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      • KCI우수등재

        스포츠인권교육의 개선방향에 관한 고찰

        박성주 한국체육학회 2022 한국체육학회지 Vol.61 No.4

        This study presents a philosophical basis for establishing the concept of human rights in sport and securing its justification. In addition, by discovering problems and their causes through a critical analysis of existing human rights education in sport, this article hopes to enhance its effectiveness. To this end, first, the origin and ideological basis of the concept of human rights in the west is examined to illuminate the reason why the universality of human rights conflicts with the specificity of sport. Then, the conceptualization and justification of human rights in sport is discussed in terms of the essence of sports called “mutual respect.” Next, based on the analysis of the ultimate goal of human rights education and the components of human rights awareness, this article finds the problems of the current human rights education in sport in content as well as practical aspects. Finally, by examining the main contents and research trends of the discourses on human rights education, this study suggests the approaches to be taken in human rights education in sport in terms of the educational subject, educational content, and educational environment. In order to resolve the fundamental human rights problems in sport, it is necessary not only to keep implementing systematic and effective human rights education in sport, but also to make continuous efforts to turn sport into a human rights-friendly community. 본 연구의 목적은 스포츠인권의 개념 정립과 정당성 확보를 위한 철학적 기초를 제시하고 기존 스포츠인권교육에 관한 비판적 분석을 통해 문제점과 그 원인을 도출함으로써 스포츠인권교육의 실효성 제고를 위한 방향성을 모색하는 데 있다. 이를 위해, 먼저 서구 인권 개념의 유래와 사상적 근거를 고찰함으로써 인권의 보편성이 스포츠의 특수성과 상충하는 부분을 규명하고, ‘상호존중’이라는 스포츠의 본질 측면에서 스포츠인권 개념의 철학적 정당화를 논의하였다. 다음으로 인권교육의 궁극적 목표와 인권의식의 구성요소에 대한 분석을 토대로 현행 스포츠인권교육이 안고 있는 문제점을 내용적 측면과 실천적 측면에서 도출하였다. 끝으로 인권교육 담론의 주요 내용과 연구동향을 고찰함으로써 스포츠인권교육이 지향해야 할 방향성을 교육주체, 교육내용, 교육환경 측면에서 제시하였다. 스포츠계의 인권 문제를 근본적으로 해결하기 위해서는 체계적이고 실효성 있는 스포츠인권교육을 지속적으로 시행하는 것뿐만 아니라 스포츠 자체를 인권 친화적인 공동체로 만들어가는 노력을 보다 적극적으로 펼쳐가야 할 것이다.

      • KCI등재

        Clinical Effectiveness and Nephrotoxicity of Aerosolized Colistin Treatment in Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Pneumonia

        박성주,Mi Seon Park,Chi Ryang Chung,Ju Sin Kim,Seoung Ju Park,이흥범 대한중환자의학회 2016 Acute and Critical Care Vol.31 No.3

        Background: Colistin (polymyxin E) is active against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB). However, the effectiveness of inhaled colistin is unclear. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness and safety of aerosolized colistin for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by MDR-GNB. Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, we evaluated the medical records of 63 patients who received aerosolized colistin treatment for VAP caused by MDR-GNB in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) from February 2012 to March 2014. Results: A total of 25 patients with VAP caused by MDR-GNB were included in this study. The negative conversion rate was 84.6% after treatment, and acute kidney injury (AKI) occurred in 11 patients (44%, AKI group). The average length of MICU stay and colistin treatment- related factors, such as daily and total cumulative doses and administration period, were not significantly different between groups. In-hospital mortality tended to be higher in the AKI group (p = 0.07). Multivariate analysis showed that a body mass index less than 18 was an independent risk factor of mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 21.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.59-302.23; p = 0.02). Notably, AKI occurrence was closely related to the administration of more than two nephrotoxic drugs combined with aerosolized colistin (OR = 15.03, 95% CI 1.40-161.76; p = 0.025) and septic shock (OR = 8.10, 95% CI 1.40-161.76; p = 0.04). Conclusions: The use of adjunctive aerosolized colistin treatment appears to be a relatively safe and effective option for the treatment of VAP caused by MDR-GNB. However, more research on the concomitant use of nephrotoxic drugs with aerosolized colistin will be necessary, as this can be an important risk factor of development of AKI.

