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        • KCI등재

          보라우무 메탄올추출물의 HT-29 대장암세포 증식 억제 효과

          김은지,박소영,홍지은,신민정,임순성,신현경,윤정한,Kim, Eun-Ji,Park, So-Young,Hong, Ji-Eun,Shin, Min-Jeong,Lim, Soon-Sung,Shin, Hyun-Kyung,YoonPark, Jung-Han 한국식품영양과학회 2007 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.36 No.4

          해조류는 다양한 생리 활성을 나타내는 성분들을 함유하고 있어 항산화효과 등 다양한 생리활성 효과를 나타내는 것으로 보고되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 식용 가능한 28종의 해조류 메탄올추출물 중 보라우무 메탄올추출물이 인간의 대장에서 유래한 암세포인 HT-29세포의 세포증식을 억제함을 밝혔고, 가장 강한 HT-29 세포 증식 억제 효과를 나타낸 보라우무 메탄올추출물의 대장암세포 증식억제 기전을 밝히고자 하였다. 보라우무 메탄올추출물을 HT-29 세포 배양액에 여러 농도$(0{\sim}20{\mu}g/mL)$로 첨가하여 세포를 배양한 경우 보라우무 메탄올추출물 처리 농도가 증가할수록 세포증식이 현저히 감소하였고, apoptotic cell수는 현저히 증가하였다. Apoptosis의 주요한 조절인자인 Bcl-2 family 단백질 중 Bcl-2는 보라우무 메탄올추출물에 의해 변화가 없었고 Bax는 고농도에서만 소폭 감소하였다. 반면, t-Bid 단백질 수준은 보라우무 메탄올추출물의 처리에 의해 현저하게 증가하였다 Bcl-2 family Protein과 더불어 apoptosis의 조절에 주요한 역할을 하는 caspase 단백질의 경우 보라우무메탄올추출물 처리에 의해 cleaved caspase-8, -9, -7, -3 단백질 수준이 현저히 증가하였고, cleaved PARP 단백질수준도 현저히 증가하였다. 또한, caspase-8의 활성화를 유도하는 Fas 단백질 수준도 보라우무 메탄올추출물에 의해 현저하게 증가하였다. 이 결과로부터 보라우무 메탄올추출물은 caspase-8의 활성 증가에 의한 미토콘드리아 막 투과성 변화와 caspase-7/-3 활성의 증가를 통해 apoptosis를 유도함으로써 암세포의 증식을 억제한다는 결론을 내릴 수 있다. 본 연구는 보라우무를 항암효과를 지니는 기능성식품이나 항암제로 개발할 수 있는 가능성을 제시하고 있으며 향후 보라우무를 이용한 제품의 개발을 위해서는 유효성분의 동정 및 그 성분의 작용 기전에 대한 면밀한 추가 연구가 필요할 것으로 보인다. In the present study, twenty eight marine algae species were evaluated for their antiproliferative effect on HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Among these, the methanolic extract of Symphyocladia latiuscula (SL Ex) showed the highest inhibitory activity on HT-29 cell growth. In this study, we examined the mechanism by which SL Ex inhibited the HT-29 cell growth. Cells were cultured with various concentrations of $(0{\sim}20{\mu}g/mL)$ SL Ex. The SL Ex substantially decreased the viable cell numbers and induced apoptosis of HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner Western blot analyses of total cell lysates revealed that SL Ex increased the levels of cleaved caspase-8, -9, -7, and -3, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in HT-29 cells. In addition, SL Ex increased truncated Bid levels but moderately decreased Bax levels at only $20{\mu}g/mL$. Furthermore, SL Ex did not affect Bcl-2 protein levels but increased the levels of Fas in HT-29 cells. The present results indicate that SL Ex inhibits cell growth via inducing apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. The mechanism of apoptosis induction by SL Ex involves caspase-8 activation leading to changes in mitochondrial events and subsequent activation of the caspase-7/caspase-3 cascade. Our finding may lead to the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of colon cancer.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Phanerochaete chrysosporium 변이주에서의 Cellobiose Dehydrogenase(CDH)와 $\beta$-Glucosidase 활성 향상

          김은지,강성우,송광호,한성옥,김재진,김승욱,Kim, Eun-Ji,Kang, Seong-Woo,Song, Kwang-Ho,Han, Sung-Ok,Kim, Jae-Jin,Kim, Seung-Wook 한국화학공학회 2011 Korean Chemical Engineering Research(HWAHAK KONGHA Vol.49 No.1

