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The first purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of children's house day care center teachers' human right sensitivity and job stress on their perception of the child abuse. The second one was to test the mediating effects of the job stress in the relation between their human rights sensitivity and their perception of the child abuse. For this purpose, the researcher randomized the distribution of the questionnaires to the day care centre teachers who are working for the children's houses in Seoul and the capital region. The returned 239 questionnaires out of 250 were then statistically analyzed. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, as a result of analyzing the effects of subjects' demographic variables, human right sensitivity and job stress on their perception of child abuse, it was found that their human right sensitivity, job stress and marital status affected their perception of child abuse. Secondly, subjects' job stress was found to partially mediate the relationship between their human right sensitivity and perception of child abuse. Based on the findings, this study suggests a number of policy measures to improve day care center teachers' perception of child abuse and enhance their nursing service quality ultimately. 본 연구의 목적은 어린이집 보육교사의 인권감수성, 직무스트레스가 아동학대인식에 미치는 영향력을 살펴보고, 인권감수성과 아동학대인식의 관계에서 직무스트레스의 매개효과를 검증하는데 있다. 이를 토대로 정책적 함의를 제시하였다. 연구 대상은 서울·경인지역 어린이집에 근무하는 보육교사를 대상으로 설문조사를 진행하였으며, 최종 회수된 246부 중 239부를 통계자료로 활용하였다.. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 21.0 프로그램을 사용하여 빈도분석, Pearson의 상관관계분석, 다중회귀분석, 매개효과검증을 위해 Sobel-test를 실시하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 보육교사의 인권감수성, 직무스트레스, 결혼여부가 아동학대인식에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.. 둘째, 보육교사의 인권감수성이 직무스트레스의 하위요인 중 업무 과부하, 학부모와의 관계를 매개하여 아동학대인식에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구결과에 근거하여 보육교사의 아동학대인식 증진과 보육서비스 향상을 위한 정책 제언을 제시하였다.
Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of genetically modified (GM) food promotion and education through the blog. Methods: Education program for consumer-oriented GM foods by the blog was developed and survey was performed by the visitors for totals of twelve weeks. The blog was formed by information (definition, mark etc.) offering style and named as "Correct knowing of genetically modified organisms (GMO)." Event was held to enhance the promotion of the blog from the week 9 to week 12. Results: Visitors of the final week increased 4 times, as compared to those of the starting the event week 9. Most of the 138 consumers (94.5%) did not have prior GMO education experience. The 97 consumers aged 20 years old showed significantly the highest ratios in the experience of blog or website (p<0.01). Comparing before and after the blog education, notification on GM foods and willingness to buy GMO products, the benefit of GMO, willingness to check GMO mark when buying GMO products showed positive change of GM foods (p<0.05). Conclusion: Over 80% answered that the blog helped to understand the GM foods. Thus, we conclude using blog is effective way of GM food promotion and education and continuous efforts are needed to maintain an active blog for the consumer's rights of knowledge about GM foods.
This paper analyzes the factors that influence what kinds of preferences consumers display with respect to channel bundles provided by multichannel services (cable TV, DBS and IPTV) in Korea, focusing on consumers’ media use behaviors as key determinants. For the analysis, we use the mixed logit model and estimate the coefficients of interaction terms between household attributes and characteristics of the channel bundles offered by multichannel services. We find that households that prefer channel bundles composed of higher viewer-rating programs have a tendency to spend more time watching terrestrial broadcaster’s programs than other TV programs and allocate more time for surfing the internet; that households that prefer channel bundles featuring various genres are likely to spend more time surfing the internet and watching VOD via TV or other digital devices; and that single dwellers or married couples without children have preferences for channel bundles composed of more watched channels, while upper-income households are less sensitive to price.
Purpose: Presenteeism is a relatively new concept in nursing describing the condition within which registered nurses (RNs) come to work while they are sick. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe presenteeism experiences among RNs in South Korea. Methods: In this constructivist grounded theory study, a focus group interview (FGI) technique was utilized for data collection. A total of 20 RNs at one hospital in Chuncheon city joined in three different FGIs. Semistructured questions were asked in reference to their sickness experience in the workplace. Data analysis was conducted according to the constructivist grounded theory methodology. Results: All participants had experiences of presenteeism. The overriding theme was “having no caring for nurses leads to losing one's nursing mind”. The participants reported that due to either their personal preference or peer pressure they showed up to work, but they felt sad and their pride was hurt by the fact that there was no caring for them from other nurses. This emotional exhaustion often led to the loss of compassion and the resignation of nursing staff. Conclusions: Care for nurses in the workplace is necessary for RNs to make their presenteeism experience positive and even effective.