      • KCI등재

        융복합시대 기숙사 고등학생의 학교적응에 자아탄력성과 사회적 지지가 미치는 영향

        박성주 한국디지털정책학회 2016 디지털융복합연구 Vol.14 No.2

        이 연구의 목적은 융복합시대 기숙사 고등학생들의 학교적응에 자아탄력성과 사회적지지가 미치는 영향을 살펴보고자 하였다. 조사대상은 D지역 소재 자율형 사립고등학교에 재학 중인 고등학생 358명을 대상으로 설문조사 하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS WIN 20.0을 사용하여 회귀분석을 실시하여 분석하였다. 그 결과 자아탄력성은 학교 적응에 정(+)의 영향을 미치고 있으며, 하위요인인 낙관성, 호기심, 감정통제 역시 정(+)의 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 사회적지지도 학교적응에 정(+)의 영향을 미치고 있으며, 하위요인인 친구지지와 교사지지 역시 정(+)의 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 디지털융복합시대를 살고 있는 고등학생들이 학교부적응에 따라 발생할 수 있는 다양한 문제들을 예방할 수 있도록 자아탄력성을 향상시키며, 사회적지지를 제공할 수 있는 다양한 프로그램과 학교 문화를 만들어 간다면, 개개인의 학생뿐만 아니라 학교와 가정, 나아가 사회 전반적인 부분에 있어 긍정적인 영향을 미칠 수 잇을 것으로 사료되며, 다양한 학제간 융합연구를 통해 추후 종단연구의 기반이 될 것이다. This study aims to look into the effects of ego-resilience and social support on school adjustment of dormitory high school students in the convergence age. For achieving this purpose, a survey with 358 students in an autonomous private high school situated in D area was conducted. For analysis of the collected data, regression analysis was carried out using SPSS WIN 20.0. As a result, it was found that ego-resilience positively affected school adjustment, and optimism, curiosity and emotional control, which are sub-factors of ego-resilience, positively affected it, too. Also, social support positively influenced school adjustment, and peer support and teacher support that are sub-factors of social support, positively influenced it, too. Therefore, it is considered that developing various programs and school culture for improving ego-resilience and providing social support to prevent a lot of problems caused by school maladjustment of high school students in the digital convergence era will positively influence individual students, schools, families and furthermore general sections of the society, and diverse interdisciplinary convergence studies on this will serve as the foundation for future longitudinal research.

      • KCI등재후보

        Clinical Features and Surgical Results of Cervical Myelopathy Caused by Soft Disc Herniation

        박성주,김승범,김민기,이성호,오인호 대한척추신경외과학회 2013 대한척추신경외과학회지 Vol.10 No.3

        Objective: There are many causes of cervical myelopathy including trauma, degenerative conditions, tumors and demyelinating disorders. However, myelopathy caused by soft disc herniation might be seen rarely than the spondylosis caused by hard disc. Here, authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and results of cervical myelopathy caused by soft disc herniation. Methods: From March 2010 to December 2010, 134 patients with degenerative cervical spinal disease were treated with anterior cervical discectomy and interbody fusion. Among them, 21 patients with cervical myelopathy secondary to cervical soft disc herniation were analyzed. Their clinical features, preoperative and, postoperative clinical results were evaluated by Nurick Grade and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scale (JOA) retrospectively. Preoperative clinical features including duration of myelopathy, pain intensity and postoperative clinical results including improvement rate of myelopathy and radiculopathy were retrospectively analyzed by Nurick Grade and JOA scale. We also evaluated correlation between the duration of symptom, type of the disc herniation, pain intensity and clinical outcome. Results: Mean age was 49.7 and male was predominant. Gait disturbance with mild to moderate pain was most common symptom in clinical features. Severe pain was shown in only 9 cases, and the other 12 cases experienced mild to moderate pain. Mean duration of myelopathy was 1.18 month. The mean JOA scores were 11.22 before surgery and 14.2 after surgery. The mean Nurick grades were 2.78 before treatment and 1.67 after treatment. Neurologic status of mild or moderate pain group on preoperative state is worse than that of severe pain group. The patients with duration of myelopathy symptom (<1 month) showed lower clinical improvement rate than the patients with myelopathy over 1 month. Patients with median type of disc herniation showed poorer neurological status than those with paramedian type of herniation in preoperative state. Conclusion: Authors reviewed the clinical features and surgical outcome of the cervical myelopathy secondary to cervical soft disc herniation. We presumed that patients of more than one month of symptom duration, mild to moderate initial symptom would be related with better postoperative improvement rate.

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