          Hemoflavoenzyme으로서 cellobiose dehydrogenase(CDH)는 셀룰로오스를 분해하는 과정에서 세포 외부로 분비되는 효소로서 amorphous cellulose와 강하게 결합하여 셀룰라아제(cellulase)에 의해 microcrystalline cellulose의 가수분해를 증가시킨다. 따라서 CDH는 바이오 에탄올 생산의 당화공정에서 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 예상된다. 여러 백색부후균으로부터 CDH 생산이 높은 Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 32629 균주를 선정하였으며, 균주로부터 생산된 CDH 효소활성의 최적 온도와 pH는 각각 ${55^{\circ}C}$와 4이었다. CDH 활성을 증가시키기 위하여 P. chrysosporium ATCC 32629 균주를 돌연변이시켰다. 돌연변이는 새로운 시도로써 국부적으로 큰 에너지를 줄 수 있는 특징을 가진 양성자 빔을 이용하였다. 양성자 빔 조사 후 사멸율이 약 99.9%인 1.2 kGy에서 CDH 활성이 증가된 변이주를 얻었다. 선별된 변이주와 모균주를 액체배양했을 때 변이주가 모균주보다 CDH와 $\beta$-glucosidase 활성이 각각 약 1.4배와 20배 증가하였다. 따라서, CDH 뿐만 아니라 $\beta$-glucosidase 활성이 높은 P. chrysosporium 변이주를 확보하였다. Cellobiose dehydrogenase(CDH) as a hemoflavoenzyme is secreted out of cell in the cellulose degradation. As CDH strongly bound to amorphous cellulose, it helps cellulose hydrolysis by cellulase. CDH may have an important role of saccharification process for bioethanol production. In this study, Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 32629 was selected for the production of CDH among other strains tested. The optimal temperature and pH of CDH produced by P. chrysosporium ATCC 32629 were ${55^{\circ}C}$ and 4, respectively. To improve the activity of CDH, the mutation of P. chrysosporium was performed using proton beam that has high energy level partially. As a result, P. chrysosporium mutant with the high activity was selected at 1.2 kGy in a range of 99.9% lethal rate. The CDH and $\beta$-glucosidase activities of mutant were 1.4 fold and 20 fold higher than those of wild strain. Therefore, P. chrysosporium mutant with the high activities of CDH and $\beta$-glucosidase was obtained from mutation by proton beam irradiation.

        • KCI등재

          실리콘 상온 전해 도금 박막 제조 및 전기화학적 특성 평가

          김은지,신헌철,Kim, Eun-Ji,Shin, Heon-Cheol 한국재료학회 2012 한국재료학회지 Vol.22 No.1

          Silicon-based thin film was prepared at room temperature by an electrochemical deposition method and a feasibility study was conducted for its use as an anode material in a rechargeable lithium battery. The growth of the electrodeposits was mainly concentrated on the surface defects of the Cu substrate while that growth was trivial on the defect-free surface region. Intentional formation of random defects on the substrate by chemical etching led to uniform formation of deposits throughout the surface. The morphology of the electrodeposits reflected first the roughened surface of the substrate, but it became flattened as the deposition time increased, due primarily to the concentration of reduction current on the convex region of the deposits. The electrodeposits proved to be amorphous and to contain chlorine and carbon, together with silicon, indicating that the electrolyte is captured in the deposits during the fabrication process. The silicon in the deposits readily reacted with lithium, but thick deposits resulted in significant reaction overvoltage. The charge efficiency of oxidation (lithiation) to reduction (delithiation) was higher in the relatively thick deposit. This abnormal behavior needs to clarified in view of the thickness dependence of the internal residual stress and the relaxation tendency of the reaction-induced stress due to the porous structure of the deposits and the deposit components other than silicon.

