http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
A survey on nursing instructors in all levels of nursing school in Korea was completed in August of 1970, to explore the present status of qualification, in terms of instructor's educational preparation and experiences in the field and in teaching which are believed to be influencing factors in teaching-learning situations. The study has its limitation as the curriculum content is not included although the findings could be utilized as a basic reference in overall faculty planning. A total of 221 nursing instructors, in 35 schools(out of total 42 nursing schools of all levels) namely, 6 collegiate, 21 diploma and 8 technical programs were included in the study. A questionaire was sent by mail and an 83% (35 out of 42 schools) rate of return was obtained. The following in the summary of findings: Age distribution of respondents appeared to be cencered in thirties, and marital status of respondents showed no particular significane in relation to their qualification except that the tendency of single and young instructors in technical nursing program was apparent. In terms of their basic nursing education, the respondents' academic preparation showed that 12% were graduates of technical nursing high schools, 45% held diploma school of nursing and 40% were college graduates which shows the most nursing instructors are diploma graduates or above. Thirty-four percent of the respondents are without a bachelor's degree in any field, and the majority of these instructors are currently employed in the technical nursing high school program. Nineteen percent of the respondents hold a master's degree in nursing or a related field, and most of these instructors are teaching in a collegiate program (55%), while none of these were found in the technical nursing high school program. The respondents had average experiences of 4 years, 3 yeras, and 8 months in teaching, hospital, and public health field respectively. Eighty-one percent of the respondents had no experience in the field of public health nursing and the majority of these are currently assigned to the technical nursing high school program (84%). The detailed analysis showed 65% of public health nursing instructors had no experience in their specialty while in other fields, 21% of the respondents had no experience in their specialty. However, the specialty of others category were not able to specify in terms of med-surgery, obstetric or pediatric nursing etc. In short, the study revealed a lack of qualification of nursing instructors regardless of their specialties, in public health or other general nursing when these are compared to desirable standards of qualification. The study also revealed the tendency of less qualified instructors to gravitate into the lower level schools. The following recommendations are suggested as a means of raising the quality of nursing school faculties: 1) Legal accreditation of diploma schools of nursing, equivalent to that granted to junior college graduates, is needed for diploma graduates to give them a way to pursue a basic degree. 2) Post-graduate training in each clinical specialty should be established at the national level for the standardization of teaching and practice. 3) A supplementary course, leading to a bachelor's degree in public health nursing, should be established by government to meet the demand for qualified public health nursing instructors. 4) A mininum standard for nursing faculty member qualifications must be established and enforced in terms of general, professional preparation in basic nursing as well as specialty, plus experiences in practice and in teaching must be carefully reviewed. 5) Instructors themselves must show special interest in upgrading unrsing education standard as well as in their own personal development.
In network delivery of compressed video, packets may be lost if the channel is unreliable. Such losses tend to occur in burst. In this paper, a temporal and spatial error resilient video encoding approach is developed to facilitate the error concealment at the decoder against burst errors. Block interleaving scheme is introduced to isolate erroneous blocks caused by packet losses for spatial area of error concealment. Data hiding is applied to add protection parity bits for motion vectors between intra frames or continuous inter frames for temporal area of error concealment. Since bidirection interpolation for error concealment is adapted to error blocks at decoder, error occurred during the transmission are concealed fast and properly. In this study, data hiding is used to reduce a complexity of error concealment at the decoder. A set of feature are extracted at the encoder and embedded imperceptibly into the host media. If some part of the media data is damaged during transmission, the embedded features can be extracted and used for recovery of lost data. Experimental results suggest that our approach can achieve a reasonable quality for packet loss up to 30% over a wide range of video materials.
