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      • Locke와 Rousseau의 體育思想에 關한 比較硏究

        閔昌基,元周淵 忠南大學校體育科學硏究所 1985 體育科學硏究誌 Vol.3 No.1

        Even though there are a few methodological differences in the thought of physical education between Locke and Rousseau, their ideas can be seen to agree as to it the origin and aim of physical education. Locke regards it of great importance that physical education is to increase the necessary technique of physical refinement for the gentleman of the upper class. And then he built up the attitude acquired by physical training disregarding intellectual activities. It is thought that Locke considered the sound value of mind and body to be on equal levels when he quoted as archaic proverb as follows in the preface of his physical education theory: The only youth having sound spirit belongs to the well trained personality and a sound mind in a sound body. The fundamental thought of physical education in Rousseau is shown in the aspect of physical training in addition to the naturalistic thought of his education. That is, his educational theory of physical education is that physical training by natural methods increases the improvement of the spiritual health and emphasizes the training based on the principle of nature. So it is innovative to insist on the relationship between physical education and work, the training sensibility, the physical education of the whole life and physical education for women based on naturalism.

      • 자연 재해 피해인지에 따른 학생의 학교 시설에 대한 분석 : 수도권 고등학교를 중심으로

        민창기 평택대학교 자연과학연구소 2006 자연과학연구 Vol.- No.6

        학생의 자연재해에 대한 활동제한 태도는 재해에 의한 자연환경 변화에 관한 학생의 지각정도에 대한 영향력은 있다고 가정하고 이를 검증하였으며 이들 영향 정도는 서로 다름을 알아내었다. 먼저, 재해로 인한 학생의 활동제한 지각정도가 지표면과 경사면에 대한 피해 지각정도에 영향을 주고 있음이 발견되었고, 남학생은 대설, 태풍/호우, 폭염, 황사의 순으로, 여학생은 폭염, 대설, 황사, 태풍/호우 순으로 영향력이 큼을 알았다. 또 재해로 인한 학생의 활동제한 지각정도가 수리상태 및 동·식물에 영향을 주고 있음이 발견되었고 자연재해에 대한 영향력을 분석하여 그 크기 순서를 알아내었다. 따라서 본 연구는 학생은 재해로 인하여 그의 활동제한에 대한 태도를 나타내며 자연환경을 지각함에 있어서 이전에 학습된 정보에 의하여 확률적으로 피해정도를 지각하게 됨을 알 수 있다. 재해에 대한 태도는 자연환경의 지각정도에 영향 미침을 알아내었다. 그 영향의 정도와 크기를 알아내고 이에 대처하는 방안도 초기적 수준에서 제시하였다. This is based on an assumption that an attitude of a student's acts within limits when encountering natural disasters affects to the degree of cognizing changes of natural surroundings. It has been verified that the degree of affection is different from each another. The degree of cognition of student's acts within limits when encountering natural disasters has influenced to sensing the damage caused by the surface and inclines. Boy students think that heavy snow, typhoon/heavy rain, heat, yellow sand has influenced in order while girl students, heat, heavy snow, yellow sand, typhoon/heavy rain in order. It is also discovered that the degree of cognition of environmental surroundings such as hydraulics and plants has effects to the attitude when encountering disasters. This study presents the degree and size of the influence as well as the ways to cope with the situation at a primary level.

      • KCI등재
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        학교와 지역사회의 시설 공동 활용 - 성동구의 중학교와 지역사회의 시설 교차 이용을 중심으로 -

        민창기,Min, Chang-Kee 한국교육시설학회 1997 敎育施設 Vol.4 No.1

        This paper is to survey the cooperation between the school and the community with respect to the degree of share of their facilities. The hypothesis of this paper is that the share of facilities between the school and the community is helpful for the two. That is, the community, using the school facilities, can educate to upgrade its people to higher social level. The school, using the community facilities, can compensate insufficient school facilities and facilitate student learnings. This paper employed both a literature survey and a case study approach explained by the case of Seong Dong Gu and its schools. This paper argued that the share of the facilities between the school and the community is needed to facilitate student learnings and to upgrade community people to higher level. Thus, government should encourage the cooperation between the two. This paper found that the school can use other schools' facilities, camping facilities, various types of private institute, community libraries, social welfare centers, athlentic facilities, and park facilities in the community. Most of the facilities are rested during school hours and are vacant more or less after school hours, so that there are still room for share the facilities with the students. This paper found that the community can easily use school facilities for life-long education programs, house-wife classes, athlentic programs for daily life, recreation classes for community people because the school is located in the center of the community. These programs using school facilities can encourage to upgrade community persons' social levels. However, this paper found that the degree of community use is insufficient to fulfil the school facilities. Only a few percent of the school class rooms and other facilities are used by the community. Therefore this paper asserted that community education programs using school facilities should be expanded. This paper recommended, based on the findings, that governments should encourage the cooperation between the school and the community to facilitate student's learnings and to upgrade community people to higher level. Also it recommended that the school should share more community facilities and that the community should share more school facilities.

