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      • 體育活動과 學生들의 精神的 疲勞度와의 聯關 關係에 관한 硏究

        박헌식 淸州大學校 1987 국내석사

        RANK : 248639

        In spite of the generally-accepted truth that human life should be that circulatory repetition of exercises, fatigue attended and rest the modern society has had his unsettled mental fatigue heaped up by depriving him of physical activity absolutely essential to health. For most students in the high time of growth in their lives, physical activities are really in dispensable, the aim of which would be to cultivate their minds and bodies so as far them to keep themselves healthy and to assume the responsibility for the next society. In view of these shortly mentioned above this study aims at investigate the relation between physical activities and mental fatigue, and at obtaining some basic information of how to manage physical activities desirably. 52 primary and middle(girl) school students were given Flicker Tests and the questionnaires of standardized fatigue perception. Designed by the Labour & Health Institute of Japan. The results of the study can be summarized as follows 1. Men's fusion frequency of Flicker is higher than woman's 2. The fusion frequency of Flicker in classes related with physical activities is higher than that in other classes 3. As a result of the higher fusion frequency of Flicker in physical education classes, the mental fatigue rate seems lowered. 4. Physical education classes for primary school students can desirably be placed on Thursdays or Fridays when the rate of mental fatigue is said to reach the apex. 5. Weak-sighted students fusion frequency of Flicker is low, so we can consive that fatigue perception depends on the visual power. 6. Short students are liable to feel more mental fatigue. 7. Students light in weight also tent to feel more mental fatigue. Accordingly, the better his or her physical conditions are the less fatigue he or she feels. 8. Compared with common students athletes have the higher rate of fusion frequency of Flicker. So, the instruction of gymnastics and recreational activities for common students is said to be necessary. 9. Accordingly to the classification of each fatigue perception rate for three domains, the preception rate of physical state is highest; that of mental state, second and that of nervous state lowest.

      • 惠能의 禪思想 硏究 : 敦煌本 「壇經」 中心으로

        박헌식 동국대학교 2009 국내석사

        RANK : 248639

        The purposes of the study are to understand Seon Theory of Hui-Neung and what his theory tried to inform to us and to prove that Seon Theory of Buddhism in these days was originated from Hui-Neung. For the purpose, literatures on Hui-Neung's Seon theory including Donhwangbon 󰡔Dahn-gyeong󰡕 were reviewed. Hui-Neung who was the 6th Master of Seon Buddhism of China and First Master of the Southern Seon School and is acknowledged as a most important person. Hui-Neung explained consistency of meditation and wisdom (定慧一致), entire concentration of the mind on buddha (一行三昧), thoughtlessness (無念), absence of characteristics (無相), non-abiding (無柱), the Four Great Vows (四弘誓願), repentance on absence of characteristics (無相懺悔), the precept of the three dependence on absence of chacteristics (無相三歸依戒) at the 󰡔Dahn-gyeong󰡕. These theories were quoted from Mahayama Sutra such as 󰡔Diamond-Cutter Sutra󰡕, 󰡔Nirvana Sutra󰡕, 󰡔Neunga Sutra󰡕, 󰡔Lotus Sutra󰡕, 󰡔Yuma Sutra󰡕. It shows that his theory was completed by these sutras. Also he suggested simple ascetic practice named sudden enlightenment to see buddha-nature (頓悟見性) differentiated from complicated practice of India Buddhism. The Seon theory of Hui-Neung is consisted of Buddha Nature of 󰡔Nirvana Sutra󰡕 and Prajna Nature of 󰡔Diamond-Cutter Sutra󰡕. He accomplished sudden enlightenment to see buddha-nature (頓悟見性) practice which these two natures are integrated and had taught people to live transcendentally. From his Seon theory, Hatek-Sinhoi initiated "Jongron of Hwaldae" and established the Southern Seon School. After Hatek-Sinhoi begun establishing movement of the Southern Seon School in 732, various sects such as the Udoo Sect of Keumreung, the Bodang Sect of Sacheon, the Hongju Sect of Ma-zu had insisted authority of Seon. The Udoo Sect and the Bodang Sect had disappeared in one century and the Hongju Sect of Ma-zu completed Josa Seon family. Finally, Jogye-Hui-Neung's Seon Buddhism was put in good order as a settled religion and held an indisputable position through Jogye-Hui-Neung, Namak-Haeyang, and Ma-zu-Dao-yi.

      • 승모판 협착증에서 심방세동의 동반과 좌심방의 크기

        박헌식 경북대학교 1993 국내석사

        RANK : 248639

        류마티성 승모판 협착증에서 동성조율군과 심방세동군에서 임상적 증상의 지속시간 및 심초음파도학적 여러가지 치수의 차이를 알기위해 심방세동군 69례와 동성조율군 81례를 비교하였다. 심방세동군과 동성조율군에서 좌심방 내경은 5.2±0.76 cm와 4.6±0.84 cm, 그리고 우심실 내경은 2.2±1.21 cm와 1.8±0.76 cm로써 심방세동군에서 유의한 증가가 있었다. 그러나 승모판구 면적은 양군에서 차이가 없었다. 심방동동군은 년령이 45±10.6세로써 동성조율군의 37±12.0세 보다 평균 8년 많았으며, 임상증상을 가진 기간도 심방세동군은 7.8±6.03년, 동성조율군은 4.1±4.15년으로써 평균 3.7년이나 많았다. 그리고 좌심방 내경이 4.6 cm에 이르면 심방세동의 발생빈도가 급격히 많았졌고 좌심방 내경이 5.8 cm이상이 되면 거의 대부분의 승모판 협착증에서 심방세동이 생김을 알 수 있었다. 결론적으로 이야기하면 승모판 협착증에서 심방세동의 빈도는 좌심방이 커진 예들에서 많았으며 심혈관계 증상의 지속기간이 오래되고 년령이 많은 예들에서 많은 것을 알 수 있었다. 69 patients of the (MS+AF) group who had mitral stenosis with atrial fibrillation and 81 patients of the (MS+SR) group who had mitral stenosis with sinus rhythm were compared for the difference in the duration of clinical cardiovascular symptoms and in echocardiographic measurements. Left atrial dimension of the (MS+AF) group and the (MS+SR) group were 5.2±0.76 cm and 4.6±0.84 cm respectively. Right ventricular dimension of the (MS+AF) group and the (MS+SR) group were 2.2±1.21 cm and 1.8±0.76 cm. Consequently, the left atrial dimension and right ventricular dimension of the (MS+AF) group increased more than that of the (MS+SR) group (p < 0.0001, p < 0.05 respectively). There were no difference, however, in the mitral valve area between both the groups. The mean age of the (MS+AF) group and the (MS+SR) group were 45±10.6 years old and 37±12.0 years old. The mean durations of clinical cardiovascular symptoms in the (MS+AF) group and the (MS+SR) group were 7.8±6.03 years and 4.1±4.15 years. So the mean age and the durations of clinical cardiovascular symptoms in the (MS+AF) group significantly increased more than that in the (MS+SR) group. It was also observed that the incidence of atial fibrillation abruptly increased if the left atrial dimension became 4.6 cm. The atrial fibrillation in the most of patients with mitral stenosis developed when the left atrial dimension became 5.8 cm. In conclusion, it is noted that the occurrence of atial fibrillation in the patients with mitral stenosis significantly increased when the left atrial dimension further increased, when the durations of clinical cardiovascular symptoms were longer and when the age of patients became older.

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