Religious tourism continues to grow worldwide. Religious tourism is extensive, including pilgrimage, spirituality, religious festivals, events, religious buildings, and cultural heritage sites. In 2021, UNESCO honored the 200th anniversary of the birth of Father Kim Dae-geon, the first priest in Korea, and selected him as a world monument by valuing the life and achievements of Father Kim Dae-geon. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of pilgrims' motivation for pilgrimage to Solmoe shrine, the birthplace of Father Kim Dae-geon, on shrine satisfaction and revisit intention. For this purpose, a survey was conducted from June 3 to July 12, 2021, for pilgrims visiting Solmoe Holy Land. The final 269 questionnaires collected were used for analysis using SPSS23.0 and Excel. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the pilgrim's motivation had a positive effect on satisfaction and revisit intention, and satisfaction of the pilgrim had a positive effect on their revisit intention. Among the motivations of the pilgrims, the saints of the pull factor were found to have the greatest effect on satisfaction, and the saints of the pull factor were also found to have the greatest effect on the intention to revisit. In addition, satisfaction was found to mediate in the relationship between motivation and revisit intention, and only saints were found to be completely mediated. Therefore, it is suggested that Solmoe shrine is the birthplace of Father Kim Dae-geon, and that continuous revisit will occur only if properly managed accordingly. 세계적으로 종교관광은 지속적으로 성장하고 있다. 종교관광은 성지순례, 영성, 종교축제, 이벤트, 종교건물, 문화유산 유적지 등 광범위하다. 2021년 유네스코에서는 한국 최초의 사제인 성 김대건 신부탄생 200주년을 맞이하여 김대건 신부의 삶과 업적을 높이 평가하여 세계기념인물로 선정하였다. 이에 본연구의 목적은 김대건 신부의 탄생지인 솔뫼성지에 대한 순례자들의 순례동기가 성지만족과 재방문의도에미치는 영향관계를 규명하는데 있다. 이를 위해 솔뫼성지를 방문하는 순례자를 대상으로 2021년 6월 3일~7 월 12일까지 설문조사를 진행하였다. 최종 수거된 설문지 269부는 SPSS23.0과 엑셀을 이용하여 실증분석에사용되었다. 분석결과, 순례자의 동기는 성지만족과 재방문의도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치고, 성지만족은 재방문의도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 순례자의 동기 중에 유인의 성인이 가장 크게 만족에 미치고, 마찬가지로 유인의 성인이 재방문의도에도 가장 크게 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 동기가 재방문의도에미치는 영향관계에서 만족이 매개하는 것으로 나타났고, 동기 중에 유인의 성인만 완전매개하는 것으로나타났다. 이러한 결과는 순례자들은 김대건 신부의 탄생지인 솔뫼성지는 김대건 신부 때문에 방문하는것으로 나타났다. 따라서 솔뫼성지는 김대건 신부의 탄생지로 그에 맞게 정체성 있는 관리를 해야 순례자들이 지속적인 방문이 이루어진다는 것을 시사한다.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the function of art represented in Keats's two great odes, “Ode to a Nightingale” and “Ode on a Grecian Urn.” “Ode to a Nightingale” appeals to auditory art, while ignoring the visual. “Ode on a Grecian Urn” stresses the visual and representational features. The former depicts the transitoriness and temporality of musical art, while the latter reveals social features of visual art which soothe the sufferings of human world. The nightingale flies away from the speaker who remains in pain, whereas the urn allows the speaker(audience) to connect with the art in eternity. The poet in “Ode to a Nightingale” realizes that the bird's song cannot deliver him from his painful life. The nightingale of “Ode to a Nightingale” is separated from humanity and therefore has no human concerns. However, the physicality of the urn serves as a component in describing the relationship between art and humanity. The urn requires audience to interact with humanity. The narrator rejoices in happy aspects of the scene, in a manner which reverses the claims made about art in “Ode to a Nightingale.” The figures on the urn are able to enjoy their beauty and passion because of their artistic permanence.
