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        • KCI등재

          공동배양과정의 배지조성과 배양조건이 벼 형질전환효율에 미치는 영향

          김율호,박향미,최만수,윤홍태,최임수,신동범,김정곤,이장용 한국육종학회 2009 한국육종학회지 Vol.41 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          1. 본 연구에서는 공동배양 배지에 Agrobacterium 성장 억제물질인 silver nitrate를 첨가하고 변온과 여과지처리를 추가하여 공동배양 기간을 7일로 늘였으며, 또한 항산화 물질 3종을 공동배양 배지에 첨가하여 세포의 oxidative burst를 최소화함으로써 벼 형질전환효율을 높일 수 있었다. 또한 이 방법을 적용하여 형질전환이 어려운 품종을 대상으로도 형질전환 식물체를 작성할 수 있었다. 2. 벼 형질전환체의 70%에서 도입유전자 Rice is the most important cereal crop not only in supplying the basic staple food for more than half of the world's population but also as a model plant for functional genomic studies of monocotyledons. Although rice transformation method using A. tumefaciens has already been widely used to generate transgenic plants, the transformation rate is still low in most Korean elite cultivars. We made several modifications of the standard protocol especially in the co-cultivation step to improve the efficiency of the rice transformation. The co-culture medium was modified by the addition of three antioxidant compounds (10.5 mg/L L-cysteine, 1 mM sodium thiosulfate, 1 mM dithiothreitol) and of Agrobacterium growth-inhibiting agent (5 mg/L silver nitrate). Co-cultivation temperature (23.5^℃ for 1 day, 26.5^℃ for 6 days) and duration (7 days) were also changed. The plasmid of pMJC-GB-GUS carrying the GUS reporter gene and the bar gene as the selectable marker was used to evaluate the efficiency of the transformation. After co-cultivation, a high level of GUS gene expression was observed in calli treated with the modified method. It is likely that those newly added compounds helped to minimize the damage due to oxidative bursts during plant cell-Agrobacterium interaction and to prevent necrosis of rice cells. And the transformation rate under the modified method was also remarkably increased approximately 8-fold in Heungnambyeo and 2-fold in Ilmibyeo as compared to the corresponding standard method. Furthermore, we could produce the transgenic plants stably from Ilpumbyeo which is a high-quality rice but its transformation rate is extremely low. Transformation and the copy number of transgenes were confirmed by PCR, bar strip and Southern blot analysis. The improved method would attribute reducing the effort and the time required to produce a large number of transgenic rice plants.

        • KCI등재

          콩 모자이크 바이러스 SMV-G5H 나병이 단엽콩 생육 및 종실 성분에 미치는 영향

          金律虎,盧在煥,金明起,任大準,李奉鎬,李相哲 韓國作物學會 1996 Korean journal of crop science Vol.41 No.3

          콩 모자이크 바이러스에 의한 탄저병과 모자이크병 모두에 저항성인 단엽콩을 강독 계통 SMV-G5H로 포장 및 온실에서 인공접종시켜 생육 및 종실성분 조성에 미치는 영향을 분석함으로써 교차 저항성을 이용한 약독 바이러스 개발과 저항성 콩 품종육성을 위한 기초자료로 활용코자 실시한 시험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. SMV-G5H 계통의 나병시 포장 및 온실시험에서 조사된 생육특성 모두 감소를 보였으며 두 시험장소 평균 감소정도는 수량 52%, 엽수 36%, 백립중 22%, 경장 17% 순이었으며 수량의 감소가 가장 컸다. 2. 종실의 단백질 함량은 SMV-G5H의 나병시 포장 및 온실시험에서 모두 증가하였으나 기름함량은 줄어들어 SMY-G5H의 나병에 따른 두 성분간의 변화는 서로 부의 상관관계가 있었다. 3. SMV-G5H의 나병에 따른 콩 기름의 지방산 조성변화는 포장과 온실의 시험장소에 따라 큰 차이를 보였는데, 포장시험의 경우 linoleic, linolenlc acid 함량은 감소하고 stearic, of oleic acid 함량은 증가하였으며 palmitic acid 함량은 큰 변화를 보이지 않았다. 이와는 다르게 온실시험의 경우 linolenic, oleic acid함량이 증가하였고 palmitic, linoleic acid함량이 감소하였으며 stearic acid 함량의 변화는 거의 없었다. 이러한 결과는 포장 및 온실시험을 실시한 시기의 차이에서 기인한 것으로 추측된다. Soybean [Glycjne max Merr. L.] variety 'Danyeobkong' was inoculated with soybean mosaic virus SMV-G5H strain in field and green house at Crop Experiment Station in 1995. The effects of this virus strain on plant characteristics and seed chemical composition of the soybean variety Danyeobkong were evaluated. Yield, the number of pod and 100 seed weight were significantly reduced by SMV-G5H strain infection. Inoculation of SMV-G5H strain of soybean mosaic virus caused the increment of seed protein content and the decrement of seed oil content in the soybean variety Danyeobkong. Changing pattern of fatty acid composition by SMV-G5H strain infection was varied according to the experimental place. In field trial, the percentage of linoleic and linolenic acids decreased and stearic and oleic acids increased in the seed oil from virus infected plants. In green house trial, however, linolenic and oleic acids were increased, whereas palmitic and linoleic acids were reduced.