        • KCI등재

          황백(黃柏)이 토끼의 전립선요도압 및 혈압에 미치는 영향

          김은지,한양희,Kim, Eun-ji,Han, Yang-hee 대한한방내과학회 2017 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.38 No.2

          Objective: This study was undertaken to examine the effect of Cortex Phellodendri on prostatic urethral pressure and mean arterial blood pressure of rabbits. Methods: To measure prostatic urethral pressure and mean arterial blood pressure, a Mikro-Tip catheter transducer was inserted and positioned in the prostatic urethra and left carotid artery. After a stabilizing period, phenylephrine ($1{\mu}/kg$) was intravenously administered two or three times to increase the urethral pressure and mean arterial blood pressure. Cortex Phellodendri (2.5 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg doses of Cortex Phellodendri extracted from 80% Ethanol) was administered intravenously, followed by phenylephrine, with no time interval between the doses. The urethral pressure and mean arterial blood pressure were then measured to determine whether they had stabilized. Results and Conclusion: Cortex Phellodendri appeared to inhibit phenylephrine-induced increases in prostatic urethral pressure and mean arterial blood pressure.

        • KCI등재

          파킨슨병 환자의 진전이 한의학적 치료로 호전된 치험 1례

          김은지,황동규,최기훈,홍은기,Kim, Eun-ji,Hwang, Dong-gyu,Choi, Ki-hoon,Hong, Eun-gi 대한한방내과학회 2017 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.38 No.2

          Objective: To describe the effects of traditional Korean medicine (TKM) on a patient diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Methods: The patient was treated with Korean medicine, including pharmacopuncture, acupuncture, and Chungpajunsin-bang. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and modified Hoehn and Yahr staging (H-Y stage) were used to measure changes in amplitude and improvements in the patient's symptoms. Results: After treatment with the Korean medicine, according to the UPDRS and H-Y stage assessments, the patient's tremor improved, with the tremor amplitude decreasing from 30 cm to 5 cm. Conclusions: We suggest that TKM could be effective in reducing tremor in Parkinson's disease.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          중등도 신생아 호흡 곤란 증후군에서 폐 표면 활성제 조기 투여 후 Nasal CPAP의 치료 효과

          김은지,김혜숙,허만회,이상길,Kim, Eun Ji,Kim, Hae Sook,Hur, Man Hoe,Lee, Sang Geel 대한소아청소년과학회 2002 Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics (CEP) Vol.45 No.10

