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박영호 순천향대학교 1983 논문집 Vol.6 No.1
A case of ureteral injuries caused by gynecologic operation was experienced and managed by a transureteroureterostomy with good result. So I report this case with brief review of the literature.
박영호 한국언어문화학회 2007 한국언어문화 Vol.0 No.34
Park, Young ho. 2007. A study of patterns and meanings of lyric on process of writing a poem. This study is about patterns and meanings of lyric. To begin with, the patterns of lyric are classified into four things. Frist, feelings of poet are correspond with object that creats new meanings. Second, emotions of poet are accord with description that converts objective things into subjective things. Third, it merges object with feelings of poet and then gives an indefinite boundary. Fourth, it was confined only description of objects before but now feelings of poet are formed for themselves. The analysis of the meaning results in next after things. The first, subjective emotions when they are accorded with objects. Second, objects are what can concretize the feelings of poet. Poet should show feelings which are assimilated. Because it can keep emotions from ruining low level emotions. Third, 意境(a stage new meanings are created) is produced when feelings and objects are harmonized each other. Fourth, depiction of objects are made emotions for themselves when they are reemerged sensuously. Some ways and patterns are important in the process of writing a poem. Therefore, the present writer considers this study as the value. From now on, a deeper discussion about this study will be advanced lively.
박영호 동방한문학회 1983 東方漢文學 Vol.0 No.2
The meaning of this thesis is to study the literature of Wolsa, Sangchon, Kyegok, Takdang who were what we call four masters form king Seonjo to king Injo in Choseon dynasty, and to study proses among Kyegok works. Kyegok criticized the Jeongjuhak(程朱學), the main stream at that time, the attitude of scholar who had not basis but excuse, the deficient and inexact evidence, and he claimed the freedom of literature. In the sentence on the basis of the idea of Sangjil(尙質), he claimed Zuriron(主理論) which emphasized on Ri (理) and that writers concentrate their energies not the excessive modification and trite remarks but writings with their personalities. Therefore he made much of old-fashioned writing style. He made the literature be separated from ethics. He had a view of literature that literary nature was to express human's pure mind, that he regarded literary activity as an independent work. This literary view was in poems. He insisted that poetic nature be to express temper, that the secrets of nature be included in poems, that the function of poems be to enlighten the society as temper purification, to have miracle and immortality. poetry included Zugiron(主氣論). Poets had to try good poems ceaselessy. They have to learn Dang(唐) people's spirit to establish a school of their own. He emphasized five commandments when he wrote poems. He made much of a rhyme and the process of exercises. To criticize poems, high level of creation is required, the value of works is emphasized. He emphasized contents more than form, took pride in his own works. In the theory of writers, he criticized writers with a method of appreciation and criticism. The theory of work he made much of work itself, emphasized Sangzil(尙質), rated works high written according to a rhyme-rule. Kyegok made literature be independant of ethics, to seek its true character. He rationalized old-fashioned style aesthetically.
박영호 한국도덕교육학회 2022 道德敎育硏究 Vol.34 No.1
A school as a learning community is operated while sharing a common purpose of learning, but if the management process lacks philia-like encounters such as consideration and cooperation among citizen, it cannot be called a true learning ‘community’. Education occurs through encounters in which oneself is exposed to others and takes on. Education is meeting. It is not a passive relationship that transmits and receives knowledge, but an active and subjective educational relationship that reinterprets and recreates it together. Aristotle set philia as the highest excellence, emphasizing ‘citizen-friendship’ as a virtue necessary for humans. Through citizenfriendship, citizens live together while sharing excellence. Features such as ‘equality’, ‘citizen solidarity’ and ‘share and review of thoughts’ of philia can add its educational meaning to today's democratic citizenship education. Democratic citizenship education that pursues philia as a way of life, not a philosophical concept, helps transform society as a learning community rather than a place of competition. This concept of philia can add educational significance to the democratic citizenship education in Korea, which is being conducted more actively today. 배움의 공동체로서의 학교는 배움이라는 공통된 목적을 공유하며 운영되지만, 그 과정에서 구성원 간의 배려와 협력 등 필리아적 만남이 결여된다면 진정한 배움의 공동체라고 할 수 없다. 성장은 자신을 타인에게 노출시키고 받아들이는 만남의 과정을 통해 이루어진다. 교육은 결국 사람과 사람의 교류이자 만남이다. 단순히 지식을 주고받는 수동적인 관계가 아니라 그것을 함께 재해석하고 재창조하는 능동적이고 주체적인 교육관계이다. 아리스토텔레스는 필리아(philia)를 최선의 탁월성으로 설정하고 인간에게 필요한 덕목으로 '시민 우애'인 필리아를 강조했다. 시민들은 필리아를 통해 탁월성을 나누며 함께 살아간다. 즉, 민주시민교육을 위해 필수적인 우애 형성의 중요 요소로서 필리아의 '동등성', '시민 결속', '사유의 공유와 성찰'과 같은 특징을 통해 인간은 정치적 동물이라는 본성에 따라서 시민의 삶을 영위하게 되는 것이다. 동등성, 시민 결속, 사유의 공유와 성찰이라는 개념들은 오늘날의 공화민주주의, 참여민주주의, 심의민주주의에 영향을 주었다. 필리아를 단순히 철학적 개념이 아닌, 삶의 자세로서 받아들이고 추구하는 민주시민교육은 사회를 경쟁의 장소가 아닌 학습공동체의 장으로서 탈바꿈하는 데에 도움을 줄 뿐 아니라, 이러한 필리아의 개념은 오늘날 더욱 활발히 진행되어가는 대한민국의 민주시민교육에 교육적 의미를 더해줄 수 있다.