        • KCI등재

          콩모자이크병 전염억제를 위한 진딧물 발생소장과 살충제 선발

          김율호,노재환,김명기,임대준,허일봉 韓國作物學會 2000 Korean journal of crop science Vol.45 No.6

          콩 재배포장에 정착하는 매개 진딧물 발생소장과 효율적인 살충제 선발을 통해 콩모자이크병 피해 경감 방법을 모색코자 실시한 시험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1 적기파종에서의 진딧물 발생최성기는 6월 하순과 8월 중순 2회였으나, 조기파종에서의 진딧물 발생최성기는 6월 중순으로 적기파종에 비해 진딧물 발생최성기가 약 10일정도 빨랐다. 2. 공시약제인 이미다클로프리드수화제, 벤즈유제, 아시트수화제 등은 모두 95% 이상의 진딧물 방제가를 보여 약효가 우수하였고 약해도 없어 효과적인 진딧물 방제 약제로 선발되었다. 3. 이미다클로프리드입제를 토양 혼입처리한 시험구는 무처리구에 비해 처리 후 52일까지 진딧물 발생이 억제되었다. 4. 아시트 50% 수화제를 콩 생육단계 V4, V6, V4/V6에 1회 또는 2회 처리하였을 때, 처리구 모두 무처리구에 비해 SMV 발병률이 낮아 방제효과가 인정되었으며, 특히 V4/V6 시기 2회 처리구에서 SMV 발병률이 낮았다. The seasonal occurrence of aphids was investigated in the soybean Held to increase the control efficiency of aphid vectors of Soybean Mosaic Virus. The patterns of aphids occurrence were different according to planting time. There were two peaks in late June and mid-August in aphid population in optimum seeding (May 20), whereas the peak was around mid-June in early seeding(Apr, 20). Acyrthosiphon solani was dominant Species in early seeding, while Aphis glycines was dominant in optimum seeding. In early seeding, SMV incidence increased rapidly between 20 June and 30 June, suggesting that virus spread was strongly correlated with increased colonization of aphids. Imidacloprid WP, benfuracarb EC and acephate WP showed a good effect for the control of aphids without phytotoxicity. In the plot with infurrow treatment of imidachloprid G until 52 days after shooting, aphids were controled effectively. Acephate WP was applied as a foliar spray at V4, V6, or V4/V6 stage and all the treatments were effective on reducing: SMV incidence.