          목 적 : 신생아 호흡 곤란 증후군에서 폐 표면 활성제의 조기 투여와 연성 환기, 고빈도 환기요법과 공격적 인공호흡기 이탈은 신생아 호흡 곤란 증후군 치료의 기본이다. 하지만, 침습적인 기도삽관에 의한 인공호흡기 치료보다 비침습적인 폐 표면 활성제의 조기투여와 nasal CPAP 병용치료의 적용 가능성을 확인하고자 본 연구를 시행하였다. 방 법 : 1999년 1월부터 2001년 8월까지 본원 출생아로서 중등도 신생아 호흡 곤란 증후군으로 진단된 환아 중 생후 2시간 이내 폐 표면 활성제의 조기 투여 후 nasal CPAP의 호기 말 양압을 5-6 cm $H_2O$로 설정하여 임상경과를 관찰한 14례를 연구군으로 하고, 인공호흡기 치료 후 5일 이내 조기이탈이 가능했던 15례를 대상으로 병력, 흉부 방사선 소견, SMR, 임상경과, 산소화 지수를 병력지를 이용하여 후향적으로 분석 하였다. 결 과 : 1) 대상아의 특징 : 평균 재태 연령은 연구군이 $32.3{\pm}1.7$주이고, 대조군은 31.3${\pm}1.5$주이었고, 평균 출생체중은 연구군이 $1,730{\pm}290gm$, 대조군이 $1,620{\pm}350gm$이었으며, 남녀 성비는 연구군이 10 : 4, 대조군이 6 : 9로 양군간에 유의한 차이가 없었다. 2) 양군에서 출생시 RDS의 정도 및 검사 소견의 비교 : 연구군에서 SMR은 $9.8{\pm}6.5$개, 대조군에서 $10.7{\pm}3.1$개, 흉부방사선 소견상 Bomsel grade 2 이상이 연구군에서 12례, 대조군에서 15례, 임상증상은 빈호흡이 연구군에서 11례, 대조군에서 9례, 흉부함몰은 연구군에서 10례, 대조군에서 8례, 신음호흡은 연구군에서 10례, 대조군에서 7례였고, 1분과 5분 Apgar 점수는 연구군이 각각 $6.9{\pm}1.3$, $8.4{\pm}0.8$, 대조군이 각각 $6.5{\pm}1.2$, $8.1{\pm}0.5$, 동맥혈 가스 분석상 pH, $PaCO_2$는 연구군이 각각 $7.3{\pm}0.1$, $51.3{\pm}14.1mmHg$, 대조군이 각각 $7.3{\pm}0.1$, $45.6{\pm}14.6mmHg$으로 신생아 호흡 곤란 증후군의 중등도 비교에서 양군은 유의한 차이가 없었다. 3) 양군에서 치료과정 중 동맥혈 가스 분석 및 호흡지표의 변화(생후 6-12시간 사이의 경과) : 호흡기치료과정 중 동맥혈 가스 분석 검사상 pH 및 $PaCO_2$의 평균치는 연구군에서 각각 $7.39{\pm}0.1$, $39.1{\pm}7.9$, 대조군에서 각각 $7.38{\pm}0.1$, $35.4{\pm}8.5$, 산소화 지수의 평균치는 연구군에서 $9.1{\pm}1.3$, 대조군에서 $8.34{\pm}1.7$로 양군에서 유의한 차이가 없었다. 4) 연구군에서 임상적 경과 및 CPAP 치료에 대한 반응도 : 연구군에서 임상적 경과가 악화되어 인공호흡기 치료가 필요했던 경우는 14례 중 2례(14.3%)이었고, 12례(85.7%)에서는 성공적으로 치료되어 인공호흡기 치료가 필요없었다. 실패한 2례 중 1례는 임상경과 중 호흡지표의 악화로 인공호흡기 치료로 전환된 경우이고 나머지 1례는 장치 후 6시간 이내에 제반증상의 악화로 보존적 인공호흡기 치료로 전환된 경우이다. 성공적으로 치료된 경우 지속적 양압 환기기간은 평균 5일이었고 평균 호기말 양압은 $5.4{\pm}0.5cm$ $H_2O$이었다. 5) 양군에서 합병증의 비교 : 동맥관 개존증은 대조군에서 2례(14.3%)있었고, 병기(stage) 3 이상의 미숙아 망막증은 연구군에서 1례, 대조군에서 3례 있었으며, 뇌실내 출혈은 연구군에서 3례, 대조군에서 2례 있었고, 뇌실주위백질연화증은 연구군에서 1례, 대조군에서 3례 있었으며, 공기 누출 Purpose : Early surfactant therapy with either gentle ventilation, high-frequency ventilation or aggressive weaning of mechanical ventilation are principles for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome(RDS). We studied to determine the accessibility of noninvasive nasal continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP) rather than mechanical ventilation by invasive intubation after early surfactant therapy. Methods : The study group consisted of 14 infants who were born and diagnosed with moderate respiratory distress syndrome and received early surfactant therapy with nasal CPAP of PEEP 5-6 cm $H_2O$ within two hours after birth in the Fatima neonatal intensive care unit for two years from January 1999 to August 2001. The control group consisted of 15 infants who were diagnosed with the disease and could be weaned from mechanical ventilator within five days after birth during the same period. Results : The characteristics, the severity of clinical symptoms and laboratory findings in the two groups at birth showed no significant difference. Neither did the interim analysis of laboratory data in two groups. Of 14 infants in the study group who received nasal CPAP after early surfactant therapy, only two infants showed weaning failure with this therapy. In the response cases, duration of CPAP was five days and mean airway pressure was $5.4{\pm}0.5cm$ $H_2O$. Two had the complication of CPAP with abdominal distension. Final complications and outcomes in the two groups showed no signifcant difference(P>0.05). Conclusion : The clinical courses in the two groups showed no significant difference. Therefore, we suggest that early surfactant therapy with noninvasive nasal CPAP is a simple and safe method rather than aggressive weaning after invasive mechanical ventilation in moderate respiratory distress syndrome.