      • KCI등재

        산학협동(産學協同)에 영향(影響)을 주는 요인분석(要因分析) - 문헌(文獻) 분석(分析)을 중심(中心)으로 -

        민창기,Min, Chang-Kee 한국교육시설학회 1995 敎育施設 Vol.2 No.1

        This paper discussed non-physical factors, such as the level of use of organizational channels and the level of R&D investment of the firm. It also explored physical factors such as the distance between the university and industry, transportation conditions between the two, and the availability (surplus capacity) of professors' or firms' research facilities that would affect the interaction such as the contacts in connection with research grants and consultations by professors to high-tech firms. This paper pointed out that the use of organization channel, the level of R&D investment, the availability research facilities of the university and high-tech firm, transportation conditions between the two, subject matter compatibility between professors' areas of expertise and firms' industrial activities, professors' (or staff) research capabilities and professors' (or staff) research times affect the interaction between the university and industry. It also found that the distance between the university and industry affects the interaction between the two in the opposite direction.

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      • KCI등재
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      • 몽골의 초․중등 교육재정 공평성 분석

        민창기 한국국제이해교육학회 2013 국제이해교육연구 Vol.8 No.1

        This study analyzed vertical equity of educational finance per elementary and secondary school student at aimag, city level. For the vertical equity, 2007 and 2011 balance sheets were analyzed. The purposes of this study are to find the equity level of the financial allocation and to investigate how much the equity level of the financial allocation has improved since the formula of the financial allocation changed. To conduct the research, weighted students were assessed by two ways. First, school location, grade and school type were applied. Second, a student living in a dormitory was applied. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, in 2007 educational expenses per pupil were not equitable, but personnel expenses per pupil were nearly equitable. Second, in 2011 total spending and in personnel expenses per pupil were distributed equitably, but operating expenses and fixed cost per weighted student were not equitable. Equity was based on weighted students considering school location, grade, school type, a student living in a dormitory. Third, the financial allocation was distributed more equitably in 2007 than in 2011 at aimag, city level. 이 연구는 몽골의 초․중등 학생 1인당 교육비의 수직적 공평성을 아이막․시 수준에서 분석하였다. 이를 위하여 교육재정 배분 포뮬러가 변경된 시점인 2008년을 기준으로 하여 2007년과 2011년도 결산자료를 활용하여 첫째, 현재의 재정 배분의 공평성은 어떠한지, 둘째, 현재의 재정배분의 공평성이 과거에 비하여 어느 정도 개선되었는지 알아보고자 하였다. 분석을 위하여 가중학생수를 두 가지로 산정하였다. 첫째, 학교위치, 학년군, 학교유형을 반영한 가중학생, 둘째, 학교위치, 학년군, 학교유형을 반영한 가중학생수에 더하여 기숙사생에 대한 가중학생수를 산정하여 가중학생 1인당 교육비 공평성을 분석하였다. 분석결과 첫째, 2007년도에 가중학생 1인당 세출총액, 인건비나 운영비의 경우 공평하지 않게 나타났지만, 학생 1인당 인건비는 공평성의 준거에 가깝게 나타났다. 둘째, 2011년도에 학생 1인당 결산총액과 인건비는 공평하게 배분된 것으로 나타난 반면에 가중학생 1인당 운영비와 공공요금은 공평하지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 가중학생수의 산정에 따른 공평성을 보면 학교위치와 학교유형, 학년군 및 기숙사생을 반영한 경우 공평한 것으로 분석되었다. 셋째, 아이막․시 수준에서 교육재정 배분이 2007년도보다 2011년도에 공평하게 이루어진 것으로 분석되었다.

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