaman act would be excluded if there was an agreed compliance law between the contracting parties. In my opinion, the application of the Korean Seaman Act is not ruled out because it is a forced regulation. Nevertheless, I express that it is not right to apply in all-time under unconditional enforcement regulations at a time when the nature of the law is contrary to reality.
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The aim of this study was to demonstrate and assess C-reactive protein (CRP) changes in dogs with induced bacterial cystitis with or without antibiotics. We also evaluated availability of CRP levels to serve as an indicator for monitoring or diagnosing bacterial cystitis. Serial CRP concentrations in dogs with induced bacterial cystitis were higher than those of controls (p < 0.001). CRP concentrations peaked on day 7 and gradually decreased thereafter. In the treatment group, CRP concentrations decreased after medication compared to the untreated group (p = 0.032). CRP levels had a linear correlation with urine white blood cell counts among all groups (r = 0.837, p < 0.001, n = 140). Compared to the negative urine culture group, dogs with positive urine culture results had higher CRP concentrations (median 43.8 mg/L vs. 5.9 mg/L; p < 0.001). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.955; when cut-off value was 12.2 mg/L, CRP measurements were found to have a sensitivity of 92.3% and specificity of 86.4%. This result indicates that rapid increases of CRP occurred after inducing bacterial cystitis and CRP may be a useful indicator for monitoring or diagnosing canine bacterial cystitis together with sediment urinalysis and urine bacterial culture.
servatory (. . . ) data. To investigate the overall properties of their circumstellar dustenvelope and/or disk, we combine the IR spectra with photometric data ranging fromthe UV through the optical into the sub-mm region. We study the general characteris-tics of the spectral energydistributions usingsimple analysis. We plot the positions onthe HR-diagram to compare with the theoretical pre-main-sequence evolution tracks.stars: pre-main-sequence - circumstellar matter - dust, extinction.1. INTRODUCTIONHerbigAe/Be (HAEBE)stars aregenerallybelievedtobeintermediate-masspre-main-sequence(PMS) stars (. 2-10 .. ). Theyare surroundedby agas anddustenvelopeand/ordisc(e.g. Water &detailed spectral observations at IR are required. The recent. . . mission has providedthe essentialdata.In this paper, we present the infrared spectra of HAEBE stars including the. . . data. To in-vestigate the overall properties of their circumstellar dust envelope and/or disk, we combine the IRstudy the general characteristics of the spectral energy distributions using simple analysis. We iden-tify various dust features. We plot the positions on the HR-diagram to compare with the theoreticalPMS evolution tracks.2. THE SEDs OF THE PROGRAM STARS