        • KCI등재

          개 정액의 냉동보존 시 κ-Carrageenan이 정자 성상에 미치는 영향

          김은지,전유별,유일정,Kim, Eun-Ji,Talha, Nabeel A.H.,Jeon, Yu-Byeol,Yu, Il-Jeoung 한국동물생명공학회 2019 한국동물생명공학회지 Vol.34 No.1

          This study was conducted to find out the effect that ${\kappa}-Carrageenan$ has on the properties of dog sperm when it was added to the cryoprotectant. Extender basically was contained 1.21 g Trizma base, 0.67 g citric acid, 0.4 g glucose, 0.03 g penicillin G, 0.05 g streptomycin sulfate. Extender1 was added with 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, and 0.5% carrageenan, while extender2 was supplemented with glycerol. After freezing-thawing, the motility, viability, acrosome integrity, apoptosis, and ROS (reactive oxygen specifications) of sperm were measured to analyze the effects of the supplementation of carrageenan. Total Motile (TM), Rapid Progressive Motile (RPM), Medium Progressive Motile (MPM), and Immotile were measured through the CASA system after thawing in 37 degree water. Extender with 0.2% ${\kappa}-carrageenan$ ($64.26{\pm}0.49$) was significantly higher than control ($40.24{\pm}8.27$) (p < 0.05). RPMs of extender with 0.1%, 0.2% ${\kappa}-carrageenan$ ($57.64{\pm}6.34$, $56.47{\pm}1.35$) were significantly higher than the other groups (p < 0.05). Acrosome integrity was measured by dyeing to PSA-FITC with an epifluorescence microscope. Normal acrosome ratio of extender with 0.5% ${\kappa}-carrageenan$ ($61{\pm}8.03$) was higher than the other groups (p < 0.05). Apoptosis was measured with a FACSCalibur flow cytometer using FITC (FITC Annexin V Apoptosis Detection Kit). Treated groups of ${\kappa}-carrageenan$ of 0.1% ($0.81{\pm}0.05$), 0.2% ($0.85{\pm}0.05$) were significantly higer (p < 0.05) than control. Modified SYBR/PI staining was used for determination of viability and DCF staining was used for evaluation of ROS. Viability and ROS were not significantly different from other groups. In conclusion, adding a certain concentration of carrageenan to the extender of cryopreservation, carrageenan contributes to the improvement of the sperm motility, acrosome integrity and prevention of apoptosis.

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          조등산(Diaoteng-san, Choto-san, 釣藤散)과 GB34(陽陵泉) 전침치료를 활용한 약인성파킨슨증후군 환자의 증례 1례

          김은지,송호준,김현호,한양희,임정태,Kim, Eun-ji,Song, Ho-joon,Kim, Hyun-ho,Han, Yang-hee,Leem, Jung-tae 대한한방내과학회 2017 大韓韓方內科學會誌 Vol.38 No.5

          Drug-induced Parkinsonism is the most frequently observed type among the cases of secondary Parkinsonism. Besides typical parkinsonian symptoms, such as tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia, drug-induced Parkinsonism manifests with additional simultaneous symptoms like orobuccolingual dyskinesia, mixed type of tremor (resting, action), and symmetry of expressions. We present a case of drug-induced Parkinsonism, affected by taking the antiulcer drug cimetidine. Jodeung-san extract (Choto-san, Tsumura Co. 10) was administered for 7 days and acupuncture (electronic, auricular, pharmacopuncture) was conducted 3 times. The clinical outcomes were then evaluated through the patient's global impression of change, visual analogue scale, and Hoehn and Yahr stage. After the treatment, the clinical features, such as tremor and orobuccolingual dyskinesia, disappeared. The combination of Jodeung-san and electro-acupuncture at GB34 could therefore be a remedy for the patients with drug-induced Parkinsonism.

        • KCI등재

          식물공장에서 재배한 브로콜리 새싹 용매 분획물의 항산화 활성

          김은지,김미혜,Kim, Eun-Ji,Kim, Mi-Hye 한국식품영양학회 2015 韓國食品營養學會誌 Vol.28 No.1

          This study was designed to determine the antioxidant activity of solvent fractions of broccoli sprouts grown by controlling the growing environment at the plant factory system. Fractionation was achieved with chloroform, n-hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, water by 70% EtOH extract of the broccoli sprouts. Each solvent fraction was put through TLC and HPLC to separate active components. Higher antioxidant activities were observed for the butanol and ethyl acetate layers. Further evaluation of each of the 5 layers (LH1 to LH5) of the butanol fraction showed that the refined LH3 extract had a high antioxidant effect. Components with similar Rf values from TLC had the same retention times and peaks in the HPLC analysis. It was also determined that the sulforaphane content was high at the chloroform and butanol layers and the sulforaphane was responsible for, the high antioxidant activity. Thus, to use for functional materials, the butanol extract/layer of broccoli sprouts is recommended as the most effective.

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