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1990년대 한국의 공연예술은 당시의 세기말적인 극단적 소비문화에 따른 상업적인 추세에 편승하여 과도하게 외형적으로 비대해짐으로써 본질적인 인간자체의 문화가 소외되는 형태로 흐르는 경향이 있었 다. 이러한 문제의식을 가지고 출발한 2인극 페스티벌은 연극의 근본 요소인 배우와 사회의 기본 단위인 인간을 화두로 삼고, 인간과 사회의 ‘소통의 시작이자 작은 완성’이라고 할 수 있는 두 사람의 관계를 주 제로 하여, 인간과 문화예술이 긴밀하게 만나 생명력을 얻고, 더 나아가서 모든 생명의 생존과 번영을 위 한 적극적인 움직임을 실천할 수 있는 행동하는 공연예술축제를 만들어나가고자 기획되었다. 2인극 페스 티벌은 ‘최소 단위 인간관계의 성찰을 통한 연극 기본정신의 부활’과 ‘인간과 인간 사이의 소통에 대한 극적인 탐구’를 목적으로 개개인의 사고와 움직임의 다양성을 인정하고 수용하여, 새로운 공동체적 결과 물을 만들어 내고자 하였으며, 무대와 무대가 아닌 곳을 무대로, 관객과 적극적으로 만나는 방법을 모색 하고 거침없이 관객 속으로 다가가며, 소외된 주제, 소외된 장르, 소외된 관객을 위해 다방면적인 작업형 태로 상호 충돌하여 파장을 일으킬 수 있는 ‘축제형태의 공동체 작업’을 지향하는 공연예술축제이다. 본 연구의 목적은 독창적인 형태의 2인극 페스티벌에 대한 연구를 통하여 2인극 페스티벌의 정체성을 확립 하는데 기여하고, 이를 통해 2인극 페스티벌의 문화적 가치와 축제적 성격에 대한 가치 분석을 시도함으 로써 향후에 전개될 2인극 페스티벌에 대한 다양한 연구의 토대를 마련하고, 향후에 개최 될 2인극 페스 티벌에 대한 발전적 개최 방향을 제시하는 계기를 삼고자 했다. The performance art in Korea in 1990's was in the tendency of isolating the human’s own substantial culture, after growing extremely bigger externally riding on the commercial trend following the radical consumption decadence culture at that time. The two-hander festival, initiated with such a sense of problem, had been planned taking the actor, a fundamental element of drama, and the mankind, a basic unit of the society, as a topic of the conversation. It was intended to make the behaving performance art festival in which vitality is obtained through the close contact of mankind and culture & art with the theme taking the relation of two persons, which can be regarded as ‘a start and a little completion of the communication’ of the mankind and society, as a subject for practicing positive actions for the life and prosperity of all lives, in addition. The purposes of two-hander festival are ‘the revival of drama’s basic mind through introspection of minimum unit of human relations’ and ‘the dramatic quest for the communication between the human beings.’ It tried to produce the outcome of new community by admitting and accommodating the variety of individual thinking and actions. It also tried to find out how to meet with the audience positively, by approaching into the audience unrestrictedly on the stage as well as a stage but not a stage. It is a performance art festival aiming the ‘festival type community work’ that can generate waves by mutual collision in the form of diversified works for isolated theme, isolated genre, and isolated audience. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the establishment of two-hander festival’s identity through the research on the unique type two-hander festival, and aiming the value analysis of the cultural value and its festive characteristics of two-hander festival. It has intended to provide a basis for various researches on the two-hander festival developed from now on and to make an opportunity to propose the improved direction of the two-hander festival for the future.
Recycled aggregate, produced by crushing waste concrete, can be used for many purposes. The use of recycled aggregate can save money for our society, create additional business opportunities, save energy when recycling is done on site, and conserve diminishing resources of urban aggregates. However the usage is limited to a lower value-add product such as the roadbed material. While the research and the development have been performed to produce the high quality recycled aggregate, recycled fine aggregate has low quality because it contains large amount of old mortar. To produce the high quality recycled aggregate, breaking and washing process must be added to the existing process to remove the ingredient of old mortar from aggregate. This paper is aim to develop the high quality recycled aggregate. The ingredient of cement paste is removed from recycled fine aggregate using both the low speed wet abrasional crusher as mechanical process and the acid treatment as chemical processes. Consequently, the optimum condition for this process is investigated for high quality recycled fine aggregate by using the design of experiments. For the result, recycled fine aggregate with dry density 2.51 and absorption ratio 2.3%, satisfying Korean standard for recycled fine aggregate, was made by this mechanical and chemical process.