Korea government has a plan to supply 0.15 million units of public housing for the improvement of housing stability of various types of career starting households till 2017. Unlike the previous public rental housing policy more focused on a low income household, this project potentially targets on vulnerable social groups, such as university students/graduates, newlyweds, and elders, in terms of housing welfare/service. According to the 2015 Newlyweds’ National Housing Panel Survey, the percent of the newlyweds with the intention of moving into public rental housing is approximately 48%, and the newlyweds without the intention mostly concern about negative awareness of public housing. While there has much attention to the characteristics of public housing and residential satisfaction on public housing, the mechanism through which the newlyweds as a potential market demander make the decision to live in public rental housing is still questionable. This study aims to provide basic information on implication on public rental housing supply for the improvement of settlement environment by empirically analyzing the factors affecting the intention of the newlyweds to move into public rental housing. Employing the 2015 Newlyweds’ National Housing Panel Survey, we found that dual-income, relocation, metropolitan residents, housing policy, and living-supportive policy are positively associated with the intention of moving into public rental housing at the 0.05 level. However, householder age, education, increase in the number of children, increase in gross income, and monthly rent are significantly associated. Therefore, the expansion of living-stabilization and linkage into housing supply policy will be effective in increasing occupancy intention of public rental housing of the newlyweds. 현 정부는 신혼가구, 사회초년생 등 젊은 세대의 주거안정을 위해 2017년까지 총 15만호의 행복주택을 전국적으로 공급할 예정이다. 기존 공공 임대주택은 저소득 가구에 초점을 두고 있으나, 최근 도입된 행복주택은 보다 포용적 관점에서 소득 이외에 다양한 사회 취약계층(대학생, 사회초년생, 신혼부부, 노인계층 등)으로까지 정책 수혜 대상을 확대 적용하고 있다. '2015년도 신혼부부 가구 주거실태 패널조사'에 따르면 공공주택에 입주할 의향이 있는 신혼가구는 48%로 나타났고, 입주의향이 없는 이유로 29.7%가 사회적 인식 때문이라는 결과가 나타났다. 신혼가구의 안정적인 삶의 위해서 공공임대주택을 공급하고 있지만, 실제 수요계층인 신혼가구는 공공임대주택의 입주를 꺼리는 것으로 나타나고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 신혼가구의 특성을 반영하여 가구, 주거, 제도, 정책 선호 특성이 공공주택 입주의향에 미친 영향을 규명함으로써 신혼가구의 안정적인 정주환경 조성을 위한 주택공급 측면의 정책 시사점을 도출하고 정책 수립에 기초 자료를 제공하는데 목적이 있다. 분석결과 입주의향 인식변화에 통계적으로 유의미한 (+)영향을 미치는 요인은 맞벌이 가구, 이사경험, 수도권 거주, 주택마련정책, 생활안정정책으로 나타났고, (-)영향을 미치는 요인은 가구주 나이, 학력, 자녀수증가, 총소득증가, 월세로 나타났다. 따라서 신혼가구 공공주택 입주의향을 높이기 위해서는 생활안정정책의 확대 및 주택정책과의 연계 적용이 고려될 필요가 있다.
Objective: The purpose of this research was to establish the differences of ground reaction force variables and sensations according to the foot types and the structures of the inner arch support band during 2nd vertical ballet jump. Method: 12 Female ballet majors in their twenties who have danced for more than 10 years and had no injuries were selected for this research. Independent variables consist of the foot type (pes rectus, pes planus) and the structure of the inner arch support band (no band, x-shaped, linear shaped). Dependent variables consist of ground reaction force variables and relative wearing sensation. Results: The impact decreased the most when x-shaped bands were used on pes rectus and rigid pes planus. When linear-shaped bands were used on flexible pes planus, the impact decreased. Conclusion: The bands also helped reduce the impact on pes rectus. Furthermore, it is clear that according to the foot type, the impact reducing band structures perform differently. The inner arch support bands were necessary for jump training for any foot type.
In this research, we’ve carried out a geo-posi- tioning accuracy test for the unaccessable area using Pleiades 1A satellite image which was captured in 2014 for the city of Yakutsk, Russia with 50 cm spatial resolution. The research area has been considered as a candidate site for the oversea resources development and on-site ﬁeld surveying of the area has not been possible so far. Therewere two difﬁculties to use Pleiades 1A for the research area. First, we had to use inac- curate ground control points due to inaccessibility of research area. Second, there were huge differences between real-world terrain of Yakutsk and the calculated height range by the normalized offset and scale parameters of the vendor-pro- vided rational polynomial coefﬁcients (RPCs).We’ve tried to enhance geo-positioning accuracy by sorting out these two difﬁculties and ﬁnally tried to evaluate the usability of Pleiades 1A for the unaccessible area. We’ve applied the direct method for RPCs reﬁnement by using control points captured from Google Earth and ASTER Global Digital Elevation Models (GDEM). As a result of this method, we were able to improve the vertical-accuracy signiﬁcantly. However we also found that this method didn’t improve the horizontal-accuracy, because of low accuracy of reference points fromGoogle Earth orGDEM. It is required to carry out additional research to improve the geo-positioning accuracy of Pleiades 1A image for the unaccessible area.
A transition-metal-free and regioselective synthesis of a series of 2-amino-4-alkoxypyrimidines is described. The SNAr alkoxylation of 2,4-dichloropyrimidines regioselectively provided 2-chloro-4-alkoxypyrimidines, which were subsequently subject to the second SNAr amination with cyclic amines in the presence of triethylamine at high temperature to afford 2-amino-4-alkoxypyrimidines in good overall yield.