        • KCI등재

          Rice, Bacterial blight, Gene combination, Near-isogenic line

          김율호,박향미,최만수,윤홍태,최임수,신동범,김정곤,이장용 한국육종학회 2009 한국육종학회지 Vol.41 No.3

          Rice is the most important cereal crop not only in supplying the basic staple food for more than half of the world's population but also as a model plant for functional genomic studies of monocotyledons. Although rice transformation method using A. tumefaciens has already been widely used to generate transgenic plants, the transformation rate is still low in most Korean elite cultivars. We made several modifications of the standard protocol especially in the co-cultivation step to improve the efficiency of the rice transformation. The co-culture medium was modified by the addition of three antioxidant compounds (10.5 mg/L L-cysteine, 1 mM sodium thiosulfate, 1 mM dithiothreitol) and of Agrobacterium growth-inhibiting agent (5 mg/L silver nitrate). Co-cultivation temperature (23.5℃ for 1 day, 26.5℃ for 6 days) and duration (7 days) were also changed. The plasmid of pMJC-GB-GUS carrying the GUS reporter gene and the bar gene as the selectable marker was used to evaluate the efficiency of the transformation. After co-cultivation, a high level of GUS gene expression was observed in calli treated with the modified method. It is likely that those newly added compounds helped to minimize the damage due to oxidative bursts during plant cell-Agrobacterium interaction and to prevent necrosis of rice cells. And the transformation rate under the modified method was also remarkably increased approximately 8-fold in Heungnambyeo and 2-fold in Ilmibyeo as compared to the corresponding standard method. Furthermore, we could produce the transgenic plants stably from Ilpumbyeo which is a high-quality rice but its transformation rate is extremely low. Transformation and the copy number of transgenes were confirmed by PCR, bar strip and Southern blot analysis. The improved method would attribute reducing the effort and the time required to produce a large number of transgenic rice plants.

        • KCI등재후보

          감자 주요 품종의 괴경 부위, 저장기간별 글리코알칼로이드(glycoalkaloid) 함량

          김율호(Yul-Ho Kim),김금희(Guem Hee Kim),지혜림(Hye Rim Ji),이유영(Yu-Young Lee),박향미(Hyang-Mi Park),권오근(Oh-Keun Kwon),김수정(Su Jeong Kim),손황배(Whang-Bae Sohn),진용익(Yong-Ik Jin),홍수영(Su-Young Hong),남정환(Jeong-Hwan Nam), 한국육종학회 2014 한국육종학회지 Vol.46 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Potato glycoalkaloids (PGAs) are potentially toxic to humans at high levels, and current safety regulations have recommended that PGAs content in tubers of potato cultivars should not exceed 20 mg/100gFW. Accordingly, it is important to determine the PGAs composition and level on potato cultivars for food safety and the breeding for new cultivars with low levels of PGAs. The main aim of this study was to evaluate α-chaconine, α-solanine, and total PGAs content in the peel and cortex portions in four recent cultivars (‘Haryoung’, ‘Goun’, ‘Hongyoung’ and ‘Jayoung’), released by Highland Agriculture Research Center, together with ‘Superior’ and ‘Atlantic’. The total PGAs ranged from 16.5 to 47.7 mg/100gFW. The α-solanine/α-chaconine ratio was 1:3.2 (‘Jayoung’), 1:3.5 (‘Hongyoung’) and 1:2 (‘Superior’), whereas α-solanine was not detected in ‘Goun’, ‘Atlantic’ and ‘Hongyoung’ under the analytical condition of this experiment. 75-94% of total PGAs was existed in the peel part of all cultivars. We selected two cultivars (‘Atlantic’ and ‘Goun’) showing lower PGAs content in the cortex part. During storage at 4°C, total PGAs content fluctuated widely in early stage of storage and stabilized gradually over time in ‘Hongyoung’, ‘Superior’ and ‘Jayoung’. Thus, through the selection of cultivars and storage conditions, these results will provide consumers and breeders with fundamental information about the content of PGAs in Korea major cultivars.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          발아종자의 분열조직을 이용한 효율적인 콩 형질전환 방법

          김율호,박향미,최만수,손수인,신동범,이장용 한국육종학회 2008 한국육종학회지 Vol.40 No.3

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          An efficient transformation method for soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] using meristematic tissues of germinating seeds has been established. The embryonic axes were excised from germinating seeds of Korean soybean cultivar, Iksannamulkong and 0.5-2 cm long segment containing meristematic tissues were prepared by cutting hypocotyl region. The explants were inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 harboring a binary vector with the bar gene as a selectable marker gene and a β-glucuronidase (GUSINT) reporter gene, and then co-cultured for 7 days on co-cultivation medium (CCM). The meristematic tissues were cultured on shoot induction medium (SIMP6) supplemented with 0.4 mg/l N6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 0.1 mg/l indolebutyric acid (IBA) in the presence of 6 mg/l L-phosphinotricin (PPT) for 2 weeks and the surviving explants were transferred to shoot elongation medium (SEMP6). Transformation was confirmed by Southern blot analysis and the transformation efficiencies ranged from 1.48 to 2.07%. The new modified transformation method was successfully implemented for obtaining several transgenic lines with SMV-CP gene. It is expected that this method could efficiently be used for the transformation of recalcitrant soybean cultivars.

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