본 연구에서는 블록형 보강토 옹벽에 경사계, 침하계, 토압계, 수직 및 수형 변위계, 스트레인게이지 등의 각종 계측기를 매설하여 시공 중 및 시공 후의 보강토 옹벽의거동과 전면벽체에 작용하는 수평토압의 크기 및 분포형태. 그리드에 발현되는 변형 형태 및 인장력의 크기와 침하특성 등을 옹벽의 직선부와 곡선부로 구분하여 분석하였다. Uses of geosynthetics as a reinforcing material for earth structures have ever increased due to their excellent economy. fine external appearance. and easy construction. In the current practice of geosynthetics. however, the lacks of the standardized method of evaluating the soil/geosynthetics friction properties and the inconsistency of conventional design methods develop confusion to the civil engineers. The purpose of site monitoring of the retaining wall reinforced by geogrids was to evaluate the applicability of existing design methods to, and performance of. CHAMSTONE wall system. Full scale field performance during and after construction was monitored by incorporating instrumentation including strain gauges on the geogrid and soil pressure cells. The difference of the reinforcing effects of geosynthetics embedded in the soil will be also investigated by comparing of the line and curve types of retaining wall reinforced by geogrids with block type facings
For utilization of Electric Arc Furnace Slag’s high added value, KS F 4571 was revised, so the institutional environment to use concrete aggregate was prepared. But, it has hardly been reported how much the slag occurring in actual steel-making plants meets KS requirements. Therefore, this study was intended to analyze various engineering features of electric arc furnace slag, which occur in diverse kinds of electric arc furnace process to manufacture reinforcing rebar, hot roll, and shape steel, in accordance with KS and relevant standards. The test results from this study showed that electric arc furnace slag occurring in Korea didn’t meet the standards relating to many physical properties, such as water absorption, grading, unit volume weight, and material passing standard sieve 0.08 mm which are required for concrete aggregate and are prescribed in KS F 4571, and therefore that something is needed to be improved. Regarding chemical properties, heavy metal solubility based on official wastes test method, CaO and FeO were met, but content of MgO related to expansion and basicity exceeded or came close to standards. Therefore, it was found that some measures should be taken to address the issue.
Replacement aggregate source like as electric arc furnace slag will be important more and more in the domestic construction field. Recently KS F 4715 was revised in order to utilize electric arc furnace slag as concrete aggregate. However, stability for an actual structure has not been confirmed sufficiently. Therefore, more careful attention should be paid on the quality management of slag aggregate. To evaluate the volume stability of electric arc furnace slag, a method of immersion expansion for evaluating road aggregate has been used. These conventional method needs long time, so there are many demands from industry for fast testing method. This paper is intended to evaluate whether the acceleration test method in the hydro thermal condition is proper or not, and find the correlations between the volume expansion and oxide compounds of slag aggregate. The test results indicates that the acceleration test method has sufficient possibility as a way of evaluating the safety of electric arc furnace slag, and that there is no correlations between the volume expansion of mortar bar with slag aggregate and the oxide compositions of slag aggregate, but the main cause of the pop-out phenomenon is the MgO content of slag aggregate.
본 연구에서는 하천제방 배수통문의 안정성 평가를 위하여 배수통문 설치에 따른 영향, 차수공 길이에 의한 영향, 배수통문 하부지반 투수성 저하에 따른 영향 등을 평가하고자 2차원 침투해석을 수행하였다. 해석결과 배수통문 설치에 따라 하천제방의 침투 및 사면안정성이 저하되며, 흥벽 및 선단 하부에 설치되는 차수공은 배수통문 주변의 다짐 불량 및 공동에 의해 발생되는 파이핑을 방지할 수 있으므로, 해수통문 설계 시 반드시 설치가 요구되며, 중앙부 차수공의 경 In this study, 2-D seepage analysis is conducted for the evaluation of Box-Culvert installation, Cut-off Wall Length, permeability reduction of soil under the Box-Culvert effects on Levee Box-Culvert safety. The result of analysis it is obtained that the
This Research is focused on development of extracting and operating a model from BIM service system by usin the cloud computing technology to improve architectural design processes for next generation. By using the cloud computing system, this research would provide the optimized environments of cooperation and open BIM circumstance to support small/medium architectural firms.