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In medieval Japan, unlike the previous era, the samurai, a warrior class, had been emerged to replace the nobility class. By that, medieval Japan had been faced a turbulent period. However, because of that, it could been integrated the cultures that have developed in each region and the perception of individual local people into one unified idea of Japan. Especially the eastern area of Japan, which had not taken the leading part of history until the previous era, became the center of the samurai class. Considering that the history before the Middle Ages developed around Kyoto in the western area of Japan, it could be said that this was a time when meaningful situation was created for a turning point of history. By these reason, though it is very important to know about initial samurai class, the study of medieval Samurai has not yet been sufficiently conducted. So the purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics and characteristics of samurai who played an active role as the central point of history at the time. Especially, focused on the difference in the aspect of the aspect between the Togoku and the Saigoku regions. Up to now, the prior researchers have focused only on the view of values of the individual who appeared in the works, or the view of values of the Samurai itself, which began to rised in the Middle Ages at that time. However, considering the subtle difference between the warriors appearing in various parts of the works and the fact that the warriors in the works regard background of their growth as important, the task of this study should not be neglected. Through these observations, this study cites various scenes appearing in the "Heike Monogatari", through this, examines the differences in the view of local values of Samurai at that time in the Tougoku and the Saigoku are seen. This study was conducted because it is possible to clarify the way of thinking and behavior of Samurai appearing in the works by examining the local characteristics of Samurai that have not been studied so far. The most unique of them is the uniqueness of the difference between the warriors of the warring countries and the warriors of the warring countries. This analysis can be seen as an important point that can be observed only when analyzing the work from the viewpoint of the disclosure. In this study, focused on the specific differences of each Samurai of the Tougoku and the Saigoku which the most unique traits all along the history that only appear in this period. The unique characteristic possessed by the Samurai of the Saigoku is that they emphasized refinement although living through turbulent age. On the other hand, what can be said about the characteristics of the Samurai of the Tougoku is that they compete inside the Kenji army which has made coalition. The purpose of this study is to examine what forms of these two characteristics are revealed in literary works and what reason formed these phenomenon.
In this paper, focused on Heike Monogatari, a representative work of Gunki Monogatari, and examined how Bushi appearances are depicted in various battle appearances. By examining how the aspects of these early Japanese Bushi were represented in literary works, it was possible to identify how the early Japanese Bushi were perceived by the people of the time, and the differences between them. Unlike the representation of the Bushi formed by the existing media, first, the Bushi of the time showed that the battle pattern was similar to shooting by bow each other rather than hand-to-hand fight. In addition, I think that archery was not treated as a martial art but rather perceived as a sacred symbolism among Bushi. Next, we looked at the Nanori and vanguard struggles that the Bushi in the northeastern region showed in battle. In the case of Bushi in the northeastern region, they competed to take the lead each time a battle was fought to prove their worth, and they were agressively doing Nanori. As this was established as an aspect in the recognition of the authors and people of the time, it was confirmed that it is represented in the work. Lastly, the Bushi in the Kinki region, centered around the capital, are shown to be more likely to consider their honor and want fairly contested match than this tendency. I think this is because of the environmental requirements for accepting new values were in their case and they were closely related to coordination. Thus, in forming their own values, it may be assumed that they would have a similar recognition as the Bushi of posterity. .
To apply CNN to a fluid problem, we need a method to effectively convert the physical quantities of fluid into an image. The performance of CNN was evaluated using the image transformation method using the minimum and maximum values of the pressure distribution data and the image transformation methods using the normal distribution of the pressure distribution data. Through the performance evaluation of the learned CNN, the image transformation methods of Method 4 and Method 5, which applied the normal distribution of representative pressure distribution data, were very effective. In particular, Method 5 includes the initial and final pressure distribution data to include overall pressure distribution data, thereby improving the resolution of the color map to improve classification performance.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations among teacher and child's relationship, parent-teacher's partnership, and its related variables - age of child, gender of child, child-teacher's ratio, educational experience of teacher, and so on - in kindergarten. Subjects were 612 parents and 37 teachers in Iksan and Junju. The mean, percentile, t-test, Pearson correlation, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were used. The results were as follows: First, there was no significant difference between age of child, gender of child, and child-teacher's ratio and child's adjustment in kindergarten. Second, there was no significant difference between educational experience of teacher, age of teacher and child's adjustment in kindergarten. Third, it was found that teacher and child's relationship and parent-teacher's partnership were important influential variables in explaining variance in child's adjustment in kindergarten.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the aspects of the Kanto Bushi in Mutsuwaki and Heike Monogatari and to see how this is expressed in literary works. It aims at examining what was perceived as natural to the people at that time and how it appeared in literary works. In this paper, we can see that the Bushi who had the place of life in the Kanto area among the early Japanese Bushi share two common aspects. At first, the existence of Hachiman god has been recognized very important for Kantou Bushi at that time. Before they went to battle, they showed us how they worshiped Hachiman Shin, and prayed for God’s help in the main scenes of the battle, and that they won by that pray. The second is that they emphasized his relatives, or blood relatives. Especially, in the case of the relationship between the son and the father, it can be seen that it is recorded in the story structure which is opposite to each other according to the region. Next, even though they met each other as an enemy, their perception was that it was natural that they must save their relatives, even if they gave up their own merit. In conclusion, environmental factors have changed the mindset of the Bushi in Kansai and Kanto districts. This can be seen as a change depending on which one was primarily benefited from civilization.
After CNN basic structure was introduced by LeCun in 1989, there has not been a major structure change except for more deep network until recently. The deep network enhances the expression power due to improve the abstraction ability of the network, and can learn complex problems by increasing non linearity. However, the learning of a deep network means that it has vanishing gradient or longer learning time. In this study, we proposes a CNN structure with MLP layer. The proposed CNNs are superior to the general CNN in their classification performance. It is confirmed that classification accuracy is high due to include MLP layer which improves non linearity by experiment. In order to increase the performance without making a deep network, it is confirmed that the performance is improved by increasing the non linearity of the network.
The model predictive controller performance of the mobile robot is set to an arbitrary value because it is difficult to select an accurate value with respect to the controller parameter. The general model predictive control uses a quadratic cost function to minimize the difference between the reference tracking error and the predicted trajectory error of the actual robot. In this study, we construct a predictive controller by transforming it into a quadratic programming problem considering velocity and acceleration constraints. The control parameters of the predictive controller, which determines the control performance of the mobile robot, are used a simple weighting matrix Q, R without the reference model matrix Ar by applying a quadratic cost functionfrom which the reference tracking error vector is removed. Therefore, we designed the predictive controller 1 and 2 of the mobile robot considering the constraints, and optimized the controller parameters of the predictive controller using a genetic algorithm with excellent optimization capability.