In this paper, we have examined Japanese yen behavior in real and nominal sense since 1988 until now in each sub-period, subdividing the whole sample period into multiple sub-periods according to the cycles of Japanese yen fluctuations. Japanese monetary policy is effective in changing the real exchange behavior in the short run through the change in the real interest rate. Facing the economic downturns, the Japanese monetary authority lowered the real interest rate, which resulted in the Japanese real yen depreciation, while facing economic upturns it increased the real interest rate, resulting in the Japanese yen real appreciation. This empirical result says that the Japanese monetary policy faced with economic downturns or upturns was successful in smoothing economic fluctuations. The other striking empirical evidence is that Japanese real yen depreciation was induced by the relative stagnant productivity of Japanese tradable sectors. During the whole sample period(the first quarter 1989-the fourth quarter of 2014), 1% fall of Japanese productivity of tradable goods relative to that of United States causes the bilateral(Japn versus U.S.) real yen to decrease by 0.3%. The relative stagnant Japanese economy to the U.S., accompanying the relative fall in the tradable goods’ productivity causes the Japanese real yen to depreciate, which helps recovering the troubled Japanese economy a little bit. To sum, Japanese monetary policy is effective in smoothing the business cycle, while the Japanese real yen deprecation due to the stagnant Japanese economy reltive to U.S. may be helpful in recovering the troubled economy. 본 논문은 1988년 이후 현재까지 일어난 엔화의 변동 사이클을 기간별로 특정하여 엔화가치의 단기적 변동을 초래한 통화량 변동과 같은 명목적 요인과 엔화의 중장기적 변화를 초래하는 교역재 부문의 생산성의 변화와 같은 실질적 요인을 실증적으로 분석하고 식별하였다. 설정한 모든 기간에서 나타난 현상은 아니지만, 단기적 경기침체에 대응하는 일본의 통화 팽창정책은 실질 이자율을 떨어뜨리고 이것이 엔화가치의 실질적 하락을 초래하면서 일본의 대외 경쟁력을 회복시키는 데 기여하였다. 또한 단기적 경기확장에 대응한 일본의 긴축적 통화정책은 실질이자율을 상승시키고 이것이 엔화의 실질 가치를 증가시켜 일본의 수출 경쟁력을 둔화시켜 경기변동을 순화시키는 데 기여하였다. 일본의 실질환율의 변동은 통화량 변동과 같은 명목 충격이외에 생산성 충격과 같은 요인에 의해 영향을 받았다. 일본의 경제 침체에서 비롯된 일본 교역재 부문 생산성 하락이 엔화의 실질가치를 하락시켰다. 추정한 결과에 의하면, 전 표본기간(1989년 1사분기-2014년 4사분기) 동안, 미국 대비 일본의 교역재 부문의 생산성이 1% 하락할 때 일본 엔화의 실질가치는 달러화에 비하여 0.3% 하락하였다. 즉 교역재 부문의 상대적 생산성의 하락이 엔화의 실질가치를 하락시켜 일본의 대외 경쟁력을 부분적으로 나마 중-장기적으로 회복시키는 데 기여했다고 볼 수 있다. 요약하면 일본의 경기변동에 대응한 통화정책은 유효하였고, 일본 경제의 상대적 침체에서 비롯된 엔화의 실질가치의 하락이 일본 경제를 침체의 늪에서 벗어나는데 어느 정도 기여했다고 볼 수 있다.
This paper explores William Blake’s Visions of the Daughters of Albion in order to demonstrate the extent to which the poet shares Mary Wollstonecraft’s feministic views, but also to show how his emphasis on desire and passion distinguishes itself from those views, in particular Wollstonecraft’s faith in reason and her distrust of sexuality. Blake re-examines Wollstonecraft’s “denial of sexual virtue” through the characters of Oothoon and other daughters of England in his Visions, revising her rationalistic philosophy. He further attempts to correct the history of patriarchal error rooted in the thought of Urizen (the “primeval priest” who represents alienated reason as the source of oppression. in Blake’s The Book of Urizen).